Personality Disorders

67 Questions | Total Attempts: 1005

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Personality Disorders

Diagnostic criteria, conceptualization, and treatment of personality disorders (per DSM IV)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    ___________ is characterized by a pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evalution.
    • A. 

      Generalized Anxiety Disorder

    • B. 

      Social Anxiety Disorder

    • C. 

      Avoidant Personality Disorder

    • D. 

      Antisocial Personality Disorder

  • 2. 
    In avoidant personality disorder, the negative features of the disorder are maintained by
    • A. 

      A fear of rejection

    • B. 

      False alarms

    • C. 

      A lack of emotional regulation

    • D. 

      Intense distrust of others

  • 3. 
    In avoidant personality disorder, typical beliefs about self might be
    • A. 

      I am helpless, needy, incompetent, weak

    • B. 

      I am highly competent, moral, and perfect

    • C. 

      I am self-sufficient, a loner

    • D. 

      I am incompetent, inferior, socially inept

  • 4. 
    In avoidant personality disorder, beliefs about others might be
    • A. 

      They are critical and judging

    • B. 

      They are competent, strong, nurturing

    • C. 

      They are untrustworthy, malevolent

    • D. 

      They are incompetent, sloppy, lacking in standards

  • 5. 
    Some of the strategies or behaviors seen in maintaining avoidant personality disorder typically include
    • A. 

      Keeping to self, being vigilant

    • B. 

      Being deceptive/exploitive, stealing

    • C. 

      Dramatic attention seeking behaviors

    • D. 

      Avoidance

  • 6. 
    In avoidant personality disorder, the individual's low tolerance for ___________ leads them to distract themselves behaviorally.
    • A. 

      Social interaction

    • B. 

      Rejection

    • C. 

      Dysphoria

    • D. 

      Introception

  • 7. 
    In avoidant personality disorder, the individual's cognitive avoidance typically serves to avoid thinking about things that lead to __________ feelings
    • A. 

      Dysphoric

    • B. 

      Intense

    • C. 

      Elevated

    • D. 

      Unpredictable

  • 8. 
    In avoidant personality disorder, the individual's core beliefs regarding social avoidance likely stems from__________.
    • A. 

      A generalized biological predisposition

    • B. 

      A specific early trauma

    • C. 

      A significant person who was highly critical and rejecting

    • D. 

      Rigid religious upbringing

  • 9. 
    The two main barriers to treatment of individuals with avoidant personality disorder are
    • A. 

      Their fear of isolation and social interactions

    • B. 

      Their distrust of others and inclination toward impulsive behaviors

    • C. 

      Their lack of regard for rules/therapy procedures and inclination towar impulsive behaviors

    • D. 

      Their fear of rejection and distrust of others expression of caring

  • 10. 
    During social interactions, individuals with avoidant personality disorder often have _______________ which seek to predict what others are thinking/feeling and usually infer some degree of disapproval or criticism toward themselves.
    • A. 

      Behaviors

    • B. 

      Automatic thoughts

    • C. 

      Evaluative cognitions

    • D. 

      Questions

  • 11. 
    To counter the self-criticisms, negative predictions, and maladaptive assumptions typical of individuals with avoidant personality disorder, one possible treatment is
    • A. 

      Guided discovery using cognitive-behavioral methods

    • B. 

      Relaxation training

    • C. 

      Mindfulness training

    • D. 

      Dialectical Behavior Therapy

  • 12. 
    The main goal of threatment of avoidant personality disorder is to
    • A. 

      Increase interpersonal skills

    • B. 

      Decrease impulsivity

    • C. 

      Increase emotional regulation

    • D. 

      Increase negative emotion tolerance

  • 13. 
    ______________ is characterized by a pervasie and excessive need to be taken care of that leads to submissive and clingling behavior and fears of separation
    • A. 

      Dependent Personality Disorder

    • B. 

      Avoidant Personality Disorder

    • C. 

      Histrionic Personality Disorder

    • D. 

      Schizoid Personality Disorder

  • 14. 
    Individuals with ________________ experience great difficulty in making every day decisions in the absense of excessive advice and reassurance from others and tend to take a passive role in the major areas of their own life.
    • A. 

      Avoidant personality disorder

    • B. 

      Narcissistic personality disorder

    • C. 

      Histrionic personality disorder

    • D. 

      Dependent personality disorder

  • 15. 
    Historically, ______________ has been tied to overindulgence durings the oral stage of Freud's psychosexual development.
    • A. 

      Avoidant personality disorder

    • B. 

      Histrionic personality disorder

    • C. 

      Dependent personality disorder

    • D. 

      Narcissistic personality disorder

  • 16. 
    __________ and ___________ are the most commonly diagnosed Axis I diagnoses associated with dependent personality disorder
    • A. 

      Major depression, generalized anxiety disorder

    • B. 

      Adjustment disorder, major depression

    • C. 

      Separation anxiety disorder, adjustment disorder

    • D. 

      Panic disorder, dysthymic disorder

  • 17. 
    _________________ develops due to two key assumptions:  "I am inadequate and hepless, therefore unable to cope with the world on my own," and ,"the world is a cold, lonely, dangerous place that I am incapable of handling on my own".
    • A. 

      Dependent personality disorder

    • B. 

      Avoidant personality disorder

    • C. 

      Narcissistic personality disorder

    • D. 

      Schizotypal personality disorder

  • 18. 
     The core beliefs about self typical of dependent personality disorder are
    • A. 

      I am incompetent, inferior, socially inept

    • B. 

      I am moral, highly competent, perfect

    • C. 

      I am helpless, needy, incompetent, weak

    • D. 

      I am supernaturally gifted, loner, vulnerable, unreal

  • 19. 
    Core beliefs about others typically found in dependent personality disorder are
    • A. 

      Favorable if others are attentive, terrible if others are not attentive or rejecting

    • B. 

      They are inferior, less deserving,

    • C. 

      They are untrustworthy, malevolent

    • D. 

      They are competent, strong, nurturing

  • 20. 
    Dependent personality disorder is maintained by behaviors/strategies including
    • A. 

      Being excessively attached to others

    • B. 

      Being avoidant of others

    • C. 

      Micromanaging, being critical of others

    • D. 

      Dramatic attention seeking behaviors

  • 21. 
    In order to encourage a client with dependent personality disorder to take an active role in therapy it is important to use ____________ and _______________ .
    • A. 

      Relaxation training, guided discovery

    • B. 

      Guided discovery, socratic questioning

    • C. 

      Mindfulness training, prolonged exposure

    • D. 

      Socratic questioning, mindfulness training

  • 22. 
    A(n) ______________ is an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual's culture, is pervasive and inflexible, and has an onse in adolecence or early adulthood, is stable over time, and leads to distress or impairment
    • A. 

      Adjustment disorder

    • B. 

      Personality disorder

    • C. 

      Trait

    • D. 

      Core belief systme

  • 23. 
    ___________ is characterized by a pattern of distrust and suspiciousness, such as believing others motives are malevolent
    • A. 

      Schizoid personality disorder

    • B. 

      Histrionic personality disorder

    • C. 

      Antisocial personality disorder

    • D. 

      Paranoid personality disorder

  • 24. 
    ____________ is characterised as a pattern of detachment from social relationships and a restricted range of emotional expression
    • A. 

      Schizoid personality disorder

    • B. 

      Antisocial personality disorder

    • C. 

      Boderline personality disorder

    • D. 

      Schizotypal personality disorder

  • 25. 
    _____________ is characterized by a pattern of acute discomfort in close relationships, cognitive or perceptual disortortions, and eccentricietes of behavior
    • A. 

      Schizoid personality disorder

    • B. 

      Avoidant personality disorder

    • C. 

      Schizotypal personality disorder

    • D. 

      Antisocial personality disorder