World Geography Quiz

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World Geography Quiz - Quiz

Take our World Geography Quiz, a structured assessment designed to challenge and expand your understanding of global geography. This quiz covers a wide range of topics including continents, countries, capitals, landscapes, and crucial geographical features that define our planet.

Each question has been carefully crafted to test your knowledge and encourage deeper learning about the Earth’s physical and political dimensions. This quiz is suitable for anyone with a curiosity about the diverse environments and cultures that make up our world.

By participating in this quiz, you will improve your geographical literacy, which is essential for informed global citizenship. Read moreThis quiz will introduce you to new information, enhancing your overall comprehension of global geography.


World Geography Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    What is the largest continent on Earth?

    • A.

      Africa

    • B.

      Antarctica

    • C.

      Asia

    • D.

      Europe

    Correct Answer
    C. Asia
    Explanation
    Asia is the largest continent on Earth by both area and population. It covers about 30% of Earth's total land area and hosts nearly 60% of the world’s current human population. The continent is known for its vast size and diversity in terms of cultures, environments, economics, historical ties, and government systems.

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  • 2. 

    Which country has the longest coastline in the world?

    • A.

      Australia

    • B.

      Canada

    • C.

      Russia

    • D.

      Indonesia

    Correct Answer
    B. Canada
    Explanation
    Canada has the longest coastline in the world, stretching over 202,080 kilometers. This extensive coastline is due to Canada's geographical makeup, which includes vast areas of wilderness interspersed with numerous lakes and inlets. The coastline is a significant national asset, influencing Canada’s climate, economy, and culture.

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  • 3. 

    What river runs through Paris?

    • A.

      Thames

    • B.

      Seine

    • C.

      Rhine

    • D.

      Danube

    Correct Answer
    B. Seine
    Explanation
    The Seine River is the major river that flows through Paris. It is 777 kilometers long and winds through northern France, playing a crucial role in the transport, tourism, and historical context of Paris. The river is not only a commercial waterway within the Paris Basin but also a popular site for both residents and visitors.

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  • 4. 

    Which country is completely landlocked by South Africa?

    • A.

      Botswana

    • B.

      Lesotho

    • C.

      Namibia

    • D.

      Eswatini

    Correct Answer
    B. Lesotho
    Explanation
    Lesotho is completely landlocked by South Africa. It is unique because it is one of the only sovereign countries in the world to be entirely surrounded by another country. Lesotho's geographical position affects its economic, cultural, and environmental interactions with its larger neighbor, South Africa.

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  • 5. 

    What is the capital of New Zealand?

    • A.

      Auckland

    • B.

      Christchurch

    • C.

      Wellington

    • D.

      Sydney

    Correct Answer
    C. Wellington
    Explanation
    Wellington is the capital of New Zealand, serving as the political center of the country. It is located at the southwestern tip of the North Island, making it one of the southernmost capitals in the world. Wellington features a vibrant arts scene, substantial cultural institutions, and is the administrative headquarters of New Zealand.

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  • 6. 

    Which desert is the largest in the world?

    • A.

      Thar

    • B.

      Arabian

    • C.

      Gobi

    • D.

      Sahara

    Correct Answer
    D. Sahara
    Explanation
    The Sahara Desert is the largest hot desert in the world and the third largest desert after Antarctica and the Arctic. It is located in Northern Africa and covers an area of about 3.6 million square miles (9.4 million square kilometers). It stretches from the Red Sea in the east to the Atlantic Ocean in the west and is bordered by several countries, including Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Egypt, and Sudan.

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  • 7. 

    Mount Everest is located on the border of which two countries?

    • A.

      India and Pakistan

    • B.

      China and Nepal

    • C.

      Nepal and India

    • D.

      Bhutan and China

    Correct Answer
    B. China and Nepal
    Explanation
    Mount Everest, the Earth's highest mountain above sea level, is located on the border between China (Tibet Autonomous Region) and Nepal. This mountain is part of the Himalayan range, and its peak reaches 8,848 meters above sea level. The mountain attracts climbers of all levels, from well-experienced mountaineers to capable climbers willing to hire professional guides.

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  • 8. 

    What is the smallest country in the world by land area?

    • A.

      Monaco

    • B.

      Nauru

    • C.

      Vatican City

    • D.

      San Marino

    Correct Answer
    C. Vatican City
    Explanation
    Vatican City is the smallest country in the world by land area, encompassing only about 44 hectares (110 acres). It is an independent city-state enclaved within Rome, Italy. Established with the Lateran Treaty (1929), it serves as the spiritual and administrative center of the Roman Catholic Church and the residence of the Pope.

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  • 9. 

    Which sea is known as the world's saltiest?

    • A.

      Red Sea

    • B.

      Mediterranean Sea

    • C.

      Dead Sea

    • D.

      Caribbean Sea

    Correct Answer
    C. Dead Sea
    Explanation
    The Dead Sea is known as the world's saltiest sea. It is actually a salt lake bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and Palestine to the west. Its salinity is approximately 34.2%, which is nearly ten times that of the ocean. This high salt content makes it a harsh environment where few aquatic organisms can live, hence its name.

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  • 10. 

    What country is famously known as the Land of the Rising Sun?

    • A.

      China

    • B.

      South Korea

    • C.

      Japan

    • D.

      Thailand

    Correct Answer
    C. Japan
    Explanation
    Japan is famously known as the Land of the Rising Sun. This name comes from the country's eastward position relative to China and is symbolic of its emergence as a nation. The Japanese flag, featuring a red sun disc, also reflects this cultural and geographical identity. Japan is an archipelago that stretches along the eastern coast of Asia, facing the Pacific Ocean.

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  • Current Version
  • Jun 24, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 31, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Alfredhook3
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