Quiz On US History Terms

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the practice of voting for candidates without taking into consideration their political affiliation?

    • A.

      Primary Election

    • B.

      Executive Agreement

    • C.

      Incumbency

    • D.

      Ticket Splitting

    Correct Answer
    D. Ticket Splitting
    Explanation
    Ticket splitting is the practice of voting for candidates without considering their political affiliation. This means that voters may choose candidates from different political parties for different positions or offices. For example, a voter may vote for a Republican candidate for president but choose a Democratic candidate for a local office. Ticket splitting allows voters to evaluate candidates individually based on their qualifications, positions, or other factors, rather than simply voting along party lines. This practice can lead to a more diverse and balanced representation in government.

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  • 2. 

    What is a way of describing dissatisfaction with the workings of a bureaucracy in terms of inefficiency, mismanagement, and frustration?

    • A.

      Red Tape

    • B.

      Jus Soli

    • C.

      Bad Tendency Doctrine

    • D.

      Deficit Spending

    Correct Answer
    A. Red Tape
    Explanation
    Red tape is a term used to describe dissatisfaction with the workings of a bureaucracy in terms of inefficiency, mismanagement, and frustration. It refers to excessive regulations, procedures, and paperwork that hinder the smooth functioning of an organization or government. The term implies that bureaucratic processes are slow, burdensome, and often result in delays and frustrations for individuals or businesses trying to navigate through them. It highlights the perception that bureaucracy can be overly complex and rigid, leading to inefficiencies and frustrations for those involved.

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  • 3. 

    What are powers that are exclusively for the federal government and are enumerated in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution called?

    • A.

      Delegated Power

    • B.

      Electoral College

    • C.

      Constitutional Home Rule

    • D.

      Joint Committee

    Correct Answer
    A. Delegated Power
    Explanation
    The powers that are exclusively for the federal government and are enumerated in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution are called delegated powers. These powers are specifically granted to the federal government and are listed in the Constitution, outlining the authority and responsibilities of the federal government in areas such as taxation, defense, and commerce.

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  • 4. 

    What is the part of the open primary system in which the voters are not required to vote based upon their party affiliation?

    • A.

      Primary Election

    • B.

      Crossover Voting

    • C.

      Joint Committee

    • D.

      Executive Agreement

    Correct Answer
    B. Crossover Voting
    Explanation
    Crossover voting is the part of the open primary system where voters are not required to vote based on their party affiliation. This means that voters can choose to vote for candidates from any political party, regardless of their own party affiliation. This allows for greater flexibility and the opportunity for voters to support candidates that they believe in, rather than being restricted by party lines.

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  • 5. 

    What is a Hamiltonian view of the Constitution that advocates the idea that the federal government has a wide range of powers?

    • A.

      Loose Interpretation

    • B.

      Representative Government

    • C.

      National Debt

    • D.

      Free Enterprise

    Correct Answer
    A. Loose Interpretation
    Explanation
    A Hamiltonian view of the Constitution advocates for a loose interpretation, meaning that the federal government has a wide range of powers. This view aligns with Alexander Hamilton's belief in a strong central government and the need for flexibility in interpreting the Constitution to address the changing needs of the nation. By allowing for a loose interpretation, the federal government can exercise powers beyond those explicitly stated in the Constitution, enabling it to effectively address various issues and challenges that may arise.

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  • 6. 

    What is the authority of the executive (often the governor) to veto parts of bill without vetoing the entire piece of legislation?

    • A.

      Line Item Veto

    • B.

      Faction

    • C.

      House Of Representatives

    • D.

      Impoundment

    Correct Answer
    A. Line Item Veto
    Explanation
    The authority of the executive to veto parts of a bill without vetoing the entire legislation is known as the Line Item Veto. This power allows the executive, often the governor, to selectively reject specific provisions or spending items within a bill while approving the rest of the legislation. This gives the executive the ability to eliminate certain elements they disagree with or consider unnecessary, without completely rejecting the entire bill.

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  • 7. 

    What is the powers the federal government exercises in foreign affairs which are not specifically stated in the Constitution?

    • A.

      Inherent Powers

    • B.

      Express Powers

    • C.

      Majority Floor Leader

    • D.

      Bill Of Rights

    Correct Answer
    A. Inherent Powers
    Explanation
    Inherent powers refer to the powers that the federal government exercises in foreign affairs which are not specifically stated in the Constitution. These powers are derived from the government's sovereignty and are considered necessary to carry out its responsibilities in foreign policy and international relations. They include the power to make treaties, negotiate with foreign governments, declare war, and regulate commerce with other nations. These powers are not explicitly listed in the Constitution but are considered inherent to the federal government's authority in foreign affairs.

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  • 8. 

    What is a power that is not really stated directly but is implied in Article I, Section 8, clause 18 of the Constitution?

    • A.

      Implied Power

    • B.

      Republic

    • C.

      National Debt

    • D.

      Separation Of Powers

    Correct Answer
    A. Implied Power
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Implied Power." In Article I, Section 8, clause 18 of the Constitution, also known as the Necessary and Proper Clause or the Elastic Clause, it grants Congress the power to make all laws that are necessary and proper for carrying out the powers listed in the Constitution. This clause implies that Congress has additional powers beyond those specifically listed, allowing them to adapt to changing circumstances and effectively govern the nation. These implied powers are derived from the expressed powers and are essential for the functioning of the federal government.

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  • 9. 

    What is the construction of an election district so as to give a distinct advantage to one party or group over another?

    • A.

      Gerrymandering

    • B.

      Senate

    • C.

      Cloture

    • D.

      Localism

    Correct Answer
    A. Gerrymandering
    Explanation
    Gerrymandering is the correct answer because it refers to the construction of an election district in a way that benefits one party or group over another. It involves manipulating the boundaries of electoral districts to create an unfair advantage for a particular political party or group. This can be done by concentrating the opposing party's supporters into a few districts (packing) or by spreading them out across multiple districts (cracking), both of which aim to dilute their voting power. Gerrymandering is a controversial practice that undermines the principle of fair representation in democratic systems.

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  • 10. 

    What is the division of power between the national government (delegated power) and the state governments (reserved power)?

    • A.

      House Of Representatives

    • B.

      Incumbency

    • C.

      Ex Post Fact Law

    • D.

      Federalism

    Correct Answer
    D. Federalism
    Explanation
    Federalism refers to the division of power between the national government and the state governments. It is a system in which power is shared between these two levels of government, with certain powers delegated to the national government and others reserved for the state governments. This allows for a balance of power and ensures that neither level of government becomes too dominant.

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  • 11. 

    Why was the battle fought at Gettysburg?

    • A.

      It Lay On The Turnpike To Washington

    • B.

      It Was On The Road That Would Split The North In Half

    • C.

      It Was On The Road To Annapolis

    • D.

      It Was Near The Largest Shoe Factory In The Area

    Correct Answer
    D. It Was Near The Largest Shoe Factory In The Area
  • 12. 

    1960's "Flower People" were associated with what California neighborhood?

    • A.

      Haight-Ashbury

    • B.

      Greenwich Village

    • C.

      Rodeo Drive

    • D.

      Coconut Grove

    Correct Answer
    A. Haight-Ashbury
    Explanation
    During the 1960s, the "Flower People" were a counterculture movement that emerged in Haight-Ashbury, a neighborhood in San Francisco, California. This neighborhood became a hub for the hippie movement, attracting young people who advocated for peace, love, and freedom. Haight-Ashbury became known for its vibrant music scene, psychedelic drugs, and alternative lifestyles, making it synonymous with the "Flower People" of the 1960s.

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  • 13. 

    Why did President Theodore Roosevelt ban Christmas trees from the White House?

    • A.

      Tree Harvesting Was Depleting Our Forests

    • B.

      Was Allergic To The Tree

    • C.

      Didn't Want To Favor One Religion

    • D.

      He Was A Scrooge

    Correct Answer
    A. Tree Harvesting Was Depleting Our Forests
    Explanation
    President Theodore Roosevelt banned Christmas trees from the White House because he believed that tree harvesting was depleting our forests. By banning Christmas trees, he aimed to promote conservation and raise awareness about the need to protect and preserve our natural resources.

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  • 14. 

    What Native American tribe celebrated the first Thanksgiving with the colonists?

    • A.

      Sioux Tribe

    • B.

      Kennesaw Tribe

    • C.

      Mucseeyugnee Tribe

    • D.

      Wampanoag Tribe

    Correct Answer
    D. Wampanoag Tribe
    Explanation
    The Wampanoag Tribe celebrated the first Thanksgiving with the colonists. This tribe inhabited the region that is now known as Massachusetts and Rhode Island. They played a crucial role in helping the Pilgrims survive by teaching them how to cultivate crops and adapt to the new environment. The first Thanksgiving feast was a way for the Pilgrims to express their gratitude towards the Wampanoag Tribe for their assistance and friendship.

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  • 15. 

    Which former Attorney General of the U.S. was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease?

    • A.

      Alberto Gonzales

    • B.

      Janet Reno

    • C.

      Paul J. McNulty

    • D.

      William Bradford Reynolds

    Correct Answer
    B. Janet Reno
    Explanation
    Janet Reno, the former Attorney General of the U.S., was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects movement and is characterized by symptoms such as tremors, stiffness, and difficulty with balance and coordination. Janet Reno's diagnosis with Parkinson's disease is a well-known fact and has been widely reported in the media.

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