Prep Course Exam Review

140 Questions | Total Attempts: 86

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Prep Course Exam Review

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    You must apply a tourniquet before cannulating which type of access?
    • A. 

      Fistula

    • B. 

      Graft

    • C. 

      Central Venous Catheter (CVC)

    • D. 

      All Access Types

  • 2. 
    Which of the following pH measurements is safe for dialysate?
    • A. 

      6.1

    • B. 

      6.7

    • C. 

      7.0

    • D. 

      6.8

  • 3. 
    What is the term used for pre-treatment weight minus estimated dry weight (EDW)?
    • A. 

      Available Weight

    • B. 

      Body Weight

    • C. 

      Weight Gain

    • D. 

      Dry Weight

  • 4. 
    Which vascular access needle(s) can be placed against the flow of blood?
    • A. 

      Arterial needle only

    • B. 

      Both arterial and venous needles

    • C. 

      Neither arterial or venous needles

    • D. 

      Venous needle only

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is correct regarding machine disinfection?
    • A. 

      Bleach disinfection is completed daily

    • B. 

      Heat disinfection is completed biweekly

    • C. 

        Acid disinfection is completed daily

    • D. 

      Heat disinfection is completed weekly

  • 6. 
    Dialysis functions include which of the following?
    • A. 

      Removal of excess fluid and waste form the blood

    • B. 

      Preventing the spread of bacteria

    • C. 

      Restoring kidney function

    • D. 

      Lowering cholesterol levels

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is INCORRECT about reinfusing blood during treatment termination?
    • A. 

      The blood pump should be set at 150-200 ml/min during reinfusion

    • B. 

      If the saline bag empties, it could cause an air embolism

    • C. 

      Staff members can leave the patient’s chairside if the patient is alert

    • D. 

      Arterial blood is returned first, then venous

  • 8. 
    Calculate the target weight for a patient with the following pre-treatment information: EDW 75.5kg. Pre-treatment weight 77.0kg. Prime & rinse 500ml.
    • A. 

      1.5 kg

    • B. 

      2.5 kg

    • C. 

      2.0 kg

    • D. 

      3.0 kg

  • 9. 
    What PPE should you wear while disinfecting a dialysis station or cleaning a blood spill?
    • A. 

      Gloves, gown, and mask

    • B. 

      Gloves, gown, face shield or mask and goggles

    • C. 

      Gloves

    • D. 

      Gloves and gown

  • 10. 
    What do you use to prime the extracorporeal circuit?
    • A. 

      Tap water

    • B. 

      Bicarbonate

    • C. 

      Purified water

    • D. 

      Normal Saline (NS)

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is true about hand hygiene?
    • A. 

      Hand hygiene with hand sanitizer should be at least 1 minute

    • B. 

      Hand hygiene with soap and water should be 20-30 seconds

    • C. 

      Hand hygiene with soap and water for 40-60 seconds

    • D. 

      Hand hygiene with hand sanitizer should be 10-20 seconds

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is included in Fresenius Medical Care’s mission statement?
    • A. 

      Increasing financial stability of Fresenius Medical Care

    • B. 

      Developing the best dialysis products

    • C. 

      Adopting the practices of other successful medical facilities

    • D. 

      Improving the quality of life of patients

  • 13. 
    You should check both arms for a fistula or graft before taking which vital sign?
    • A. 

      Respirations

    • B. 

      Blood Pressure

    • C. 

      Temperature

    • D. 

      Weight

  • 14. 
    Which vascular access needle(s) can be placed with the flow of blood?
    • A. 

      Arterial needle only

    • B. 

      Neither arterial or venous needles

    • C. 

      Both arterial and venous needles

    • D. 

      Venous needle only

  • 15. 
    When is hand sanitizer okay to use?
    • A. 

      When hands are visibly soiled

    • B. 

      After using the restroom

    • C. 

      When leaving the patients station

    • D. 

      During treatment

  • 16. 
    During treatment transducer protectors must be kept _____and_____.
    • A. 

      Wet and unclamped

    • B. 

      Dry and unclamped

    • C. 

      Dry and clamped

    • D. 

      Wet and clamped

  • 17. 
    What is the number one cause of chronic kidney disease?
    • A. 

      Infection

    • B. 

      Alcohol abuse

    • C. 

      Diabetes

    • D. 

      Obesity

  • 18. 
    What concentration of bleach is used to clean up a blood spill greater than 10ml?
    • A. 

      1:100 followed by 1:100

    • B. 

      1:10 only

    • C. 

      1:10 followed by 1:100

    • D. 

      1:100 only

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is true about sharp containers?
    • A. 

      Unused needles do not have to be placed in sharps container

    • B. 

      They can be shaken to condense contents

    • C. 

      They do not require a lid

    • D. 

       They should be emptied when 2/3 - 3/4 full 

  • 20. 
    When should you replace the venous line during a treatment?
    • A. 

      If the venous pressure is half the BFR

    • B. 

      If the arterial pressure goes to -250mmHg

    • C. 

      If a large clot is seen in the venous line

    • D. 

      It should never be replaced during treatment

  • 21. 
    Which vital sign should you report to the nurse?
    • A. 

      BP 165/102

    • B. 

      Respirations 14

    • C. 

      Temperature 98.9

    • D. 

      Pulse 62

  • 22. 
    Where in the extracorporeal circuit should you look to determine the cause of an arterial alarm?
    • A. 

      From the venous chamber to the venous needle

    • B. 

      The dialyzer only

    • C. 

      The blood pump only

    • D. 

      From the arterial needle to the blood pump

  • 23. 
    Where in the extracorporeal circuit should you look to determine the cause of a venous alarm?
    • A. 

      From the venous chamber to the venous needle

    • B. 

      The dialyzer only

    • C. 

      The blood pump only

    • D. 

      From the arterial needle to the blood pump

  • 24. 
    After treatment, a patient’s blood pressure has dropped from 135/90 to 94/68. What should you do?
    • A. 

      Tell the patient to go weigh on their own

    • B. 

      Tell the preceptor to take the patient to the scale

    • C. 

      Ask the patient if they feel well enough to go home; then send the patient home

    • D. 

      Notify the nurse to assess the patient

  • 25. 
    What must you do when you are leaving a dirty area and going to a clean area to get supplies?
    • A. 

      Remove used gloves and put on new gloves without hand hygiene

    • B. 

      Remove gloves and complete hand hygiene

    • C. 

      Remove only 1 glove

    • D. 

      Remove used gloves only

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