Postoperative Quiz Questions And Answers

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 16177

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Postoperative Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

Here is a Postoperative quiz to test your knowledge about post-operation, or you can say post-surgery care. When a patient has been through a surgery, he isn't immediately discharged from the hospital. He is kept in supervision in the hospital for Postoperative care. This is to monitor the patient after the surgery and for his faster recovery. Do you know enough about it? Well, take the quiz given below, and you will find out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Your patient is in the recovery room following chest surgery. The patient complains of severe nausea. What would you do next?
    • A. 

      A) Administer an analgesic

    • B. 

      B) Apply a cool cloth to the patient's forehead

    • C. 

      C) Offer the patient a small number of ice chips

    • D. 

      D) Turn the patient completely to one side

  • 2. 
    You are discharging your patient home from day surgery after a general anesthetic. What instruction would you give the patient prior to the patient leaving the hospital?
    • A. 

      A) The patient is not to drive a vehicle

    • B. 

      B) The patient should have a glass of brandy the first night home to help him or her sleep

    • C. 

      C) Eat a large meal at home

    • D. 

      D) Do not sign important papers for the first 12 hours after surgery

  • 3. 
    Your patient is a 78-year-old male who has had outpatient surgery. You are getting him up for his first walk postoperatively. To decrease the potential for orthostatic hypotension, what should you plan to have the patient do?
    • A. 

      A) Sit in a chair for 10 minutes prior to ambulating

    • B. 

      B) Drink plenty of fluids to increase circulating blood volume

    • C. 

      C) Stand upright for 2 to 3 minutes prior to ambulating

    • D. 

      D) Sit upright on the side of the bed for 15 minutes prior to ambulating

  • 4. 
    You are caring for a postoperative patient on the medical-surgical unit. During each patient assessment, you evaluate your patient for infection. Which sign or symptom would be most indicative of infection?
    • A. 

      A) Presence of an indwelling urinary catheter

    • B. 

      B) Rectal temperature of 100ºF (37.8ºC)

    • C. 

      C) Red, warm, tender incision

    • D. 

      D) White blood cell (WBC) count of 8,000/mL

  • 5. 
    The nursing instructor is with a student nurse who is going to be changing an abdominal dressing. The first step is to provide the patient with information regarding the procedure. Which of the following is the best statement for completing this task?
    • A. 

      A) “The dressing change is often painful, and we will be giving you pain medication prior to the procedure, so you do not have to worry.”

    • B. 

      B) “During the dressing change, I will provide privacy at a time of your choosing, it should not be painful, and you can look at the incision and help with the procedure if you want to.”

    • C. 

      C) “The dressing change should not be painful, but you can never be sure, and infection is always a concern.”

    • D. 

      D) “The best time for doing a dressing change is during lunch, so we are not interrupted. I will provide privacy, and it should not be painful.”

  • 6. 
    Your patient is 2 hours postoperative with a Foley catheter in situ. The last hourly urine output you recorded for this patient was 10 mL. The tubing of the Foley is patent. What should you do?
    • A. 

      A) Irrigate the Foley with 30 mL normal saline

    • B. 

      B) Notify the physician, and continue to closely monitor the hourly urine output

    • C. 

      C) Decrease the IV fluid rate

    • D. 

      D) Have the patient sit in high-Fowler's position

  • 7. 
    You admit a patient to the postanesthesia care unit with a blood pressure of 130/90 and a pulse of 68 beats per minute. After 30 minutes, the patient's blood pressure is 120/65, and the pulse is 100. You document the patient's skin as cold, moist, and pale. What is the patient showing signs of?
    • A. 

      A) Hypothermia

    • B. 

      B) Hypovolemic shock

    • C. 

      C) Neurogenic shock

    • D. 

      D) Malignant hypothermia

  • 8. 
    You are the nurse in the emergency department (ED). You are caring for a man who has returned to the ED after receiving ten stitches for a knife wound while cleaning fish. The wound is now infected, the stitches were removed, and the wound is cleaned and packed with gauze. The ED doctor plans to have the man return tomorrow to remove the packing and resuture the wound. You are aware that the wound will now heal by what?
    • A. 

      A) Late intention

    • B. 

      B) Second intention

    • C. 

      C) The third intention

    • D. 

      D) First intention

  • 9. 
    You are the nurse caring for a patient who just had surgery. What is your highest priority?
    • A. 

      A) Assessing for hemorrhage

    • B. 

      B) Maintaining a patent airway

    • C. 

      C) Managing the patient's pain

    • D. 

      D) Assessing vital signs every 15 minutes

  • 10. 
    You are the PACU nurse caring for a 45-year-old male patient who had a left lobectomy. You assess your patient frequently for airway patency and cardiovascular status. You know that the most common cardiovascular complications seen in the PACU include what? (Mark all that apply.)
    • A. 

      A) Hypotension

    • B. 

      B) Hypervolemia

    • C. 

      C) Heart murmurs

    • D. 

      D) Dysrhythmias

    • E. 

      E) Hypertension

  • 11. 
    You are the intraoperative nurse transferring a patient from the OR to the PACU after replacement of the right knee. The patient is a 73-year-old female. You know that special attention must be paid to what?
    • A. 

      A) Cardiovascular status

    • B. 

      B) Positioning

    • C. 

      C) Keeping the patient warm

    • D. 

      D) Keeping the patient hydrated

  • 12. 
    What are the determining factors for a patient to be discharged from the PACU? (Mark all that apply.)
    • A. 

      A) Temperature within normal limits

    • B. 

      B) Stable blood pressure

    • C. 

      C) Ability to respond to voice commands

    • D. 

      D) Adequate oxygen saturation

    • E. 

      E) Adequate respiratory function

  • 13. 
    You are the nurse in a same-day surgery center. What can you do to ensure patient safety and recovery?
    • A. 

      A) Record vital signs and intake and output

    • B. 

      B) Document all your assessment findings

    • C. 

      C) Report to the home health nurse all of the pertinent details

    • D. 

      D) Provide expert teaching

  • 14. 
    You are discharging a patient home from a same-day surgery center. You have gone over all of the discharge instructions with the patient and her caregiver. What else should you do before letting the patient leave the facility? (Mark all that apply.)
    • A. 

      A) Provide all discharge instructions in writing

    • B. 

      B) Provide the nurse's or surgeon's telephone number

    • C. 

      C) Give prescriptions to the patient

    • D. 

      D) Give advice on nutrition to the caregiver

    • E. 

      E) Provide dates and times of new appointments

  • 15. 
    The nursing instructor is discussing the difference between ambulatory surgical centers and hospital-based surgical units. A student asks why some patients have surgery in the hospital, and others are sent to ambulatory surgery centers. What is the instructor's best response?
    • A. 

      A) “Patients who go to ambulatory surgery centers have more family support than patients admitted to the hospital.”

    • B. 

      B) “Patients admitted to the hospital for surgery have multiple needs.”

    • C. 

      C) “Only emergency and trauma patients are admitted to the hospital.”

    • D. 

      D) “Patients who have surgery in the hospital can't afford the added expense of ambulatory surgery centers.”

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