Absorption of nutrients suspended in water.
Conversion of glycogen to glucose.
Chemical and mechanical breakdown of food for absorption into the body.
Churning of food in the stomach and intestine.
They are absorbed whole and are broken down into monomers in cells that ultimately use them.
Proteins and nucleic acids are digested into monomers before absorption; energy-storage macromolecules (starch and fat) are absorbed whole.
The digestive breakdown of macromolecules is keyed to the body's need for monomers; only the monomers that are immediately needed are produced.
Nutrient macromolecules are digested into monomers before absorption.
The environment of digestion must favor the action of digestive enzymes.
The environment of digestion must protect the food.
The environment of digestion must be contained.
The animal's body must be protected from its own digestive enzymes.
Digestion by symbiotic microorganisms.
Production of saliva containing amylase.
Avoidance of plants containing cellulose.
Converting cellulose to other carbohydrates.
High blood pressure
High levels of HDL
High levels of LDL
High consumption of trans fats
Eat less of foods that contain partially hydrogenated vegetable oils
Eat less of foods that contain antioxidants
Avoid cooking with olive oil
Consume more beef and less fish