Psychology: Chapter 1- The Science Of Psychology

30 Questions

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In the definition of psychology, the term mental processes means
    • A. 

      Internal, covert processes

    • B. 

      Outward behavior

    • C. 

      Overt actions and reactions

    • D. 

      Only animal behavior

  • 2. 
    A psychologist is interested in finding out why identical twins have different personalities. This psychologist is most interested in the goal of
    • A. 

      Description

    • B. 

      Explanation

    • C. 

      Prediction

    • D. 

      Control

  • 3. 
    Psychologists who give potential employees tests that determine what kind of job those employees might best fit are interested in the goal of
    • A. 

      Description

    • B. 

      Explanation

    • C. 

      Prediction

    • D. 

      Control

  • 4. 
    Which early theorist developed his perspective on psychology by basin it on Darwin's "survival of the fittest" doctrine?
    • A. 

      Wilhelm Wundt

    • B. 

      William James

    • C. 

      John Watson

    • D. 

      Sigmund Freud

  • 5. 
    "The whole is greater than the sum of the parts" is a statement associated with the perspective of
    • A. 

      Introspectionism

    • B. 

      Functionalism

    • C. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • D. 

      Gestalt psychology

  • 6. 
    _________ was (were) the focus of Watson's behaviorism
    • A. 

      Conscious ecperiences

    • B. 

      Gestalt perceptions

    • C. 

      The unconscious mind

    • D. 

      Observable experiences

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Wundt

    • B. 

      Watson

    • C. 

      James

    • D. 

      Wertheimer

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Mary Whiton Calkins

    • B. 

      Mary Cover Jones

    • C. 

      Margaret Washburn

    • D. 

      Eleanor Gibson

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • B. 

      Behaviorism

    • C. 

      Cognitive psychology

    • D. 

      Humanism

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Psychodynamic perspective

    • B. 

      Cognitive psychology

    • C. 

      Behaviorism

    • D. 

      Biopsychology

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • B. 

      Behaviorism

    • C. 

      Cognitive psychology

    • D. 

      Evolutionary perspective

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • B. 

      Behaviorism

    • C. 

      Cognitive psychology

    • D. 

      Evolutionary perspective

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Psychiatrist

    • B. 

      Psychoanalyst

    • C. 

      Psyciatric social worker

    • D. 

      Psychologist

  • 14. 
    A person who has suffered a major stroke and is now experiencing sever personality problems because of the damage would best be advised to see a
    • A. 

      Psychiatrist

    • B. 

      Psychoanalyst

    • C. 

      Psyciatric social worker

    • D. 

      Psychologist

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      Developmental

    • B. 

      Counseling

    • C. 

      Personality

    • D. 

      Experimental

  • 16. 
    In the scientific method, forming an educated guess is called
    • A. 

      Reporting your results

    • B. 

      Percieving a question

    • C. 

      Drawing conclusions

    • D. 

      Forming a hypothesis

  • 17. 
    The main advantage of labrotory observation is
    • A. 

      The degree of control it allows the observer

    • B. 

      The degree of participation it allows the observer

    • C. 

      The observer effect

    • D. 

      The opportunity for representative sampling

  • 18. 
    Harlan wanted to write realistically about street gangs, so he pretended to be a teenager and joined a real gang. This is most similar to the method of
    • A. 

      Labritiry observation

    • B. 

      The observer effect

    • C. 

      The case study

    • D. 

      Participant observation

  • 19. 
    The main advantage of a case study is
    • A. 

      The ease of generalizing the results to others

    • B. 

      Being able to determie cause and effect

    • C. 

      The amount of detail it provides about an individual

    • D. 

      The large number of people that can be studied at one time

  • 20. 
    The entire group that a researcher is interested in is called a
    • A. 

      Sample

    • B. 

      Population

    • C. 

      Subject pool

    • D. 

      Survey

  • 21. 
    • A. 

      Positive

    • B. 

      Negative

    • C. 

      Zero

    • D. 

      Casual

  • 22. 
    Drinking orange juice is negatively correlated with the risk of cancer. Based on this information, which of the following statemetns is TRUE?
    • A. 

      The more orange juice you drink, the higher your risk of cancer

    • B. 

      The more orange juice you drink, the lower your risk of cancer

    • C. 

      The less orange juice you drink, the lower your risk of cancer

    • D. 

      Drinking orange juice causes people to be cancer free

  • 23. 
    A researcher designs an experiment to test the effects of playing video games on memory. What would be the dependent variable?
    • A. 

      Scores on a memory test

    • B. 

      Playing video games

    • C. 

      Number of hours spent playing video games

    • D. 

      The type of video game played

  • 24. 
    In that same experiment, (where a researcher designs an experiment to test the effects of playing video games on memory) the experimental group would
    • A. 

      Not play the video games

    • B. 

      Take the memory test while the control group would not

    • C. 

      Not take the memory test while the control group would

    • D. 

      Play the video games

  • 25. 
    In Dr. Amabile's experiment, the experiment on creativity and reward, what was the independent variable?
    • A. 

      The creativity scores for the collages

    • B. 

      The judgments of the art experts

    • C. 

      The raffles held at the end of the parties

    • D. 

      The special instructions to each group

  • 26. 
    In a _______ study, only the experimenter knows who is in the control group and who is in the experimental group.
    • A. 

      Placebo

    • B. 

      Single-blind

    • C. 

      Double-blind

    • D. 

      Triple-blind

  • 27. 
    Double-blind studies control for
    • A. 

      The placebo effect

    • B. 

      The experimenter effect

    • C. 

      The placebo effect and the experimenter effect

    • D. 

      Extrinsic motivation

  • 28. 
    Dr. Silverberg conducted a study in which she tests infants for memory ability. Before she can begin her study, she must obtain
    • A. 

      Permission from the infants

    • B. 

      Permission from the parents

    • C. 

      Informed consent from the parents

    • D. 

      Confidential information from the parents

  • 29. 
    Sever years ago two scientists announced that they had achieved "cold fusion" in the labratory, but further studies failed to replicate their finding and years later other scientists found that the original two scientists had used sloppy methods. This highlights which of the following critical thinking principles?
    • A. 

      Few "truths" do not need to be tested

    • B. 

      All evidence is not equal in quality

    • C. 

      Authority or exertise does not make the claims of the authority or expert true

    • D. 

      Critical thinking requires an open mind

  • 30. 
    • A. 

      Phrenology

    • B. 

      Plamistry

    • C. 

      Astrology

    • D. 

      Graphology