Population And Migration Test

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 476

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Population Quizzes & Trivia

Population is a very popular topic of conversation in modern society, given how the earth seems to gain a billion more people every decade. What do you know of population, and the often controversial topic of migration?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The phenomenon that a country has a falling fertility rate, but its population continues to increase is known as
    • A. 

      Demographic momentum

    • B. 

      Arithmetic population growth

    • C. 

      The total fertility rate

    • D. 

      Spatial interaction

    • E. 

      Demographic transition

  • 2. 
    Karl Marx would most likely have agreed with which of the following statments?
    • A. 

      Overpopulation results fro exponential population growth and arithmetic growth of food supply

    • B. 

      The unequal distribution of resources creates surplus population

    • C. 

      Overpopulation is a direct result of not having enough subsistence farmers in an economy

    • D. 

      Surplus population is impossible

    • E. 

      Death rates must exceed birth rates

  • 3. 
    Margaret embarked on her move to California. En route to San diego from her home of Houston Texas, she stopped in Santa Fe, New Mexico. While in Santa Fe, she fell in love with the city and decided to stay there. In Maragret's migration, Santa Fe represents a(n)
    • A. 

      Intervening opportunity

    • B. 

      Intervening obstacle

    • C. 

      Remittance

    • D. 

      Push factor

    • E. 

      The Middle East

  • 4. 
    Which of the following regions currently has the largest percentages of immigrants?
    • A. 

      North America

    • B. 

      Latin America

    • C. 

      Australia and New Zealand

    • D. 

      East Asia

    • E. 

      The Middle East

  • 5. 
    Suppose that a country's crude birth rate is higher than the crude death rate, but the country's out-migration is greater than the difference between the birth rate and the death rate. How would the country's natural increase be affected?
    • A. 

      The country would not have any natural increase

    • B. 

      The country would have a natural increase, but only if its immigration policies changed

    • C. 

      The country would have a natural increase

    • D. 

      The country would have a natural increase only if the out-migration was composed of older people.

    • E. 

      The country's natural increase would depend on whether most out-migration were men or women

  • 6. 
    Approximately 81% of the earth's population lives in poorer, less-developed countries in which three regions?
    • A. 

      Africa, Australia, and Asia

    • B. 

      Latin America, Africa, and Asia

    • C. 

      North America, Asia, South America

    • D. 

      Europe, Africa, Pacific Rim

    • E. 

      North America, Europe, Africa

  • 7. 
    Which of the following regions produced the largest migration stream into germany in the period 1999-2005?
    • A. 

      Latin America

    • B. 

      China

    • C. 

      North Africa

    • D. 

      United States

    • E. 

      Australia

  • 8. 
    During which of the following periods in world history has population doubling time been the shortest?
    • A. 

      The 16th century

    • B. 

      The 17th century

    • C. 

      The 18th century

    • D. 

      The 19th century

    • E. 

      The 20th century

  • 9. 
    According to Ravenstein, which of the following is LEAST likely to migrate?
    • A. 

      A 50-year old married waoma

    • B. 

      An 18-year old single man

    • C. 

      A 30-year old married man

    • D. 

      A young child

    • E. 

      A 25-year old single woman

  • 10. 
    Why does the rate of natural increase (RNI) not accurately demonstrate population change for subglobal regions?
    • A. 

      RNI data do not include immigration and emigration

    • B. 

      RNI data are not specific enough to focus on fecund women

    • C. 

      The RNI does not change in a region without a cultural decision to change the birth rate

    • D. 

      HIV/AIDS has dramatically altered RNI data

    • E. 

      Mortality is increasing because of decreased fertility rates in more-developed regions

  • 11. 
    The wave of immigrants to the United States between 1900 and 1914 is different from previous immigration waves because more immigrants came from
    • A. 

      Germany and northern Europe

    • B. 

      Ireland and Scotland

    • C. 

      East Asia

    • D. 

      Southern and Eastern Europe

    • E. 

      Latin America

  • 12. 
    The number of people a region can reasonably support, given its landscape, resources, and trading ability, is known as
    • A. 

      Infrastructure

    • B. 

      Overpopulation

    • C. 

      Physiological density

    • D. 

      Carrying capacity

    • E. 

      Age-sex pyramid

  • 13. 
    Suppose that a geographer divides the total population of a country by the country's total amount of land space. The resulting figure is the country's
    • A. 

      Population concentration

    • B. 

      Physiological population density

    • C. 

      Natural increase

    • D. 

      Arithmetic growth

    • E. 

      Arithmetic population density

  • 14. 
    Which of the following trends matches the urban migration pattern of the 1880s noted by Ernst Ravenstein?
    • A. 

      The majority of migrants move long distances

    • B. 

      Most migrants are young children following their young parents

    • C. 

      Countercurrents of migration tend to be larger than their original streams

    • D. 

      Migrants who move long distances tend to move to large cities

    • E. 

      Rural dwellers tend to be less migratory than urban dwellers

  • 15. 
    Overpopulation in a country occurs when
    • A. 

      Total population reaches 10 billion

    • B. 

      There is more of one sex than the other

    • C. 

      The country's population out grows its carrying capacity

    • D. 

      The country imports food

    • E. 

      Large parts of a country are desert

  • 16. 
    In what ways does a famine limit population growth?
    • A. 

      Famine is caused by changes in climate that make it difficult for crops plants to adjust

    • B. 

      Less food available for families, so fertility rates decline

    • C. 

      Non-democratic governments often use famine as an excuse to implement eugenic population policies

    • D. 

      Famines are caused by overpopulation, so there is a natural self-regulating mechanism that leads to slower population growth

    • E. 

      Decreased food consumption leads to weakening of immune systems making people more susceptible to disease

  • 17. 
    Which of the following best describes a "push factor" that would cause rural people in the Third World (developing countries) to leave their farms and migrate away from their home community?
    • A. 

      Guest worker policies in First World (more developed) countries.

    • B. 

      Civil War or armed conflict in the rural countryside

    • C. 

      Job opportunities in manufacturing

    • D. 

      Access to services and education opportunities in cities

    • E. 

      Decreasing land costs for farmers

  • 18. 
    All of the following are Laws of Migration, according to Ernst Ravenstein, EXCEPT
    • A. 

      The majority of immigrants move only a short distance away

    • B. 

      Long-distance migration is usually characterized by step migration

    • C. 

      Migrants who move longer distances tend to choose cities as their destinations

    • D. 

      Net migrations to popular destination neighborhoods usually result in dramatic population increases

    • E. 

      Most international migrants are young males

  • 19. 
    All of the following are correct statements about the demographic transition model EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Stage 1 is characterized by high birth rates and high death rates

    • B. 

      High growth rates occur in Stage 2 largely because of a drop in the death rate

    • C. 

      Children become economic liabilities in Stage 2

    • D. 

      Moderate growth rates occur in Stage 3 as birth rates fall

    • E. 

      Like Stage 1, Stage 4 is characterized by low population growth

  • 20. 
    Dot maps usually are designed to show
    • A. 

      Population migrations

    • B. 

      Population growths

    • C. 

      Birth rates and death rates

    • D. 

      Distance decay

    • E. 

      Population density

  • 21. 
    One reason that China has been more successful so far in controlling population growth than India has is that 
    • A. 

      Chinese values traditionally have been more supportive of small families

    • B. 

      Indian values prevent widespread female infanticide

    • C. 

      The Indian economy is based more completely on agriculture, and large families provide the necessary labor

    • D. 

      China requires sterilization of anyone with three children or more, India does not

    • E. 

      India has more trouble coordinating a centralized population policy because it is a federation

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is an example of chain migration?
    • A. 

      Drought leads to famine in the Punjab, which leads to desperation, which leads to emigration

    • B. 

      The Dutch first brought people from Indonesia to the Caribbean, and then from other Dutch colonies around the world

    • C. 

      One village after another comes under attack by rebels, forcing the people of those villages to migrate to safer areas

    • D. 

      In a rural town in Jalisco, Mexico, one person manages to migrate legally to the United States and settles in Elgin Illinois. He finds a job, prospers, and writes home of his success. Ten years later there is a community of 350 people from Jalisco living in Elgin

    • E. 

      Refers specifically to migrations from Central America, starting in Mexico, then moving through the Central America states of Guatemala, Belize, Hoduras, Nicaragua, El Salavador, Costa Rica, and finally Panama

  • 23. 
    According to Thomas Malthus, famine is inescapable as a population check because
    • A. 

      People in most parts of the world do not have the skills to make agriculture more productive

    • B. 

      Population increases at a geometric rate whereas food supplies grow at an arithmetic rate

    • C. 

      Population increases at an arithmetic rate whereas food supplies grow at a geometric rate

    • D. 

      Cultural values in many countries do not support the use of birth control

    • E. 

      Zero population growth cannot be achieved in time to prevent famine since the population base is already so large.

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is most clearly a pronatalist policy?
    • A. 

      Awarding tax breaks to families with three or more children

    • B. 

      Giving families cash rewards for not having more than three children

    • C. 

      Forced sterilization programs

    • D. 

      A law similar to China's one-child policy

    • E. 

      Hospitals offering parental classes to new parents

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is most likely to have the largest activity space?
    • A. 

      A middle-age suburban male

    • B. 

      A suburban teenager

    • C. 

      A farmer

    • D. 

      A school-age child

    • E. 

      A retired person living in a city

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