Principles Of Antimicrobial Therapy

17 Questions | Total Attempts: 488

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Antimicrobial Quizzes & Trivia

The term “antimicrobial” defines an agent that kills microorganisms or stops their growth. Antimicrobial therapy then refers to the treatment of infectious diseases using therapy that kills these harmful microorganisms, such as antibiotics. What do you know about the practice?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The Gram Stain is a huge help in the hospital/clinical setting?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    SPACE Bugs that possibly need to be double covered (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Enterobacter

    • B. 

      Pseudomonas

    • C. 

      Citrobacter

    • D. 

      Serratia

    • E. 

      Acinetobacter

  • 3. 
    Prophylactic therapy prevents the most likely pathogen of a potential infection. (ie. malaria pills before going to Africa, abx before surgery)
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Empirical therapy defined
    • A. 

      Prevention of the most likely pathogen of a potential infection

    • B. 

      Technique used to differentiate between bacterial species based upon certain characteristics

    • C. 

      The initiation of antimicrobials sometimes prior to documentation of the presence of infection and before the offending organism is identified

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    The selection that is made in empirical therapy is based on the information gathered from the pts hx and PE and results of gram stains or of rapidly performed tests on specimens. (ie. you are treating the bacteria right away without C&S)
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Predisposing factors include (check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Recent hospitalizations

    • B. 

      Work-related exposure

    • C. 

      Economic status

    • D. 

      Exposure of infected host

    • E. 

      Travel

  • 7. 
    Cell Wall /Membrane Agents
    • A. 

      Natural Penicillins (PCNs)

    • B. 

      Antistaphylococcaln PCNs

    • C. 

      Amino PCNs

    • D. 

      Anti-pseudomonal PCNs

    • E. 

      1st -5th Gen Cephalosporins

    • F. 

      Carbapenems

    • G. 

      Monobactam

    • H. 

      Glycopeptides

    • I. 

      Lipopeptides

    • J. 

      Clindaymycin

    • K. 

      Macrolides

  • 8. 
    Ribosomal Agents
    • A. 

      Clindaymycin

    • B. 

      Macrolides

    • C. 

      Ketolide

    • D. 

      Oxazolidinones

    • E. 

      Lipopeptide

    • F. 

      Metronidazole

    • G. 

      Aminoglycosides

    • H. 

      Streptogramins

    • I. 

      Tetracyclines

    • J. 

      Tigecycline

  • 9. 
    RNA/DNA Action Agents
    • A. 

      Ketolide

    • B. 

      Tigecycline

    • C. 

      Metronidazole

    • D. 

      2nd-4th Gen Fluoroquinolones

    • E. 

      Rifampin

    • F. 

      Sulfmethoxazole-Trimethoprim

  • 10. 
    Antibiotics that are NOT for pediatric use or pregnancy
    • A. 

      Quinolones

    • B. 

      Tetracyclines

    • C. 

      Only A

    • D. 

      Only B

    • E. 

      A & B

  • 11. 
    Check all that apply to the IV ---> PO switch
    • A. 

      Hemodynamically stable

    • B. 

      Improving clinically

    • C. 

      Able to ingest medications

    • D. 

      Can walk on their own

    • E. 

      Exhibit a normal functioning GI tract

  • 12. 
    Antimicrobial Stewardship involves selecting an appropriate drug and optimizes its dose and duration to cure an infection while minimizing toxicity and conditions for selection of resistant bacterial strains.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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