Who Hand Hygiene

7 Questions | Total Attempts: 1270

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Who Hand Hygiene - Quiz

Health care-associated infection rates at USC University Hospital are higher than the national average. Poor hand hygiene is considered the leading cause of health care-associated infections, contributes to the spread of multi-resistant organisms, and is recognized as a significant contributor to infection outbreaks. Completion of this brief on-line CME activity will be recorded in your USC University Hospital medical staff records, and you will receive 1 unit of AMA category 1 CME credit. Objectives: At the completion of this activity, participants should be able to: • List indications for hand hygiene in the clinical setting. List risk factors for poor hand hygiene. Describe hand hygiene rates and effect on hospital infections. &nb


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Risk factors for poor handwashing and hand hygiene practices include the following:1  
    • Doctor status (rather than a nurse)
    • Nursing assistant status (rather than a nurse)
    • Physiotherapist
    • Technician
    • Male gender
    • Working in intensive care
    • Working in surgical care unit
    • Working in emergency care
    • Working in anesthesiology
    • Working during the week (vs. week-end)
    • Wearing gowns/gloves 
    • Before contact with patient environment
    • After contact with patient environment e.g. equipment
    • Caring for patients aged less than 65 years old
    • Caring for pts recovering from clean/clean-contaminated surgery in post-anaesthesia care unit
    • Patient care in non-isolation room
    • Duration of contact with patient (< or equal to 2 minutes)
    • Interruption in patient-care activities
    • Automated sink
    • Activities with high risk of cross-transmission
    • Understaffing/overcrowding
    • High number of opportunities for hand hygiene per hour of patient care
  • 2. 
    WHO indications for hand hygiene:1   A. Wash hands with soap and water when visibly dirty or visibly soiled with blood or other body fluids (IB) or after using the toilet. B. If exposure to potential spore-forming pathogens is strongly suspected or proven, including outbreaks of C. difficile, hand washing with soap and water is the preferred means. C. Use an alcohol-based handrub as the preferred means for routine hand antisepsis in all other clinical situations described in items D(a) to D(f) listed below if hands are not visibly soiled.  If alcohol-based handrub is not obtainable, wash hands with soap and water. D. Perform hand hygiene: a) before and after touching the patient. b) before handling an invasive device for patient care, regardless of whether or not gloves are used. c) after contact with body fluids or excretions, mucous membranes, non-intact skin, or wound dressings. d) if moving from a contaminated body site to another body site during care of the same patient. e) after contact with inanimate surfaces and objects (including medical equipment) in the immediate vicinity of the patient. f) after removing sterile or non-sterile gloves. E. Before handling medication or preparing food perform hand hygiene using an alcohol-based handrub or wash hands with either plain or antimicrobial soap and water. F. Soap and alcohol-based handrub should not be used concomitantly.     1. WHO Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in health care: a summary.  2006
  • 3. 
    Which one of the following is a risk factor for poor handwashing?
    • A. 

      Female gender

    • B. 

      Not wearing gowns/gloves

    • C. 

      Being a nurse (rather than a physician)

    • D. 

      Being a physician (rather than a nurse)

    • E. 

      Working on a medicine ward (rather than intensive care)

  • 4. 
    Improved hand hygiene in recent hospital studies was associated with which of the following?
    • A. 

      A reduction of catheter-related infections from 7.7 per 1000 catheter-days to 1.3 per 1000 catheter-days in 103 ICUs.2

    • B. 

      A significant hospital-wide reduction (57%) in MRSA bacteraemia.3

    • C. 

      A significant reduction (100%) of superficial surgical site infections (SSI) in neurosurgery; significantly lower SSI incidence in intervention ward compared with control ward.4

    • D. 

      A significant reduction in health care-associated infections (HCAI) in adult ICUs (from 47.5/1000 patient-days to 27.9/1000 patient-days). 5

    • E. 

      All are correct.

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is a recommendation of the World Health Organization (WHO)?  Perform hand hygiene:
    • A. 

      Before and after having direct contact with patients

    • B. 

      With alcohol-based hand rub if hands are not visibly soiled

    • C. 

      After removing gloves

    • D. 

      Before handling an invasive device (regardless of whether or not gloves are used)

    • E. 

      All are WHO recommendations

  • 6. 
    Which one of the following is CORRECT?
    • A. 

      Hand hygiene with alcohol-based cleanser should take 10-20 seconds

    • B. 

      Hand hygiene with alcohol-based cleanser should take 20-30 seconds

    • C. 

      Washing hands with soap and water should take 10-20 seconds

    • D. 

      Washing hands with soap and water should take 20-30 seconds

  • 7. 
    Which one of the following is FALSE?
    • A. 

      In a large Swiss university hospital, doctors cleansed their hands 57% of the times that they should have.1

    • B. 

      In an Australian hospital hand washing campaign, mean compliance improved significantly from 21% at baseline to 48%.129

    • C. 

      In the USC University hospital in 2009, doctors’ compliance with hand hygiene guidelines was 67%.

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