Psychology Biological Influences Quiz

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Psychology Biological Influences Quiz - Quiz

Are you studying psychology and learning about human behavior? Do you know what the role of biological influences in psychology is? We have this quiz based on the same thing to check and improve your knowledge about biological psychology. The biological perspective is one of the main perspectives in psychology, and it involves the overall study of the human brain, genetics, immune system, and nervous system. Improve your learning about the same topic by playing the quiz below.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The cell formed when a male sperm penetrates and female ovum, it contains the genetic material from both.

    • A.

      Chromosomes

    • B.

      Genes

    • C.

      Meiosis

    • D.

      Zygote

    Correct Answer
    D. Zygote
    Explanation
    When a male sperm penetrates a female ovum, it forms a zygote. The zygote is the initial cell of a new organism and contains the genetic material from both parents. This genetic material is in the form of chromosomes, which carry genes. Therefore, the correct answer is "zygote."

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  • 2. 

    The basic unit of heredity.

    • A.

      Chromosomes

    • B.

      Genes

    • C.

      Meiosis

    • D.

      Zygote

    Correct Answer
    B. Genes
    Explanation
    Genes are the basic units of heredity that are responsible for transmitting traits from parents to offspring. They are segments of DNA located on chromosomes and contain the instructions for building and functioning of cells in an organism. Genes determine various characteristics such as eye color, height, and susceptibility to certain diseases. Through the process of meiosis, genes are shuffled and recombined, leading to genetic variation. A zygote is a fertilized egg formed by the fusion of sperm and egg, which contains the complete set of genes from both parents. Therefore, genes are the most appropriate answer as they are the fundamental units of heredity.

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  • 3. 

    The process of cell division to produce gametes (sex cells).

    • A.

      Chromosomes

    • B.

      Genes

    • C.

      Meiosis

    • D.

      Zygote

    Correct Answer
    C. Meiosis
    Explanation
    Meiosis is the correct answer because it is the process of cell division that specifically produces gametes, which are sex cells. During meiosis, the number of chromosomes is halved, resulting in the formation of haploid cells. This is necessary for sexual reproduction as it ensures that when gametes fuse during fertilization to form a zygote, the resulting offspring will have the correct number of chromosomes. Chromosomes and genes are both involved in meiosis, but they are not the specific process of cell division that produces gametes.

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  • 4. 

    Threadlike bodies containing the genetic information in DNA.

    • A.

      Chromosomes

    • B.

      Genes

    • C.

      Meiosis

    • D.

      Zygote

    Correct Answer
    A. Chromosomes
    Explanation
    Chromosomes are threadlike bodies that contain genetic information in the form of DNA. They are located in the nucleus of cells and are responsible for carrying the genes that determine an organism's traits and characteristics. During cell division, chromosomes replicate and separate to ensure that each new cell receives a complete set of genetic material. Therefore, chromosomes are the correct answer as they accurately describe the threadlike structures that contain DNA and carry genetic information.

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  • 5. 

    Chemical messengers produced by the endocrine glands.

    Correct Answer
    hormones
    Explanation
    Hormones are chemical messengers produced by the endocrine glands. They are secreted directly into the bloodstream and travel to specific target cells or organs to regulate various physiological processes in the body. Hormones play a crucial role in maintaining homeostasis, controlling growth and development, regulating metabolism, and coordinating reproductive functions. They act as signaling molecules, binding to specific receptors on target cells and initiating a cascade of biochemical reactions that ultimately bring about the desired physiological response. Overall, hormones are essential for the proper functioning of the body and ensure the coordination of various bodily functions.

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  • 6. 

    What glands produce the hormone thyroxin?

    Correct Answer
    thyroid
    Explanation
    The thyroid gland is responsible for producing the hormone thyroxin. Thyroxin plays a crucial role in regulating the body's metabolism, growth, and development. It helps control the rate at which the body uses energy and affects various organs and tissues throughout the body. Therefore, the thyroid gland is the correct answer to the question.

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  • 7. 

    What glands produce hormones that help us to prepare for 'flight or fight' response?

    Correct Answer
    adrenal
    Explanation
    The adrenal glands produce hormones that help us prepare for the "flight or fight" response. These hormones, such as adrenaline and cortisol, are released in response to stress or danger. They increase heart rate, blood pressure, and energy levels, preparing the body to either flee from the threat or fight it. The adrenal glands are located on top of the kidneys and play a crucial role in the body's stress response.

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  • 8. 

    What gland triggers the release of hormones from the other glands?

    Correct Answer
    Pituitary
    Explanation
    The pituitary gland is often referred to as the "master gland" because it controls the release of hormones from other glands in the body. It produces and secretes various hormones that stimulate or suppress the activity of other endocrine glands, such as the thyroid, adrenal glands, and reproductive glands. These hormones help regulate growth, metabolism, reproduction, and other important bodily functions. Therefore, the pituitary gland plays a crucial role in maintaining hormonal balance and overall homeostasis in the body.

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  • 9. 

    What are the effects of the hormone adrenalin? (Tick more than one box)

    • A.

      Increased heart rate

    • B.

      Decreased heart rate

    • C.

      Increased breathing rate

    • D.

      Decreased breathing rate

    • E.

      Pupil constriction

    • F.

      Pupil dilation

    • G.

      Increase blood flow to skeletal muscles

    • H.

      Increase blood flow to gut

    • I.

      Decreased reaction speed

    • J.

      Increased reaction speed

    • K.

      Surge of energy

    • L.

      Increased pain

    • M.

      Decreased pain

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Increased heart rate
    C. Increased breathing rate
    F. Pupil dilation
    G. Increase blood flow to skeletal muscles
    J. Increased reaction speed
    K. Surge of energy
    M. Decreased pain
    Explanation
    Adrenalin is a hormone that is released during times of stress or excitement. It has several effects on the body. It increases heart rate and breathing rate, as well as dilates the pupils. It also increases blood flow to the skeletal muscles, which prepares the body for physical activity. Adrenalin also increases reaction speed and provides a surge of energy. Additionally, it can decrease pain perception.

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  • 10. 

    Which type of drug has the following effect:
    • see/hear/sense things that aren't real
    • change perceptions
    • insomnia
    • violence
    • change in appetite

    • A.

      Depressant

    • B.

      Hallucinogen

    • C.

      Stimulant

    Correct Answer
    B. Hallucinogen
    Explanation
    Hallucinogens are a type of drug that can cause individuals to see, hear, or sense things that aren't real. They also have the ability to change perceptions, leading to altered sensory experiences. Insomnia, violence, and changes in appetite are also commonly associated with hallucinogen use. Therefore, the correct answer is hallucinogen.

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  • 11. 

    Which type of drug has the following effect:
    • excite the nervous system
    • irritability
    • aggression
    • jittery
    • insomnia

    • A.

      Depressant

    • B.

      Hallucinogen

    • C.

      Stimulant

    Correct Answer
    C. Stimulant
    Explanation
    Stimulants are drugs that excite the nervous system, leading to increased alertness, energy, and wakefulness. They can also cause irritability, aggression, jitteriness, and insomnia as side effects. Therefore, the given effects align with the characteristics of stimulant drugs.

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  • 12. 

    Which type of drug has the following effect:
    • calm the activity of the nervous system
    • slow reaction speeds
    • slur speech
    • drowsiness
    • change in appetite

    • A.

      Depressant

    • B.

      Hallucinogen

    • C.

      Stimulant

    Correct Answer
    A. Depressant
    Explanation
    A depressant is a type of drug that has the described effects. It calms the activity of the nervous system, which leads to slower reaction speeds, slurred speech, drowsiness, and changes in appetite. These drugs work by slowing down the brain and central nervous system, resulting in a sedative effect.

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  • 13. 

    Alcohol is a depressant.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Alcohol is classified as a depressant because it slows down the central nervous system, resulting in a decrease in brain activity and a reduction in physical and mental functions. It inhibits the transmission of nerve impulses, leading to a relaxed and sedative effect on the body. This can cause a decrease in inhibitions, impair coordination and judgment, and induce feelings of relaxation and drowsiness. Therefore, it is accurate to say that alcohol is a depressant.

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  • 14. 

    Alcohol does not affect motor control.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false. Alcohol does affect motor control. Consuming alcohol impairs coordination, reaction time, and balance, making it difficult to perform tasks that require precise movements, such as driving or operating machinery. Alcohol affects the central nervous system, slowing down brain activity and interfering with the brain's ability to send messages to the muscles, resulting in decreased motor control. Therefore, it is important to avoid operating any motor vehicles or engaging in activities that require fine motor skills when under the influence of alcohol.

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  • 15. 

    The most commonly used stimulants are nicotine and caffeine.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Nicotine and caffeine are indeed the most commonly used stimulants. Nicotine is found in tobacco products and is known for its stimulating effects on the central nervous system. It is commonly used in the form of cigarettes, cigars, and vaping devices. Caffeine, on the other hand, is a natural stimulant found in coffee, tea, and many other beverages and foods. It is widely consumed for its ability to increase alertness and reduce fatigue. Therefore, the statement that nicotine and caffeine are the most commonly used stimulants is true.

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  • 16. 

    Stimulants increase heart and breathing rates.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Stimulants are substances that activate the central nervous system, leading to increased alertness, energy, and focus. When stimulants are consumed, they can cause an increase in heart rate and breathing rate. This is because they stimulate the release of certain chemicals in the body, such as adrenaline, which can speed up these physiological processes. Therefore, it is true that stimulants increase heart and breathing rates.

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  • 17. 

    Amphetamines are powerful stimulants that speed up body functions.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Amphetamines are a class of drugs that stimulate the central nervous system, increasing alertness, attention, and energy levels. They work by increasing the release and blocking the reuptake of certain neurotransmitters, such as dopamine and norepinephrine, in the brain. This leads to an increase in heart rate, blood pressure, and other bodily functions. Therefore, it is accurate to say that amphetamines are powerful stimulants that speed up body functions.

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  • 18. 

    Risks associated with using ecstasy are dehydration, deflated mood and memory loss.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the use of ecstasy can lead to dehydration, deflated mood, and memory loss. Ecstasy is a stimulant drug that can cause excessive sweating and increased body temperature, leading to dehydration. It also affects the brain's serotonin levels, which can result in a deflated mood and feelings of depression. Additionally, ecstasy can impair memory and cognitive function, leading to memory loss. Therefore, the risks mentioned in the statement are indeed associated with using ecstasy.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following are examples of a hallucinogen?

    • A.

      Alcohol

    • B.

      Amphetamines (ice, speed)

    • C.

      Caffeine

    • D.

      Cocaine

    • E.

      Ecstasy

    • F.

      GHB

    • G.

      Ketamine

    • H.

      LSD

    • I.

      Magic mushrooms

    • J.

      Marijuana

    • K.

      Nicotine

    Correct Answer(s)
    E. Ecstasy
    H. LSD
    I. Magic mushrooms
    J. Marijuana
    Explanation
    Ecstasy, LSD, magic mushrooms, and marijuana are examples of hallucinogens. Hallucinogens are drugs that alter a person's perception, thoughts, and feelings, leading to hallucinations and sensory distortions. These substances can cause individuals to see, hear, or feel things that are not actually present. They can also induce intense mood changes and alter one's sense of time and self-awareness. These drugs are commonly used recreationally for their mind-altering effects.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following are examples of a depressant?

    • A.

      Alcohol

    • B.

      Amphetamines (ice, speed)

    • C.

      Caffeine

    • D.

      Cocaine

    • E.

      Ecstasy

    • F.

      GHB

    • G.

      Ketamine

    • H.

      LSD

    • I.

      Magic mushrooms

    • J.

      Marijuana

    • K.

      Nicotine

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Alcohol
    F. GHB
    G. Ketamine
    J. Marijuana
    Explanation
    Alcohol, GHB, ketamine, and marijuana are examples of depressants. Depressants are substances that slow down the central nervous system, resulting in relaxation, sedation, and decreased brain activity. These substances can cause drowsiness, reduce anxiety, and impair coordination and judgment.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following are examples of a stimulant?

    • A.

      Alcohol

    • B.

      Amphetamines (ice, speed)

    • C.

      Caffeine

    • D.

      Cocaine

    • E.

      Ecstasy

    • F.

      GHB

    • G.

      Ketamine

    • H.

      LSD

    • I.

      Magic mushrooms

    • J.

      Marijuana

    • K.

      Nicotine

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Amphetamines (ice, speed)
    C. Caffeine
    D. Cocaine
    E. Ecstasy
    K. Nicotine
    Explanation
    Amphetamines (ice, speed), caffeine, cocaine, ecstasy, and nicotine are examples of stimulants. Stimulants are substances that increase activity in the central nervous system, leading to increased alertness, attention, and energy. They can also elevate heart rate and blood pressure. These substances have stimulating effects on the brain and can increase wakefulness and focus.

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  • 22. 

    The use of reinforcement (and sometimes punishment) to modify or change unwanted behaviours and strengthen desirable ones is called

    • A.

      Discipline

    • B.

      Behaviour change

    • C.

      Behaviour modification

    • D.

      Modelling

    Correct Answer
    C. Behaviour modification
    Explanation
    Behavior modification refers to the use of reinforcement and sometimes punishment to modify or change unwanted behaviors and strengthen desirable ones. It involves systematically applying principles of learning and conditioning to shape behavior. Through behavior modification techniques, individuals are encouraged to adopt new behaviors or eliminate problematic ones. This approach focuses on identifying the antecedents and consequences of behavior, and implementing strategies to promote positive change.

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  • 23. 

    Which theorist/s are associated with classical conditioning?

    • A.

      Bandura

    • B.

      Pavlov / Watson

    • C.

      Skinner / Thorndike

    Correct Answer
    B. Pavlov / Watson
    Explanation
    Pavlov and Watson are associated with classical conditioning. Classical conditioning is a type of learning in which a neutral stimulus becomes associated with a meaningful stimulus and elicits a similar response. Pavlov conducted experiments with dogs, where he conditioned them to associate the sound of a bell with the presentation of food, causing them to salivate at the sound alone. Watson, on the other hand, conducted the famous Little Albert experiment, where he conditioned a young boy to fear a white rat by pairing its presentation with a loud noise. Both theorists made significant contributions to our understanding of classical conditioning.

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  • 24. 

    Which theorist/s are associated with operant conditioning?

    • A.

      Bandura

    • B.

      Pavlov / Watson

    • C.

      Skinner / Thorndike

    Correct Answer
    C. Skinner / Thorndike
    Explanation
    Skinner and Thorndike are associated with operant conditioning. Operant conditioning is a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened or weakened by the consequences that follow it. Skinner developed the concept of operant conditioning and introduced the idea of reinforcement and punishment to shape behavior. Thorndike's work on the law of effect also contributed to the understanding of operant conditioning. Both theorists emphasized the role of consequences in shaping and modifying behavior.

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  • 25. 

    Which theorist/s are associated with observational learning?

    • A.

      Bandura

    • B.

      Pavlov / Watson

    • C.

      Skinner / Thorndike

    Correct Answer
    A. Bandura
    Explanation
    Bandura is associated with observational learning. This theory suggests that individuals learn by observing others, imitating their behavior, and experiencing the consequences of those actions. Bandura's social learning theory emphasizes the importance of modeling and vicarious reinforcement in the learning process. He conducted the famous Bobo doll experiment, which demonstrated how children learn aggressive behavior through observation and imitation. Bandura's work has had a significant impact on the field of psychology, particularly in understanding how behavior is acquired and shaped through social influences.

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  • Current Version
  • Aug 24, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 12, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Brad75
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