Health And care- Hand Hygiene Knowledge Quiz

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Health And care- Hand Hygiene Knowledge Quiz - Quiz

Maintaining personal hygiene is quite important for living a healthy and disease-free life. And with the deadly Coronavirus outbreak, we had to adapt to the intense hygiene lifestyle, from frequently washing hands to wearing a face mask all the time in public places. Are you well familiar with the fact of how important personal hygiene is, especially hand sanitization? Let's find out with this quiz!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    HCW performs hand hygiene each time before and after providing care to patient to reduce the risk of hospital care associated infection?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Performing hand hygiene before and after providing care to a patient is an important practice in healthcare settings. This helps to reduce the risk of hospital-acquired infections by preventing the transfer of harmful microorganisms from the healthcare worker's hands to the patient or from the patient to the healthcare worker. Hand hygiene includes washing hands with soap and water or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. By following this practice, healthcare workers can maintain a clean and safe environment for patients, preventing the spread of infections.

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  • 2. 

    How many moments of Hand Hygiene?

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      5

    • C.

      6

    • D.

      None of the above

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    B. 5
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 5 because hand hygiene refers to the practice of cleaning hands to prevent the spread of germs. There are five key moments for hand hygiene, which include before touching a patient, before clean/aseptic procedures, after body fluid exposure/risk, after touching a patient, and after touching patient surroundings. Therefore, the correct answer is 5.

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  • 3. 

    When you will do hand wash?

    • A.

      When I assume my hands are dirty

    • B.

      When I take BP of patient

    • C.

      When my hands are visibly dirty

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. When my hands are visibly dirty
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "When my hands are visibly dirty". This means that the person will do a hand wash only when their hands are visibly dirty. This is a common practice as visible dirt on hands can contain germs and bacteria that can cause illness. It is important to wash hands regularly to maintain proper hygiene and prevent the spread of infections.

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  • 4. 

    Duration of Hand washing is?

    • A.

      20 to 30 sec  

    • B.

      40 to 60 sec

    • C.

      01 minute   

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. 40 to 60 sec
    Explanation
    Hand washing is an essential practice for maintaining good hygiene and preventing the spread of germs. The recommended duration for hand washing is 20 to 30 seconds, as this allows enough time to thoroughly clean all parts of the hands, including the palms, back of hands, fingers, and nails. However, in certain situations where hands are visibly dirty or when dealing with harmful substances, a longer duration of 40 to 60 seconds may be necessary. Therefore, the correct answer is 40 to 60 seconds.

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  • 5. 

    Duration of Hand Rub/sanitizer is?

    • A.

      20 to 30 sec

    • B.

      40 to 60 sec

    • C.

      01 minute

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. 20 to 30 sec
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 20 to 30 seconds. This duration is recommended for hand rub or sanitizer to effectively kill germs and bacteria. It allows enough time for the sanitizer to cover all surfaces of the hands and for the alcohol content to evaporate, ensuring proper disinfection. A shorter duration may not provide sufficient coverage, while a longer duration may not offer any additional benefits and may lead to unnecessary wastage of the sanitizer.

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  • 6. 

    What are the pre requisite of Hand Hygiene?

    • A.

      No Nail paint/Nail polish

    • B.

      Short trimmed nails

    • C.

      Remove rings

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". This means that all of the given options - no nail paint/nail polish, short trimmed nails, and removing rings - are prerequisites for hand hygiene. These measures help to ensure that hands are clean and free from any potential sources of contamination, such as dirt, bacteria, or viruses. Nail paint or polish can harbor germs, long nails can accumulate dirt and bacteria, and rings can trap pathogens. Therefore, it is important to follow all of these practices to maintain proper hand hygiene.

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  • 7. 

    To clean hands, hand washing is generally preferred over Alcohol hand rub?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Hand washing is generally preferred over alcohol hand rub to clean hands because hand washing with soap and water is more effective in removing dirt, grease, and harmful germs from the hands. It physically removes the germs from the skin and helps in reducing the risk of infections. Alcohol hand rub, on the other hand, is a convenient alternative when soap and water are not readily available, but it may not be as effective in removing certain types of germs or substances from the hands. Therefore, hand washing is generally considered the preferred method for hand hygiene.

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  • 8. 

    Hand Hygiene must be performed after gloves are removed?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Hand hygiene must be performed after gloves are removed because gloves can become contaminated during use. Removing gloves without performing hand hygiene can transfer any pathogens or contaminants present on the gloves to the hands. Therefore, it is important to wash or sanitize hands thoroughly after removing gloves to prevent the spread of germs and maintain proper hygiene.

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  • 9. 

    What is the best way to prevent & spread of micro organisms in health care setting?

    • A.

      Wearing Gloves

    • B.

      Remember IPSG goals by heart

    • C.

      Hand Hygiene

    • D.

      Sehat App

    Correct Answer
    C. Hand Hygiene
    Explanation
    Hand hygiene is the best way to prevent and spread microorganisms in a healthcare setting. Proper hand hygiene, including washing hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand sanitizers, helps to remove or kill the microorganisms present on the hands. This is crucial in healthcare settings where there is a high risk of cross-contamination and transmission of infections. Regular and thorough hand hygiene practices can significantly reduce the spread of harmful microorganisms and protect both healthcare workers and patients from infections.

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  • 10. 

    Alcohol based hand sanitizer is preferred over soap & water in most clinical situation because it:

    • A.

      Is more effective than soap at killing potentially deadly germs on hands.

    • B.

      Requires less time & more accessible than hand washing sinks.

    • C.

      Produces reduced bacterial counts on hands, and improves skin condition with less irritation and dryness than soap and water.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Alcohol-based hand sanitizer is preferred over soap and water in most clinical situations because it is more effective than soap at killing potentially deadly germs on hands. It also requires less time and is more accessible than hand washing sinks. Additionally, it produces reduced bacterial counts on hands and improves skin condition with less irritation and dryness than soap and water.

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  • 11. 

    There is no need to perform hand hygiene after using a tissue paper for coughing & sneezing.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Hand hygiene is necessary after using a tissue paper for coughing and sneezing because the tissue paper may contain respiratory droplets that can carry germs, including viruses and bacteria. These germs can easily transfer to the hands and then be spread to other surfaces or people through touch. Therefore, it is important to wash or sanitize hands after using a tissue paper to prevent the spread of infectious diseases.

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  • 12. 

    Why do infection control staff measures hand hygiene compliances?

    • A.

      To use data to change behaviors

    • B.

      To assess impact of interventions

    • C.

      To Reduce health care associated infections

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Infection control staff measures hand hygiene compliance for multiple reasons. Firstly, they use data to change behaviors by monitoring and analyzing hand hygiene practices and providing feedback to healthcare workers, encouraging them to improve their compliance. Secondly, they assess the impact of interventions by measuring the effectiveness of different strategies implemented to improve hand hygiene compliance. Lastly, the main goal of these measures is to reduce healthcare-associated infections, as proper hand hygiene is one of the most effective ways to prevent the spread of infections in healthcare settings. Therefore, all of the above reasons are valid explanations for why infection control staff measures hand hygiene compliance.

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  • 13. 

    You can turn off faucet with your bare hands after you are done washing them.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    It is not recommended to turn off a faucet with bare hands after washing them, as doing so can recontaminate the hands with germs and bacteria. It is generally advised to use a paper towel or a clean cloth to turn off the faucet, minimizing the risk of contamination.

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  • 14. 

    What should you look  for in a hand sanitizer?

    • A.

      60% Acholol

    • B.

      90% Acholol

    • C.

      Anti bacterial

    • D.

      Anti viral

    Correct Answer
    A. 60% Acholol
    Explanation
    60 percent alcohol: Alcohol is the key ingredient in an effective hand sanitizer, and according to the FDA, you should look for a one with at least 60 percent alcohol. The type of alcohol also matters. Look for labels with ethanol or ethyl alcohol. Avoid products that contain methanol, which can be toxic.

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  • 15. 

    How well you dry your hands is not important for proper hand washing?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    To wash your hands properly, wet your hands, apply and lather soap, scrub for 20 seconds, rinse well, and dry thoroughly with a clean towel or air dryer. That last step is important, because germs spread more easily in wet environments, according to the CDC.

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  • 16. 

    What should you do if your hands touch the sink while you are washing your hands?

    • A.

      Continue to wash hands

    • B.

      Add more soap to your hands

    • C.

      Apply more friction to hands

    • D.

      Repeat the procedure

    Correct Answer
    D. Repeat the procedure
    Explanation
    If your hands touch the sink while washing your hands, it means that you have contaminated your hands again. To ensure proper hand hygiene, it is important to repeat the procedure from the beginning to effectively remove any potential germs or dirt that may have been transferred to your hands from the sink. This will help to maintain cleanliness and prevent the spread of bacteria or viruses.

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  • 17. 

    What are the benefits of performing Alcohol based hand rub when hands are not visibly soiled? Select all that apply.

    • A.

      Moisture for hands

    • B.

      Takes less time

    • C.

      Less drying to hands

    • D.

      More effective than soap and water when hands are not visibly soiled

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Takes less time
    C. Less drying to hands
    D. More effective than soap and water when hands are not visibly soiled
    Explanation
    Performing alcohol-based hand rub when hands are not visibly soiled has several benefits. Firstly, it takes less time compared to washing hands with soap and water, making it a more convenient option. Additionally, it is less drying to the hands, helping to maintain moisture and prevent dryness or irritation. Lastly, alcohol-based hand rub is more effective than soap and water in killing germs when hands are not visibly soiled, providing better protection against the spread of infections.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following is a recommendation of the World Health Organization (WHO)?  

    • A.

      Before and after having direct contact with patients

    • B.

      With alcohol-based hand rub if hands are not visibly soiled

    • C.

      After removing gloves

    • D.

      Before handling an invasive device (regardless of whether or not gloves are used)

    • E.

      All are WHO recommendations

    Correct Answer
    E. All are WHO recommendations
    Explanation
    All of the given options are recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO). The WHO recommends healthcare workers to perform hand hygiene before and after having direct contact with patients, to use alcohol-based hand rub if hands are not visibly soiled, to perform hand hygiene after removing gloves, and to perform hand hygiene before handling an invasive device, regardless of whether or not gloves are used.

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  • 19. 

    Gloves are to be worn when hands may be contaminated with body fluids (blood, urine or non-intact skin).

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Gloves should be worn when there is a risk of contamination with body fluids such as blood, urine, or non-intact skin. This is because these fluids can contain harmful pathogens that can be transmitted through contact with the skin. Wearing gloves provides a barrier of protection, reducing the risk of infection or cross-contamination. Therefore, the statement is true.

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