Psychology Chapter 2

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 509

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Psychology 100 chapter 2psychology in action 9th edition (huffman)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    _______ studies how biological processes in the nervous system relate to behavior in the nervous system relate to behavior and metal processes.
    • A. 

      Evolutionary psychology

    • B. 

      Neuroscience

    • C. 

      Biofunctionalism

    • D. 

      None of these options

  • 2. 
    _______ are basic cells of the nervous system responsible for reveiving and transmitting electrochemical information.
    • A. 

      Dendrites

    • B. 

      Neurons

    • C. 

      Axons

    • D. 

      Nucleotides

  • 3. 
    The three major parts of a neuron are the _______.
    • A. 

      Glia, dendrites, and myelin

    • B. 

      Myelin, dendrites and axon

    • C. 

      Dendrites, axon and cell body

    • D. 

      Axon, glia and myelin

  • 4. 
    Juan has been diagnosed with multiple sclerosis and has trouble walking because of his poor muscle coordination.  His coordination problem is primarily due to the progressive deterioration of his _________.
    • A. 

      Axons

    • B. 

      Myelin sheath

    • C. 

      Action potential

    • D. 

      Glial cells

  • 5. 
    The _______ explains how an axon either fires or does not fire an action potential _______.
    • A. 

      Sodium-potassium

    • B. 

      Axon terminal

    • C. 

      Shotgun

    • D. 

      All-or-nothing law

  • 6. 
    _______ are chemical messengers secreted into the synapse.
    • A. 

      Ions

    • B. 

      Neurotransmitters

    • C. 

      Nucleotides

    • D. 

      Neurocommunicators

  • 7. 
    The synapse is the point where _____.
    • A. 

      The soma attaches to the dendrite

    • B. 

      Neurotransmitters are manufactured

    • C. 

      Information transfers from neuron to neuron

    • D. 

      The action potential begins

  • 8. 
    _________ is a neurotransmitter and suspected factor in Parkinson's disease (PD) and schizophrenia.
    • A. 

      Acetylcholine

    • B. 

      Dopamine

    • C. 

      Serotonin

    • D. 

      All of these options

  • 9. 
    Chemicals manufactured by endocrine glands and circulated in the bloodstream to produce bodily changes or maintain normal bodily functions are called _______.
    • A. 

      Endorphins

    • B. 

      Neurotransmitters

    • C. 

      Endoseals

    • D. 

      Hormones

  • 10. 
    Neurotransmission at the synapse is similar to making an individual phone call.  In contrast, messages from the ______ system resemble a very large group email message.
    • A. 

      Lympathic

    • B. 

      Hormonal

    • C. 

      Endocrine

    • D. 

      Reticular activating

  • 11. 
    The major divisions of the (Central Nervous System) CNS are the ________ .
    • A. 

      Sympathetic and parasympathetic

    • B. 

      Somatic and autonomic

    • C. 

      Gray matter and white matter

    • D. 

      Brain and spinal cord

  • 12. 
    The __________ carries messages between the CNS and the periphery of your body.
    • A. 

      Parasympathetic nervous system

    • B. 

      Spinal cord

    • C. 

      Peripheral nervous system (PNS)

    • D. 

      None of these options

  • 13. 
    _______ is the brain's ability to reorganize and change the structure and function throughout the life span.
    • A. 

      Neurogenesis

    • B. 

      Stem cells

    • C. 

      Neuroplasticity

    • D. 

      All of these options

  • 14. 
    The parasympathetic nervous system is dominant when a person is ________.
    • A. 

      Stressed

    • B. 

      Relaxed

    • C. 

      Frightened

    • D. 

      Angry

  • 15. 
    Damage to the medulla can lead to loss of ________.
    • A. 

      Vision

    • B. 

      Respiration

    • C. 

      Hearing

    • D. 

      Smell

  • 16. 
    The ________ is a hindbrain structure involved in respiration, movement, waking, sleep, and dreaming.
    • A. 

      Medulla

    • B. 

      Thalamus

    • C. 

      Reticular formation (RF)

    • D. 

      Pons

  • 17. 
    The frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal lobes make up the __________.
    • A. 

      Brain

    • B. 

      Left and right hemispheres

    • C. 

      Subcortex

    • D. 

      Brain stem

  • 18. 
    If you are accidentally hit on the head and you see flashes of light, mostly likely the blow activated cells in the _________.
    • A. 

      Frontal lobes

    • B. 

      Temporal lobes

    • C. 

      Occipital lobes

    • D. 

      Parietal lobes

  • 19. 
    Your left brain doesn't know what your right brain is doing.  It is MOST likely that your _______ has been severed.
    • A. 

      Amygdala

    • B. 

      Frontal lobe

    • C. 

      Association cortex

    • D. 

      Corpus callosum

  • 20. 
    Split-brain research has indicated that, in most people, the left hemisphere is largely responsible for ________ abilities.
    • A. 

      Musical

    • B. 

      Spatial

    • C. 

      Artistic

    • D. 

      Language

  • 21. 
    _______ are branching neuron structures that receive neural impulses from neurons and convey impulses toward the cell body.
    • A. 

      Axons

    • B. 

      Cell bodies

    • C. 

      Dendrites

    • D. 

      None of these options

  • 22. 
    The _______ is part of the neuron that integrates incoming information, absorbs nutrients, and produces proteins necessary for the functioning of the neuron.
    • A. 

      Axon hillock

    • B. 

      Myelin sheath

    • C. 

      Synaptic gap

    • D. 

      Cell body

  • 23. 
    A(n) ___________ is an electrochemical impulse that travels through a neuron.
    • A. 

      Ganglial message

    • B. 

      Muscular potentiation

    • C. 

      Action potential

    • D. 

      Neuroelectrical message

  • 24. 
    According to the all-or-nothing law, the __________.
    • A. 

      Neuron cannot fire again during the refractory period

    • B. 

      Neurotransmitter either attaches to a receptor site or is destroyed in the synapse

    • C. 

      Neuron either fires completely or not at all

    • D. 

      None of these options

  • 25. 
    Neurotransmitters are _________.
    • A. 

      Charged ions that carry action potential down the axon

    • B. 

      Hormones that pass electrical energy from the dendrite into the soma

    • C. 

      Chemical messengers that are released from an axon and stimulate dendrites on another neuron

    • D. 

      Lubricants and nutrients needed by the soma to keep the neuron alive