Progressivism And Imperialism What A Time IT Was!

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Progressivism And Imperialism What A Time IT Was! - Quiz


chapter 9 progressivism
chapter 10 sect 1-2


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What was NOT included in the Platt Ammendment?

    • A.

      The Phillipines could become independent if Andrew Carnegie paid 20 millions dollars to the U.S. government

    • B.

      Cuba could not permit a foreign power to control any part of its territory

    • C.

      US reserved Right to intervene at any time

    • D.

      The U.S. had the right to build a military base at Guantanamo Bay

    Correct Answer
    A. The Phillipines could become independent if Andrew Carnegie paid 20 millions dollars to the U.S. government
  • 2. 

    Which of the following is not a reason for the Spanish - American war?

    • A.

      Yellow Journalism

    • B.

      The De Lome letter

    • C.

      USS Maine Exploding

    • D.

      Dollar Diplomacy

    • E.

      Cubans being rounded up into prison camps

    Correct Answer
    D. Dollar Diplomacy
    Explanation
    Dollar Diplomacy is not a reason for the Spanish-American war. The war was mainly caused by the explosion of the USS Maine, yellow journalism that exaggerated the situation, the De Lome letter which criticized President McKinley, and the mistreatment of Cubans in prison camps. Dollar Diplomacy, on the other hand, refers to a foreign policy approach used by the United States in the early 20th century, where economic influence and investment were used to exert control over other countries. This policy was not directly related to the Spanish-American war.

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  • 3. 

    Which American general is associated with the naval battle at Manilla?

    • A.

      John Pershing

    • B.

      George Dewey

    • C.

      General Miles

    • D.

      John Hay

    Correct Answer
    B. George Dewey
    Explanation
    George Dewey is the correct answer because he is associated with the naval battle at Manila. He was an American naval officer who led the U.S. Asiatic Squadron during the Spanish-American War. In 1898, Dewey's squadron engaged and defeated the Spanish fleet in the Battle of Manila Bay, which resulted in the capture of Manila and marked a significant victory for the United States.

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  • 4. 

    Which was NOT included in the Treaty of Paris that ended the Spanish-American war?

    • A.

      Spain released Cuba from it's control.

    • B.

      Spain forced to free Cuban slaves

    • C.

      Spain turned over Guam to US

    • D.

      Spain sold Philipines to US

    • E.

      Spain gave US Puerto Rico

    Correct Answer
    B. Spain forced to free Cuban slaves
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Paris that ended the Spanish-American war did not include the provision of Spain being forced to free Cuban slaves. The treaty did, however, include other terms such as Spain releasing Cuba from its control, Spain turning over Guam to the US, Spain selling the Philippines to the US, and Spain giving Puerto Rico to the US.

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  • 5. 

    Which was not a leading factor of imperialism?

    • A.

      Desire for military strength

    • B.

      Needed new markets for exports

    • C.

      Nativism

    • D.

      Belief in cultural superiority

    Correct Answer
    C. Nativism
    Explanation
    Nativism is not a leading factor of imperialism because it refers to the belief in protecting and promoting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants over immigrants. In the context of imperialism, the focus was on expanding territories, acquiring new markets, and asserting cultural superiority. Nativism does not align with these goals and motivations.

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  • 6. 

    What is Imperialism?

    • A.

      The policy of a country or empire to extend it's authority or domination by political, economic or military means.

    • B.

      When a country wants to extend it's authority by war

    • C.

      When a country wants to extend it's authority by force

    • D.

      The policy of economic powers which use cultural assimilation to influence smaller countries.

    Correct Answer
    A. The policy of a country or empire to extend it's authority or domination by political, economic or military means.
    Explanation
    Imperialism refers to the policy of a country or empire seeking to expand its authority or domination through various means such as political, economic, or military. This can involve exerting control over other territories, either through colonization, annexation, or establishing economic dominance. The correct answer accurately describes the concept of imperialism, highlighting the different methods through which a country or empire may seek to extend its authority.

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  • 7. 

    What was referred to as "Seward's Folly?"

    • A.

      The purchase of Alaska

    • B.

      The conquest of Samoa

    • C.

      The sending of a U.S. fleet to Japan

    • D.

      The annexation of Hawaii

    Correct Answer
    A. The purchase of Alaska
    Explanation
    "Seward's Folly" refers to the purchase of Alaska. This term was used to mock Secretary of State William Seward's decision to purchase Alaska from Russia in 1867. Critics believed that the purchase was a foolish and wasteful endeavor, as they saw no value in the vast, sparsely populated territory. However, the discovery of gold and other valuable resources in Alaska ultimately proved the critics wrong, and the purchase turned out to be a wise investment for the United States.

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  • 8. 

    How did the Hawaiian Islands become a part of the US?

    • A.

      Hawaii was purchased from Russia

    • B.

      Hawaii was acquired from Spain during the Spanish American war

    • C.

      Hawaiians voted to become Americans

    • D.

      American planters overthrew the queen, and it was later annexed by the U.S.

    Correct Answer
    D. American planters overthrew the queen, and it was later annexed by the U.S.
    Explanation
    American planters overthrew the queen, and it was later annexed by the U.S. This answer is correct because in 1893, a group of American businessmen and planters, supported by the U.S. military, overthrew the Hawaiian monarchy and established a provisional government. The U.S. government later annexed Hawaii in 1898, making it a territory of the United States.

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  • 9. 

    The time when powerful nations created large empires by exercising economic and political control over weaker regions was called an age of

    • A.

      Expansionism

    • B.

      Isolationism

    • C.

      Civilization

    • D.

      Imperialism

    Correct Answer
    D. Imperialism
    Explanation
    During the time when powerful nations created large empires by exercising economic and political control over weaker regions, it was known as an age of imperialism. Imperialism refers to the policy or practice of extending a country's power and influence through colonization, military force, or economic domination. This period was marked by the expansion of European powers, such as Britain and France, who sought to establish colonies and exploit the resources and labor of other regions for their own benefit.

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  • 10. 

    What was the immediate spark of the Spanish-American War

    • A.

      The attack of General Weyler on U.S. citizens living in Cuba.

    • B.

      The explosion of the battleship Maine

    • C.

      The opening of the Panama Canal

    • D.

      The cruelty of General Weyler

    Correct Answer
    B. The explosion of the battleship Maine
    Explanation
    The immediate spark of the Spanish-American War was the explosion of the battleship Maine. This event occurred in Havana harbor on February 15, 1898, resulting in the death of 260 American sailors. The incident was heavily publicized and fueled anti-Spanish sentiment in the United States. While investigations later revealed that the explosion was most likely caused by an internal explosion, the incident was used as a catalyst by those advocating for war with Spain.

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  • 11. 

    Which event did NOT feed the fever for war against Spain? 

    • A.

      William McKinley became President in 1897

    • B.

      Americans were sympathetic to the Cuban revolution against Spain

    • C.

      An explosion sank the battleship ' Maine '

    • D.

      Sensational news coverage in the New York World and New York Journal aroused American anger.

    Correct Answer
    A. William McKinley became President in 1897
    Explanation
    William McKinley becoming President in 1897 did not directly contribute to the fever for war against Spain. While McKinley did eventually lead the United States into war with Spain, his presidency alone did not feed the initial fever for war. The other events mentioned, such as American sympathy for the Cuban revolution, the sinking of the battleship Maine, and sensational news coverage, played a more significant role in arousing American anger and pushing the country towards war.

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  • 12. 

    As a result of the peace treaty with Spain, the US gained

    • A.

      Honduras, Columbia, and Australia

    • B.

      Mexico, Venezuela, and Canada

    • C.

      The Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico

    • D.

      Samoa, the Philippines, and South Africa

    Correct Answer
    C. The Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico
    Explanation
    As a result of the peace treaty with Spain, the US gained the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico. This is evident from the fact that these territories were acquired by the US following the Spanish-American War and the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1898.

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  • 13. 

    The Industrialization of the US influenced America's foreign policy and contributed to the rise of US imperialism. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The industrialization of the US had a significant impact on America's foreign policy and played a crucial role in the rise of US imperialism. As the US became more industrialized, it sought new markets and resources to sustain its growing industries. This drive for economic expansion led to the acquisition of territories and the establishment of colonies, which reflected the US's imperialistic ambitions. Additionally, industrialization also fueled the US's military capabilities, enabling it to project power and assert its dominance on the global stage. Therefore, it can be concluded that the industrialization of the US indeed influenced America's foreign policy and contributed to the rise of US imperialism.

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  • 14. 

    President responsible for building the Panama Canal & intervening in the affairs of many countries using his "Big Stick" policy

    Correct Answer
    Theodore Roosevelt
    Roosevelt
    President Roosevelt
    President Teddy Roosevelt
    TR
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Theodore Roosevelt, also known as Roosevelt, President Roosevelt, President Teddy Roosevelt, or TR. He was responsible for building the Panama Canal and intervening in the affairs of many countries using his "Big Stick" policy.

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  • 15. 

    The country accused of treating Cubans harshly & blowing up the U.S.S. Maine

    Correct Answer
    Spain
    Explanation
    Spain is the correct answer because during the Spanish-American War, Spain was accused of treating Cubans harshly and was blamed for the explosion of the U.S.S. Maine. The U.S.S. Maine was a battleship that exploded in Havana Harbor, Cuba, in 1898, leading to the deaths of 260 American sailors. This incident fueled anti-Spanish sentiment in the United States and was a contributing factor to the outbreak of the Spanish-American War.

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  • 16. 

    The act of a larger, more industrialized nation, taking over a weaker, less industrialized nation

    Correct Answer
    Imperialism
    Explanation
    Imperialism refers to the practice of a stronger and more developed nation exerting its power and control over a weaker and less industrialized nation. It involves the domination and exploitation of the weaker nation's resources, economy, and political system by the stronger nation. This act of taking over allows the stronger nation to expand its influence, establish colonies, and gain economic and political benefits. Imperialism often resulted in the subjugation and oppression of the weaker nation's people, leading to social, cultural, and economic inequalities.

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  • 17. 

    Newspapers exaggeration of stories to sell more copies / biased & untrue. 

    Correct Answer
    Yellow Journalism
    Explanation
    Yellow Journalism refers to the practice of sensationalizing news stories, often through exaggeration and bias, in order to attract more readers and increase newspaper sales. This type of journalism prioritizes sensationalism over accuracy, leading to the publication of biased and untrue stories. It is characterized by the use of eye-catching headlines, exaggerated claims, and the manipulation of facts to create a more dramatic narrative. Yellow Journalism aims to capture attention and generate public interest, often at the expense of truth and objectivity.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following is not a progressive reform?

    • A.

      Pure Food and Drug Act

    • B.

      National Park Service

    • C.

      Progressive income tax

    • D.

      Brown v. Board of Education

    Correct Answer
    D. Brown v. Board of Education
    Explanation
    Brown v. Board of Education is not a progressive reform because it was a landmark Supreme Court case that declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional. While it was a significant step towards desegregation and promoting civil rights, it was not a specific policy or legislation aimed at addressing social and economic inequalities, which are the main focus of progressive reforms. The other options, such as the Pure Food and Drug Act, National Park Service, and progressive income tax, were all progressive reforms that aimed to improve public health, protect natural resources, and redistribute wealth more equitably.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following was a progressive reform?

    • A.

      The eight-hour day for workers

    • B.

      Laws protecting women and children by restricting the hours they could work

    • C.

      Workers' compensation for injuries suffered on the job

    • D.

      Laws improving workplace safety

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the options listed were progressive reforms during the time period. The eight-hour day for workers aimed to improve working conditions and provide workers with more leisure time. Laws protecting women and children by restricting their working hours were implemented to ensure their well-being and prevent exploitation. Workers' compensation for injuries suffered on the job aimed to provide financial support and medical care for workers who were injured while working. Laws improving workplace safety were put in place to protect workers from hazardous conditions and prevent accidents. Therefore, all of these initiatives were considered progressive reforms.

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  • 20. 

    While women were involved with all progressive reforms, they were more involved in some reforms than in others. Which of the following reforms were Women not particularly active in?

    • A.

      Improving the lives of children, especially young workers

    • B.

      Trust-Busting

    • C.

      Prohibition

    • D.

      Getting the Right to vote (suffrage)

    Correct Answer
    B. Trust-Busting
    Explanation
    Women were particularly active in improving the lives of children, especially young workers, prohibition, and getting the right to vote (suffrage). However, they were not particularly active in trust-busting, which refers to the breaking up of monopolies and promoting fair competition in business.

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  • 21. 

    Why was the period from 1901-1917 referred to as "the Progressive Era"?

    • A.

      The elimination of Special Privilige

    • B.

      The establishment of greater democracy in government

    • C.

      The passage of laws to control "big business".

    • D.

      The protection of consumers and workers.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The elimination of Special Privilige
    B. The establishment of greater democracy in government
    C. The passage of laws to control "big business".
    D. The protection of consumers and workers.
    Explanation
    During the period from 1901-1917, known as "the Progressive Era," several significant changes occurred. Special privilege was eliminated, which aimed to create a more equal society by removing unfair advantages enjoyed by certain groups. Additionally, there was a push for greater democracy in government, allowing more citizens to have a say in decision-making processes. Laws were passed to control "big business," aiming to regulate and prevent monopolies or unfair practices. Lastly, there was a focus on protecting consumers and workers, implementing measures to ensure their rights and safety. These combined efforts led to the period being referred to as "the Progressive Era."

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following amendments achieved Direct Election of Senators during the Progressive Era?

    • A.

      16th

    • B.

      19th

    • C.

      17th

    Correct Answer
    C. 17th
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the 17th amendment. The 17th amendment, ratified in 1913, established the direct election of senators. Prior to this amendment, senators were chosen by state legislatures. The 17th amendment was a significant reform during the Progressive Era, aimed at increasing democracy and reducing corruption in the political system.

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  • 23. 

    This amendment gave women the right to vote during the Progressive Era.

    • A.

      19th

    • B.

      18th

    • C.

      16th

    Correct Answer
    A. 19th
    Explanation
    The 19th amendment is the correct answer because it granted women the right to vote during the Progressive Era. This amendment was ratified in 1920 and marked a significant milestone in the women's suffrage movement. Prior to this amendment, women had been fighting for their right to vote for many years, and the 19th amendment finally granted them the political equality they had long been seeking.

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  • 24. 

    This amendment calls for a graduated income tax to distribute the wealth during the Progressive Era

    • A.

      15th

    • B.

      19th

    • C.

      16th

    Correct Answer
    C. 16th
    Explanation
    The 16th amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified in 1913 and it granted Congress the power to levy an income tax. This amendment was a response to the growing economic inequality during the Progressive Era, and it aimed to distribute the wealth more fairly by implementing a graduated income tax. This means that individuals with higher incomes would be taxed at a higher rate, while those with lower incomes would be taxed at a lower rate. The 16th amendment played a significant role in shaping the modern tax system in the United States.

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  • 25. 

    Progressives achieved changes at which of the following levels?

    • A.

      Local Level

    • B.

      State Level

    • C.

      National Level

    • D.

      International Level

    • E.

      Universal Level

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Local Level
    B. State Level
    C. National Level
    Explanation
    Progressives achieved changes at various levels including the local, state, and national levels. At the local level, they focused on issues within their communities and worked towards implementing reforms and improvements. At the state level, they aimed to bring about changes in policies and laws within their respective states. At the national level, progressives worked towards enacting reforms and regulations on a broader scale, impacting the entire country. However, there is no mention of progressives achieving changes at the international or universal level.

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  • 26. 

    Progessivism during U.S. History can be described by which of the following?

    • A.

      Social, political , and economic reform

    • B.

      Economic relief

    • C.

      Economic recovery

    Correct Answer
    A. Social, political , and economic reform
    Explanation
    Progressivism during U.S. History refers to a movement that aimed to bring about social, political, and economic reform. It sought to address various issues such as corruption, inequality, and social injustice. Progressives advocated for reforms in areas such as labor rights, women's suffrage, child labor, and monopolies. They believed in using government intervention to solve societal problems and promote the general welfare of the people. Thus, the correct answer, "social, political, and economic reform," accurately captures the essence of progressivism during this period.

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  • 27. 

    Progressives made political advancements by which of the following?

    • A.

      Referendum

    • B.

      Initiative

    • C.

      Recall

    • D.

      Direct Primary

    • E.

      None of the above

    • F.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    F. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". Progressives made political advancements through various means, including referendums, initiatives, recalls, and direct primaries. These methods allowed for greater citizen participation in the political process and helped to increase accountability and transparency in government. By utilizing all of these tools, progressives were able to push for and achieve meaningful political reforms during the Progressive Era.

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  • 28. 

    A group of authors who penned the corruptness of the Progressive Era are known as which of the following?

    • A.

      Progressive Intellectuals

    • B.

      Progressive Era Writers

    • C.

      Muckrakers

    Correct Answer
    C. Muckrakers
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Muckrakers. Muckrakers were a group of authors who exposed and criticized the corrupt practices and social injustices of the Progressive Era. They wrote investigative journalism that brought attention to issues such as political corruption, child labor, and unsafe working conditions. These writers aimed to bring about social and political reforms by exposing the dark side of society.

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  • 29. 

    Which of the following ammendments prohibited the manufacture, dale, import,export and consumption of alocholic beverages?

    • A.

      16th

    • B.

      17th

    • C.

      18th

    • D.

      19ht

    Correct Answer
    C. 18th
    Explanation
    The 18th amendment to the United States Constitution prohibited the manufacture, sale, import, export, and consumption of alcoholic beverages. This amendment, also known as Prohibition, was ratified in 1919 and went into effect in 1920. It was a controversial and ultimately unsuccessful attempt to reduce crime, corruption, and social problems associated with alcohol. The 18th amendment was later repealed by the 21st amendment in 1933, ending Prohibition.

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  • 30. 

    It turned out that Seward's Folley was a good investment for the United States.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that Seward's Folley, which refers to the purchase of Alaska from Russia in 1867, was actually a good investment for the United States. This implies that the benefits and value gained from acquiring Alaska outweighed the costs and risks associated with the purchase. The explanation could include reasons such as the discovery of valuable natural resources in Alaska, strategic military advantages, and the economic benefits derived from the territory.

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  • 31. 

    Why was Spain unfairly blamed for the explosion of the U.S.S. Main?

    • A.

      Brown Journalists such as Hearst blamed Spain

    • B.

      Red Journalists such as Hearst blamed Spain

    • C.

      Orange Journalists such as Hearst blamed Spain

    • D.

      Yellow Journalists such as Hearst blamed Spain

    Correct Answer
    D. Yellow Journalists such as Hearst blamed Spain
    Explanation
    During the time of the explosion of the U.S.S. Maine, there was a practice known as yellow journalism, which involved sensationalizing news stories to attract readership. Yellow journalists, like Hearst, were known for their biased reporting and exaggerated accounts. In this case, they unfairly blamed Spain for the explosion without concrete evidence, fueling anti-Spanish sentiments and pushing the United States closer to war. This explanation suggests that the yellow journalists, including Hearst, played a significant role in unfairly blaming Spain for the incident.

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  • 32. 

    White collar women workers during this time frame, in general, worked as .........(check all that apply)

    • A.

      Cooks

    • B.

      Bookkeepers

    • C.

      Laundresses

    • D.

      Stenographers

    • E.

      Maids

    • F.

      Seamstress

    • G.

      Typists

    • H.

      Journalist

    • I.

      Teachers

    • J.

      Dancers

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Bookkeepers
    D. Stenographers
    G. Typists
    I. Teachers
    Explanation
    During this time frame, white collar women workers were involved in various occupations. They worked as bookkeepers, handling financial records and accounts. They also worked as stenographers, transcribing spoken words into written form. Typists were another group of white collar women workers, responsible for typing documents and correspondence. Additionally, some women worked as teachers, imparting knowledge and education to students. These occupations allowed women to have professional careers and contribute to the workforce.

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  • 33. 

    Sufferage means someone has the right to _______________

    Correct Answer(s)
    vote
    Vote
    Explanation
    Suffrage refers to the right or privilege of voting. It grants individuals the ability to participate in the democratic process by casting their votes in elections or referendums.

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  • 34. 

    What does NAACP stand for? (write it out)

    Correct Answer(s)
    National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
    national association for the advancement of colored people
    Explanation
    The correct answer is National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. The NAACP is a civil rights organization in the United States that advocates for the rights of African Americans and other marginalized groups. It was founded in 1909 and has been instrumental in fighting for equal rights, combating racial discrimination, and promoting social justice.

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  • 35. 

    What does FDA stand for? (write it out)

    Correct Answer(s)
    Food and Drug Administration
    Food & Drug Administration
    food and drug administration
    food & drug administration
    Food and Drug Admin
    food & drug admin
    Explanation
    FDA stands for Food and Drug Administration. It is an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety, tobacco products, dietary supplements, prescription and over-the-counter pharmaceutical drugs, vaccines, biopharmaceuticals, blood transfusions, medical devices, electromagnetic radiation-emitting devices, cosmetics, animal foods & feed, and veterinary products. The different variations of the answer all represent the correct acronym for FDA.

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  • 36. 

    What did muckrackers do to the reform movement?

    • A.

      Wrote about the innocent side of business and public life in mass circulation magazines

    • B.

      Wrote about the corrupt side of business and public life in mass circulation magazines

    • C.

      Wrote about the corrupt side of baseball in mass circulation magazines

    • D.

      Wrote about how great the meatpacking industry was in providing jobs for people.

    Correct Answer
    B. Wrote about the corrupt side of business and public life in mass circulation magazines
    Explanation
    Muckrakers played a significant role in the reform movement by exposing the corrupt side of business and public life through their writings in mass circulation magazines. They shed light on various social and political issues, such as corporate greed, political corruption, and social inequality. By revealing these injustices to the public, muckrakers aimed to create awareness and bring about change. Their investigative journalism helped to fuel public outrage and led to important reforms in areas such as labor rights, consumer protection, and government transparency.

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  • 37. 

    After President Roosevelt read The Jungle what legislation did he push  to pass?

    • A.

      Meat and Poultry Inspection Act

    • B.

      Beef and pork safety Act

    • C.

      Meat and Vegetable Inspection Act

    • D.

      Meat Inspection Act

    Correct Answer
    D. Meat Inspection Act
    Explanation
    After reading The Jungle, President Roosevelt pushed to pass the Meat Inspection Act. The novel exposed the unsanitary and dangerous conditions in the meatpacking industry, prompting Roosevelt to take action to ensure the safety and quality of meat products. The Meat Inspection Act established federal regulations for the inspection of meat and required that all meat intended for interstate commerce be inspected and properly labeled. This legislation aimed to protect consumers from consuming contaminated or harmful meat and improve the overall standards of the meatpacking industry.

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  • 38. 

    With all this urbanization, reform, and growth there were some negative effects. What were some of them?

    • A.

      Unsafe water, parks, skyscapers

    • B.

      Electric transits,skyscrappers, urban planning

    • C.

      High crime rate, bad sanitation, unsafe water

    • D.

      Unsafe water, elevators, voting

    Correct Answer
    C. High crime rate, bad sanitation, unsafe water
    Explanation
    The negative effects of urbanization, reform, and growth mentioned in the question include high crime rate, bad sanitation, and unsafe water. These are common issues that arise in rapidly developing urban areas. High crime rates can be a result of overcrowding and social inequality. Bad sanitation and unsafe water can occur due to inadequate infrastructure and lack of proper waste management systems. These problems can have serious implications for public health and safety.

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  • 39. 

    What Act prohibited the sale of contaminated foods and drugs?

    Correct Answer
    Pure Food and Drug Act
    pure food and drug act
    Pure Food & Drug Act
    Pure food and Drug act
    pure food & drug act
    Explanation
    The Pure Food and Drug Act is the correct answer. This act prohibited the sale of contaminated foods and drugs, ensuring the safety and quality of these products for consumers.

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  • 40. 

    The progressive movement regarded all of the follwing as worthy goals EXCEPT

    • A.

      Protecting social welfare

    • B.

      Promoting business monopolies

    • C.

      Creating economic reform

    • D.

      Fostering efficiency in the workplace

    Correct Answer
    B. Promoting business monopolies
    Explanation
    The progressive movement aimed to bring about social and economic reforms during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. They advocated for protecting social welfare, creating economic reform, and fostering efficiency in the workplace. However, promoting business monopolies goes against their goals as they sought to regulate and break up monopolistic practices to ensure fair competition and prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a few corporations.

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  • 41. 

    Muckrakers were

    • A.

      Politicians

    • B.

      Conservationists

    • C.

      Suffragists

    • D.

      Journalists

    Correct Answer
    D. Journalists
    Explanation
    Muckrakers were journalists who played a significant role in the Progressive Era by exposing corruption, injustice, and social issues in society. They were investigative reporters who aimed to bring about social and political reforms through their in-depth and often controversial articles. Muckrakers used their writing skills to shed light on various problems, such as political corruption, child labor, and poor working conditions. Their work helped to raise public awareness and ultimately led to important changes in legislation and public opinion.

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  • 42. 

    The first person to use the Presidency as a "bully pulpit" was

    • A.

      William H. Taft

    • B.

      Woodrow Wilson

    • C.

      Bill Clinton

    • D.

      George W. Bush

    • E.

      Theodore Roosevelt

    • F.

      Franklin Roosevelt

    Correct Answer
    E. Theodore Roosevelt
    Explanation
    Theodore Roosevelt was the first person to use the Presidency as a "bully pulpit" because he believed that the President should use his position to advocate for the public interest and shape public opinion. He used his speeches and public addresses to champion progressive reforms, such as trust-busting and conservation. Roosevelt understood the power of the presidency to influence public opinion and used it effectively to promote his agenda and rally support for his policies. His approach set a precedent for future presidents to use the presidency as a platform to advocate for their priorities.

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  • 43. 

    Who gained he most from the seventeenth amendment?

    • A.

      Party bosses

    • B.

      State legislators

    • C.

      Ordinary citizens

    • D.

      Industrial leaders

    • E.

      State politicians

    Correct Answer
    C. Ordinary citizens
    Explanation
    Ordinary citizens gained the most from the seventeenth amendment because it allowed them to directly elect their senators. Prior to the amendment, state legislators had the power to appoint senators, which often led to corruption and favoritism. The amendment shifted the power from party bosses and state politicians to the people, giving ordinary citizens a greater say in the democratic process. This change increased accountability and representation, ultimately benefiting the general public.

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  • 44. 

    What was the primary motivation for the passage of the sixteenth amendment?

    • A.

      Curb the power of corporations

    • B.

      Replace revenue lost by lowering tarriffs

    • C.

      Reduce the gap between rich and poor

    • D.

      Create a war chest to pay for future wars

    Correct Answer
    B. Replace revenue lost by lowering tarriffs
    Explanation
    The primary motivation for the passage of the sixteenth amendment was to replace revenue lost by lowering tariffs. This means that the government needed to find a new source of income to make up for the decrease in revenue from tariffs. The amendment allowed for the implementation of a federal income tax, which became a significant source of revenue for the government.

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  • 45. 

    White business leaders force King _____________________ to change Hawaii's constitution to grant voting rights only to wealthy landowners

    • A.

      Congress

    • B.

      Liliuokalani

    • C.

      Kalalaua

    • D.

      Lucalani

    Correct Answer
    C. Kalalaua
    Explanation
    White business leaders in Hawaii exerted their influence and pressured King Kalalaua to amend the constitution, limiting voting rights to wealthy landowners. This action was likely motivated by their desire to maintain control and protect their own interests in the region.

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  • 46. 

    U.S. military and economic leaders pressure Hawaai to allow the United States to build a naval base at

    • A.

      San Fransico Bay

    • B.

      Oyster Harbor

    • C.

      Diamond Habor

    • D.

      Pearl Habor

    • E.

      Ruby Harbor

    Correct Answer
    D. Pearl Habor
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pearl Harbor. U.S. military and economic leaders wanted to establish a naval base in Hawaii, specifically at Pearl Harbor. This strategic location would provide the United States with a stronghold in the Pacific and allow for easier access to Asian markets. Additionally, having a naval base at Pearl Harbor would serve as a deterrent to potential threats and ensure the protection of American interests in the region.

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  • 47. 

    Urged by such leaders as U.S. Navy Admiral _____________________, the United States constructs many new battleships, transforming the nation into the world's third largest naval power.

    • A.

      William McKinley

    • B.

      Alfred T. Mahan

    • C.

      Grover Cleveland

    • D.

      Sandford B.Dole

    Correct Answer
    B. Alfred T. Mahan
    Explanation
    U.S. Navy Admiral Alfred T. Mahan was a strong advocate for the construction of new battleships by the United States. His ideas and leadership influenced the nation to invest in its naval power, leading to the transformation of the United States into the world's third largest naval power.

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  • 48. 

    ____________ caused a crisis by threatening Hawaiian sugar growers with economic disaster

    • A.

      McKinley Tarriff

    • B.

      Taft Tarriff

    • C.

      Congress

    • D.

      Payne Anti Trust Act

    Correct Answer
    A. McKinley Tarriff
    Explanation
    The McKinley Tariff caused a crisis by threatening Hawaiian sugar growers with economic disaster. The tariff, implemented in 1890, imposed high taxes on imported goods, including sugar. This significantly increased the cost of Hawaiian sugar in the US market, making it less competitive compared to other sugar-producing countries. As a result, Hawaiian sugar growers faced a decline in demand and struggled to sell their products at profitable prices. This crisis had a severe impact on the Hawaiian economy and led to political unrest and calls for the annexation of Hawaii by the United States.

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  • 49. 

    ___________ becomes Hawaii's queen and proposes a new constitution.

    • A.

      Lucaloni

    • B.

      Kalakaua

    • C.

      Liliuokalani

    • D.

      LilyAnna

    Correct Answer
    C. Liliuokalani
    Explanation
    Liliuokalani becomes Hawaii's queen and proposes a new constitution. This answer is correct because Liliuokalani was indeed the queen of Hawaii and she did propose a new constitution. Liliuokalani ascended to the throne in 1891 after the death of her brother, King Kalakaua. During her reign, she sought to restore power to the monarchy and drafted a new constitution known as the "Bayonet Constitution," which aimed to strengthen the monarchy's authority. However, her proposed constitution was never implemented due to political opposition and ultimately led to her overthrow in 1893.

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  • 50. 

    _______________ who favors a annexation of Hawaii, take over the Presidency from Cleveland

    • A.

      William Howard Taft

    • B.

      Theodore Roosevelt

    • C.

      William McKinley

    • D.

      Franklin Roosevelt

    Correct Answer
    C. William McKinley
    Explanation
    William McKinley is the correct answer because he was the President of the United States who favored the annexation of Hawaii. He served as the 25th President from 1897 until his assassination in 1901. During his presidency, McKinley pursued an expansionist policy and supported the annexation of Hawaii, which was officially incorporated into the United States in 1898.

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