Know The Science Behind The Food We Eat - Quiz About Nutrition And Digestion

25 Questions

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Know The Science Behind The Food We Eat - Quiz About Nutrition And Digestion

Nutrition is the biochemical and physiological process by which an organism uses food to support its life. It includes ingestion, absorption, assimilation, biosynthesis, catabolism and excretion. Know The Science Behind The Food We Eat - Quiz About Nutrition And Digestion


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is an example of disaccharide?  
    • A. 

      Glucose 

    • B. 

      Fructose

    • C. 

      Galactose

    • D. 

      Maltose

  • 2. 
    Which of the following carbohydrates is a triose?
    • A. 

      Glucose

    • B. 

      B) Ribose

    • C. 

      C) Ribulose

    • D. 

      D) Glyceraldehyde

  • 3. 
    Lactose is a disaccharide of which of the following sugar units?
    • A. 

      Glucose and fructose

    • B. 

       Glucose and galactose

    • C. 

      Glucose and sucrose

    • D. 

      Glucose and ribose

    • E. 

      Option 5

  • 4. 
    Which of the following enzyme catalyzes the first step of glycolysis?
    • A. 

      Hexokinase

    • B. 

      Pyruvate kinase

    • C. 

      Glucokinase

    • D. 

      Phosphofructokinase-1

  • 5. 
    What is the general term used for the anaerobic degradation of glucose to obtain energy?
    • A. 

      Anabolism

    • B. 

      Oxidation

    • C. 

      Fermentation

    • D. 

      Metabolism

  • 6. 
    Whenever the cell’s ATP supply is depleted, which of the following enzyme’s activity is increased?
    • A. 

      Hexokinase

    • B. 

      Pyruvate kinase

    • C. 

      Glucokinase

    • D. 

      Phosphofructokinase-1

  • 7. 
    Dihydroxyacetone phosphate is rapidly and reversibly converted to
    • A. 

      Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate

    • B. 

      1, 3-bis-phosphoglycerate

    • C. 

      Fructose 1, 6-bisphosphate

    • D. 

      Fructose 6-phosphate

  • 8. 
    Name the pathway for glucose synthesis by non-carbohydrate precursors?
    • A. 

      Glycogenesis

    • B. 

      Glycolysis

    • C. 

      Gluconeogenesis

    • D. 

      Glycogenolysis

  • 9. 
    What is the site for gluconeogenesis?
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Brain

    • C. 

      Muscle

    • D. 

      Adipose

  • 10. 
    Name the enzyme which is responsible for the conversion of pyruvate to phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP)?
    • A. 

      Pyruvate carboxylase

    • B. 

      Pyruvate carboxykinase

    • C. 

      Glucose 6-phosphatase

    • D. 

      Phosphofructokinase

  • 11. 
    Name the most active organs in the animal body which have the ability to synthesize triacylglycerol?
    • A. 

      Spleen

    • B. 

      Kidney

    • C. 

      Liver and intestines

    • D. 

      Adipose tissues

  • 12. 
    What is lipolysis?
    • A. 

      Hydrolysis of triacylglycerol

    • B. 

      Formation of lipids

    • C. 

      Breakdown of ketone bodies

    • D. 

      Formation of ketone bodies

  • 13. 
    Mark the INCORRECT statement about the bile salt.
    • A. 

      These are detergent substances

    • B. 

      Stored in the gallbladder

    • C. 

       It is hydrophobic in nature

    • D. 

       It is made up of cholic acid

  • 14. 
    What is the outcome of the accumulation of acetyl-CoA in the mitochondria of the liver?
    • A. 

      It is used as an energy source

    • B. 

      It has broken down in to free fatty acids

    • C. 

      It gets converted to oxaloacetate

    • D. 

      It forms ketone bodies

  • 15. 
    Name the energy source of the brain during starvation?
    • A. 

      Fat

    • B. 

      Ketone bodies

    • C. 

      Protein

    • D. 

      Lipids

  • 16. 
    What is the biosynthetic source of all steroid hormones?
    • A. 

      Cholesterol

    • B. 

      Ketone bodies

    • C. 

      Carbohydrate

    • D. 

      Protein

  • 17. 
    Which of the following membrane is responsible for the protection of the heart?
    • A. 

      Epicardium

    • B. 

      Endocardium

    • C. 

      Myocardium

    • D. 

      Pericardium

  • 18. 
    ECG records electrical changes in which of the following layers of the heart, mark the correct option.
    • A. 

      Epicardium

    • B. 

      Pericardium

    • C. 

      Endocardium

    • D. 

      Myocardium

  • 19. 
    In the adult truncus arteriosus forms the following structures
  • 20. 
    Bulbus cordis forms 
    • A. 

      R ventricle

    • B. 

      L ventricle

    • C. 

      Smooth portion of both ventricles

    • D. 

      Aorta

  • 21. 
    Aortic arch 3 forms the following structures
  • 22. 
    Aortic arch 6 forms   
  • 23. 
    What muscles attach on the sternum?
  • 24. 
     Abbreviate  SCALP
  • 25. 
    How many pairs of spinal nerves are  there
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