Personality Disorders Quiz

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Personality Disorders Quiz - Quiz

Welcome to the Personality Disorders Quiz! Test your knowledge on various personality disorders, their characteristics, and the impact they have on individuals and society. This quiz will challenge your understanding of these complex conditions and help you learn more about their identification, treatment, and the broader implications. Whether you're a student, healthcare professional, or someone interested in psychology, this quiz provides an informative and engaging way to explore the subject. Discover the nuances of personality disorders and see how well you grasp the essential concepts. Let's begin this enlightening journey into the realm of human behavior and mental health.


Personality Disorders Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    ___________ is characterized by a pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation.

    • A.

      Generalized Anxiety Disorder

    • B.

      Social Anxiety Disorder

    • C.

      Avoidant Personality Disorder

    • D.

      Antisocial Personality Disorder

    Correct Answer
    C. Avoidant Personality Disorder
    Explanation
    Avoidant Personality Disorder is characterized by a pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation. People with this disorder tend to avoid social situations due to fear of being criticized or rejected. They often have low self-esteem and struggle with forming close relationships. This disorder is different from social anxiety disorder, as it encompasses a broader range of interpersonal difficulties and is not solely focused on social situations. Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Antisocial Personality Disorder do not match the description provided.

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  • 2. 

    In avoidant personality disorder, the negative features of the disorder are maintained by

    • A.

      A fear of rejection

    • B.

      False alarms

    • C.

      A lack of emotional regulation

    • D.

      Intense distrust of others

    Correct Answer
    A. A fear of rejection
    Explanation
    Individuals with avoidant personality disorder often have an intense fear of rejection. This fear drives their behavior and leads them to avoid social interactions and relationships in order to protect themselves from potential rejection or criticism. This fear of rejection is a core feature of the disorder and is believed to be a key factor in maintaining the negative symptoms and behaviors associated with avoidant personality disorder, such as social withdrawal, low self-esteem, and feelings of inadequacy.

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  • 3. 

    In avoidant personality disorder, typical beliefs about self might be

    • A.

      I am helpless, needy, incompetent, weak.

    • B.

      I am highly competent, moral, and perfect.

    • C.

      I am self-sufficient, a loner.

    • D.

      I am incompetent, inferior, socially inept.

    Correct Answer
    D. I am incompetent, inferior, socially inept.
    Explanation
    The given answer, "I am incompetent, inferior, socially inept," aligns with the typical beliefs about self in avoidant personality disorder. People with this disorder often have a negative self-image and feel inadequate or inferior compared to others. They may also struggle with social interactions and perceive themselves as socially inept. These beliefs can lead to avoidance of social situations and a tendency to isolate oneself.

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  • 4. 

    In avoidant personality disorder, beliefs about others might be

    • A.

      They are critical and judging.

    • B.

      They are competent, strong, nurturing.

    • C.

      They are untrustworthy, malevolent.

    • D.

      They are incompetent, sloppy, lacking in standards.

    Correct Answer
    A. They are critical and judging.
    Explanation
    In avoidant personality disorder, individuals tend to have a belief that others are critical and judging. This means that they perceive others as constantly evaluating and finding fault with them. This belief can contribute to their avoidance of social interactions and fear of rejection or criticism. They may have a heightened sensitivity to perceived criticism and may constantly worry about being negatively evaluated by others. This belief can significantly impact their self-esteem and confidence in social situations.

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  • 5. 

    Some of the strategies or behaviors seen in maintaining avoidant personality disorder typically include

    • A.

      Keeping to self, being vigilant

    • B.

      Being deceptive/exploitive, stealing

    • C.

      Dramatic attention seeking behaviors

    • D.

      Avoidance

    Correct Answer
    D. Avoidance
    Explanation
    The correct answer is avoidance because one of the main characteristics of avoidant personality disorder is a persistent pattern of avoiding social interactions and situations due to fear of criticism, rejection, or embarrassment. Individuals with this disorder often go to great lengths to avoid situations that may trigger their anxiety or discomfort, such as social gatherings or public speaking. This avoidance behavior is a key feature of the disorder and helps to distinguish it from other personality disorders.

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  • 6. 

    In avoidant personality disorder, the individual's low tolerance for ___________ leads them to distract themselves behaviorally.

    • A.

      Social interaction

    • B.

      Rejection

    • C.

      Dysphoria

    • D.

      Introception

    Correct Answer
    C. Dysphoria
    Explanation
    In avoidant personality disorder, individuals have a low tolerance for dysphoria, which refers to feelings of sadness, dissatisfaction, and emotional discomfort. Due to their inability to cope with these negative emotions, they engage in behavioral distractions. This could involve avoiding social interactions or situations that may trigger rejection or further exacerbate their dysphoric feelings. By avoiding these situations, they attempt to alleviate their distress and maintain a sense of emotional stability.

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  • 7. 

    In avoidant personality disorder, the individual's cognitive avoidance typically serves to avoid thinking about things that lead to __________ feelings

    • A.

      Dysphoric

    • B.

      Intense

    • C.

      Elevated

    • D.

      Unpredictable

    Correct Answer
    A. Dysphoric
    Explanation
    In avoidant personality disorder, the individual's cognitive avoidance is a defense mechanism used to avoid thinking about things that lead to dysphoric feelings. Dysphoric feelings refer to feelings of unease, dissatisfaction, and sadness. This avoidance helps the individual to protect themselves from experiencing these negative emotions.

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  • 8. 

    In avoidant personality disorder, the individual's core beliefs regarding social avoidance likely stems from__________.

    • A.

      A generalized biological predisposition

    • B.

      A specific early trauma

    • C.

      A significant person who was highly critical and rejecting

    • D.

      Rigid religious upbringing

    Correct Answer
    C. A significant person who was highly critical and rejecting
    Explanation
    The individual's core beliefs regarding social avoidance in avoidant personality disorder are likely to stem from a significant person who was highly critical and rejecting. This suggests that the individual may have experienced consistent negative feedback and rejection from someone important in their life, leading them to develop a fear of social interactions and a belief that they will be judged and criticized by others. This negative relationship with a significant person can shape their core beliefs about themselves and others, contributing to the development of avoidant behaviors.

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  • 9. 

    The two main barriers to treatment of individuals with avoidant personality disorder are

    • A.

      Their fear of isolation and social interactions

    • B.

      Their distrust of others and inclination toward impulsive behaviors

    • C.

      Their lack of regard for rules/therapy procedures and inclination toward impulsive behaviors

    • D.

      Their fear of rejection and distrust of others expression of caring

    Correct Answer
    D. Their fear of rejection and distrust of others expression of caring
    Explanation
    Individuals with avoidant personality disorder often have a deep-seated fear of rejection and a strong distrust of others expressing care towards them. This fear of rejection causes them to avoid social interactions and isolate themselves, as they are afraid of being judged or criticized. They may also have difficulty trusting others, as they often believe that people are being insincere or have ulterior motives when they express care or concern. These barriers can make it challenging for individuals with avoidant personality disorder to seek and engage in treatment, as they may be hesitant to open up and trust their therapists or fear being rejected by them.

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  • 10. 

    During social interactions, individuals with avoidant personality disorder often have _______________ which seek to predict what others are thinking/feeling and usually infer some degree of disapproval or criticism toward themselves.

    • A.

      Behaviors

    • B.

      Automatic thoughts

    • C.

      Evaluative cognitions

    • D.

      Questions

    Correct Answer
    B. Automatic thoughts
    Explanation
    Individuals with avoidant personality disorder often have automatic thoughts during social interactions. These automatic thoughts are cognitive processes that seek to predict what others are thinking or feeling. However, individuals with avoidant personality disorder usually infer some degree of disapproval or criticism toward themselves from these automatic thoughts. This suggests that their automatic thoughts tend to be negative and self-critical, contributing to their avoidance of social interactions.

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  • 11. 

    To counter the self-criticisms, negative predictions, and maladaptive assumptions typical of individuals with avoidant personality disorder, one possible treatment is

    • A.

      Guided discovery using cognitive-behavioral methods

    • B.

      Relaxation training

    • C.

      Mindfulness training

    • D.

      Dialectical Behavior Therapy

    Correct Answer
    A. Guided discovery using cognitive-behavioral methods
    Explanation
    Guided discovery using cognitive-behavioral methods is a potential treatment for individuals with avoidant personality disorder because it helps counter their self-criticisms, negative predictions, and maladaptive assumptions. This approach involves guiding individuals to explore their thoughts and beliefs, challenging and restructuring them to be more realistic and adaptive. By using cognitive-behavioral methods, individuals can gain insight into their patterns of thinking and behavior, develop healthier coping strategies, and improve their social interactions. This treatment approach aims to reduce avoidance behaviors and increase self-confidence and assertiveness.

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  • 12. 

    The main goal of threatment of avoidant personality disorder is to

    • A.

      Increase interpersonal skills

    • B.

      Decrease impulsivity

    • C.

      Increase emotional regulation

    • D.

      Increase negative emotion tolerance

    Correct Answer
    D. Increase negative emotion tolerance
    Explanation
    The main goal of treating avoidant personality disorder is to increase negative emotion tolerance. This means helping individuals with this disorder to develop the ability to tolerate and manage negative emotions such as fear, anxiety, and shame. By increasing their tolerance for these emotions, individuals with avoidant personality disorder can become more resilient and better equipped to handle challenging situations and relationships. This can ultimately lead to improved interpersonal skills, decreased impulsivity, and increased emotional regulation as they learn to navigate and cope with their emotions in healthier ways.

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  • 13. 

    ______________ is characterized by a pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of that leads to submissive and clingling behavior and fears of separation

    • A.

      Dependent Personality Disorder

    • B.

      Avoidant Personality Disorder

    • C.

      Histrionic Personality Disorder

    • D.

      Schizoid Personality Disorder

    Correct Answer
    A. Dependent Personality Disorder
    Explanation
    Dependent Personality Disorder is characterized by a pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of, which results in submissive and clinging behavior as well as fears of separation. Individuals with this disorder often have difficulty making decisions, lack self-confidence, and rely heavily on others for emotional and physical support. They may go to great lengths to avoid being alone and may even tolerate abusive or unhealthy relationships in order to maintain their sense of security and dependence on others.

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  • 14. 

    Individuals with ________________ experience great difficulty in making every day decisions in the absence of excessive advice and reassurance from others and tend to take a passive role in the major areas of their own life.

    • A.

      Avoidant personality disorder

    • B.

      Narcissistic personality disorder

    • C.

      Histrionic personality disorder

    • D.

      Dependent personality disorder

    Correct Answer
    D. Dependent personality disorder
    Explanation
    Dependent personality disorder is characterized by an excessive need for others to take care of them and make decisions for them. Individuals with this disorder have difficulty making everyday decisions and often seek excessive advice and reassurance from others. They tend to take a passive role in their own life, relying heavily on others for support and direction. This can lead to a fear of abandonment and a lack of self-confidence.

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  • 15. 

    Historically, ______________ has been tied to overindulgence durings the oral stage of Freud's psychosexual development.

    • A.

      Avoidant personality disorder

    • B.

      Histrionic personality disorder

    • C.

      Dependent personality disorder

    • D.

      Narcissistic personality disorder

    Correct Answer
    C. Dependent personality disorder
    Explanation
    Dependent personality disorder is historically tied to overindulgence during the oral stage of Freud's psychosexual development. This disorder is characterized by an excessive need for others to take care of them and make decisions for them. This over-reliance on others for support and validation can be traced back to unresolved conflicts during the oral stage, where individuals may have experienced either excessive indulgence or neglect, leading to a fixation on dependency.

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  • 16. 

    __________ and ___________ are the most commonly diagnosed Axis I diagnoses associated with dependent personality disorder

    • A.

      Major depression, generalized anxiety disorder

    • B.

      Adjustment disorder, major depression

    • C.

      Separation anxiety disorder, adjustment disorder

    • D.

      Panic disorder, dysthymic disorder

    Correct Answer
    B. Adjustment disorder, major depression
    Explanation
    Dependent personality disorder is characterized by an excessive need to be taken care of and a fear of being abandoned. This often leads to difficulties in making decisions and relying heavily on others for support. Adjustment disorder is commonly diagnosed alongside dependent personality disorder because individuals with dependent personality disorder may struggle with adapting to stressful life events and may experience significant distress as a result. Major depression is also commonly diagnosed because individuals with dependent personality disorder may experience feelings of hopelessness and sadness. Therefore, adjustment disorder and major depression are the most commonly diagnosed Axis I diagnoses associated with dependent personality disorder.

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  • 17. 

    _________________ develops due to two key assumptions:  "I am inadequate and hepless, therefore unable to cope with the world on my own," and ,"the world is a cold, lonely, dangerous place that I am incapable of handling on my own".

    • A.

      Dependent personality disorder

    • B.

      Avoidant personality disorder

    • C.

      Narcissistic personality disorder

    • D.

      Schizotypal personality disorder

    Correct Answer
    A. Dependent personality disorder
    Explanation
    Dependent personality disorder develops due to two key assumptions: "I am inadequate and helpless, therefore unable to cope with the world on my own," and "the world is a cold, lonely, dangerous place that I am incapable of handling on my own." This disorder is characterized by a pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of, leading to submissive and clingy behavior, fear of separation, and difficulty making decisions without reassurance from others. Individuals with dependent personality disorder rely heavily on others for their emotional and physical needs, often sacrificing their own needs and desires in order to maintain a relationship.

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  • 18. 

     The core beliefs about self typical of dependent personality disorder are

    • A.

      I am incompetent, inferior, socially inept.

    • B.

      I am moral, highly competent, perfect.

    • C.

      I am helpless, needy, incompetent, weak.

    • D.

      I am supernaturally gifted, loner, vulnerable, unreal.

    Correct Answer
    C. I am helpless, needy, incompetent, weak.
    Explanation
    The core beliefs about self typical of dependent personality disorder include feeling helpless, needy, incompetent, and weak. Individuals with this disorder often have a strong need for others to take care of them and make decisions for them, as they believe they are unable to do so on their own. This sense of helplessness and incompetence can lead to a fear of being alone and a reliance on others for their emotional and physical needs.

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  • 19. 

    Core beliefs about others typically found in dependent personality disorder are

    • A.

      Favorable if others are attentive, terrible if others are not attentive or rejecting.

    • B.

      They are inferior, less deserving.

    • C.

      They are untrustworthy, malevolent.

    • D.

      They are competent, strong, nurturing.

    Correct Answer
    D. They are competent, strong, nurturing.
    Explanation
    In dependent personality disorder, individuals often have a core belief that others are competent, strong, and nurturing. This means that they rely heavily on others for support and have a strong need for reassurance and guidance. They may perceive themselves as weak or incapable and view others as superior and more capable. This belief is favorable as it aligns with their need for dependency and reassurance from others.

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  • 20. 

    Dependent personality disorder is maintained by behaviors/strategies including

    • A.

      Being excessively attached to others

    • B.

      Being avoidant of others

    • C.

      Micromanaging, being critical of others

    • D.

      Dramatic attention seeking behaviors

    Correct Answer
    A. Being excessively attached to others
    Explanation
    Dependent personality disorder is characterized by an excessive need to be taken care of and a fear of being alone or abandoned. This excessive attachment to others is a key behavior/strategy that individuals with this disorder use to maintain their dependency. They rely heavily on others for decision-making and often seek reassurance and approval from others. This behavior helps them feel secure and validated, but it also hinders their ability to be independent and make decisions on their own.

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  • 21. 

    In order to encourage a client with dependent personality disorder to take an active role in therapy it is important to use ____________ and _______________ .

    • A.

      Relaxation training, guided discovery

    • B.

      Guided discovery, socratic questioning

    • C.

      Mindfulness training, prolonged exposure

    • D.

      Socratic questioning, mindfulness training

    Correct Answer
    B. Guided discovery, socratic questioning
    Explanation
    To encourage a client with dependent personality disorder to take an active role in therapy, it is important to use guided discovery and socratic questioning. Guided discovery involves helping the client explore their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors in a supportive and non-judgmental way, allowing them to gain insight and take ownership of their experiences. Socratic questioning involves asking thought-provoking questions that challenge the client's beliefs and assumptions, encouraging them to think critically and develop a deeper understanding of themselves. These techniques can empower the client to actively participate in therapy and take responsibility for their own growth and change.

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  • 22. 

    A(n) ______________ is an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual's culture, is pervasive and inflexible, and has an once in adolescence or early adulthood, is stable over time, and leads to distress or impairment

    • A.

      Adjustment disorder

    • B.

      Personality disorder

    • C.

      Trait

    • D.

      Core belief systme

    Correct Answer
    B. Personality disorder
    Explanation
    A personality disorder is an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual's culture, is pervasive and inflexible, and has an onset in adolescence or early adulthood. It is stable over time and leads to distress or impairment.

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  • 23. 

    ___________ is characterized by a pattern of distrust and suspiciousness, such as believing others motives are malevolent

    • A.

      Schizoid personality disorder

    • B.

      Histrionic personality disorder

    • C.

      Antisocial personality disorder

    • D.

      Paranoid personality disorder

    Correct Answer
    D. Paranoid personality disorder
    Explanation
    Paranoid personality disorder is characterized by a pattern of distrust and suspiciousness. Individuals with this disorder often believe that others have malevolent motives and are out to harm or deceive them. They may be constantly on guard, question the loyalty of others, and interpret innocent actions as evidence of betrayal or hostility. This pattern of thinking and behavior can significantly impact their relationships and daily functioning.

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  • 24. 

    ____________ is characterised as a pattern of detachment from social relationships and a restricted range of emotional expression

    • A.

      Schizoid personality disorder

    • B.

      Antisocial personality disorder

    • C.

      Boderline personality disorder

    • D.

      Schizotypal personality disorder

    Correct Answer
    A. Schizoid personality disorder
    Explanation
    Schizoid personality disorder is characterized by a pattern of detachment from social relationships and a restricted range of emotional expression. People with this disorder tend to avoid close relationships, prefer solitary activities, and have little interest in sexual experiences or social interactions. They often appear aloof, indifferent, or emotionally cold to others. This pattern of detachment and restricted emotional expression differentiates schizoid personality disorder from the other options, which have different symptoms and characteristics.

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  • 25. 

    _____________ is characterized by a pattern of acute discomfort in close relationships, cognitive or perceptual distortions, and eccentricates of behavior

    • A.

      Schizoid personality disorder

    • B.

      Avoidant personality disorder

    • C.

      Schizotypal personality disorder

    • D.

      Antisocial personality disorder

    Correct Answer
    C. Schizotypal personality disorder
    Explanation
    Schizotypal personality disorder is characterized by a pattern of acute discomfort in close relationships, cognitive or perceptual distortions, and eccentricities of behavior. This disorder involves odd or eccentric behavior, social isolation, and difficulties in forming and maintaining relationships. Individuals with schizotypal personality disorder may also experience unusual beliefs or magical thinking, as well as perceptual distortions. They often have difficulty expressing emotions and may display odd or eccentric speech patterns and behaviors. This disorder is different from schizophrenia, but individuals with schizotypal personality disorder may be at a higher risk of developing schizophrenia later in life.

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  • 26. 

    ______________ is characterized by a pattern of disregard for, and violation of the rights of others

    • A.

      Schizoid personality disorder

    • B.

      Antisocial personality disorder

    • C.

      Avoidant personality disorder

    • D.

      Histrionic personality disorder

    Correct Answer
    B. Antisocial personality disorder
    Explanation
    Antisocial personality disorder is characterized by a pattern of disregard for, and violation of the rights of others. Individuals with this disorder often exhibit a lack of empathy, a tendency to manipulate and exploit others, and a disregard for social norms and laws. They may engage in behaviors such as lying, stealing, and aggression without remorse or guilt. This disorder is often associated with a history of conduct disorder in childhood and can lead to significant impairment in personal and social functioning.

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  • 27. 

    ___________ is characterized by a pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity.

    • A.

      Schizoid personality disorder

    • B.

      Schizotypal personality disorder

    • C.

      Antisocial personality disorder

    • D.

      Borderline personality disorder

    Correct Answer
    D. Borderline personality disorder
    Explanation
    Borderline personality disorder is characterized by a pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity. This disorder is characterized by intense and unstable relationships, a fluctuating sense of self, and impulsive behaviors such as self-harm or substance abuse. Individuals with borderline personality disorder often struggle with regulating their emotions and may experience intense mood swings. They may also have difficulty maintaining stable and healthy relationships due to their fear of abandonment and tendency to idealize or devalue others. Overall, the symptoms of borderline personality disorder significantly impact an individual's daily functioning and overall quality of life.

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  • 28. 

    ______________ is a pattern of excessive emotionality and attention seeking.

    • A.

      Schizotypal personality disorder

    • B.

      Boderline personality disorder

    • C.

      Histrionic personality disorder

    • D.

      Dependent personality disorder

    Correct Answer
    C. Histrionic personality disorder
    Explanation
    Histrionic personality disorder is characterized by excessive emotionality and attention seeking. Individuals with this disorder often have a strong desire to be the center of attention and may engage in dramatic or provocative behavior to achieve this. They may also display exaggerated emotions and have a tendency to be easily influenced by others. This pattern of behavior is not present in the other personality disorders listed.

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  • 29. 

    ___________ is characterized by a pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration, and lack of empathy.

    • A.

      Schizotypal personality disorder

    • B.

      Borderline personality disorder

    • C.

      Histrionic personality disorder

    • D.

      Narcissistic personality disorder

    Correct Answer
    D. Narcissistic personality disorder
    Explanation
    Narcissistic personality disorder is characterized by a pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration, and lack of empathy. Individuals with this disorder have an exaggerated sense of self-importance, a constant need for admiration and attention, and a lack of empathy for others. They often have a sense of entitlement and believe they are superior to others. This can lead to difficulties in relationships and a disregard for the feelings and needs of others.

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  • 30. 

    ___________ is characterized by a pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation.

    • A.

      Narcissistic personality disorder

    • B.

      Antisocial personality disorder

    • C.

      Avoidant personality disorder

    • D.

      Dependent personality disorder

    Correct Answer
    C. Avoidant personality disorder
    Explanation
    Avoidant personality disorder is characterized by a pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation. Individuals with this disorder tend to avoid social situations and have a fear of rejection or criticism. They often feel inadequate and have low self-esteem, leading them to avoid forming close relationships. This disorder is different from narcissistic personality disorder, which is characterized by an inflated sense of self-importance and a lack of empathy for others. It is also different from antisocial personality disorder, which involves a disregard for the rights of others and a lack of remorse. Dependent personality disorder is characterized by a need to be taken care of and a fear of being alone.

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  • 31. 

    ____________ is characterized by a pattern of preoccupations with orderliness, perfectionism, and control.

    • A.

      Parnoid personality disorder

    • B.

      Dependent personality disorder

    • C.

      Obsessive-Compulsive personality disorder

    • D.

      Anal-retentive personality disorder

    Correct Answer
    C. Obsessive-Compulsive personality disorder
    Explanation
    Obsessive-Compulsive personality disorder is characterized by a pattern of preoccupations with orderliness, perfectionism, and control. Individuals with this disorder are excessively focused on details, rules, and schedules, and they often strive for perfection in their work and personal lives. They may have rigid and inflexible thinking patterns, and they may struggle with making decisions or delegating tasks to others. This disorder is different from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), as individuals with OCD experience distressing and intrusive thoughts, while those with Obsessive-Compulsive personality disorder are more focused on maintaining control and order in their environment.

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  • 32. 

    Which of the following would lead to a diagnosis of Personality Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (check all that apply)

    • A.

      The individual meets the general criteria for a personality disorder, but not the criteria for any specific personality disorder

    • B.

      The individual meets the criteria for 3 or more personality disorders

    • C.

      The individual meets the general criteria for a dpersoanlity disorder and is considered to have a personaltiy disorder that is not included in the classification

    • D.

      The individual previously met criteria for a specific personality disorder, and are now showing traits associated with a separate personality disorder

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The individual meets the general criteria for a personality disorder, but not the criteria for any specific personality disorder
    C. The individual meets the general criteria for a dpersoanlity disorder and is considered to have a personaltiy disorder that is not included in the classification
    Explanation
    Personality Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PD-NOS) is diagnosed when an individual meets the general criteria for a personality disorder but does not meet the specific criteria for any particular personality disorder. This means that the individual displays significant and enduring patterns of behavior that deviate from societal norms and expectations, causing distress or impairment, but the specific characteristics do not align with any recognized personality disorder. Additionally, if the individual meets the general criteria for a personality disorder and is considered to have a personality disorder that is not included in the classification, they would also be diagnosed with PD-NOS.

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  • 33. 

    Cluster A of the personality disorders includes which disorders?

    • A.

      Antisocial, Borderline, Histrionic, Narcissistic

    • B.

      Paranoid, Schizoid, and Schizotypal

    • C.

      Avoidant, Dependent, and Obsessive-Compulsive

    • D.

      Schizoid, Avoidant, Antisocial

    Correct Answer
    B. Paranoid, Schizoid, and Schizotypal
    Explanation
    Cluster A of the personality disorders includes Paranoid, Schizoid, and Schizotypal disorders. These disorders are characterized by odd or eccentric behavior and difficulties in social interaction. Individuals with Paranoid Personality Disorder exhibit a pervasive distrust and suspicion of others. Schizoid Personality Disorder is characterized by a lack of interest in social relationships and a preference for solitary activities. Schizotypal Personality Disorder involves eccentric behavior, unusual beliefs or magical thinking, and difficulties in forming close relationships. These disorders share common features related to social detachment and unusual thinking patterns.

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  • 34. 

    Cluster B of the personality disorders includes which disorders?

    • A.

      Antisocial, Borderline, Histrionic, Narcissistic

    • B.

      Paranoid, Schizoid, and Schizotypal

    • C.

      Avoidant, Dependent, and Obsessive-Compulsive

    • D.

      Schizoid, Avoidant, Antisocial

    Correct Answer
    A. Antisocial, Borderline, Histrionic, Narcissistic
    Explanation
    Cluster B of personality disorders includes Antisocial, Borderline, Histrionic, and Narcissistic disorders. These disorders are characterized by dramatic, emotional, and erratic behavior. People with Antisocial personality disorder often disregard the rights of others. Borderline personality disorder is marked by unstable relationships and intense mood swings. Histrionic personality disorder involves attention-seeking behavior and exaggerated emotions. Narcissistic personality disorder is characterized by an inflated sense of self-importance and a need for admiration. These disorders share common features and are grouped together in Cluster B.

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  • 35. 

    Cluster C of the personality disorders includes which disorders?

    • A.

      Antisocial, Borderline, Histrionic, Narcissistic

    • B.

      Paranoid, Schizoid, and Schizotypal

    • C.

      Avoidant, Dependent, and Obsessive-Compulsive

    • D.

      Schizoid, Avoidant, Antisocial

    Correct Answer
    C. Avoidant, Dependent, and Obsessive-Compulsive
    Explanation
    Cluster C of the personality disorders includes Avoidant, Dependent, and Obsessive-Compulsive disorders. These disorders are characterized by anxious and fearful behavior. Individuals with Avoidant Personality Disorder are extremely sensitive to rejection and have a strong fear of criticism or embarrassment. Dependent Personality Disorder is characterized by an excessive need to be taken care of and a fear of being alone. Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder involves a preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and control. These disorders share common features of anxiety, fear, and a need for security, which is why they are grouped together in Cluster C.

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  • 36. 

    Cluster __ personality disorders include disorders marked by odd or eccentric behaviors.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    Cluster A personality disorders include disorders marked by odd or eccentric behaviors. These disorders are characterized by social and interpersonal difficulties, as well as eccentric or peculiar thoughts, beliefs, and behaviors. Examples of Cluster A personality disorders include paranoid personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, and schizotypal personality disorder. People with these disorders may have difficulty forming and maintaining relationships, often appear socially isolated, and may display odd or eccentric behaviors or beliefs.

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  • 37. 

    Cluster __ personality disorders include disorders marked by dramatic, emotional, or erratic behaviors.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    Cluster B personality disorders include disorders marked by dramatic, emotional, or erratic behaviors. This cluster includes disorders such as borderline personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, and antisocial personality disorder. These individuals may have difficulties regulating their emotions, have unstable relationships, exhibit attention-seeking behaviors, and engage in impulsive actions. They often have a heightened need for attention and validation, and may struggle with impulsivity and a lack of empathy towards others.

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  • 38. 

    Cluster __ personality disorders include disorders marked by anxious or fearful behaviors

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    Cluster C personality disorders include disorders marked by anxious or fearful behaviors. This cluster includes disorders such as avoidant personality disorder, dependent personality disorder, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. These individuals often experience high levels of anxiety, fear, and insecurity, which can significantly impact their daily functioning and relationships. They may exhibit avoidant or submissive behaviors, have difficulty making decisions, and be preoccupied with orderliness and perfectionism. Overall, Cluster C personality disorders are characterized by a pervasive pattern of anxious and fearful behaviors.

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  • 39. 

    In Turkat's model of ___________ personality disorder, the development of the disorder results from early interactions with parents teaching the child, "you must be careful about making mistakes," and "you are different from others" which result in the individual being quite concerned about the evaluations of others, and the eventual ostracization and humiliations from peers

    • A.

      Avoidant

    • B.

      Antisocial

    • C.

      Parnoid

    • D.

      Borderline

    Correct Answer
    C. Parnoid
    Explanation
    In Turkat's model of paranoid personality disorder, the development of the disorder results from early interactions with parents teaching the child, "you must be careful about making mistakes," and "you are different from others," which result in the individual being quite concerned about the evaluations of others, and the eventual ostracization and humiliation from peers. This leads to the individual developing a pervasive distrust and suspicion of others, as well as a constant fear of betrayal or harm.

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  • 40. 

    Which of the following are possible indications of a personality disorder, according to Beck?  (check all that apply)

    • A.

      Person seems unaware of their impact on others

    • B.

      Person experiences instability in interpersonal relationships

    • C.

      Person displays persistent noncompliance

    • D.

      Person see deficits/impairments as their personality, not a symptom

    • E.

      Therapy stops abruptly

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Person seems unaware of their impact on others
    C. Person displays persistent noncompliance
    D. Person see deficits/impairments as their personality, not a symptom
    E. Therapy stops abruptly
    Explanation
    According to Beck, possible indications of a personality disorder include: the person seems unaware of their impact on others, the person displays persistent noncompliance, the person sees deficits/impairments as their personality, not a symptom, and therapy stops abruptly. These behaviors suggest a lack of self-awareness, difficulty in following rules or authority, a belief that their personality traits are inherent rather than a result of a disorder, and a tendency to abruptly discontinue therapy.

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  • 41. 

    The core beliefs about self typical of ________ personality disorder include, " I am strong; rules don’t apply to me."

    • A.

      Antisocial

    • B.

      Schizoid

    • C.

      Narcissistic

    • D.

      Avoidant

    Correct Answer
    A. Antisocial
    Explanation
    The core beliefs about self typical of Antisocial personality disorder include a sense of strength and a belief that rules do not apply to them. Individuals with Antisocial personality disorder often exhibit a disregard for the rights and feelings of others, engage in impulsive and irresponsible behavior, and have a lack of remorse for their actions. This sense of strength and superiority contributes to their disregard for rules and societal norms.

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  • 42. 

    The core beliefs about others typical of ___________ personality disorer include, "People are intrusive, relationships are not necessary/undesireable,and I do not understand the emotions other express regarding typical relationships."

    • A.

      Antisocial

    • B.

      Schizoid

    • C.

      Narcissistic

    • D.

      Obsessive-compulsive

    Correct Answer
    B. Schizoid
    Explanation
    The core beliefs about others typical of Schizoid personality disorder include thinking that people are intrusive, relationships are not necessary or desirable, and not understanding the emotions others express regarding typical relationships.

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  • 43. 

    Typical core beliefs about others found in _____________ personality disorder include,"others are competitive and exploitive."

    • A.

      Antisocial

    • B.

      Schizoid

    • C.

      Narcissitic

    • D.

      Avoidant

    Correct Answer
    A. Antisocial
    Explanation
    Antisocial personality disorder is characterized by a disregard for the rights of others and a lack of empathy. People with this disorder often view others as competitive and exploitative, believing that they must manipulate or deceive others in order to get what they want. This core belief reflects their tendency to exploit and take advantage of others without feeling remorse or guilt.

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  • 44. 

    Typical core beliefs about self found in __________ personality disorder might include, "I am self-sufficient, I am a loner."

    • A.

      Dependent

    • B.

      Antisocial

    • C.

      Avoidant

    • D.

      Schizoid

    Correct Answer
    D. Schizoid
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Schizoid. Schizoid personality disorder is characterized by a pattern of detachment from social relationships and a limited range of emotional expression. People with this disorder often prefer to be alone and may have a tendency to be self-sufficient, reinforcing their belief that they are loners. This aligns with the typical core belief mentioned in the question.

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  • 45. 

    Typical core beliefs about self found in __________ personality disorder might include," I am supernaturally gifted, a loner, vulnerable, unreal."

    • A.

      Schizoid

    • B.

      Antisocial

    • C.

      Narcissistic

    • D.

      Schizotypal

    Correct Answer
    D. Schizotypal
    Explanation
    Schizotypal personality disorder is characterized by eccentric behavior, odd beliefs, and social isolation. People with this disorder often have unusual beliefs about themselves, including feeling supernaturally gifted or having special powers. They may also feel like loners and have a sense of vulnerability. Additionally, individuals with schizotypal personality disorder may have a distorted perception of reality, leading to feelings of being unreal. Therefore, the given core beliefs align with the symptoms and characteristics of schizotypal personality disorder.

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  • 46. 

    Typical core beliefs about self found in __________ personality disorder might include, " I am always right, above the rules, special."

    • A.

      Avoidant

    • B.

      Schizoid

    • C.

      Narcissitic

    • D.

      Schizotypal

    Correct Answer
    C. Narcissitic
    Explanation
    Narcissistic personality disorder is characterized by an inflated sense of self-importance and a constant need for admiration. People with this disorder often have a grandiose view of themselves and believe they are superior to others. They have a sense of entitlement and may disregard the rules and boundaries that apply to others. This aligns with the core belief mentioned in the question, "I am always right, above the rules, special."

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  • 47. 

    Typical core beliefs about self found in __________ personality disorder might include, "I am highly competent, moral, and perfect"

    • A.

      Obsessive-compusive

    • B.

      Avoidant

    • C.

      Narcissitic

    • D.

      Schizotypal

    Correct Answer
    A. Obsessive-compusive
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Obsessive-compulsive. Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is characterized by a preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and control. Individuals with this disorder often have a strong need for things to be done perfectly and may believe that they are highly competent and moral. This belief in their own perfectionism and competence aligns with the core beliefs typically found in obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.

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  • 48. 

    Typical core beliefs about self found in __________ personality disorder might include, " I am helpless, needy, incompetent, weak."

    • A.

      Avoidant

    • B.

      Schizoid

    • C.

      Dependent

    • D.

      Obsessive-compusive

    Correct Answer
    C. Dependent
    Explanation
    Dependent personality disorder is characterized by an excessive need to be taken care of and a fear of being abandoned or left alone. Individuals with this disorder often have low self-esteem and feel helpless and incompetent. They rely heavily on others to make decisions for them and may struggle with making independent choices or taking responsibility for themselves. The core belief of being helpless, needy, incompetent, and weak aligns with the characteristics of dependent personality disorder.

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  • 49. 

    Typical core beliefs about self found in __________ personality disorder might include, " I am incompetent, inferior, socially inept"

    • A.

      Avoidant

    • B.

      Antisocial

    • C.

      Dependent

    • D.

      Schizoid

    Correct Answer
    A. Avoidant
    Explanation
    Avoidant personality disorder is characterized by feelings of inadequacy, inferiority, and social incompetence. Individuals with this disorder often have a strong fear of rejection and criticism, leading them to avoid social situations and relationships. They may have low self-esteem and believe that they are not capable or worthy, which aligns with the core belief mentioned in the question. Therefore, the correct answer is Avoidant.

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  • 50. 

    Typical core beliefs about self found in __________ personality disorder might include, "I am glamorous, impressive, deserving of attention."

    • A.

      Histrionic

    • B.

      Borderline

    • C.

      Narcissistic

    • D.

      Schizotypal

    Correct Answer
    A. Histrionic
    Explanation
    Histrionic personality disorder is characterized by excessive attention-seeking behavior and a need to be the center of attention. Individuals with this disorder often have a strong desire to be admired and seen as glamorous or impressive. They may believe that they deserve constant attention and may go to great lengths to ensure that they are noticed. This aligns with the statement provided in the question, "I am glamorous, impressive, deserving of attention."

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Nov 01, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 08, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Mcannon4947
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