# World Geography - Quiz 1

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Jerthebear
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 693
Questions: 14 | Attempts: 695

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Have you ever been curious of how mountains, hills, rivers and other physical features were formed? Do you want an easy way of learning all these? This quiz will increase you Geographical understanding a notch higher.

• 1.

### What is the imaginary line that divides the earth into the Northern and Southern Hemisphere?

• A.

Prime Meridian

• B.

Greenwich Line

• C.

Equator

C. Equator
Explanation
The equator is the imaginary line that divides the earth into the Northern and Southern Hemisphere. It is located at 0 degrees latitude and is the widest circumference of the earth. The equator plays a significant role in determining climate patterns and is used as a reference point for navigation and mapping.

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• 2.

### What is it called when latitude and longitude is used to identify the location of a place?

• A.

Absolute location

• B.

Relative location

• C.

Prime Meridian

A. Absolute location
Explanation
When latitude and longitude are used to identify the location of a place, it is called the absolute location. Latitude and longitude provide the exact coordinates of a place on the Earth's surface, allowing for precise identification and location determination. This method is widely used in navigation, cartography, and geographic information systems to accurately pinpoint a specific point on the globe.

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• 3.

### This shows the relationship between map measurements and actual distances.

• A.

Cities

• B.

Capitals

• C.

Compass Rose

• D.

Scale

D. Scale
Explanation
The scale on a map is used to show the relationship between map measurements and actual distances. It helps in understanding how much distance on the map corresponds to the actual distance on the ground. By using a scale, one can calculate the real-world distance between different locations on the map. Therefore, the scale is an essential tool for accurately interpreting and navigating maps.

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• 4.

### This is the location of one place in relation to another.

• A.

Relative location

• B.

Absolute location

• C.

Scale

• D.

Compass rose

A. Relative location
Explanation
Relative location refers to the position of one place in relation to another. It describes the location of a place by indicating its proximity or distance from other landmarks or reference points. This concept is based on the idea that the location of a place can be understood and communicated by comparing it to other known locations. For example, we can say that New York City is located in the northeastern part of the United States, or that Paris is situated on the banks of the River Seine. Relative location helps us understand spatial relationships and navigate our surroundings.

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• 5.

### This region is defined by popular feelings and images rather than by objective data.

• A.

Formal region

• B.

Functional region

• C.

Perceptual region

C. Perceptual region
Explanation
A perceptual region is a type of region that is defined by popular feelings and images rather than by objective data. Unlike formal regions, which are defined by specific boundaries and characteristics, or functional regions, which are defined by a specific purpose or function, a perceptual region is based on the collective perceptions and beliefs of people. It reflects how people perceive and interpret a particular area based on their experiences, cultural influences, and stereotypes. Therefore, the given statement suggests that this region is defined by the subjective perceptions and images associated with it, rather than by any objective data or criteria.

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• 6.

### Which of the following is NOT one of the 5 themes of Geography

• A.

Movement

• B.

Place

• C.

Animal Interaction

• D.

Region

C. Animal Interaction
Explanation
Animal Interaction is not one of the 5 themes of Geography because the 5 themes of Geography are Movement, Place, Region, Human-Environment Interaction, and Location. Animal Interaction does not fit into any of these themes as it is not directly related to the study of spatial relationships and the Earth's physical and human characteristics.

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• 7.

### Which "sphere" consists of all of the water on planet earth?

• A.

Hydrosphere

• B.

Atmosphere

• C.

Lithosphere

A. Hydrosphere
Explanation
The correct answer is hydrosphere. The hydrosphere refers to all of the water on planet earth, including oceans, lakes, rivers, groundwater, and even water vapor in the atmosphere. It plays a crucial role in supporting and sustaining life on earth, as well as regulating the planet's climate and weather patterns. The other options, atmosphere and lithosphere, refer to the layer of gases surrounding the earth and the solid outer part of the earth's surface respectively, and do not encompass all of the water on the planet.

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• 8.

### This is a crack in the earth's crust.

• A.

Accretion

• B.

Earthquake

• C.

Volcano

• D.

Fault

D. Fault
Explanation
A fault is a crack in the earth's crust. It occurs when there is a break or fracture in the rocks that make up the earth's surface. Faults are often associated with tectonic plate movements and can result in earthquakes. Unlike volcanoes, which are formed by the eruption of molten rock onto the earth's surface, faults are primarily characterized by the displacement of rocks along the fracture line. Accretion refers to the process of gradual growth or accumulation, which is not related to the given statement. Therefore, the correct answer is fault.

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• 9.

### This is the process by which the Colorado River formed the Grand Canyon.

• A.

Wind erosion

• B.

Water erosion

• C.

• D.

Plate tectonics

B. Water erosion
Explanation
Water erosion is the correct answer because the process of the Colorado River forming the Grand Canyon is primarily attributed to the continuous flow of water over millions of years. The force of the flowing water gradually eroded and carved through the layers of rock, creating the deep and majestic canyon we see today. Wind erosion, spreading, and plate tectonics may have played minor roles in shaping the canyon, but water erosion is the main and most significant process involved.

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• 10.

### This imaginary line divides the earth into the eastern and western hemispheres.

• A.

Equator

• B.

Prime meridian

• C.

Fault

• D.

Accretion

B. Prime meridian
Explanation
The prime meridian is the correct answer because it is an imaginary line that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole, dividing the earth into the eastern and western hemispheres. It serves as a reference point for measuring longitude and is used to determine time zones. The equator, on the other hand, divides the earth into the northern and southern hemispheres, not the eastern and western hemispheres. Fault and accretion are not relevant to dividing the earth into hemispheres.

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• 11.

### This "sphere" consists of all of the land on earth.

• A.

Lithosphere

• B.

Hydrosphere

• C.

Atmosphere

A. Lithosphere
Explanation
The lithosphere refers to the solid outer layer of the Earth, which includes the landmasses and the ocean floor. It is composed of the crust and the uppermost part of the mantle. Therefore, the given statement stating that the "sphere" consists of all of the land on Earth aligns with the definition of the lithosphere.

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• 12.

### Sudden, violent movements of plates along a fault are known as

• A.

Subduction

• B.

Fold

• C.

• D.

Earthquake

D. Earthquake
Explanation
Sudden, violent movements of plates along a fault result in the release of energy in the form of seismic waves, causing the ground to shake. This phenomenon is known as an earthquake. Earthquakes can occur when stress builds up along a fault line and is released, causing the plates to move abruptly. The energy released during an earthquake can cause significant damage to structures and pose a threat to human lives.

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• 13.

### This is the name given to the regular movement of water.

• A.

Evaporation

• B.

Condensation

• C.

Precipitation

• D.

Water cycle

D. Water cycle
Explanation
The water cycle refers to the continuous movement of water on, above, and below the Earth's surface. It involves processes such as evaporation, condensation, and precipitation. Water evaporates from bodies of water, rises into the atmosphere, condenses into clouds, and then falls back to the Earth as precipitation. This cycle repeats itself, ensuring a constant supply of water on our planet.

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• 14.

### This type of region is a central place and the surrounding areas linked to it.

• A.

Functional region

• B.

Perceptual region

• C.

Formal region