Make all turns to the left, unless otherwise indicated
Fly a left-hand traffic pattern at 800 feet AGL
Enter and fly a traffic pattern at 800 feet AGL
The pilot must hold an instrument rating, but the airplane need to be equipped for instrument flight, as long as the weather will remain at or above SVFR minimums
The Class D airspace must be specifically designated as a night SVFR area
The pilot must hold an instrument rating, and the airplane must be equipped for instrument flight
Prior to entering the airspace, a pilot must establish and maintain communication with the ATC serving facility
Aircraft must be equipped with an ATC transponder
Prior to takeoff, a pilot must establish communication with the ATC controlling facility
8 NM, and up to and including 3,000 feet AGL
5 NM, and up to and including 3,000 feet AGL
4 NM, and up to and including 2,500 feet AGL
10 NM, up to and including 3,000 feet AGL
30 SM, and be transported equipped
4 NM, up to and including 2,500 feet AGL
All VORs to be used en route
Airport rotating light beacons
Destination airport lightning system
Pupils of the eyes have become dilated in approximately 10 minutes
Rods in the eyes have become adjusted to the darkness in approximately 30 minutes
Cones in the eyes have become adjusted to the darkness in approximately 5 minutes
Maintain altitude and airspeed
Adjust airspeed to that recommended for rough air
Enter a shallow climb or descent at maneuvering speed
Change power settings, as necessary, to maintain constant airspeed
Control airspeed with power, maintain wings level, and accept variations of altitude
Set power and trim to obtain an airspeed at or below maneuvering speed, maintain wings level, and accept variations of airspeed and altitude
Rely upon radio as the primary method of navigation
Climb to a higher altitude because it will be easier to identity checkpoints
Apply rule-of-thumb computations, estimates, and other appropriate shortcuts to divert to the new course as soon as possible
Maintaining a safe airspeed
Landing directly into the wind
Turning back to the takeoff field
Increase the airspeed slightly above normal approach speed to attain more positive control
Decrease the airspeed slightly below normal approach speed to avoid overstressing the airplane
Increase the airspeed slightly above normal approach speed to penetrate the turbulence as quickly as possible
A power-on approach and power-on landing
A power-off approach and power-on landing
A power-on approach and power-off landing
Directional of motion of the airplane and its lateral axis be perpendicular to the runway
Directional of motion of the airplane and its longitudinal axis be parallel to the runway
Downwind wing be lowered sufficiently to eliminate the tendency for the airplane to drift
Aileron pressure into the wind and initiate the lift-off at a normal airspeed in both tailwheel and nosewheel-type airplanes
Right rudder pressure, aileron pressure into the wind, and higher than normal lift-off airspeed in both tricycle and conventional-gear airplanes
Rudder as required to maintain directional control, aileron pressure into the wind, and higher than normal lift-off airspeed in both conventional and nosewheel-type airplanes
Neutral at all the time
Toward the direction from which the wind is blowing
Opposite the direction from which the wind is blowing
Power, pitch, bank, and trim
Thrust, lift, turns, and glides
Straight-and-level flight, turns, climbs, and descent
Center of gravity moves aft
Center of gravity moves forward
Elevator trim is adjusted nosedown
End of runway at departure end
A pilot should remain clear of an airport traffic pattern and continue circling
Obstructions or areas considered hazardous to aerial navigation
Excessive induced drag will result in structural failure
Design limit load factors may be exceeded, if gusts are encountered
Control effectiveness is so impaired that the aircraft becomes uncontrollable
Transmit code H on 121.5
Append the code PAPA to the aircraft call sign during all radio transmissions.
Set codes 7500 on the aircraft transponder.
Maintaining a safe airspeed.
Landing directly into the wind.
Turning back to the takeoff field.
Climbing or descending to assigned altitudes.
Experiencing any malfunctions of navigational, approach, or communications equipment, occurring in flight.
Requested to contact a new controlling facility.
The miniature aircraft would indicate a descent.
The miniature aircraft would indicate a climb.
It depends on whether the altitude indicator is an electric or vacuum type.
No precession characteristic is evident unless a force.
Not recommended because of excess time involved in its proper utilization.
Discouraged because of possible failure of the cockpit lightning system.
Required by regulations to prevent reliance upon memorized procedures.