Pre-test

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Pre-test - Quiz

Once you have determine how much you currently know, you can move on to the next sections to learn more about the five areas of health related fitness and the FITT principles. You will even have an opportunity to add a few additional fitness related terms to your personal vocabulary as well.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The ability to do moderately strenuous activity over a period  of time. It reflects how well your heart and lungs work together to supply  oxygen to your body during exertion and  exercise.

    • A.

      Muscular strength

    • B.

      Body composition

    • C.

      Cardiovascular

    • D.

      Muscular endurance

    Correct Answer
    C. Cardiovascular
    Explanation
    Cardiovascular refers to the ability of the heart and lungs to supply oxygen to the body during physical activity. It involves the efficiency of the cardiovascular system in delivering oxygen to the muscles and removing waste products. This is important for sustaining endurance and performing moderately strenuous activities over a period of time.

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  • 2. 

    A muscle will only strengthen when forced to operate beyond its customary intensity. The load must be progressively increased in order to further adaptive responses as training develops, and the training stimulus is gradually raised.

    • A.

      Specificity

    • B.

      Overload

    • C.

      Reversibility

    • D.

      Progression

    Correct Answer
    B. Overload
    Explanation
    Overload refers to the concept that in order for a muscle to strengthen, it must be subjected to a workload that is greater than what it is accustomed to. This means that the intensity or resistance of the training must be progressively increased over time to continue stimulating the muscle and promoting further adaptation. Without overload, the muscle will not be challenged enough to grow stronger.

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  • 3. 

    Your training should be specific to the sport you will be competing in.  Specificity is an important principle in strength training where the exercise must be specific to the type of strength required, and is therefore related to the particular demands of the event.

    • A.

      Progression

    • B.

      Specificity

    • C.

      Reversibility

    • D.

      Overload

    Correct Answer
    B. Specificity
    Explanation
    The explanation for the correct answer is that specificity is an important principle in strength training. This means that the exercises should be specific to the type of strength required for the sport or event. By training specifically for the sport, athletes can focus on the particular demands of the event and improve their performance in those specific areas. This principle helps athletes to target and develop the specific skills and abilities needed for their sport, leading to better overall performance.

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  • 4. 

    Overload can be progressed by increasing the number of repetitions with a particular weight.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Overload is a principle in exercise where the body is subjected to a greater stress or load than it is accustomed to. This helps in stimulating muscle growth and strength gains. Increasing the number of repetitions with a particular weight is one way to progressively overload the muscles. By doing more repetitions, the muscles are forced to work harder and adapt to the increased demand, leading to improvements in strength and endurance. Therefore, the statement that overload can be progressed by increasing the number of repetitions with a particular weight is true.

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  • 5. 

    Improved ranges of movement can be achieved and maintained by regular use of mobility exercises. If an athlete ceases mobility training, his/her ranges of movement will decline over a period of time to those maintained by his/her other physical activities. 

    • A.

      Overload

    • B.

      Progression

    • C.

      Specificity

    • D.

      Reversibility

    Correct Answer
    D. Reversibility
    Explanation
    Reversibility refers to the principle that if an athlete stops training or exercising, the improvements they made in their ranges of movement will decline over time. In this context, if an athlete ceases mobility training, their ranges of movement will decrease to the level maintained by their other physical activities. This principle emphasizes the importance of consistent and regular mobility exercises to maintain and improve ranges of movement.

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  • 6. 

    The ability to hold a particular position for a sustained  period of  time  or  repeat a movement many times. This  could  be  the capability  required to hold a two-pound weight above  your  head for  five minutes or the effort required to lift that  weight  20 consecutive times.  

    • A.

      Muscular strength

    • B.

      Muscular endurance

    • C.

      Flexibility

    • D.

      Body composition

    Correct Answer
    B. Muscular endurance
    Explanation
    Muscular endurance refers to the ability of the muscles to sustain a particular position or repeat a movement multiple times. It is the capability required to hold a weight above your head for a certain duration or lift a weight for a certain number of repetitions. This is different from muscular strength, which refers to the maximum force that a muscle can generate. Flexibility and body composition are not directly related to the ability to hold a position or repeat a movement, making them incorrect answers.

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  • 7. 

    The ability to move a joint through its full range of motion; the elasticity of the muscle. This is how limber or supple you are.  

    • A.

      Flexibility

    • B.

      Muscular strength

    • C.

      Muscular endurance

    • D.

      Cardiovascular

    Correct Answer
    A. Flexibility
    Explanation
    Flexibility refers to the ability of a joint to move freely through its full range of motion. It also includes the elasticity of the muscles, which allows them to stretch and lengthen without causing injury. Being flexible indicates that a person is limber and supple, which is important for activities that require a wide range of motion, such as dance or gymnastics. Therefore, flexibility is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 8. 

    The  proportion  of fat in your body compared to  your  bone  and muscle.  It  does  not refer to your weight in  pounds  or  your figure.

    • A.

      Flexibility

    • B.

      Muscular strength

    • C.

      Muscular endurance

    • D.

      Body composition

    Correct Answer
    D. Body composition
    Explanation
    Body composition refers to the proportion of fat in your body compared to your bone and muscle. It is not related to your weight or figure, but rather focuses on the distribution of fat, muscle, and bone in your body. This can be an important indicator of overall health and fitness, as a higher proportion of fat can increase the risk of certain health conditions.

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  • 9. 

    Is cardiovascular fitness often considered the most important component of health-related fitness?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Cardiovascular fitness is often considered the most important component of health-related fitness because it refers to the ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the muscles during physical activity. A strong cardiovascular system improves overall endurance, reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases, and enhances overall health and well-being. It is also closely linked to other components of fitness such as muscular strength and endurance. Therefore, prioritizing cardiovascular fitness can have a positive impact on one's overall health and fitness levels.

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  • 10. 

    What does F.I.T.T. stand for?

    • A.

      Fitness, Intervention, Training, Technique

    • B.

      Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type

    • C.

      Fitness, Intensity, Time, Type

    • D.

      Frequency, Intensity Training Technique

    Correct Answer
    B. Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type
    Explanation
    F.I.T.T. stands for Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type. This acronym is commonly used in the fitness industry to guide individuals in designing effective exercise programs. Frequency refers to how often a person exercises, intensity refers to the level of difficulty or effort exerted during the exercise, time refers to the duration of each exercise session, and type refers to the specific activities or exercises chosen for the workout. By considering these four factors, individuals can create a well-rounded and personalized fitness plan that meets their goals and needs.

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