Principles Of Sociology Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Martintl
M
Martintl
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 618
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 618

SettingsSettingsSettings
Principles Of Sociology Quiz - Quiz

Are you aware of the principles of sociology? With these sociology final exam questions and answers, you can check your knowledge and understanding of this topic. We have got a few basic questions about sociology that will help you understand it better. Even if you miss out on something, we are here to help you with the correct answers. So, don't worry, go for this quiz. All the best! You must try for a 100% score. You can share the quiz with others also.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What would a sociologist be most likely to say about why an individual chooses a particular person to marry?

    • A.

      People's actions reflect the human free will!

    • B.

      Society influences human behavior more than most people realize!

    • C.

      Love, and therefore marriage, cannot be scientifically explained!

    • D.

      In the case of love, opposites attract!

    Correct Answer
    B. Society influences human behavior more than most people realize!
    Explanation
    A sociologist would most likely say that society influences human behavior more than most people realize when it comes to choosing a particular person to marry. Sociologists study how social structures, norms, and values shape individuals' decisions and actions. They would argue that factors such as cultural expectations, social class, and peer pressure play a significant role in influencing who individuals choose as their life partners. This perspective suggests that individual choices are not solely based on personal preferences or free will, but are deeply influenced by societal factors.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages? 

    • A.

      Challenging commonly held beliefs

    • B.

      People to become isolated from one another

    • C.

      The belief that society has little effect on the average individual.

    • D.

      Accepting conventional idea

    Correct Answer
    A. Challenging commonly held beliefs
    Explanation
    The sociological perspective encourages individuals to question and challenge commonly held beliefs. This perspective emphasizes the importance of critically examining societal norms, values, and assumptions. By challenging commonly held beliefs, individuals can gain a deeper understanding of social issues and inequalities, and work towards creating positive social change. This perspective promotes critical thinking, open-mindedness, and a willingness to question the status quo.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Thomas Hobbes's idea that society reflects a selfish human nature illustrates the thinking common to Comte's ___________ of societal development. 

    • A.

      Scientific stage

    • B.

      Post-Scientific stage

    • C.

      Theological stage

    • D.

      Metaphysical stage

    Correct Answer
    D. Metaphysical stage
    Explanation
    Thomas Hobbes's idea that society reflects a selfish human nature aligns with the thinking common to Comte's Metaphysical stage of societal development. In the Metaphysical stage, society is seen as being influenced by abstract and metaphysical concepts, such as human nature and morality. This stage is characterized by a focus on understanding the underlying principles and causes of social phenomena. Hobbes's belief that humans are inherently self-interested and driven by their own desires and needs fits within this metaphysical perspective of societal development.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    ____________ is a way of understanding the world based on science

    • A.

      Theology

    • B.

      Common Sense

    • C.

      Positivism

    • D.

      Tradition

    Correct Answer
    C. Positivism
    Explanation
    Positivism is a way of understanding the world based on science. It emphasizes the use of empirical evidence and scientific methods to gain knowledge and understanding of the world. Positivism rejects the use of subjective beliefs, emotions, or traditions as a basis for understanding reality. Instead, it focuses on objective facts and observable phenomena. Theology, common sense, and tradition, on the other hand, rely on subjective beliefs, personal experiences, and cultural practices rather than scientific evidence. Therefore, positivism is the correct answer as it aligns with the scientific approach to understanding the world.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Social structures sometimes have negative consequences on the operation of society. What concept refers to these negative consequences? 

    • A.

      Latent functions

    • B.

      Social dysfunctions

    • C.

      Manifest functions

    • D.

      Eu functions

    Correct Answer
    B. Social dysfunctions
    Explanation
    Social dysfunctions refer to the negative consequences that arise from social structures. These dysfunctions can include inequality, conflict, and dysfunction within social institutions. They hinder the smooth functioning of society and can lead to social problems and unrest.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The basic idea of the symbolic-interaction approach is that society is 

    • A.

      The reality people construct as they interact with one another

    • B.

      An arena of conflict between categories of people

    • C.

      A system that operates to benefit people

    • D.

      A collection of structures that operate together in an orderly way

    Correct Answer
    A. The reality people construct as they interact with one another
    Explanation
    The symbolic-interaction approach suggests that society is the reality people construct as they interact with one another. This means that individuals create and define their own reality through their interactions and interpretations of symbols, gestures, and language. It emphasizes the importance of social interactions in shaping our understanding of the world and how we construct meaning in our everyday lives. This approach focuses on the subjective experiences and meanings that individuals give to their social interactions, rather than viewing society as an objective entity with predefined structures and functions.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Gender blindness refers to failing to consider the importance of gender in sociological research.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Gender blindness refers to the failure to acknowledge or take into account the significance of gender in sociological research. This means that researchers may not consider how gender influences social phenomena, experiences, and inequalities. By being gender blind, important insights and understandings related to gender dynamics and power relations may be overlooked or ignored. Therefore, the statement that gender blindness refers to failing to consider the importance of gender in sociological research is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Which of the following concepts refers to the lifelong social experience by which human beings develop their potential and learn culture?

    • A.

      Naturalism

    • B.

      Behaviorism

    • C.

      Internalization

    • D.

      Socialization

    Correct Answer
    D. Socialization
    Explanation
    Socialization refers to the lifelong social experience by which human beings develop their potential and learn culture. It is the process through which individuals acquire the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values necessary to function as members of a society. Socialization occurs through interactions with others, such as family, peers, and institutions, and it plays a crucial role in shaping an individual's identity, beliefs, and behaviors. It is through socialization that individuals learn societal norms, customs, and expectations, and develop a sense of belonging and understanding of their social world.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Which of the following concepts refers to an individual person's fairly consistent pattern of acting, thinking, and feeling?

    • A.

      Personality

    • B.

      Behavior

    • C.

      Socialization

    • D.

      Human Nature

    Correct Answer
    A. Personality
    Explanation
    Personality refers to an individual person's fairly consistent pattern of acting, thinking, and feeling. It encompasses the unique characteristics, traits, and behaviors that distinguish one person from another. It is a combination of genetic, environmental, and social factors that shape an individual's behavior and attitudes. Personality influences how individuals perceive and interact with the world around them, and it remains relatively stable over time.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Which theory, developed by psychologist John B. Watson, claims that most human behavior is not instinctive but learned within a social environment.

    • A.

      Naturalism

    • B.

      Biological Psychology

    • C.

      Evolutionary psychology

    • D.

      Behaviorism

    Correct Answer
    D. Behaviorism
    Explanation
    Behaviorism, developed by psychologist John B. Watson, claims that most human behavior is not instinctive but learned within a social environment. This theory focuses on the idea that behavior is shaped by external factors, such as rewards and punishments, rather than internal thoughts or emotions. It emphasizes the importance of observation and experimentation to understand and modify human behavior.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Harlow's research with rhesus monkeys, as well as cases of isolated children such as Anna, leads us to believe.

    • A.

      Social isolation is harmful to monkeys but presents no danger to human children

    • B.

      Long-term social isolation leads to permanent developmental damage in both monkeys and humans

    • C.

      Even several months of social isolation is typically fatal to both monkeys and humans.

    • D.

      Both monkeys and humans "bounce back" from long-term isolation

    Correct Answer
    B. Long-term social isolation leads to permanent developmental damage in both monkeys and humans
    Explanation
    The answer suggests that long-term social isolation leads to permanent developmental damage in both monkeys and humans. This is supported by Harlow's research with rhesus monkeys, as well as cases of isolated children like Anna. Both monkeys and humans suffer from the harmful effects of social isolation, which can have long-lasting consequences on their development.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    What was Jean Piaget's focus?

    • A.

      How children develop their motor skills?

    • B.

      Hw children respond to stimulation?

    • C.

      Cognition, which means how people think and understand.

    • D.

      The role of heredity in shaping human behavior.

    Correct Answer
    C. Cognition, which means how people think and understand.
    Explanation
    Jean Piaget's focus was on cognition, which refers to how people think and understand. He believed that children actively construct their knowledge and understanding of the world through their interactions and experiences. Piaget proposed several stages of cognitive development, highlighting the importance of assimilation, accommodation, and equilibration in the learning process. His research and theories have greatly influenced the field of developmental psychology and our understanding of how individuals acquire knowledge and make sense of their environment.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

     The focus of Lawrence Kohlberg's research was 

    • A.

      Cognitive development

    • B.

      The importance of gender in socialization

    • C.

      Social isolation

    • D.

      Moral reasoning

    Correct Answer
    D. Moral reasoning
    Explanation
    Lawrence Kohlberg's research focused on moral reasoning. He developed a theory of moral development that outlined stages of moral reasoning individuals go through as they mature. Kohlberg believed that moral reasoning is an essential aspect of human development and that it progresses in a predictable sequence. He conducted extensive research and used moral dilemmas to assess individuals' moral reasoning abilities. Through his research, Kohlberg aimed to understand how individuals make moral decisions and how their reasoning develops over time. Therefore, the correct answer is moral reasoning.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    George Herbert Mead placed the origin of the self in 

    • A.

      Biological drives

    • B.

      Social experience

    • C.

      Culture or the demands of society on us as individuals

    • D.

      The functioning of the brain

    Correct Answer
    C. Culture or the demands of society on us as individuals
    Explanation
    George Herbert Mead believed that the self is formed through social experience and the influence of culture and society. He argued that individuals develop a sense of self by interacting with others and internalizing the values, norms, and expectations of their social environment. According to Mead, the self is not a fixed entity, but rather a dynamic and evolving product of social interactions. Therefore, the correct answer is culture or the demands of society on us as individuals.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    The social process through which children develop an awareness of social norms and values and achieve a distinct sense of self.

    • A.

      Psychology

    • B.

      Physiology

    • C.

      Socialization

    • D.

      Society

    Correct Answer
    C. Socialization
    Explanation
    Socialization refers to the social process through which children develop an awareness of social norms and values and achieve a distinct sense of self. It involves learning and internalizing the beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors that are considered appropriate and acceptable in a particular society or culture. This process occurs through interactions with family members, peers, teachers, and other social agents, who shape the individual's understanding of their social roles and identities. Socialization is crucial for the development of individuals as it helps them navigate and adapt to their social environment.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.