Intro To Philosophy Quiz Part- IV

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 53

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Philosophy Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    While considering the Soul Theory of personal identity over time, Rachels says that:
    • A. 

      Souls do not exist, because they cannot be observed with the senses.

    • B. 

      It's not clear whether souls have a location, since they cannot be observed with the senses.

    • C. 

      It's not clear how we would ever know if the same soul was present at different times, since souls cannot be observed with senses.

    • D. 

      It's not clear how you can exist in the afterlife with a soul, since souls cannot be observed with the senses.

  • 2. 
    The results of the experiments done on split-brain patients indicate to Derek Parfit that the number of selves in a person is:
    • A. 

      None

    • B. 

      One

    • C. 

      Two

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 3. 
    Rachels discusses the riddle of the Ship of Theseus because he thinks it undermines:
    • A. 

      The Bundle Theory

    • B. 

      The Soul Theory

    • C. 

      The Same-Body Theory

    • D. 

      The Same-Memory Theory

  • 4. 
    Identical twins are numerically identical with each other.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    According to Rachels, the Bundle Theory asserts that you have a simple and indivisible self that is present throughout your life.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Hume rejects the Soul Theory for the following reason:
    • A. 

      You can't know if you have the same soul at different times.

    • B. 

      When patients' brain hemispheres are split, there are two streams of consciousness.

    • C. 

      You never observe souls.

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    According to Rachels, the Same-Body Theory is threatened by the claim that the new Ship of Theseus is not numerically identical to the old Ship of Theseus.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    The reply we make in the Lecture to Rachels' cell-regeneration objection to the Same-Body Theory is this:
    • A. 

      Most of our brain cells do not get replaced with new brain cells.

    • B. 

      Most of the cells in our bodies do not get replaced with new cells.

    • C. 

      Not all the cells in our bodies get replaced with new cells in 9 years.

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 9. 
    The point of Locke's Prince and Cobbler story is to show:
    • A. 

      That there is a problem with the Soul Theory

    • B. 

      That there is a problem with the Same-Body Theory

    • C. 

      That there is a problem with the Bundle Theory

    • D. 

      That there is a problem with the Memory Theory

  • 10. 
    According to the Lecture, if the Same-Soul Theory is true, and your soul becomes attached to the body of a pig when you die, but you lose your personality and instead have the personality of a pig, you still have survived the death of your body.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    According to Rachels, if you don't remember anything about certain actions in the past, then you're not responsible for those past actions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    In the Lecture, OUR reply to Rachels' Ship of Theseus  objection to the Same Body Theory is that the new ship is the same as the old one
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    According to Rachels, you are always responsible for what you've done.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Rachels raises the following objection to the Same-Brain Theory.  Suppose a healthy person drowns over a 10-minute period.  After those 10 minutes, the person no longer exists, but their brain is still there.  So the same brain isn't the same person. TRUE OR FALSE: Our reply in the Lecture to this objection is that the Same-Brain Theory is meant to exclude brains that are non-functioning because of death.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Thomas Reid gives the following objection to the Memory Theory:
    • A. 

      The general is identical with the brave officer, but the Memory Theory has to deny this.

    • B. 

      The brave officer is identical with the boy who stole the flag, but the Memory Theory has to deny this.

    • C. 

      The general is not identical with the boy who stole the flag, but the Memory Theory has to deny this.

    • D. 

      The general is identical with the boy who stole the flag, but the Memory Theory has to deny this.

  • 16. 
    According to Rachels, responsibility doesn't always go with identity for the following reason:
    • A. 

      You could be responsible for crimes that you didn't commit.

    • B. 

      You should only be held responsible for crimes that you committed.

    • C. 

      You could have committed a crime, but still not be responsible for it.

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 17. 
    Suppose the Memory Theory is true. Then the following is true.
    • A. 

      You can only survive the death of your body if there is some future body that has your memories.

    • B. 

      You can only survive the death of your body if some future body has your soul.

    • C. 

      You cannot survive the death of your body because no future body could have your memories.

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 18. 
    According to Rachels, the Memory-Links Theory works well for real memories and for apparent memories.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    According to Rachels, memory doesn't always go along with responsibility for this reason:
    • A. 

      You should be held responsible for certain acts even if you don't remember doing them.

    • B. 

      You could accurately remember committing a crime but not be responsible for it.

    • C. 

      You shouldn't be held responsible for any act that you don't remember doing.

  • 20. 
    According to Rachels, most philosophers today agree that the correct view of personal identity at a time is the Bundle Theory.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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