Hand Hygiene Awareness Test

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Hand Hygiene Awareness Test - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A general term that applies to either hand washing, antiseptic hand wash, antiseptic hand rub, or surgical hand antisepsis.

    Explanation
    Hand hygiene is a general term that encompasses various practices such as hand washing, antiseptic hand wash, antiseptic hand rub, and surgical hand antisepsis. It refers to the act of cleaning one's hands to prevent the spread of germs and reduce the risk of infections. This term is used to emphasize the importance of maintaining clean hands in healthcare settings and everyday life to promote good health and prevent the transmission of diseases.

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  • 2. 

    What is the hospital target rate % for hand hygiene compliance?

    Explanation
    Hospital target rate for hand hygiene compliance is 85%

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  • 3. 

    What is the December 2020 hand hygiene compliance rate % in ED?

    Explanation
    The December 2020 hand hygiene compliance rate in the ED was 90%. This means that 90% of the time, healthcare workers in the ED followed proper hand hygiene protocols to prevent the spread of infections. Hand hygiene compliance is crucial in healthcare settings to reduce the risk of healthcare-associated infections and maintain patient safety.

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  • 4. 

    How many seconds when doing hand washing?

    Explanation
    The correct answer is 40-60 seconds because this is the recommended duration for hand washing according to health experts. Washing hands for at least 40-60 seconds ensures that all areas of the hands are thoroughly cleaned, including between the fingers and under the nails. This duration allows enough time for the soap to effectively kill germs and viruses that may be present on the hands. It is important to follow this guideline to maintain proper hand hygiene and prevent the spread of illnesses.

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  • 5. 

    How many seconds when doing hand rubbing?

  • 6. 

    What is the primary purpose of hand hygiene?

    • A.

      To reduce microorganism on the hands

    • B.

      To maintain skin integrity

    • C.

      To prevent the spread of infection

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The primary purpose of hand hygiene is to reduce microorganisms on the hands, maintain skin integrity, and prevent the spread of infection. By practicing proper hand hygiene, such as washing hands with soap and water or using hand sanitizers, microorganisms can be effectively removed from the hands, reducing the risk of transmitting infections. Additionally, hand hygiene helps to maintain the health and integrity of the skin, preventing dryness, irritation, and potential entry points for pathogens. Therefore, all of the given options are correct, as they encompass the primary purposes of hand hygiene.

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  • 7. 

    Alcohol hand rubs can be used when hands are visibly soiled?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Alcohol hand rubs should not be used when hands are visibly soiled. Visible dirt, grease, or other substances can reduce the effectiveness of the hand rub and prevent proper disinfection. In such cases, it is recommended to wash hands with soap and water to remove the visible dirt before using alcohol hand rubs for disinfection.

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  • 8. 

    Standard Precautions protect both healthcare personnel and patients from contact with infectious agents and should be used for all patients, all the time.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Standard Precautions are a set of infection control practices that are designed to protect healthcare personnel and patients from contact with infectious agents. These precautions should be used consistently for all patients, regardless of their infectious status. By following Standard Precautions, healthcare personnel can minimize the risk of transmission of infections and ensure the safety of both themselves and their patients. Therefore, the statement "Standard Precautions protect both healthcare personnel and patients from contact with infectious agents and should be used for all patients, all the time" is true.

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  • 9. 

    What are the 5 moments of hand hygiene. Select all that apply

    • A.

      Before patient contact

    • B.

      After using gloves

    • C.

      Before aseptic procedures

    • D.

      After patient contact

    • E.

      After exposure to body fluids

    • F.

      After going to the washroom

    • G.

      After touching patients surroundings

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Before patient contact
    C. Before aseptic procedures
    D. After patient contact
    E. After exposure to body fluids
    G. After touching patients surroundings
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Before patient contact, before aseptic procedures, After patient contact, After exposure to body fluids, and After touching patients surroundings. These moments of hand hygiene are recommended to prevent the spread of infections in healthcare settings. Before patient contact and before aseptic procedures ensure that hands are clean before coming into contact with the patient or performing any invasive procedures. After patient contact and after exposure to body fluids help to remove any potential pathogens that may have been transmitted during patient care. After touching patients surroundings helps to prevent the transfer of microorganisms from the environment to the patient or healthcare worker.

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  • 10. 

    Why is cleaning your hands between patients important?

    • A.

      Many studies have shown that the bacteria that cause nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infections are most frequently spread from one patient to another on the hands of healthcare workers.

    • B.

      So you are in compliance with Hand Hygiene regulations.

    • C.

      To assure that you appear professional when working 

    Correct Answer
    A. Many studies have shown that the bacteria that cause nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infections are most frequently spread from one patient to another on the hands of healthcare workers.
    Explanation
    Cleaning your hands between patients is important because studies have shown that bacteria that cause hospital-acquired infections are often spread from one patient to another through the hands of healthcare workers. By practicing proper hand hygiene, healthcare workers can reduce the risk of transmitting these harmful bacteria and prevent the spread of infections in healthcare settings.

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  • 11. 

    Healthcare workers are exposed to germs on their hands by doing the following:

    • A.

      Pulling patients up in bed

    • B.

      Touching a patients hand

    • C.

      Touching equipment like bedside rails, over-bed tables, IV pumps, wheelchair

    • D.

      Touching body fluids or specimens

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Healthcare workers are at risk of being exposed to germs on their hands through various activities. Pulling patients up in bed can lead to contact with the patient's body fluids or specimens, potentially transferring germs onto the healthcare worker's hands. Similarly, touching a patient's hand or coming into contact with equipment such as bedside rails, over-bed tables, IV pumps, or wheelchairs can also result in the transmission of germs. Therefore, all of the mentioned activities can expose healthcare workers to germs on their hands.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following is the FIRST priority in preventing infections when providing care for a client?

    • A.

      Handwashing

    • B.

      Wearing gloves

    • C.

      Using a barrier between client’s furniture and nurse’s bag

    • D.

      Wearing gowns and goggles

    Correct Answer
    A. Handwashing
    Explanation
    Handwashing is the first priority in preventing infections when providing care for a client because it is the most effective way to remove and kill germs that may be present on the hands. Proper hand hygiene helps to reduce the transmission of pathogens from the nurse's hands to the client or from one client to another. It is a simple and cost-effective measure that can significantly reduce the risk of healthcare-associated infections. Wearing gloves, using barriers, and wearing gowns and goggles are also important infection prevention measures, but they should be used in addition to, not instead of, handwashing.

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  • 13. 

    What are we trying to reduce or eliminate when we are doing handwashing?

    • A.

      Viruses

    • B.

      Bacteria

    • C.

      Fungi

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    When we are doing handwashing, we are trying to reduce or eliminate viruses, bacteria, and fungi. Handwashing is an important practice to maintain good hygiene and prevent the spread of diseases. Viruses, bacteria, and fungi can all be present on our hands and can cause infections or illnesses if not properly removed. By washing our hands with soap and water, we can effectively remove these microorganisms and reduce the risk of getting sick or transmitting infections to others.

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  • 14. 

    Who is the MWEL Infection Control Officer (First & Last Name)

    Correct Answer
    Zizi Wanis
    Explanation
    The MWEL Infection Control Officer's first and last name is Zizi Wanis.

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  • 15. 

    No need to perform hand hygiene after removal of gloves?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Hand hygiene is essential even after removing gloves because gloves can become contaminated during use. Removing gloves does not guarantee that the hands are free from pathogens. Therefore, it is important to perform hand hygiene to prevent the spread of infection.

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  • 16. 

    Any laboratory specimen shall be placed in a container that prevents leakage during collection, handling, processing, storage, transport, or shipping and shall be labelled with biohazard symbol. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because it is a standard protocol in laboratories to ensure the safety of handling and transporting specimens. By placing the specimen in a container that prevents leakage, the risk of exposure to biohazards is minimized. Additionally, labeling the container with a biohazard symbol helps to clearly identify the potential hazards associated with the specimen. This practice is crucial for maintaining a safe working environment and preventing accidents or contamination.

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  • 17. 

    Disposable gloves shall not be reused nor washed for subsequent reuse.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Disposable gloves are designed for single-use only and should not be reused. Reusing them can lead to contamination and the spread of harmful bacteria or viruses. Additionally, washing disposable gloves can compromise their integrity and effectiveness. Therefore, it is important to dispose of them properly after each use to maintain hygiene and prevent cross-contamination.

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  • 18. 

    Standard Precautions can be defined as means of precautions to reduce the risk of transmission of micro-organisms from both recognized and unrecognized sources of infection in a healthcare facility.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Standard Precautions are indeed a set of guidelines and practices implemented in healthcare facilities to minimize the risk of transmitting infections. These precautions are designed to be applied to all patients, regardless of their diagnosis or presumed infection status. By following standard precautions, healthcare workers can protect themselves and their patients from potential infections, even when the source of infection is not immediately apparent. Therefore, the statement "Standard Precautions can be defined as means of precautions to reduce the risk of transmission of micro-organisms from both recognized and unrecognized sources of infection in a healthcare facility" is true.

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  • 19. 

    May wear artificial fingernail or extenders when having direct contact with patient.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Healthcare professionals should not wear artificial fingernails or extenders when having direct contact with patients. This is because artificial nails can harbor bacteria and increase the risk of transmitting infections to patients. It is important for healthcare workers to maintain good hand hygiene and keep their natural nails short and clean to prevent the spread of infections.

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  • 20. 

    Wear gloves when contact with blood or potentially infectious material, mucous membranes, and nonimpact skin could occur

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because wearing gloves is an important precautionary measure when there is a possibility of coming into contact with blood or potentially infectious material, mucous membranes, or non-intact skin. Gloves act as a barrier and help prevent the transmission of pathogens and reduce the risk of infection. By wearing gloves, individuals can protect themselves and others from potential harm and maintain a safe and hygienic environment.

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