Practice Quiz 3: Humanities 1

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Practice Quiz 3: Humanities 1 - Quiz

Greetings! This is a practice quiz. You may take it as many times as you like in preparation for the Final Quiz. You can receive +2 extra-credit points for attempting each Quiz (up to a maximum of +10 Points, don't forget to include your name). You may bring your personal notes to the Final Quiz, but no copies of these questions are allowed. There are several questions in the test bank that randomizes the order of the questions, so that you can take the quiz several times and still get different questions. We have not covered all of the material yet Read morein this quiz, but it is worth trying for practice.  Good luck.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is a numinous experience?

    • A.

      Tremendous mystery in the face of the Other

    • B.

      a sense of shock and awe

    • C.

      Common sense

    • D.

      The utterly strange

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Tremendous mystery in the face of the Other
    Explanation
    A numinous experience refers to a profound encounter with something greater than oneself, often described as a tremendous mystery in the face of the Other. It involves a sense of awe, wonder, and reverence towards the unknown or divine. This experience goes beyond common sense and involves encountering something that is utterly strange and beyond our usual understanding. Therefore, the correct answer is "tremendous mystery in the face of the Other."

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  • 2. 

    What is immanence?

    • A.

      Intense urgency of thought

    • B.

      Pervasive presence of the divine

    • C.

      Radical authority of the divine

    • D.

      All divine thought

    • E.

      Sacred understanding

    Correct Answer
    B. Pervasive presence of the divine
    Explanation
    Immanence refers to the concept of the divine being present and inherent in all aspects of the world and reality. It suggests that the divine is not separate or distant from the world, but rather permeates and is present in everything. This understanding emphasizes the idea that the divine is not only transcendent, but also immanent, and can be experienced and recognized in everyday life.

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  • 3. 

    What is the Great Chain of Being?

    • A.

      Matter, body, mind, soul, spirit

    • B.

      Reality is made up of interacting units

    • C.

      Each senior level transcends its junior level

    • D.

      A widespread cultural belief system

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The Great Chain of Being refers to a widespread cultural belief system that encompasses all of the given options. It is a hierarchical structure that suggests that reality is made up of interacting units, including matter, body, mind, soul, and spirit. Each level in this chain is believed to transcend its junior level, creating a sense of order and hierarchy in the universe. This belief system was prevalent in various cultures and influenced their understanding of the world and their place in it.

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  • 4. 

    What is a paradigm shift?

    • A.

      The process by which an object of value is moved beyond its point of origin

    • B.

      the process by which scientists convince other colleagues of the value of their studies

    • C.

      The process by which new ideas change the worldview of a particular community

    • D.

      The process by which new ideas come in old wine bottles

    • E.

      The process by which new ideas enter a particular domain

    Correct Answer
    C. The process by which new ideas change the worldview of a particular community
    Explanation
    A paradigm shift is the process by which new ideas change the worldview of a particular community. This means that when new ideas are introduced, they have the power to fundamentally alter the way a community or group of people perceive and understand the world around them. It involves a significant change in thinking, beliefs, and perspectives, often resulting in a transformation of how things are done or understood within that community. This process can have far-reaching effects and can lead to advancements and progress in various fields.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following group activities could be considered rites of passage?

    • A.

      Births, weddings, waking up every morning

    • B.

      Going to the bathroom, graduation ceremonies, brushing your teeth

    • C.

      Funerals, graduation ceremonies, getting your driver's license

    • D.

      Getting your driver's license, going to school, eating at home

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Funerals, graduation ceremonies, getting your driver's license
    Explanation
    Funerals, graduation ceremonies, and getting your driver's license can be considered rites of passage because they mark significant transitions or milestones in a person's life. Funerals symbolize the end of a person's life and serve as a way for the community to mourn and say goodbye. Graduation ceremonies signify the completion of a level of education and the transition into the next phase of life. Getting a driver's license represents a new level of independence and responsibility. These activities often involve rituals or traditions that symbolize the individual's growth and transformation.

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  • 6. 

    What is an example of an underground ritual where individuals largely gather in secret to participate in a meaningful activity outside the norms of dominant culture?

    • A.

      Job interview

    • B.

      Baptism

    • C.

      Marriage

    • D.

      Funeral

    • E.

      Sorority initiation

    Correct Answer
    E. Sorority initiation
    Explanation
    An example of an underground ritual where individuals largely gather in secret to participate in a meaningful activity outside the norms of dominant culture is a sorority initiation. Sorority initiations are often held in secret and involve a series of rituals and traditions that are exclusive to the members of the sorority. These initiations are meant to create a bond among the members and are usually kept hidden from the public eye.

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  • 7. 

    Victor Turner uses the idea of "liminality" to describe the ambiguous and uncertain states of mind and body that one experiences during key cultural rituals. Which "stage" of Arthur van Gennep's model of "rites of passage" does this most resemble?

    • A.

      Separation

    • B.

      Transition

    • C.

      Metamorphosis

    • D.

      Reincorporation

    • E.

      Emergence

    Correct Answer
    B. Transition
    Explanation
    Victor Turner's concept of "liminality" aligns closely with the "transition" stage in Arthur van Gennep's model of "rites of passage." Liminality refers to the in-between state where individuals are no longer in their previous status but have not yet reached their new status. This phase is characterized by ambiguity, uncertainty, and a sense of being betwixt and between. Similarly, the transition stage in van Gennep's model represents the period of change and ambiguity as individuals move from one social status to another. Therefore, the concept of "liminality" in Turner's work most closely resembles the "transition" stage in van Gennep's model.

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  • 8. 

    Arthur van Gennep viewed world religions or notions of the sacred as absolute entities.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    B. FALSE
    Explanation
    Arthur van Gennep did not view world religions or notions of the sacred as absolute entities. Instead, he proposed the concept of "rites of passage" which suggests that religions and sacred beliefs are dynamic and subject to change over time. This contradicts the idea of them being absolute entities.

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  • 9. 

    • A.

      Yoga practice

    • B.

      Graduation ceremony

    • C.

      Military initiation

    • D.

      Fraternity initiation

    • E.

      Gang initiation

    Correct Answer
    C. Military initiation
    Explanation
    What ritual does the above image represent?

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  • 10. 

    Rumspringa is a rite of passage among Amish teens that highlights a cultural tension between traditional religion and consumer society at large.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    Rumspringa is a period of time in which Amish teenagers are allowed to experience the outside world and make their own choices before deciding whether to commit to the Amish way of life. This tradition reflects the cultural tension between the traditional Amish religious beliefs and the influence of the consumer society. During Rumspringa, teens are exposed to modern technology, fashion, and other aspects of mainstream society, which can create conflicts with their traditional values. Therefore, the statement that Rumspringa highlights the cultural tension between traditional religion and consumer society is true.

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  • 11. 

    • A.

      Bah Mitvah

    • B.

      Quinceañera

    • C.

      Senior Prom

    • D.

      Wedding

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Quinceañera
    Explanation
    What rite of passage does the above image represent?

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  • 12. 

    Fulbe boys in northern Cameroon are asked to do the following practice to test themselves as they symbolically transition into manhood.

    • A.

      Tattoo each other

    • B.

      Have sex with women

    • C.

      Eat rotten meat

    • D.

      Strip naked

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Eat rotten meat
    Explanation
    In some cultures, the transition from boyhood to manhood involves symbolic rituals or practices. One such practice for Fulbe boys in northern Cameroon is to eat rotten meat. This practice may serve as a test of endurance and bravery, as well as a way to prove their maturity and ability to handle unpleasant or challenging situations. By engaging in this practice, the boys demonstrate their readiness to take on the responsibilities and expectations of manhood within their community.

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  • 13. 

    Choreometrics is the measurement of dance steps (a field initiated by Alan Lomax).

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    Choreometrics is indeed the measurement of dance steps, and it was a field that was initiated by Alan Lomax. It involves analyzing and categorizing dance movements and patterns in order to understand the cultural significance and meaning behind them. Lomax, a prominent folklorist and ethnomusicologist, conducted extensive research on traditional music and dance forms around the world, and his work laid the foundation for the field of choreometrics. Therefore, the given statement is true.

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  • 14. 

    Proxemics is the study of intimate relationships among people.

    • A.

      FALSE

    • B.

      TRUE

    Correct Answer
    A. FALSE
  • 15. 

    The Shakers, a religious group that settled in the U.S. during the 18th century, created a circular sacred dance ritual that most resembled the following group dance:

    • A.

      Voguing among black gay men

    • B.

      Krumping among Los Angeles teens

    • C.

      Tango among Argentinians

    • D.

      Traditional dancing among the Acholi tribe

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Traditional dancing among the Acholi tribe
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "traditional dancing among the Acholi tribe." The question asks for the group dance that most resembles the circular sacred dance ritual created by the Shakers. Among the given options, the traditional dancing among the Acholi tribe is the most similar, as it involves a group of people dancing in a circular formation, similar to the Shakers' ritual. Voguing among black gay men, krumping among Los Angeles teens, and tango among Argentinians are not directly related to the circular sacred dance ritual of the Shakers.

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  • 16. 

    Madonna performs this well-known tango move - a figure-eight walk - in the movie Evita.

    • A.

      Corrida

    • B.

      Lustrada

    • C.

      Media luna

    • D.

      Ocho

    • E.

      Quebrada

    Correct Answer
    D. Ocho
    Explanation
    In the movie Evita, Madonna performs a well-known tango move called "ocho," which translates to "eight" in English. This move involves a figure-eight walk, where the dancer moves their feet in a pattern resembling the number eight. The word "ocho" is the most suitable answer as it accurately describes the tango move performed by Madonna in the movie.

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  • 17. 

    The cakewalk evolved from a dance that parodied whites to minstrel shows where black identity was exaggerated and stereotyped.

    • A.

      FALSE

    • B.

      TRUE

    Correct Answer
    B. TRUE
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the cakewalk did indeed evolve from a dance that parodied whites to minstrel shows where black identity was exaggerated and stereotyped. The cakewalk originated as a dance performed by enslaved African Americans on plantations, but it later became popularized in minstrel shows where white performers would imitate and mock black culture. These shows often exaggerated and perpetuated stereotypes about black people. Therefore, the given statement is true.

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  • 18. 

    Who was responsible for generating popular interest in modern dance?

    • A.

      Alvin Ailey

    • B.

      Martha Graham

    • C.

      Bert Wilson

    • D.

      Madonna

    • E.

      Gregory Hines

    Correct Answer
    B. Martha Graham
    Explanation
    Martha Graham is the correct answer because she played a significant role in generating popular interest in modern dance. Graham is considered a pioneer of modern dance and her innovative choreography and expressive movements revolutionized the art form. She founded the Martha Graham Dance Company and her performances were known for their emotional intensity and dramatic storytelling. Graham's contributions to modern dance not only captivated audiences but also inspired future generations of dancers and choreographers.

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  • 19. 

    Voguing is a dance that emphasized model poses, generating pride among black gay men in New York, but adopting styles of this historical time period or decades.

    • A.

      The 1950s and 1960s

    • B.

      The 1960s and 1970s

    • C.

      The 1970s and 1980s

    • D.

      The 1980s and 1990s

    • E.

      The 1990s and 2000s

    Correct Answer
    C. The 1970s and 1980s
    Explanation
    During the 1970s and 1980s, voguing emerged as a dance style that emphasized model poses and was popularized by black gay men in New York. This dance form allowed individuals to express pride and confidence in their identity. Voguing also incorporated elements from the historical time period, adopting styles and influences from the 1970s and 1980s.

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  • 20. 

    The "Numa Numa Dance" is a song lipsynched by Gary Brolsma. It was originally sung by this Moldovian boy band.

    • A.

      O-Zone

    • B.

      Justin Timberlake

    • C.

      New Kids on the Block

    • D.

      Rage Against the Machine

    • E.

      The Beastie Boys

    Correct Answer
    A. O-Zone
    Explanation
    The correct answer is O-Zone. The Numa Numa Dance is a viral video where Gary Brolsma lipsyncs to the song "Dragostea Din Tei" by O-Zone. O-Zone is a Moldovan boy band that gained international popularity with this song.

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  • 21. 

    When dance is used to generate a feeling of national pride on a large scale, such as the Opening Ceremonies during the Olympics, which of the following functions does it mainly follow?

    • A.

      An expression of gender-specific behavior

    • B.

      An expression of religious worship

    • C.

      An expression of classical art

    • D.

      The creation of individual artists

    • E.

      An expression of social order

    Correct Answer
    E. An expression of social order
    Explanation
    Dance being used to generate a feeling of national pride on a large scale, such as in the Opening Ceremonies during the Olympics, primarily follows the function of an expression of social order. This is because it serves to showcase the unity, harmony, and collective identity of a nation, reinforcing the social structure and values of the society as a whole.

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  • 22. 

    Dancing is a transient mode of expression that allows bodies to travel through space.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    The statement correctly states that dancing is a transient mode of expression that allows bodies to travel through space. Dancing involves movement and choreography, where dancers use their bodies to communicate and express emotions or ideas. Through various dance techniques and styles, dancers navigate and explore the space around them, creating visually captivating performances. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 23. 

    Tourism, according to Dennis O-Rourke, can be considered a modern-day form of:

    • A.

      Migration

    • B.

      Colonization

    • C.

      Ecstacy

    • D.

      Rite of passage

    • E.

      Right of passage

    Correct Answer
    B. Colonization
    Explanation
    Tourism can be considered a modern-day form of colonization because it involves the movement of people from one place to another, often with the intention of exploring and establishing a temporary presence in a new location. Similar to colonization, tourism can have economic, social, and cultural impacts on the destination, including the potential for exploitation, displacement of local populations, and the imposition of foreign values and norms. Both colonization and tourism involve a power dynamic between the visitors and the visited, with the visitors often having more resources and influence.

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  • 24. 

    In Cannibal Tours, O'Rourke seems to argue that the following groups of people act more "primitive" and "cannibalistic" through their purchase of artistic objects.

    • A.

      Natives

    • B.

      Ship operators

    • C.

      Tour guides

    • D.

      Tourists

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Tourists
    Explanation
    In the film Cannibal Tours, O'Rourke suggests that tourists act more "primitive" and "cannibalistic" through their purchase of artistic objects. The film explores the phenomenon of tourists visiting indigenous communities and engaging in a form of cultural consumption that commodifies the native people and their art. O'Rourke critiques the tourists' behavior, arguing that their desire to possess these objects as souvenirs perpetuates a colonial mindset and reduces the native culture to a mere commodity. By framing the tourists as the ones who act in a "primitive" and exploitative manner, the film challenges the notion of cultural superiority and raises questions about the ethics of tourism.

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  • 25. 

    What is the phrase that tourists use to negotiate a lower value for an art piece in Cannibal Tours?

    • A.

      First price

    • B.

      Second price

    • C.

      Last price

    • D.

      Best price

    • E.

      Best buy

    Correct Answer
    B. Second price
    Explanation
    In Cannibal Tours, tourists use the phrase "second price" to negotiate a lower value for an art piece. This phrase implies that the tourists are willing to pay less than the initial asking price and are suggesting a counteroffer. By using the term "second price," they are indicating their intention to negotiate and reach a mutually agreeable lower price for the art piece.

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  • 26. 

    What museum was recently involved in a controversy where art-objects from Papua New Guinea were given away (but may have to be returned to other family members)?

    • A.

      The Museum of Modern Art

    • B.

      The De Young Museum

    • C.

      The Asian Art Museum

    • D.

      The Academy of Sciences

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. The De Young Museum
    Explanation
    The De Young Museum was recently involved in a controversy where art-objects from Papua New Guinea were given away, but may have to be returned to other family members.

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  • 27. 

    Which art-collector was recently involved in a controversy where art-objects from Papua New Guinea were given away (but may have to be returned to other family members)?

    • A.

      Pierre Bourdieu

    • B.

      Mary Shelley

    • C.

      Gary Brolsma

    • D.

      John Friede

    Correct Answer
    D. John Friede
    Explanation
    John Friede was recently involved in a controversy where art-objects from Papua New Guinea were given away but may have to be returned to other family members.

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  • 28. 

    What animal spirit did the Iatmul believe that tourists represented in Cannibal Tours?

    • A.

      Bat

    • B.

      Cougar

    • C.

      Crocodile

    • D.

      Alligator

    • E.

      Hippopotamus

    Correct Answer
    C. Crocodile
    Explanation
    In the documentary "Cannibal Tours," the Iatmul people believed that tourists represented the spirit of the crocodile. This could be because the crocodile is a powerful and respected animal in their culture, known for its stealth and ability to adapt to different environments. The Iatmul may have seen similarities between the behavior of tourists and the characteristics of the crocodile, such as their curiosity, ability to blend in, and their potential to be dangerous if provoked.

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  • 29. 

    Foodways can be understood as the process of making, preparing, packaging, and distributing toys among groups.

    • A.

      FALSE

    • B.

      TRUE

    Correct Answer
    A. FALSE
    Explanation
    The given statement is false because foodways is not about making, preparing, packaging, and distributing toys among groups. Foodways actually refers to the cultural, social, and economic practices related to food, including the production, consumption, and distribution of food within a particular society or group. It encompasses the traditions, customs, and rituals surrounding food, as well as the ways in which food is grown, harvested, prepared, and shared.

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  • 30. 

    Black Friday is an example of:

    • A.

      Foodways

    • B.

      Buying the Nintendo Wii

    • C.

      Fordism

    • D.

      Racism

    • E.

      Comsumerism

    Correct Answer
    E. Comsumerism
    Explanation
    Black Friday is an example of consumerism because it is a day when retailers offer significant discounts and promotions to encourage people to buy products. It is characterized by large crowds of shoppers rushing to stores to take advantage of the deals and is often associated with excessive spending and materialism.

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  • 31. 

    Claude Levi-Strauss argued that foods are largely selected for their nutritional value.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    B. FALSE
    Explanation
    Claude Levi-Strauss did not argue that foods are largely selected for their nutritional value. He was a French anthropologist and philosopher known for his work in structural anthropology. Levi-Strauss focused on the cultural and symbolic aspects of food, arguing that food choices are influenced by social, cultural, and psychological factors rather than solely based on nutritional value.

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  • 32. 

    According to Claude Levi-Strauss, food is transformed culturally through the process of:

    • A.

      Gathering raw ingredients

    • B.

      Adding coloring

    • C.

      Throwing it away

    • D.

      Cooking it

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Cooking it
    Explanation
    Claude Levi-Strauss believed that food is culturally transformed through the process of cooking it. Cooking involves various techniques and methods that not only change the physical properties of the ingredients but also create flavors, textures, and aromas that are specific to a particular culture. It is through cooking that raw ingredients are transformed into a culturally significant and meaningful dish, reflecting the values, traditions, and beliefs of a society. Therefore, cooking plays a crucial role in the cultural transformation of food.

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  • 33. 

    Cultivating sugar is tied to the historical practice of:

    • A.

      Slavery

    • B.

      Immigration

    • C.

      Colonization

    • D.

      War

    Correct Answer
    A. Slavery
    Explanation
    The cultivation of sugar is historically tied to the practice of slavery. During the colonial era, sugar plantations required a large labor force, and enslaved Africans were brought to work on these plantations. Slavery provided the cheap and forced labor needed for the profitable production of sugar. This practice had a significant impact on the transatlantic slave trade and the lives of millions of enslaved individuals.

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  • 34. 

    Poi is a native Hawaiian food made by crushing which of the following plants:

    • A.

      Potato

    • B.

      Garlic

    • C.

      Taro

    • D.

      Beet

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Taro
    Explanation
    Poi is a traditional Hawaiian food that is made by crushing taro plants. Taro is a starchy root vegetable that is commonly used in Hawaiian cuisine. It is mashed and mixed with water to create a smooth and thick paste-like consistency. Poi is a staple in the Hawaiian diet and is often served alongside other dishes.

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  • 35. 

    Tampopo is a film that parodies the elaborate ritual of eating:

    • A.

      In Chinese culture

    • B.

      In Indonesian culture

    • C.

      In Vietnamese culture

    • D.

      In Japanese culture

    • E.

      In Phillipino culture

    Correct Answer
    D. In Japanese culture
    Explanation
    Tampopo is a film that parodies the elaborate ritual of eating in Japanese culture. The film explores the cultural significance of food in Japan, highlighting the meticulous preparation, presentation, and consumption of meals. It satirizes the traditional customs and etiquette associated with eating, while also celebrating the joy and passion that Japanese people have for food. Through its humorous and exaggerated portrayal of dining rituals, Tampopo offers a commentary on the cultural values and traditions surrounding food in Japan.

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  • 36. 

    Which of the following inventions and technologies were critically important in the growth of Fast Food?

    • A.

      Assembly lines and freeways

    • B.

      Freeways and tomato sauce

    • C.

      Assembly lines and drugs

    • D.

      Nuclear technology and electricity

    • E.

      French fries and hamburgers

    Correct Answer
    A. Assembly lines and freeways
    Explanation
    The growth of Fast Food was critically important due to the implementation of assembly lines and freeways. Assembly lines allowed for efficient and standardized production of food, enabling fast food restaurants to serve large quantities of meals quickly. Freeways provided a convenient and accessible transportation network, allowing customers to easily access fast food restaurants. These two inventions and technologies played a significant role in the expansion and success of the fast food industry.

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  • 37. 

    What is "throughput" (in the context of the growth of Fast Food within the U.S.)?

    • A.

      Increasing the volume of cars driving on the freeway

    • B.

      Increasing the speed and volume of the flow of food items

    • C.

      Increasing the speed of machines

    • D.

      Decreasing the speed of eating

    Correct Answer
    B. Increasing the speed and volume of the flow of food items
    Explanation
    Throughput refers to the rate at which a system or process can produce or handle a certain amount of work or goods. In the context of the growth of Fast Food within the U.S., increasing the speed and volume of the flow of food items would mean that the fast food restaurants are able to serve more customers in a shorter amount of time. This can be achieved by implementing efficient processes, using technology to speed up food preparation, and optimizing the overall flow of operations. By doing so, fast food chains can increase their capacity to handle more orders and serve more customers, leading to growth in their business.

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  • 38. 

    Which of the following items were recycled into a Steel Pan - a percussive instrument created in Trinidad and Tobago.

    • A.

      Plastic garbage cans

    • B.

      Pails

    • C.

      Bottle caps

    • D.

      Oil drums

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Oil drums
    Explanation
    Oil drums were recycled into a Steel Pan. The Steel Pan is a percussive instrument that originated in Trinidad and Tobago. It is made by repurposing and recycling oil drums, which are transformed into the various sections and notes of the instrument. This process involves cutting, shaping, and tuning the metal to create the distinct sound of the Steel Pan. Therefore, out of the given options, only oil drums were recycled into a Steel Pan.

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  • 39. 

    What does it mean to call a community "sustainable"?

    • A.

      A community that is committed to fulfilling economic goals

    • B.

      A community that is committed to democratic politics

    • C.

      A community that is committed to short-term environmental, social, and economic problems

    • D.

      A community that is committed to long-term environmental, social, and economic well-being

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. A community that is committed to long-term environmental, social, and economic well-being
    Explanation
    A sustainable community is one that is dedicated to ensuring the long-term well-being of its environment, society, and economy. This means that the community takes into consideration the impact of its actions on the environment, strives for social equity and inclusivity, and promotes economic growth and stability that is not detrimental to the other two aspects. This holistic approach recognizes the interconnectedness of environmental, social, and economic factors and aims to create a balanced and thriving community for both present and future generations.

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  • 40. 

    Judaism can be considered a historic religion based on experiencing the divine in a transcendent manner.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    • C.

      NEITHER TRUE NOR FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    Judaism can be considered a historic religion because it has a long history that dates back thousands of years. It is based on the experiences of the Jewish people with the divine, which they believe to be transcendent, meaning beyond the physical world. These experiences are documented in the Hebrew Bible and other sacred texts, making Judaism a religion rooted in historical events and beliefs. Therefore, the statement that Judaism is a historic religion based on experiencing the divine in a transcendent manner is true.

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  • 41. 

    Which types of religious systems did the Protestant Reformation help develop?

    • A.

      Primitive religions

    • B.

      Archaic religions

    • C.

      Historic religions

    • D.

      Early modern religions

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Early modern religions
    Explanation
    The Protestant Reformation helped develop early modern religions. This refers to the religious systems that emerged during the period of the Reformation in the 16th century. The Reformation led to the establishment of Protestant denominations, such as Lutheranism and Calvinism, which challenged the authority of the Catholic Church. These new religious systems had significant theological and organizational differences from the traditional Catholic Church, and they played a crucial role in shaping the religious landscape of Europe and beyond during the early modern period.

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  • 42. 

    The origin of the word "religion" means "the word of God."

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    B. FALSE
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given answer, FALSE, is that the origin of the word "religion" does not mean "the word of God." The word "religion" actually comes from the Latin word "religio," which means "to bind" or "to connect." It refers to the belief system, practices, and rituals that bind individuals or communities together in their spiritual or moral convictions. Therefore, the statement that the origin of the word "religion" means "the word of God" is incorrect.

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  • 43. 

    Dualism (such as conceptions of Heaven and Hell) is first found in:

    • A.

      Primitive religions

    • B.

      Archaic religions

    • C.

      Historic religions

    • D.

      Early modern religions

    • E.

      Modern religions

    Correct Answer
    C. Historic religions
    Explanation
    Dualism, such as the concept of Heaven and Hell, is first found in historic religions. This means that the idea of a division between good and evil, and the existence of separate realms for reward and punishment, emerged during a specific period in human history characterized by the development of more complex religious beliefs and practices. This suggests that dualistic thinking evolved as societies became more organized and advanced, reflecting a deeper understanding of moral and spiritual concepts.

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  • 44. 

    Divine kings and mythical beings are largely found in:

    • A.

      Primitive religions

    • B.

      Archaic religions

    • C.

      Historic religions

    • D.

      Early modern religions

    • E.

      Modern religions

    Correct Answer
    B. Archaic religions
    Explanation
    Archaic religions are characterized by a belief in divine kings and mythical beings. These religions, which existed in ancient times, often attributed divine status to their rulers and believed in the existence of supernatural beings. This belief in divine kingship and mythical beings was prevalent in archaic societies and played a central role in their religious practices and beliefs.

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  • 45. 

    Hinduism is a polytheistic religion.

    • A.

      FALSE

    • B.

      TRUE

    Correct Answer
    B. TRUE
    Explanation
    Hinduism is considered a polytheistic religion because it recognizes and worships multiple deities. The Hindu pantheon consists of various gods and goddesses, each representing different aspects of life and the universe. These deities are revered and worshipped by Hindus through rituals, prayers, and offerings. The belief in multiple gods is a fundamental aspect of Hinduism and is one of the distinguishing characteristics of the religion.

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  • 46. 

    Islam is a monotheistic and historic religion.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    Islam is considered a monotheistic religion because it believes in the existence of only one God, known as Allah. This is one of the fundamental principles of Islam, as outlined in the Quran, the holy book of Islam. Additionally, Islam is also considered a historic religion as it has a long and rich history that spans over 1400 years since its inception in the 7th century. It has had a significant impact on various civilizations and continues to be practiced by millions of people around the world today.

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  • 47. 

    Which dimension of the sacred would the Ten Commandments or the Five Pillars of Islam belong to?

    • A.

      Ritual or practical

    • B.

      Experiential

    • C.

      Artistic or material

    • D.

      Legal or ethical

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Legal or ethical
    Explanation
    The Ten Commandments and the Five Pillars of Islam are sets of rules and guidelines that govern the behavior and actions of individuals within their respective religions. These rules have a legal and ethical dimension as they outline what is considered right and wrong, and provide a framework for moral conduct and social order. Therefore, the correct answer is "legal or ethical".

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  • 48. 

    Which of the following metaphors or systems of knowledge have dominated religious or wisdom traditions?

    • A.

      The Great Chain of Living

    • B.

      The Great Nest of Becoming

    • C.

      The Great Nest of Hatching

    • D.

      The Great Vest of Clothing

    • E.

      The Great Chain of Being

    Correct Answer
    E. The Great Chain of Being
    Explanation
    The Great Chain of Being is a metaphor or system of knowledge that has dominated religious or wisdom traditions. It represents the hierarchical structure of the universe, with God at the top and different levels or "links" of beings below, ranging from angels and humans to animals and plants. This concept emphasizes the interconnectedness and orderliness of all creation, with each being having its own place and purpose in the cosmic hierarchy. It has been influential in shaping religious and philosophical beliefs, particularly in Western traditions.

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  • 49. 

    A cult is a well-established religious community with a strong charismatic leader.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    B. FALSE
    Explanation
    The statement is false because a cult is not necessarily a well-established religious community. Cults can be small and relatively new groups that are centered around a charismatic leader or a particular belief system. The term "cult" is often used to describe groups that are considered to be extremist, manipulative, or harmful in their practices. It is important to note that not all religious communities with charismatic leaders are considered cults.

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  • 50. 

    Scientology has over one billion believers or adherents, which includes Tom Cruise and John Travolta.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    B. FALSE
    Explanation
    The statement that Scientology has over one billion believers or adherents is false. While it is true that Tom Cruise and John Travolta are known to be followers of Scientology, the claim of having over one billion believers is an exaggeration. The actual number of Scientologists worldwide is estimated to be much smaller.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 30, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Dceret
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