OS File Management And I/O: Quiz!

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Themes
T
Themes
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 410 | Total Attempts: 771,276
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 823

SettingsSettingsSettings
OS File Management And I/O: Quiz! - Quiz

In computing terms, IO is the interaction between an information processing system, such as a computer, and the external world, probably a human or different information processing system. At the same time, OS file management is the organization of data. Take this quiz to test your knowledge about IO and file management.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A basic element of data in a file is:

    • A.

      Memory

    • B.

      Record

    • C.

      Value

    • D.

      Field

    Correct Answer
    D. Field
    Explanation
    A basic element of data in a file is a field. A field is a specific piece of information within a record that represents a single attribute or characteristic. It can hold a value or multiple values related to that attribute. For example, in a database of employees, a field could be "employee name" or "employee ID." Fields are used to organize and store data in a structured manner, allowing for efficient retrieval and manipulation of information within a file.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    A basic element of data in a file is:

    • A.

      Memory

    • B.

      Record

    • C.

      Value

    • D.

      Field

    Correct Answer
    D. Field
    Explanation
    A basic element of data in a file is a field. A field represents a single piece of information within a record. It can be a name, a number, a date, or any other type of data. Fields are used to organize and categorize data within a file, allowing for efficient storage and retrieval. Each record in a file consists of multiple fields, each containing a specific data value. Therefore, the correct answer is "Field".

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    ____________________ refers to the logical structuring of records.

    • A.

      Physical organization

    • B.

      Logical organization

    • C.

      Structural organization

    • D.

      File organization

    Correct Answer
    D. File organization
    Explanation
    File organization refers to the logical structuring of records. It involves arranging data in a systematic manner within a file, which allows for efficient storage, retrieval, and manipulation of information. This can include various methods such as sequential, indexed, or hashed file organization. By organizing files, it becomes easier to locate and access specific data, improving overall efficiency and effectiveness in data management.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Records are treated as a unit.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Records are treated as a unit means that when dealing with a database, all the information related to a particular record is considered together. This means that any changes or updates made to the record will affect all the fields and attributes associated with it. Treating records as a unit ensures data integrity and consistency within the database. Therefore, the correct answer is True.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    In the ……………………… file organization, data are collected in the order in which they arrive where each record consists of one burst of data.

    • A.

      Pile

    • B.

      Sequential

    • C.

      Indexed

    • D.

      Indexed Sequential

    Correct Answer
    A. Pile
    Explanation
    In the "Pile" file organization, data is collected in the order in which they arrive, with each record consisting of one burst of data. This means that the records are simply added to the file as they come in, without any specific organization or structure. The data is stored in a continuous manner, with no particular indexing or sequencing applied. This type of file organization is simple and straightforward, but it can make searching and accessing specific records more time-consuming and inefficient.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The ……………………… maintains the key characteristic of the sequential file: Records are organized in sequence based on a key field.  

    • A.

      Pile

    • B.

      Sequential

    • C.

      Indexed Sequential

    • D.

      Indexed

    Correct Answer
    C. Indexed Sequential
    Explanation
    Indexed Sequential maintains the key characteristic of the sequential file by organizing records in sequence based on a key field. This means that the records are stored in a specific order according to the values in the key field, allowing for efficient searching and retrieval of records based on this key. Additionally, the index component of the indexed sequential file helps to further enhance the performance by providing a separate data structure that allows for faster access to specific records.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Airline reservation systems and inventory control system are examples of …………………….. system.

    • A.

      Sequential file

    • B.

      Indexed file

    • C.

      Indexed Sequential file

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Indexed file
    Explanation
    Airline reservation systems and inventory control systems typically use indexed files. Indexed files allow for efficient access and retrieval of data by using a separate index structure that contains pointers to the actual data records. This index structure enables quick searching and sorting of data, making it suitable for applications that require frequent data retrieval and updates. Sequential files, on the other hand, store data in a sequential order and do not provide efficient access to specific records. Therefore, the correct answer is indexed file.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    The …………………. greatly reduced the time required to access a single record without sacrificing the sequential nature of the file.  

    • A.

      Indexed file

    • B.

      Sequential

    • C.

      Indexed Sequential

    • D.

      B and c

    Correct Answer
    C. Indexed Sequential
    Explanation
    Indexed Sequential file greatly reduces the time required to access a single record without sacrificing the sequential nature of the file. This is achieved by using an index, which is a separate data structure that stores the addresses of the records in the file. The index allows for direct access to specific records, rather than having to sequentially search through the entire file. This improves the efficiency of accessing individual records while still maintaining the sequential organization of the file.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    In free space management, ………………….. method has negligible space overhead because there is no need for a disk allocation table, merely for a pointer to the beginning of the chain and the length of the first portion.

    • A.

      Indexing

    • B.

      Free Block List

    • C.

      Chained Free portions

    • D.

      Bit tables

    Correct Answer
    C. Chained Free portions
    Explanation
    Chained Free portions method has negligible space overhead because there is no need for a disk allocation table. Instead, this method uses a pointer to the beginning of the chain and the length of the first portion. This means that the free space is managed by linking together consecutive free portions of memory. The pointer allows easy access to the beginning of the chain, and the length information helps in efficiently utilizing the available free space. Therefore, this method is efficient in terms of space management without the need for additional data structures like a disk allocation table.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    ………………….. is a preallocation strategy, using variable size portions where the file allocation table needs just a single entry for each file, showing the starting block and the length of the file.

    • A.

      Chained Allocation

    • B.

      Indexed Allocation

    • C.

      Contiguous Allocation

    • D.

      Variable Allocation

    Correct Answer
    C. Contiguous Allocation
    Explanation
    Contiguous allocation is a preallocation strategy where variable size portions are used. In this strategy, the file allocation table only requires a single entry for each file, indicating the starting block and the length of the file. This means that the file is stored in consecutive blocks on the storage device, allowing for efficient access and retrieval of data.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    In ………………………….. method, the file allocation table contains a separate one level index for each file, the index has one entry for each portion allocated to the file.

    • A.

      Contiguous allocation

    • B.

      Chained Allocation

    • C.

      Indexed Allocation

    • D.

      Variable Allocation

    Correct Answer
    C. Indexed Allocation
    Explanation
    In indexed allocation method, the file allocation table contains a separate one level index for each file. This means that for each file, there is a corresponding index entry in the file allocation table. Each index entry points to the location of the portions allocated to the file. This allows for efficient access to different portions of the file, as the index provides a direct mapping to the allocated portions.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Typically, ………………… is on an individual block basis where each block contains a pointer to the next block in the chain.

    • A.

      Chained Allocation

    • B.

      Indexed Allocation

    • C.

      Contiguous Allocation

    • D.

      A and b

    Correct Answer
    A. Chained Allocation
    Explanation
    Chained Allocation is a method of allocating storage space for files in a computer system. In this method, each block contains a pointer to the next block in the chain, allowing for easy traversal of the blocks. This means that the blocks do not need to be contiguous, and they can be located anywhere in the storage space. Chained Allocation is commonly used in file systems where files can grow dynamically and the location of each block is not predetermined.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    In the ______ algorithm, the disk arm starts at one end of the disk and moves toward the other end, servicing requests till the other end of the disk. At the other end, the direction is reversed and servicing continues.

    • A.

      LOOK

    • B.

      C-SCAN

    • C.

      SCAN

    • D.

      C-LOOK

    Correct Answer
    C. SCAN
    Explanation
    The SCAN algorithm starts at one end of the disk and moves towards the other end, servicing requests along the way. Once it reaches the other end, the direction is reversed and servicing continues in the opposite direction. This algorithm is efficient as it reduces the average seek time by servicing requests in a continuous manner, rather than going back and forth between different parts of the disk.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    In the _______ algorithm, the disk head moves from one end to the other, servicing requests along the way. When the head reaches the other end, it immediately returns to the beginning of the disk without servicing any requests on the return trip.

    • A.

      Look

    • B.

      SCAN

    • C.

      C-SCAN

    • D.

      C-LOOK

    Correct Answer
    C. C-SCAN
    Explanation
    C-SCAN is the correct answer because in this algorithm, the disk head moves from one end to the other, servicing requests along the way. Once it reaches the other end, it immediately returns to the beginning of the disk without servicing any requests on the return trip. This algorithm is commonly used in disk scheduling to optimize the movement of the disk head and reduce seek time.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    In the ______ algorithm, the disk arm goes as far as the final request in each direction, then reverses direction immediately without going to the end of the disk.

    • A.

      LOOK

    • B.

      SCAN

    • C.

      C-LOOK

    • D.

      C-SCAN

    Correct Answer
    A. LOOK
    Explanation
    LOOK algorithm is a disk scheduling algorithm in which the disk arm moves towards the final request in each direction and then immediately reverses its direction without reaching the end of the disk. This algorithm helps in reducing the average seek time by servicing the requests in a more efficient manner.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    The time taken to move the disk arm to the desired cylinder is called the ____________

    • A.

      Random Access Time

    • B.

      Positioning Time

    • C.

      Seek Time

    • D.

      Rotational Latency

    Correct Answer
    C. Seek Time
    Explanation
    The seek time refers to the time taken by the disk arm to move to the desired cylinder. It is a crucial factor in determining the overall performance of a disk drive. The positioning time, on the other hand, refers to the time taken to position the disk arm over the desired track. Random access time is a broader term that includes both seek time and rotational latency. Rotational latency specifically refers to the time taken for the desired sector to rotate under the disk head.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    The time taken for the desired sector to rotate to the disk head is called ____________

    • A.

      Positioning Time

    • B.

      Access Time

    • C.

      Seek Time

    • D.

      Rotational Latency

    Correct Answer
    D. Rotational Latency
    Explanation
    Rotational latency refers to the time it takes for the desired sector of a disk to rotate under the disk head. This is the time it takes for the disk to spin until the desired sector is positioned directly under the read/write head. It is an important factor in determining the overall access time of a disk system.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Which RAID type doesn’t use parity for data protection?

    • A.

      RAID 1

    • B.

      RAID 4

    • C.

      RAID 6

    • D.

      RAID 5

    Correct Answer
    A. RAID 1
    Explanation
    RAID 1 is a type of RAID that doesn't use parity for data protection. In RAID 1, data is mirrored onto two or more drives, creating an exact copy of the data on each drive. This means that if one drive fails, the data can still be accessed from the remaining drives. Parity is not used in RAID 1 because there is no need for it, as the data is already duplicated on multiple drives.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Which one of these is characteristic of RAID 5?

    • A.

      Distributed parity

    • B.

      No parity

    • C.

      All parity in a single disk

    • D.

      Double parity

    Correct Answer
    A. Distributed parity
    Explanation
    RAID 5 is characterized by distributed parity, which means that the parity information is spread across all the drives in the RAID array. This offers redundancy and fault tolerance, as if one drive fails, the parity information can be used to reconstruct the data on that drive. This distributed parity also allows for improved performance, as the data can be read from multiple drives simultaneously.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    What is the unique characteristic of RAID 6?

    • A.

      Distributed Parity

    • B.

      Striping

    • C.

      Two Independent Distributed Parity

    • D.

      Mirroring

    Correct Answer
    C. Two Independent Distributed Parity
    Explanation
    RAID 6 is unique because it uses two independent distributed parity schemes. This means that it can tolerate the failure of two drives simultaneously without losing any data. The data is striped across multiple drives, and two separate parity calculations are performed, which provides an extra level of redundancy and fault tolerance. This makes RAID 6 a reliable option for data storage systems that require high levels of data protection.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 10, 2021
    Quiz Created by
    Themes
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.