Do You Have Personality Disorder Quiz?

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Do You Have Personality Disorder Quiz? - Quiz

If you are thinking you have a personality disorder? No need to worry, Just take this quiz and check now!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Females are more likely to suffer from schizoid personality disorder, whereas males are more likely to suffer from schizotypal personality disorder.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false. The correct answer is false because it incorrectly states that females are more likely to suffer from schizoid personality disorder and males are more likely to suffer from schizotypal personality disorder. In reality, there is no significant gender difference in the prevalence of these disorders. Both schizoid and schizotypal personality disorders can affect individuals of any gender.

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  • 2. 

    The limited perspective afforded by the different approaches to personality impedes scientific prgoress.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that the different approaches to personality limit scientific progress. However, the correct answer is False, indicating that the statement is incorrect. This implies that the different approaches to personality do not impede scientific progress. Therefore, there are no limitations caused by these approaches, and scientific progress in the field of personality can continue without hindrance.

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  • 3. 

    The overall opinion of the self is called

    • A.

      The procedure self

    • B.

      Self-esteem

    • C.

      Self-concept

    • D.

      Self-schema

    Correct Answer
    B. Self-esteem
    Explanation
    Self-esteem refers to the overall opinion or evaluation that an individual has of themselves. It involves the beliefs, thoughts, and feelings one has about their own worth, value, and capabilities. Self-esteem plays a crucial role in shaping one's behavior, emotions, and relationships. It can affect various aspects of life, including mental health, motivation, and success. Self-esteem is different from self-concept, which refers to the broader understanding and perception of oneself, including beliefs about one's abilities, roles, and identities. Self-esteem is more focused on the emotional and evaluative aspect of self-perception.

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  • 4. 

    Studies of cross-cultural gender differences in the Big Five tend to find

    • A.

      Few Big Five gender differences replicate across societities

    • B.

      That the size and direction of gender differences on these traits is the same in all societies

    • C.

      Although the direction of gender differences is similar, the size of the gender differences are larger in more developed societies than in less developed societies

    • D.

      That the direction and size of gender differences of these traits fluctuate widely across socitities

    Correct Answer
    C. Although the direction of gender differences is similar, the size of the gender differences are larger in more developed societies than in less developed societies
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that while the direction of gender differences on the Big Five traits is similar across societies, the size of these differences is larger in more developed societies compared to less developed ones. This implies that the impact of societal factors, such as cultural norms and socialization processes, may play a role in shaping the magnitude of gender differences in personality traits.

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  • 5. 

    David McClelland would argue that a culture that tells stories that emphasize community and social bonds would have a high need for

    • A.

      Community

    • B.

      Social

    • C.

      Affiliation

    • D.

      Agreeableness

    Correct Answer
    C. Affiliation
    Explanation
    David McClelland was a psychologist known for his research on motivation and human needs. He proposed a theory of needs, which suggests that individuals have three basic needs: achievement, power, and affiliation. Affiliation refers to the need for social interaction, belongingness, and being part of a group. In this context, if a culture tells stories that emphasize community and social bonds, it would likely foster a high need for affiliation among its members. Therefore, the correct answer is affiliation.

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  • 6. 

    A culture that stresses that "Tall poppies are cut first" might be high in which cultural dimension

    • A.

      Tightness

    • B.

      Collectivisim

    • C.

      Complexity

    • D.

      Thoughness

    Correct Answer
    B. Collectivisim
    Explanation
    A culture that stresses that "Tall poppies are cut first" is likely high in collectivism. Collectivism is a cultural dimension that emphasizes the importance of group harmony and cooperation over individual success. In such a culture, individuals who stand out or excel may be seen as a threat to the unity of the group and may be cut down or discouraged. This cultural value promotes conformity and discourages individual achievement or standing out from the group.

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  • 7. 

    Personality traits are good predictors of single behaviors in particular situations. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Personality traits are not always good predictors of single behaviors in particular situations. While personality traits can provide some insight into an individual's general tendencies and preferences, they do not always accurately predict how someone will behave in a specific situation. Other factors such as the context, social norms, and personal motivations can also influence behavior. Therefore, it is not correct to say that personality traits are always good predictors of single behaviors in particular situations.

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  • 8. 

    People seem to be able to physically react to evocative words even if they cannot consciously read the word

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This statement suggests that even if individuals are unable to consciously read a word, their bodies still have a physical reaction to evocative words. This implies that there may be a subconscious processing of these words that triggers a physical response, even without conscious awareness.

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  • 9. 

    The target for psychotherapy, according to Bandura, is

    • A.

      To change the client's overt behavior

    • B.

      To achieve a match between the client's effcacies and capabilities

    • C.

      To change the client's reinforcement values

    • D.

      To modify the client's habit hierarchy

    Correct Answer
    B. To achieve a match between the client's effcacies and capabilities
    Explanation
    Bandura's perspective on psychotherapy suggests that the target is to achieve a match between the client's effcacies and capabilities. This means that the focus of therapy is to help the client develop a sense of self-efficacy and confidence in their abilities, while also ensuring that their capabilities align with their goals and aspirations. By achieving this match, the client is more likely to be motivated and successful in making positive changes in their life.

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  • 10. 

    What two types of processes are included in most dual-process models?

    • A.

      Conscious and rational

    • B.

      Conscious and unconcious

    • C.

      Short-term and long-term memories

    • D.

      Impulsive and reactive

    Correct Answer
    B. Conscious and unconcious
    Explanation
    Most dual-process models include conscious and unconscious processes. Conscious processes refer to the thoughts and actions that we are aware of and can intentionally control. Unconscious processes, on the other hand, occur without our awareness and are automatic and involuntary. These two types of processes work together to influence our behavior and decision-making. Conscious processes involve rational thinking and logical reasoning, while unconscious processes often involve intuitive and emotional responses.

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  • 11. 

    Experiments have shown that if one recieves rewards and/or punishments randomly (i.e, regardless of what one does), then one is likely to develop depression. This phenomenom is known as

    • A.

      Learned helplessness

    • B.

      Angst

    • C.

      Social learning theory

    • D.

      Reverse conditioning

    Correct Answer
    A. Learned helplessness
    Explanation
    Learned helplessness refers to the phenomenon where individuals develop a sense of helplessness and lack of control over their environment due to repeated experiences of receiving rewards or punishments randomly, without any correlation to their actions. This can lead to feelings of depression as individuals believe that their actions have no impact on the outcomes they experience. This concept was first studied by Martin Seligman through experiments on dogs, where he observed that dogs that were exposed to uncontrollable shocks exhibited signs of learned helplessness.

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  • 12. 

    If memebers of two cultures experience the same emotions, seek the same goals, and organize their thoughts in compareable ways, then the two cultures.

    • A.

      Are individualistic cultures

    • B.

      Have collectivist construals

    • C.

      Have similar experience-near constructs

    • D.

      View the world through culture-free lenses.

    Correct Answer
    C. Have similar experience-near constructs
    Explanation
    This answer suggests that if members of two cultures experience the same emotions, seek the same goals, and organize their thoughts in comparable ways, then it can be inferred that the two cultures have similar experience-near constructs. This means that they have similar ways of understanding and interpreting their experiences, which could indicate similarities in their cultural beliefs, values, and perspectives.

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  • 13. 

    Individuals from which of the following countires are least likely to demonstrate consistencies in self-descriptions across situations?

    • A.

      Australia

    • B.

      New Zealand

    • C.

      Korea

    • D.

      Canda

    Correct Answer
    C. Korea
    Explanation
    Korea is the correct answer because individuals from Korea are least likely to demonstrate consistencies in self-descriptions across situations. This implies that Koreans may present different aspects of their personality or behavior depending on the situation they are in, making it harder to predict their consistent traits or characteristics. In contrast, individuals from Australia, New Zealand, and Canada are more likely to have consistent self-descriptions across different situations.

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  • 14. 

    What theorist is most closely indentified with cognitive-experiential self-theory?

    • A.

      Sigmund Freud

    • B.

      Walter Mischel

    • C.

      Carol Dweck

    • D.

      Seymour Epstein

    Correct Answer
    D. Seymour Epstein
    Explanation
    Seymour Epstein is most closely identified with cognitive-experiential self-theory. This theory suggests that people's behavior is influenced by both cognitive and experiential processes, such as thoughts, beliefs, and emotions. Epstein proposed that these processes interact with each other, leading to different patterns of behavior. His theory emphasizes the importance of both conscious and unconscious processes in shaping behavior, and it has been influential in the field of psychology.

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  • 15. 

    Bandura's efficacy expectation is a belief about

    • A.

      What the person is capable of doing

    • B.

      The amount of work required to be effective

    • C.

      The worth of an outcome

    • D.

      The probability of success expected for an average person

    Correct Answer
    A. What the person is capable of doing
    Explanation
    Bandura's efficacy expectation refers to an individual's belief in their own capabilities and skills to successfully perform a task or achieve a goal. It is about the person's perception of their own abilities, competence, and confidence in their own skills. This belief plays a crucial role in determining one's motivation, behavior, and level of effort towards achieving desired outcomes. It is not related to the amount of work required, the worth of an outcome, or the probability of success for an average person.

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  • 16. 

    Linda thinks that her friends will like her only if she is thin, attractive, and cheerful. Rogers would say that it is unlikely that Linda will 

    • A.

      Self-actualize

    • B.

      Become a fully functioning person

    • C.

      Build personal constructs

    • D.

      Experience Umwelt

    Correct Answer
    B. Become a fully functioning person
    Explanation
    Rogers would say that it is unlikely that Linda will become a fully functioning person. This is because Rogers believed that self-actualization, which is the process of becoming the best version of oneself, requires unconditional positive regard from others. If Linda believes that she can only be liked if she meets certain criteria, such as being thin, attractive, and cheerful, she is not receiving unconditional positive regard. Therefore, according to Rogers, she may struggle to fully develop and reach her potential as a person.

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  • 17. 

    Self-determination theorists believe that eudiamonia is dangerous

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. Self-determination theorists do not believe that eudaimonia is dangerous. In fact, they argue that eudaimonia, which refers to a state of well-being and fulfillment, is essential for human growth and development. Self-determination theory emphasizes the importance of intrinsic motivation, autonomy, and psychological needs satisfaction in promoting well-being and optimal functioning. Therefore, it is incorrect to state that self-determination theorists believe eudaimonia is dangerous.

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  • 18. 

    What is actually measured by the Implicit Association Test?

    • A.

      Heart rate

    • B.

      Blood pressure

    • C.

      Visual tracking

    • D.

      Reaction time

    Correct Answer
    D. Reaction time
    Explanation
    The Implicit Association Test (IAT) measures reaction time. This test is designed to measure the strength of a person's automatic association between mental representations of objects in memory. It assesses the speed at which participants categorize different stimuli, such as words or images, based on their implicit biases or attitudes. By measuring reaction time, the IAT aims to uncover unconscious biases that individuals may hold.

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  • 19. 

    The Buddhist alternative to existential anguish, forlornness, and despiar is 

    • A.

      Anatta

    • B.

      Anicca

    • C.

      Nirvana

    • D.

      Eigenwelt

    Correct Answer
    C. Nirvana
    Explanation
    Nirvana is the correct answer because it is the ultimate goal in Buddhism, representing the cessation of suffering and the liberation from the cycle of birth and death. It is a state of enlightenment and inner peace, where one is free from attachment, desire, and ignorance. By achieving nirvana, individuals can overcome existential anguish, forlornness, and despair by transcending the ego and realizing the true nature of reality.

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  • 20. 

    Jerry has been wondering what life means and whether he is living his life purposefully. If he cannot answer these questions, he will probably experience

    • A.

      Angst

    • B.

      Thrown-ness

    • C.

      Eigenwelt

    • D.

      Self-actualization

    Correct Answer
    A. Angst
    Explanation
    Jerry's contemplation about the meaning of life and his purpose indicates a sense of existential confusion and uncertainty. This existential crisis can lead to feelings of anxiety, dread, and a general sense of unease, commonly referred to as "angst." Jerry's inability to find answers to these questions suggests that he may experience this existential angst as he grapples with the lack of direction and purpose in his life.

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  • 21. 

    On average a Japanese person who is relatively happier than her peers in one context will also tend to be happier than her peers in another context. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This statement suggests that happiness is consistent across different contexts for Japanese individuals. In other words, if a Japanese person is generally happier than their peers in one situation or environment, they are likely to be happier than their peers in other situations as well. This implies that happiness is not solely dependent on external factors, but rather is a characteristic or trait that remains relatively stable across various contexts.

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  • 22. 

    What disorder might represent an extreme or exaggerated version of traits associated with "marching to a different drummer" or acting original and somewhat idiosyncratically?

    • A.

      Schizotypal

    • B.

      Obsessive-compulsive

    • C.

      Borderline

    • D.

      Histrionic

    Correct Answer
    A. Schizotypal
    Explanation
    The disorder that might represent an extreme or exaggerated version of traits associated with "marching to a different drummer" or acting original and somewhat idiosyncratically is schizotypal. Schizotypal personality disorder is characterized by eccentric behavior, odd beliefs or magical thinking, and difficulties in social relationships. People with this disorder often display unconventional or idiosyncratic behaviors, which can be seen as an extreme version of "marching to a different drummer" or acting in an original and unique way.

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  • 23. 

    The holier-than-thou effect is most likely to occur in members from which country?

    • A.

      Spain

    • B.

      China

    • C.

      Germany

    • D.

      India?

    Correct Answer
    C. Germany
    Explanation
    The holier-than-thou effect refers to the tendency of individuals to perceive themselves as morally superior to others. Germany is most likely to experience this effect because it has a strong cultural emphasis on discipline, order, and adherence to rules. This cultural background may lead Germans to believe that they are more morally upright than individuals from other countries.

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  • 24. 

    Cross-cultural psychology has examined differences in the way that members of various cultures think. Some research suggests that people from collectivist cultures think ____ than those from indivdualistic cultures.

    • A.

      More holistically

    • B.

      More logically

    • C.

      More creatively

    • D.

      More intelligently

    Correct Answer
    A. More holistically
    Explanation
    Research in cross-cultural psychology has found that individuals from collectivist cultures tend to think more holistically compared to those from individualistic cultures. In collectivist cultures, the emphasis is on the interdependence of individuals and the group, resulting in a more holistic thinking style that considers the context and relationships between elements. On the other hand, individualistic cultures prioritize independence and individual goals, leading to a more individualistic and logical thinking style that focuses on individual attributes and categorization. Therefore, the correct answer is that people from collectivist cultures think more holistically than those from individualistic cultures.

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  • 25. 

    Positive psychologists usually argue that true happiness comes from overcoming important challenges. This idea is quite similar to Sarte's conception of

    • A.

      Optimisitic toughness

    • B.

      Hardiness

    • C.

      Self-actualization

    • D.

      Umwelt

    Correct Answer
    A. Optimisitic toughness
    Explanation
    Positive psychologists argue that true happiness comes from overcoming important challenges, which aligns with the concept of "optimistic toughness." Optimistic toughness refers to the ability to maintain a positive mindset and resilience in the face of adversity. It involves having a hopeful outlook and being able to bounce back from setbacks. This concept emphasizes the importance of facing challenges head-on and finding strength and growth through them, ultimately leading to a sense of fulfillment and happiness.

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  • 26. 

    Which of the following is NOT a type of idiographic goal?

    • A.

      Current concerns

    • B.

      Personal projects

    • C.

      Developmental goals

    • D.

      Personal strivings

    Correct Answer
    C. Developmental goals
    Explanation
    Developmental goals are not a type of idiographic goal because idiographic goals focus on individual uniqueness and personal experiences, whereas developmental goals are more general and universal in nature. Idiographic goals are specific to an individual and reflect their current concerns, personal projects, and personal strivings. Developmental goals, on the other hand, typically refer to broader goals related to personal growth and development that are applicable to a larger population.

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  • 27. 

    Depression and anxiety are ego-syntonic disorders.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Depression and anxiety are not ego-syntonic disorders. Ego-syntonic refers to behaviors, thoughts, and feelings that are in harmony with one's self-image and values. In the case of depression and anxiety, individuals often experience these disorders as distressing and incongruent with their self-identity. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 28. 

    Personality disorders appear on which axis of the DSM?

    • A.

      Axis I

    • B.

      Axis II

    • C.

      Axis III

    • D.

      Axis IV

    Correct Answer
    B. Axis II
    Explanation
    Personality disorders appear on Axis II of the DSM. Axis II is specifically dedicated to diagnosing and classifying personality disorders and mental retardation. This axis focuses on long-standing patterns of behavior and traits that significantly deviate from cultural norms and cause distress or impairment in functioning. Axis I, on the other hand, includes clinical disorders such as mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and psychotic disorders. Axis III pertains to general medical conditions, and Axis IV covers psychosocial and environmental problems.

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  • 29. 

    A strong, consistent, and stable tendency to experience positive and energizing emotions is the fundamental feature of what trait?

    • A.

      Neuroticism

    • B.

      Extraversion

    • C.

      Openness

    • D.

      Achievement motivation

    Correct Answer
    B. Extraversion
    Explanation
    Extraversion is the correct answer because it refers to a personality trait characterized by being outgoing, sociable, and energetic. People with high levels of extraversion tend to experience positive and energizing emotions consistently, which aligns with the description given in the question. Neuroticism, openness, and achievement motivation do not necessarily imply a strong, consistent, and stable tendency to experience positive and energizing emotions.

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  • 30. 

    There are actually mulitple ways to structure an introduction to personality psychology. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because there are indeed multiple ways to structure an introduction to personality psychology. Different textbooks, courses, or instructors may choose to organize the content in different ways, focusing on various theories, concepts, or research findings. The field of personality psychology is broad and encompasses various perspectives and approaches, allowing for flexibility in how the subject matter is presented.

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  • 31. 

    Freedom to select situations is an important corollary of behaviorist principles.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that behaviorist principles allow individuals the freedom to choose their situations. However, behaviorism focuses on the idea that behavior is determined by external stimuli and reinforcement, rather than personal choice or freedom. Therefore, the statement is incorrect as behaviorist principles do not support the notion of individuals having the freedom to select situations.

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  • 32. 

    Self-enhancement appears to be linked to adjustment problems with relationship difficulties

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Self-enhancement refers to the tendency to view oneself in a positive light and to seek validation from others. When individuals engage in excessive self-enhancement, it can lead to relationship difficulties. This is because constantly seeking validation and focusing on oneself can make it difficult to truly connect with others and meet their needs. Therefore, the statement that self-enhancement is linked to adjustment problems with relationship difficulties is true.

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  • 33. 

    ____________ occurs when a child picks up the cultural influences of the place where she or he grows up

    • A.

      Acculturation

    • B.

      Enculturation

    • C.

      Assimilation

    • D.

      Accommodation

    Correct Answer
    B. Enculturation
    Explanation
    Enculturation refers to the process by which a child acquires and internalizes the cultural beliefs, values, and behaviors of their society or community. It involves learning and adopting the cultural norms, traditions, and customs that are prevalent in the environment where the child grows up. Through enculturation, the child becomes socialized and develops a sense of identity and belonging within their cultural group. This process helps shape the child's worldview, language, social interactions, and overall understanding of the world around them.

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  • 34. 

    According to the text, which of the following is NOT a personality process?

    • A.

      Perception

    • B.

      Motivation

    • C.

      Emotion

    • D.

      Trait development

    Correct Answer
    D. Trait development
    Explanation
    Trait development is not considered a personality process because it refers to the growth and formation of enduring characteristics or traits within an individual's personality. Personality processes, on the other hand, involve the various psychological mechanisms and dynamics that influence how individuals perceive, think, feel, and behave. Perception, motivation, and emotion are all examples of personality processes as they play a significant role in shaping an individual's personality and behavior.

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  • 35. 

    Which two dimensions are included in the goal circumplex model?

    • A.

      Agency versus communion; extrinsic versus intrinsic

    • B.

      Self-transcendence versus physical self; extrinsic versis intrinsic

    • C.

      Agency versus performance; extrinsic versus intrinsic

    • D.

      Mastery versus performance; extrinsic versus intrinsic

    Correct Answer
    B. Self-transcendence versus physical self; extrinsic versis intrinsic
    Explanation
    The goal circumplex model includes the dimensions of self-transcendence versus physical self and extrinsic versus intrinsic. This model categorizes goals based on whether they are focused on personal growth and transcendence or on physical needs and desires, as well as whether they are driven by external rewards or internal motivations.

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  • 36. 

    Someone who takes absolutely no pleasure from social interactions ranging from conversation to sexual activites might have which personality disorder?

    • A.

      Borderline

    • B.

      Schizotypal

    • C.

      Paranoid

    • D.

      Schizoid

    Correct Answer
    D. Schizoid
    Explanation
    Schizoid personality disorder is characterized by a lack of interest or enjoyment in social interactions, including conversations and sexual activities. People with this disorder tend to prefer solitary activities and have difficulty forming close relationships. They often appear emotionally cold or detached. This aligns with the description of someone who takes absolutely no pleasure from social interactions, making schizoid the correct answer.

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  • 37. 

    Mike think that sitting around contemplating the meaning of existence is a waste of time. He spends his life concetrating on developing his carrer, building a bigger house for his family, and enjoying himself. Satre and other existentialists would say Mike is

    • A.

      Living in bad faith

    • B.

      Preventing himself from becoming a functioning person

    • C.

      Striving to meet his subsistence needs

    • D.

      Following core ideas of self-determination theory

    Correct Answer
    A. Living in bad faith
    Explanation
    Mike is living in bad faith because he is avoiding the existentialist perspective of reflecting on the meaning of existence. Instead, he focuses solely on materialistic pursuits and personal enjoyment, neglecting the deeper questions about life's purpose. By not engaging in self-reflection, Mike is denying his freedom and responsibility to create his own purpose and living an inauthentic life.

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  • 38. 

    Although seven personality dimensions emerge from an anaylsis of the spanish and chinese lexicon, the seven dimensions are somewhat different

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that when analyzing the Spanish and Chinese lexicon, seven personality dimensions are identified. However, it also states that these dimensions are somewhat different, implying that there are variations or distinctions between the dimensions in the two languages. Therefore, the answer "True" indicates that there are indeed seven personality dimensions that emerge from the analysis, but they may not be exactly the same in both languages.

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  • 39. 

    Which of the following is one of the diagnostic criteria for narcissistic personality disorder?

    • A.

      Inability to delegate

    • B.

      Enviousness

    • C.

      Inflexibility

    • D.

      Perfectionism

    Correct Answer
    B. Enviousness
    Explanation
    Enviousness is one of the diagnostic criteria for narcissistic personality disorder. Individuals with this disorder often have an excessive need for admiration and lack empathy for others. They may become envious of others who they perceive as more successful or superior to them, leading to feelings of resentment and a desire to undermine or devalue those individuals. Enviousness is a manifestation of their fragile self-esteem and grandiose sense of self-importance, which are characteristic features of narcissistic personality disorder.

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  • 40. 

    About 25 percent of the population should be left-handed

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that about 25 percent of the population should be left-handed, but the correct answer is False. This means that the statement is incorrect, and the actual percentage of left-handed individuals in the population is not around 25 percent.

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  • 41. 

    The _____ approach focuses on individual differnces that make every person unique

    • A.

      Trait

    • B.

      Cognitive

    • C.

      Humanistic

    • D.

      Learning

    Correct Answer
    A. Trait
    Explanation
    The trait approach in psychology focuses on individual differences that make every person unique. It examines the stable and enduring characteristics, or traits, that define an individual's personality. This approach suggests that these traits remain consistent across different situations and can be used to predict behavior. By studying traits, psychologists aim to understand how individuals differ from one another and how these differences influence their thoughts, feelings, and actions.

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  • 42. 

    Bob eats a new dish at this favorite resteraunt and throws up an hour later. Bob will most likely

    • A.

      Become nauseated at the sight of all resteraunts

    • B.

      Try the dish again when another chef prepares it

    • C.

      Attribute his vomiting to an illness

    • D.

      Never eat that dish again

    Correct Answer
    D. Never eat that dish again
    Explanation
    After experiencing vomiting shortly after eating the new dish, it is likely that Bob will associate the dish with his negative experience and develop an aversion towards it. This aversion is a natural response to avoid potential harm or discomfort in the future, making it highly probable that Bob will choose to never eat that dish again.

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  • 43. 

    David McClelland would argue that a culture that emphasizes children's stories such as "The Little Engine That Could" has a high need for

    • A.

      Achievement

    • B.

      Affiliation

    • C.

      Appraisal

    • D.

      Affluence

    Correct Answer
    A. Achievement
    Explanation
    David McClelland's theory of motivation suggests that individuals have three basic needs: achievement, affiliation, and power. In this case, a culture that emphasizes children's stories like "The Little Engine That Could" is likely to value and prioritize achievement. This story teaches children the importance of perseverance, determination, and overcoming obstacles to achieve success. Therefore, it aligns with the need for achievement, which is the desire to excel, accomplish challenging goals, and receive recognition for one's accomplishments.

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  • 44. 

    Which of the following is NOT one of the diagnostic criteria for OCPD

    • A.

      Perfectionism

    • B.

      Inability to delegate

    • C.

      Being a packrat

    • D.

      Lack of empathy

    Correct Answer
    D. Lack of empathy
    Explanation
    The diagnostic criteria for OCPD include perfectionism, inability to delegate, and being a packrat. These traits are commonly associated with individuals with OCPD. However, lack of empathy is not specifically mentioned as one of the diagnostic criteria for OCPD. While individuals with OCPD may struggle with empathy to some extent, it is not a defining characteristic of the disorder.

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  • 45. 

    Steven has comes to terms with his mortality, accepted responsibility for his existence, and knows that he determines what happens in his life. Existentinalists would say that Steven is

    • A.

      Living in bad faith

    • B.

      Experiencing thrown-ness

    • C.

      Attaining authentic existence

    • D.

      Achieving Mitwelt

    Correct Answer
    C. Attaining authentic existence
    Explanation
    The answer "attaining authentic existence" is the most fitting because Steven has acknowledged his mortality, taken responsibility for his existence, and recognizes that he has control over what happens in his life. This aligns with the existentialist belief that individuals can achieve authentic existence by embracing their freedom and making choices that align with their values and beliefs. "Living in bad faith" refers to denying one's freedom and responsibility, "experiencing thrown-ness" refers to the feeling of being thrown into existence without choice, and "achieving Mitwelt" refers to experiencing a sense of interconnectedness with others, none of which accurately describe Steven's situation.

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  • 46. 

    Which of the following is NOT associated with low self-esteem?

    • A.

      Depression

    • B.

      Suicide

    • C.

      Loneliness

    • D.

      Fearlessness about death

    Correct Answer
    D. Fearlessness about death
    Explanation
    Fearlessness about death is not associated with low self-esteem because low self-esteem often leads to feelings of fear, insecurity, and a lack of confidence. Individuals with low self-esteem tend to have a negative perception of themselves and may struggle with feelings of worthlessness, which can contribute to depression, thoughts of suicide, and loneliness. However, fearlessness about death suggests a lack of fear or concern about one's own mortality, which is not typically associated with low self-esteem.

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  • 47. 

    According to the text, which of the following is considered to have an individualist horizontal society?

    • A.

      Brazil

    • B.

      Israel

    • C.

      Norway

    • D.

      France

    Correct Answer
    D. France
    Explanation
    France is considered to have an individualist horizontal society because it values personal freedom, independence, and individual achievement. In such a society, individuals are encouraged to pursue their own goals and interests, and there is less emphasis on collective identity or group harmony. This is reflected in France's cultural values, social norms, and government policies, which prioritize individual rights and freedoms.

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  • 48. 

    Jack’s friends don’t think he is very smart; however, Jack thinks that he is quite intelligent. Jack would most likely be considered high in which personality dimension?

    • A.

      Self-insight

    • B.

      Self-enhancement

    • C.

      Sociometry

    • D.

      Self-justification

    Correct Answer
    B. Self-enhancement
    Explanation
    Jack's belief that he is intelligent, despite his friends thinking otherwise, suggests that he has a tendency towards self-enhancement. Self-enhancement refers to the tendency to view oneself in a positive light and to emphasize positive qualities while downplaying or ignoring negative qualities. In this case, Jack's perception of his own intelligence is higher than the perception of others, indicating a self-enhancement bias.

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  • 49. 

    In Triandis’s model, the distinctive tasks a culture needs to accomplish and the physical layout and resources of its land are called the culture’s

    • A.

      Ecology

    • B.

      Complexity

    • C.

      Socialization processes

    • D.

      Personality

    Correct Answer
    A. Ecology
    Explanation
    In Triandis's model, the term "ecology" refers to the distinctive tasks a culture needs to accomplish and the physical layout and resources of its land. This means that the culture's ecology encompasses the environmental factors and challenges that shape the culture's way of life and the resources available to them. It is an important aspect of understanding how a culture functions and adapts to its surroundings.

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