The Ultimate Exam Test On Earth Science! Quiz

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The Ultimate Exam Test On Earth Science! Quiz - Quiz

If you are looking for a way to jog your memory on the topics that you have covered in school so far at your earth science class? The question below is designed to help you do just that. Why don’t you give it a try and see if you may require a tutor before the exams are due to gunner the top marks?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Ice pellets are also known as what?

    • A.

      Slots

    • B.

      Sleet

    • C.

      Photochemistry

    • D.

      Twister

    Correct Answer
    B. Sleet
    Explanation
    Ice pellets are also known as sleet because sleet is a type of precipitation that consists of small ice pellets. It occurs when there is a layer of freezing air above the ground, causing raindrops to freeze into ice pellets before reaching the surface. Sleet is different from snow as it does not fall as individual flakes but rather as small, translucent balls of ice.

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  • 2. 

    What is the daily disappearance of the sun below the western horizon called?

    • A.

      Mooning

    • B.

      Sunrise

    • C.

      Dew Point

    • D.

      Sunset

    Correct Answer
    D. Sunset
    Explanation
    Sunset refers to the daily disappearance of the sun below the western horizon. It is the moment when the sun's upper edge is no longer visible from a particular location on Earth. This occurs due to the rotation of the Earth on its axis, causing the sun to appear to move across the sky and eventually set in the west. Sunset is a natural phenomenon that marks the end of the day and the beginning of the evening.

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  • 3. 

    What is a slang term for tornado?

    • A.

      Typhoon

    • B.

      Twister

    • C.

      Tsunami

    • D.

      Hurricane

    Correct Answer
    B. Twister
    Explanation
    Twister is a slang term for tornado. This term is commonly used in informal conversations to refer to a tornado. The word "twister" accurately describes the twisting and rotating motion of a tornado, making it a fitting slang term for this natural phenomenon.

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  • 4. 

    How do scientists refer to the direction from which the wind is blowing?

    • A.

      Conduction

    • B.

      Upwind

    • C.

      Canine

    • D.

      Galaxy Clusters

    Correct Answer
    B. Upwind
    Explanation
    Scientists refer to the direction from which the wind is blowing as "upwind." This term is commonly used in meteorology and describes the direction opposite to the movement of the wind. It is important for scientists to understand the wind direction as it can impact weather patterns, air pollution dispersion, and the movement of airborne particles.

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  • 5. 

    The science term, "agronomist", is best defined as?

    • A.

      Surface Curved Like The Outside Of A Circle

    • B.

      Physical Particle With Negative Charge

    • C.

      A Sense Of Tiredness And Losing Stamina

    • D.

      Specializes In Soil And Crops

    Correct Answer
    D. Specializes In Soil And Crops
    Explanation
    An agronomist is a professional who specializes in the study of soil and crops. They apply scientific principles and techniques to enhance agricultural productivity and sustainability. Agronomists analyze soil properties, nutrient levels, and environmental factors to develop strategies for optimizing crop growth and yield. They also research and implement innovative farming practices, such as crop rotation, irrigation management, and pest control. By focusing on soil and crops, agronomists play a crucial role in ensuring food security and promoting sustainable agriculture.

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  • 6. 

    What does a seismologist study?

    • A.

      Earthquakes

    • B.

      Extinctions

    • C.

      The Ocean

    • D.

      Plants

    Correct Answer
    A. Earthquakes
    Explanation
    A seismologist studies earthquakes. Seismology is the scientific field that focuses on the study of seismic waves and the behavior of the Earth's interior during earthquakes. Seismologists analyze and interpret data from seismic instruments to understand the causes and effects of earthquakes, including their magnitude, frequency, and distribution. They also study the structure and dynamics of the Earth's crust, mantle, and core to gain insights into the processes that generate earthquakes. By studying earthquakes, seismologists contribute to the understanding and prediction of these natural phenomena, which is crucial for mitigating their potential hazards.

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  • 7. 

    The science term "precipitation" is best defined as which of these?

    • A.

      Abnormal Function

    • B.

      Tank For Domestic Wastes

    • C.

      Specialist In Plants

    • D.

      Falling Condensed Water

    Correct Answer
    D. Falling Condensed Water
    Explanation
    The term "precipitation" in the context of science refers to the process by which water vapor in the atmosphere condenses and falls to the Earth's surface as various forms of water such as rain, snow, sleet, or hail. Therefore, the best definition for "precipitation" is "Falling Condensed Water."

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  • 8. 

    The term "falls" is best defined as what?

    • A.

      Chemicals Made From Oil

    • B.

      One Who Studies Earthquakes

    • C.

      Slang Term For Tornado

    • D.

      Very Fast Whitewater Cascade

    Correct Answer
    D. Very Fast Whitewater Cascade
    Explanation
    The term "falls" refers to a very fast whitewater cascade. This definition implies that "falls" is used to describe a rapid and powerful flow of water, typically found in rivers or waterfalls. The other options, such as chemicals made from oil, one who studies earthquakes, or a slang term for tornado, do not accurately define the term "falls" in the context given.

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  • 9. 

    The process by which plants make food is called what?

    • A.

      Chloroplast

    • B.

      Zygote

    • C.

      Photosynthesis

    • D.

      Metabolism

    Correct Answer
    C. Photosynthesis
    Explanation
    Photosynthesis is the correct answer because it is the process by which plants convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into glucose (food) and release oxygen as a byproduct. Chloroplasts, on the other hand, are the organelles within plant cells where photosynthesis takes place. Zygote is a fertilized egg cell formed by the fusion of sperm and egg, and metabolism refers to the chemical processes that occur within a living organism to maintain life.

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  • 10. 

    Which of these is a type of wetland?

    • A.

      Tundra

    • B.

      Bog

    • C.

      Desert

    • D.

      Savannah

    Correct Answer
    B. Bog
    Explanation
    A bog is a type of wetland characterized by its waterlogged and acidic conditions. It is formed when sphagnum moss and other vegetation decompose, creating a thick layer of peat. Bogs are typically found in cool climates and are home to unique plant and animal species adapted to the wet and nutrient-poor environment. They play an important role in water filtration, carbon storage, and habitat preservation. Unlike tundra, desert, and savannah, which are not wetlands, bogs are specifically recognized as a type of wetland ecosystem.

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  • 11. 

    What is compressed moss that turns blackish brown called?

    • A.

      Grass

    • B.

      Rhizoid

    • C.

      Zygote

    • D.

      Peat

    Correct Answer
    D. Peat
    Explanation
    Peat is the correct answer because it is a type of compressed moss that turns blackish brown. Peat is formed over thousands of years in wetland areas where dead plant material accumulates and decomposes without fully decomposing due to the lack of oxygen. This process results in the formation of peat, which is commonly used as fuel and in gardening for its ability to retain moisture.

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  • 12. 

    What is best described as gage pressure plus atmospheric pressure?

    • A.

      Battery

    • B.

      Absolute Pressure

    • C.

      Technographer

    • D.

      Bitmap

    Correct Answer
    B. Absolute Pressure
    Explanation
    Absolute pressure is the best description for gage pressure plus atmospheric pressure. Gage pressure is the pressure measured relative to atmospheric pressure, while absolute pressure is the total pressure including atmospheric pressure. Therefore, absolute pressure accounts for both the pressure exerted by a fluid and the pressure of the surrounding atmosphere.

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  • 13. 

    Every second, 100,000 cubic feet of water pours over what?

    • A.

      Niagara Falls

    • B.

      Hoover Dam

    • C.

      Atlantic Ocean

    • D.

      Nile River

    Correct Answer
    A. Niagara Falls
    Explanation
    Niagara Falls is the correct answer because it is a famous waterfall located on the border between the United States and Canada. The falls are known for their impressive volume of water, with approximately 100,000 cubic feet of water pouring over every second. This makes Niagara Falls one of the most powerful and iconic waterfalls in the world.

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  • 14. 

    What element is a diamond composed of?

    • A.

      Carbon

    • B.

      Boron

    • C.

      Aluminum

    • D.

      Silicon

    Correct Answer
    A. Carbon
    Explanation
    Diamond is composed of carbon. Carbon atoms in a diamond are arranged in a crystal lattice structure, resulting in the formation of a hard and transparent gemstone. The strong covalent bonds between carbon atoms give diamond its unique properties, such as its high hardness and thermal conductivity.

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  • 15. 

    What is the science of the origin, history, and structure of the Earth called?

    • A.

      Geology

    • B.

      Oceanography

    • C.

      Astronomy

    • D.

      Meteorology

    Correct Answer
    A. Geology
    Explanation
    Geology is the science that studies the origin, history, and structure of the Earth. It involves examining the rocks, minerals, and landforms to understand how they were formed and how they have changed over time. Geologists also study Earth's processes, such as earthquakes, volcanoes, and erosion, to gain insights into the Earth's past and predict future events. By analyzing the Earth's composition and structure, geology helps us understand the planet we live on and how it has evolved over billions of years.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 18, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Alfredhook3
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