Tracheostomy Quiz Questions And Answers

Clinically Reviewed by Nicolette Natale
Nicolette Natale, BA |
Medical Expert
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Nicolette is an accomplished physician, research coordinator, and medical writer, boasting over 6 years of expertise in healthcare, research, psychology, and education. Her qualifications include a D.O. from Nova Southeastern University and B.A. degrees in English Literature and Psychology from the University of Miami. Nicolette is deeply involved in medical research and patient care, demonstrating a commitment to advancing the field of medicine.
, BA
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Tracheostomy Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

Can you pass this Tracheostomy quiz? Tracheostomy is a surgical procedure to relieve a patient from obstruction to breathing by incision. This procedure is difficult and should be done with utmost care. A slight mistake may lead to a hazardous situation. In this quiz, your knowledge about Tracheostomy and its procedure will be tested. Can you manage to get a score equal to or above 70 on this quiz? Let's see!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the best nursing intervention you need to perform when you notice that the tracheostomy site of your patient has yellowish discharges?

    • A.

      Practice standard precautions and perform tracheostomy care.

    • B.

      Discard the dressing with discharges.

    • C.

      Practice standard precaution, perform tracheostomy care, and report the signs of infection.

    Correct Answer
    C. Practice standard precaution, perform tracheostomy care, and report the signs of infection.
    Explanation
    When a tracheostomy site has yellowish discharges, it is important to practice standard precautions to prevent the spread of infection. Performing tracheostomy care helps to maintain cleanliness and prevent further complications. Additionally, reporting the signs of infection is crucial as it allows for timely intervention and appropriate treatment. This answer encompasses all these necessary interventions to ensure the well-being of the patient.

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  • 2. 

    What is the most important nursing procedure to perform prior to tracheostomy care to minimize the risk of infection?

    • A.

      Use curtain

    • B.

      Hand washing

    • C.

      Use sterile gloves

    • D.

      Proper waste disposal

    Correct Answer
    B. Hand washing
    Explanation
    Hand washing is the most important nursing procedure to perform prior to tracheostomy care to minimize the risk of infection. This is because hand washing helps to remove microorganisms from the hands, reducing the chance of introducing them into the tracheostomy site. Proper hand hygiene is crucial in healthcare settings to prevent the spread of infections and maintain patient safety. Using curtains, sterile gloves, and proper waste disposal are also important procedures, but hand washing takes precedence in this context.

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  • 3. 

    A tracheostomy tube is inserted in a patient who is in respiratory distress as a result of pneumonia. The family asks why the tube is inserted. What should the nurse include when explaining to the patient and family? The purpose of a tracheostomy tube is to:

    • A.

      Decrease the client’s anxiety by increasing the size of the airway.

    • B.

      Provide increased cerebral oxygenation, thereby preventing further respiratory depression.

    • C.

      Facilitate nursing care since tracheal tubes have fewer side effects than nasotracheal tubes.

    • D.

      Provide more controlled ventilation and ease removal of secretions the client is unable to handle.

    Correct Answer
    D. Provide more controlled ventilation and ease removal of secretions the client is unable to handle.
    Explanation
    This is the purpose of a tracheostomy. The client may become less anxious when she is no longer hypoxic. However, relief of anxiety is not the purpose of a tracheostomy tube.

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  • 4. 

    Rinse the suction tubing by dipping its end into the sterile water bottle and applying suction until the solution has rinsed the tubing through.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The correct answer is true because rinsing the suction tubing by dipping its end into the sterile water bottle and applying suction until the solution has rinsed the tubing through is an appropriate and effective method of cleaning the tubing. This process helps to remove any debris or residue that may be present in the tubing, ensuring that it is clean and ready for use.

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  • 5. 

    Select all that apply.What emergency equipment is required at the bedside for the patient with a tracheostomy

    • A.

      Bag Valve Mask

    • B.

      Suction equipment

    • C.

      Oxygen

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Bag Valve Mask
    B. Suction equipment
    C. Oxygen
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Bag Valve Mask, Suction equipment, and Oxygen. These emergency equipment are necessary for a patient with a tracheostomy. A Bag Valve Mask is used for providing positive pressure ventilation in case of respiratory distress. Suction equipment is required to clear any secretions or blockages from the tracheostomy tube. Oxygen is essential for maintaining adequate oxygenation in the patient. These equipment ensure that the patient's airway is protected and they can breathe properly in case of any emergency.

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  • 6. 

    An adult is about to have a tracheostomy performed. Which action is of the highest priority for the nurse before the procedure is done?

    • A.

      Establishing means of postoperative communication.

    • B.

      Drawing blood for serum electrolytes and blood gases.

    • C.

      Inserting an indwelling catheter and attaching it to dependent drainage.

    • D.

      Doing a surgical prep of the neck and upper chest wall.

    Correct Answer
    A. Establishing means of postoperative communication.
    Explanation
    A tracheostomy makes a client unable to speak. Other means of communication will be necessary.

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  • 7. 

    Select all that apply. What are the tracheostomy complications?

    • A.

      Infection

    • B.

      Pneumonia

    • C.

      Hemorrhage

    • D.

      Subcutaneous emphysema

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Infection
    B. Pneumonia
    C. Hemorrhage
    D. Subcutaneous emphysema
    Explanation
    The correct answer is infection, pneumonia, hemorrhage, and subcutaneous emphysema. Tracheostomy is a surgical procedure that involves creating an opening in the neck to access the trachea. Complications of tracheostomy can include infection, which can occur at the site of the incision or in the respiratory tract. Pneumonia can also occur due to the introduction of bacteria into the lungs during the procedure. Hemorrhage is a potential complication due to damage to blood vessels during the surgery. Subcutaneous emphysema can occur if air leaks into the tissues surrounding the tracheostomy site, causing swelling and discomfort.

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  • 8. 

    The recommended pressure for wall suction in an adult is 100-120 mmHg?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The recommended pressure for wall suction in an adult is 100-120 mmHg. This range of pressure is considered safe and effective for removing secretions and maintaining airway patency. Suction pressures that are too low may not effectively clear secretions, while pressures that are too high can cause tissue damage or bleeding. Therefore, maintaining the recommended pressure range is crucial for proper suctioning in adult patients.

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  • 9. 

    Hydration is an important factor to consider when assessing when a client needs to be.. (what?)

    • A.

      Cough

    • B.

      The functioning of tracheostomy

    • C.

      Suctioned

    • D.

      Left open

    Correct Answer
    C. Suctioned
    Explanation
    When assessing the need for a client to be suctioned, hydration is an important factor to consider. Adequate hydration helps to thin and loosen respiratory secretions, making them easier to remove through suctioning. If a client is dehydrated, their secretions may become thick and difficult to clear, increasing the need for suctioning. Therefore, assessing hydration levels is crucial in determining if suctioning is necessary for a client.

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  • 10. 

    What is the maximum diameter of suction catheter you will use to perform tracheostomy suctioning?

    • A.

      1/3 of the diameter of the trach.

    • B.

      1 to 2 cm in diameter.

    • C.

      No larger than 1/2 diameter of artificial airway d/t atelectasis risk

    Correct Answer
    C. No larger than 1/2 diameter of artificial airway d/t atelectasis risk
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "No larger than 1/2 diameter of artificial airway d/t atelectasis risk". This means that when performing tracheostomy suctioning, the maximum diameter of the suction catheter should not exceed half the diameter of the artificial airway. This is because using a larger catheter can increase the risk of atelectasis, which is the collapse or closure of the lung. Therefore, it is important to use a catheter that is appropriate in size to minimize the risk of complications during tracheostomy suctioning.

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  • 11. 

    Prior to and after performing tracheostomy care to a client, we are doing what with oxygen?

    • A.

      Hyperoxygenation

    • B.

      Suctioning

    • C.

      Nebulization

    Correct Answer
    A. Hyperoxygenation
    Explanation
    Prior to and after performing tracheostomy care, it is important to hyperoxygenate the client. This involves providing an increased level of oxygen to the client to ensure that their oxygen levels are optimized. Hyperoxygenation helps to prevent hypoxia, which is a condition characterized by low oxygen levels in the body. By hyperoxygenating the client, we can ensure that they have an adequate oxygen supply during and after the tracheostomy care procedure.

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  • 12. 

    When tracheostomy suctioning, remove the catheter from the sleeve and introduce the catheter to about one-third of its length or approximately 10–15 cm or until the patient coughs. If resistance is felt, withdraw the catheter approximately 1 cm before applying suction by placing the thumb over the suction port control and slowly withdrawing the remainder of the catheter.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    When performing tracheostomy suctioning, it is important to remove the catheter from the sleeve and insert it to about one-third of its length or approximately 10-15 cm, or until the patient coughs. If resistance is encountered, the catheter should be withdrawn approximately 1 cm before applying suction by placing the thumb over the suction port control and slowly withdrawing the rest of the catheter. This ensures that the suctioning is done effectively and safely.

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  • 13. 

    A nurse is caring for a patient with a tracheostomy. The nurse notes that the patient has gurgling sounds coming from the trach site, he is breathing rapidly, and he is trying to cough. Which action should the nurse perform next?

    • A.

      Suction the opening and the trach tubing

    • B.

      Assess the patients lung sounds

    • C.

      Replace the trach tubing with an Ambu-bag and provide two measured breaths

    • D.

      Check capillary refill in the fingertips.

    Correct Answer
    A. Suction the opening and the trach tubing
    Explanation
    The nurse should suction the opening and the trach tubing. The patient's gurgling sounds indicate that there may be secretions blocking the airway, which can be cleared by suctioning. The patient's rapid breathing and attempts to cough further suggest that there is an obstruction that needs to be addressed. Suctioning the trach site and tubing will help remove any secretions and improve the patient's breathing. Assessing lung sounds, replacing the trach tubing with an Ambu-bag, and checking capillary refill are important actions but are not the immediate priority in this situation.

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  • 14. 

    Excessive coughing cannot cause tracheostomy tube displacement.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Excessive coughing can potentially cause tracheostomy tube displacement. The forceful coughing can create pressure and movement in the airway, which may result in the tube becoming dislodged or shifted from its intended position. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 15. 

    What is the normal tracheostomy cuff pressure? 

    • A.

      30-40 mmHg

    • B.

      20-25 mmHg

    • C.

      15-20 mmHg

    • D.

      40-55 mmHg

    Correct Answer
    B. 20-25 mmHg
    Explanation
    The normal tracheostomy cuff pressure is 20-25 mmHg. This pressure range is considered optimal to maintain an adequate seal around the tracheostomy tube while minimizing the risk of complications such as pressure ulcers or tracheal damage. Higher pressures may cause ischemia or necrosis of the tracheal mucosa, while lower pressures may lead to air leakage and aspiration. Therefore, maintaining a cuff pressure within the recommended range is crucial for patient safety and comfort.

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Nicolette Natale |BA |
Medical Expert
Nicolette is an accomplished physician, research coordinator, and medical writer, boasting over 6 years of expertise in healthcare, research, psychology, and education. Her qualifications include a D.O. from Nova Southeastern University and B.A. degrees in English Literature and Psychology from the University of Miami. Nicolette is deeply involved in medical research and patient care, demonstrating a commitment to advancing the field of medicine.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 09, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team

    Expert Reviewed by
    Nicolette Natale
  • Nov 18, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Junell
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