Based on biological capabilities.
Known to have a direct relationship between words and meaning
Known to have a partially direct relationship between words and meaning.
Arbitrary in the relationship between words and meaning.
Quantitative abilities of the speaker.
Quantitative abilities of the listener.
Reasoning abilities of the speaker.
Reasoning abilities of the listener.
Children learn to comprehend new words before they say them.
Children cannot learn to comprehend new words before they say them.
Deaf people cannot learn language.
Any chimpanzee can be taught to spell its name with its tail.
Hand-signaling to communicate.
Infrequent grunting sounds and finger-pointing to communicate.
The phonemes of the native language of his or her mother.
The phonemes of the native language of his or her caregiver.
Regression and meaning
Aggression and mating
Aggression and meaning
Regression and mating
Stimulus and response
Introversion and extroversion
Acquisition and recall
Thinking and communication
Of exceptional intelligence to be specially trained for important careers
Most likely to develop anti-social behaviors
In need of special educational assistance
Exactly average so that all tests could be benchmarked from them
Sir Francis Galton
The less the brain volume is, the higher the intelligence test scores.
The higher the brain volume is, the higher the intelligence test scores.
There is no correlation between brain size and intelligence.
Ability to memorize
Amount of knowledge
Speed of information processing
Amount of information processing
Identical twins, nor fraternal twins, have similar IQ’s.
Identical twins have very similar IQ’s while fraternal twins do not.
Fraternal twins have very similar IQ’s while identical twins do not.
Identical twins and fraternal twins have very similar IQ’s.
That you will do poorly in a test if you believe you will do poorly
Racial differences in IQ likely reflect societal disadvantages between groups
Is a fear that we may confirm a negative stereotype
All of the above
Culture of upbringing
I can’t do that because it’s against the rules.
I would like to do that, but I can wait for later.
If it feels good, then do it.
If she did it, I can too.