Working Institutions Of The Indian Republic Quiz

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Working Institutions Of The Indian Republic Quiz - Quiz

India got independence from the British Empire in year 1947. And became a republic in year 1950. Do you know about all the working institutions India has that keep the republic going on? Well, let's test your knowledge with this quiz. So, are you ready?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who exercises all governmental powers?

    • A.

      President

    • B.

      Prime Minister

    • C.

      Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

    • D.

      Chief Election Commission

    Correct Answer
    B. Prime Minister
    Explanation
    The Prime Minister exercises all governmental powers. As the head of the government, the Prime Minister is responsible for leading the executive branch and making important decisions on behalf of the country. They have the authority to appoint and dismiss government officials, propose and implement policies, and represent the country both domestically and internationally. While the President may have ceremonial duties and limited powers, the Prime Minister holds the real executive power in most parliamentary systems. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and Chief Election Commission, on the other hand, are not involved in exercising governmental powers.

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  • 2. 

    The Second Backward Classes Commission was appointed by the government of India in...

    • A.

      1979

    • B.

      1981

    • C.

      1985

    • D.

      1999

    Correct Answer
    A. 1979
    Explanation
    The Second Backward Classes Commission was appointed by the government of India in 1979. This commission was set up to investigate the social and economic conditions of the socially and educationally backward classes in India. It aimed to identify the communities that were deserving of special provisions and affirmative action policies to uplift them and promote social equality. The commission's recommendations played a significant role in shaping the government's policies and initiatives towards the welfare of backward classes in India.

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  • 3. 

    Once the Lok Sabha passes the budget of the government or any other money related law, the Rajya Sabha cannot rejected it. The Rajya Sabha can only delay it by...

    • A.

      14 days

    • B.

      15 days

    • C.

      16 days

    • D.

      17 days

    Correct Answer
    A. 14 days
    Explanation
    After the Lok Sabha passes the budget or any other money-related law, the Rajya Sabha cannot reject it outright. However, it can delay the process by up to 14 days. This means that the Rajya Sabha can discuss and debate the proposed law for a maximum of 14 days before it is considered passed. If the Rajya Sabha does not reach a decision within this timeframe, the law will be deemed to have been passed by both houses of Parliament.

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  • 4. 

    Two features of Indian judicial system are:

    • A.

      Independent Judiciary

    • B.

      Integrated Judiciary

    • C.

      Both (a) and (b)

    • D.

      Dependent Judiciary

    Correct Answer
    C. Both (a) and (b)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Both (a) and (b)". The Indian judicial system has two features: an independent judiciary and an integrated judiciary. An independent judiciary refers to the separation of powers between the judiciary and the executive branch, ensuring that the judiciary remains free from political influence. On the other hand, an integrated judiciary refers to the existence of a single judicial system that covers the entire country, with a hierarchy of courts and a unified administration of justice. Both of these features are present in the Indian judicial system.

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  • 5. 

    What is the government formed by an alliance of two or more political parties called?

    • A.

       Cooperative government

    • B.

      Cooperation government

    • C.

      Consensus government

    • D.

      Coalition government

    Correct Answer
    D. Coalition government
    Explanation
    A coalition government is formed when two or more political parties come together to form a government. This is usually done when no single party is able to secure a majority in the elections. The parties in the coalition agree to work together and share power in order to govern effectively. This type of government requires cooperation and consensus between the different parties involved, as they may have differing ideologies and policies.

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  • 6. 

    Which one of the following statement about the President is wrong?

    • A.

      He is the head of the state.

    • B.

       He is elected directly by the people.

    • C.

      He exercises only nominal powers.

    • D.

      He is the highest formal authority in the country.

    Correct Answer
    B.  He is elected directly by the people.
    Explanation
    The statement "He is elected directly by the people" is incorrect. In many countries, including the United States, the President is not elected directly by the people, but rather through an electoral college system or by representatives.

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  • 7. 

    The judges of Supreme Court are appointed by...

    • A.

      Prime Minister

    • B.

      Law Minister

    • C.

       President

    • D.

       Chief Justice

    Correct Answer
    C.  President
    Explanation
    The judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President. The President holds the power to appoint judges to the Supreme Court, as stated in the Constitution. This ensures the separation of powers and independence of the judiciary from the executive branch. The President's role in appointing judges helps maintain the integrity and impartiality of the judiciary, as they are not directly influenced by political or executive powers.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following statements is not true?

    • A.

      The Judiciary safeguards the laws

    • B.

      The Legislature implements the laws

    • C.

      The political executives are more powerful than the permanent executives

    • D.

      The permanent executives comprises the civil servants

    Correct Answer
    B. The Legislature implements the laws
    Explanation
    The statement "The Legislature implements the laws" is not true because it is the Judiciary that interprets and applies the laws, while the Legislature is responsible for making or amending laws. The Judiciary safeguards the laws by ensuring that they are upheld and enforced. The political executives being more powerful than the permanent executives is a subjective matter and can vary depending on the political system in place. The permanent executives, comprising civil servants, are responsible for the day-to-day administration and implementation of policies and laws.

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  • 9. 

    Why does the political executive have more powers than the permanent executive?

    • A.

      Because hardly any expertise is required in taking policy decisions

    • B.

      Political leaders are more educated

    • C.

      Because political executive consists of the direct representatives of the people

    • D.

       None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Because political executive consists of the direct representatives of the people
    Explanation
    The political executive has more powers than the permanent executive because they consist of the direct representatives of the people. This means that they are elected by the people and therefore have the legitimacy and authority to make decisions on behalf of the public. Unlike the permanent executive, which consists of career bureaucrats, the political executive is accountable to the people and can be held responsible for their actions. This democratic principle ensures that the political executive has a greater level of power and influence in decision-making processes.

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  • 10. 

    For how long can the Rajya Sabha delay a Money Bill?

    • A.

      15 days

    • B.

      3 months

    • C.

      14 days

    • D.

      1 month

    Correct Answer
    C. 14 days
    Explanation
    The Rajya Sabha can delay a Money Bill for a maximum of 14 days. This is because as per the Indian Constitution, the Rajya Sabha can suggest amendments to a Money Bill, but it cannot reject or amend it. However, if the Rajya Sabha fails to return the Bill within 14 days, it is deemed to have been passed by both Houses of Parliament. Therefore, the correct answer is 14 days.

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  • 11. 

    What is ‘Parliament’?

    • A.

      Assembly of elected representatives at the national level

    • B.

      A body consisting of appointed ministers

    • C.

      Body comprising judges

    • D.

      Assembly of only appointed members

    Correct Answer
    A. Assembly of elected representatives at the national level
    Explanation
    Parliament refers to an assembly of elected representatives at the national level. This means that it is a governing body composed of individuals who have been chosen by the people to represent their interests and make decisions on their behalf. The other options, such as a body consisting of appointed ministers, body comprising judges, or assembly of only appointed members, do not accurately describe the concept of Parliament.

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  • 12. 

    What do the Civil Servants do?

    • A.

      They take important policy decisions

    • B.

      They settle the disputes

    • C.

      None 

    • D.

      They implement the ministers’ decisions

    Correct Answer
    D. They implement the ministers’ decisions
    Explanation
    Civil servants are individuals who work in government departments and agencies. Their main role is to support and implement the decisions made by elected ministers. This includes carrying out policies, programs, and initiatives that have been approved by the government. Civil servants are responsible for ensuring that these decisions are effectively implemented and that the government's objectives are achieved. They play a crucial role in the functioning of the government and in delivering services to the public.

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  • 13. 

    Who appoints the judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts?

    • A.

      President, according to his own wishes

    • B.

      President, on the advice of the PM

    • C.

      President on the advice of the PM in consultation with the Chief Justice of India

    • D.

       None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. President on the advice of the PM in consultation with the Chief Justice of India
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "President on the advice of the PM in consultation with the Chief Justice of India." According to the Indian Constitution, the President appoints the judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts. However, the President is required to consult with the Chief Justice of India and the Prime Minister before making these appointments. This ensures that the process is not solely based on the President's own wishes, but involves the input and advice of other key stakeholders.

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  • 14. 

    Which body acts as the guardian of Fundamental Rights?

    • A.

      District Courts

    • B.

      Supreme Court

    • C.

      Election Commission

    • D.

      Legislature

    Correct Answer
    B. Supreme Court
    Explanation
    The Supreme Court acts as the guardian of Fundamental Rights. It is the highest judicial body in the country and has the power to interpret and protect the fundamental rights enshrined in the constitution. The Supreme Court ensures that the rights of individuals are not violated by the government or any other authority. It has the authority to issue writs and judgments to safeguard these rights and provide justice to the citizens.

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  • 15. 

    Whom does the President appoint as the Prime Minister?

    • A.

      Anyone he likes

    • B.

      MP who has secured the largest number of votes

    • C.

      Leader of the majority party

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Leader of the majority party
    Explanation
    The President appoints the Leader of the majority party as the Prime Minister. This is because in a parliamentary system, the Prime Minister is usually the leader of the political party that has the most seats in the parliament. As the head of the majority party, the Prime Minister is considered to have the support of the majority of the members of parliament, making them the most suitable candidate for the position.

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  • 16. 

    The president of India is elected by...

    • A.

      Direct Election by citizens … 18 years of age

    • B.

       Indirect Election by the Electoral College

    • C.

      The Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B.  Indirect Election by the Electoral College
    Explanation
    The president of India is elected through an indirect election by the Electoral College. This means that the citizens of India do not directly vote for the president. Instead, the president is elected by an electoral body composed of elected members of both houses of Parliament and the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the states. This system ensures that the president is chosen by representatives of the people, rather than directly by the citizens themselves.

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  • 17. 

    Which of these options is/are correct regarding the powers of the Prime Minister?

    • A.

      He distributes work to the different departments

    • B.

       He chairs the Cabinet meetings

    • C.

      He can dismiss ministers

    • D.

      All the above

    • E.

      None

    Correct Answer
    D. All the above
    Explanation
    The Prime Minister has the authority to distribute work to different departments, which helps in the smooth functioning of the government. The Prime Minister also chairs the Cabinet meetings, where important decisions are made. Additionally, the Prime Minister has the power to dismiss ministers if necessary. Therefore, all the given options are correct regarding the powers of the Prime Minister.

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  • 18. 

    Who appoints the judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts?

    • A.

      President on the advice of the PM in consultation with the Chief Justice of India

    • B.

       President, according to his own wishes

    • C.

      President, on the advice of the PM

    • D.

       None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. President on the advice of the PM in consultation with the Chief Justice of India
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the President appoints the judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts on the advice of the PM in consultation with the Chief Justice of India. This means that the President plays a role in the appointment process, but it is done based on the advice of the PM and in consultation with the Chief Justice of India. This ensures a balance of power and involvement of multiple authorities in the appointment of judges.

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  • 19. 

    What do the Civil Servants do?

    • A.

      They take important policy decisions

    • B.

      They settle the disputes

    • C.

      They implement the ministers’ decisions

    • D.

       none of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. They take important policy decisions
    Explanation
    Civil servants are responsible for taking important policy decisions. They play a crucial role in formulating and implementing government policies. Their expertise and knowledge in various fields help them analyze and assess the impact of different policies on society. By making informed decisions, civil servants contribute to the effective functioning of the government and the overall development of the country.

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  • 20. 

    The Prime minister of a coalition government - which is not true?

    • A.

      Can take decisions as he likes 

    • B.

      He has to accommodate different groups and factions in his party as well as among alliance partners

    • C.

      He also has to heed to the views and positions of the coalition partners and other parties

    • D.

      He has to keep in interest the views of the people

    Correct Answer
    A. Can take decisions as he likes 
    Explanation
    The Prime minister of a coalition government cannot take decisions as he likes because he has to accommodate different groups and factions in his party as well as among alliance partners. He also has to heed to the views and positions of the coalition partners and other parties, and keep in interest the views of the people.

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  • 21. 

    Who among the following is a part of the political executive?

    • A.

      District Collector 

    • B.

      Secretary of the Ministry of Home Affairs 

    • C.

      Home Minister 

    • D.

      Director General of Police

    Correct Answer
    A. District Collector 
    Explanation
    The District Collector is a part of the political executive because they are responsible for the administration and governance of a district. They are appointed by the state government and hold executive powers to implement government policies and programs at the district level. They play a crucial role in maintaining law and order, implementing development schemes, and coordinating with various government departments. Unlike the Secretary of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Home Minister, and Director General of Police who are part of the administrative or law enforcement bodies, the District Collector is directly involved in the political decision-making process at the local level.

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  • 22. 

    Apart from Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, who else constitutes the Parliament?

    • A.

      Prime Minister

    • B.

      Chief Minister

    • C.

      Governor

    • D.

      President

    Correct Answer
    D. President
    Explanation
    The President constitutes the Parliament along with Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. The President is an integral part of the Indian Parliament and has certain powers and responsibilities. The President has the power to summon and prorogue the sessions of Parliament, address both houses of Parliament, and give assent to bills passed by the Parliament. The President also has the power to dissolve the Lok Sabha and initiate the process of forming a new government. Therefore, the President plays a crucial role in the functioning of the Parliament.

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  • 23. 

    Who exercises all governmental powers?

    • A.

      President

    • B.

      Prime Minister

    • C.

      Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

    • D.

      Chief Election Commission

    Correct Answer
    B. Prime Minister
    Explanation
    The Prime Minister exercises all governmental powers. As the head of government, the Prime Minister is responsible for making and implementing policies, leading the executive branch, and representing the country both domestically and internationally. They have the authority to make decisions on behalf of the government and are accountable for the governance of the nation. While the President may hold a ceremonial role or have limited powers in some countries, the Prime Minister is typically the one who holds the highest executive authority and exercises all governmental powers.

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