Population And Migration Test

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Population Quizzes & Trivia

Population is a very popular topic of conversation in modern society, given how the earth seems to gain a billion more people every decade. What do you know of population, and the often controversial topic of migration?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The phenomenon that a country has a falling fertility rate, but its population continues to increase is known as

    • A.

      Demographic momentum

    • B.

      Arithmetic population growth

    • C.

      The total fertility rate

    • D.

      Spatial interaction

    • E.

      Demographic transition

    Correct Answer
    A. Demographic momentum
    Explanation
    Demographic momentum refers to the phenomenon where a country continues to experience population growth even though its fertility rate is declining. This can occur due to a large proportion of young people in the population who are still in their reproductive years. Even if each individual has fewer children on average, the sheer number of people in the reproductive age group leads to continued population growth. This concept highlights the lag time between changes in fertility rates and their impact on population size.

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  • 2. 

    Karl Marx would most likely have agreed with which of the following statments?

    • A.

      Overpopulation results fro exponential population growth and arithmetic growth of food supply

    • B.

      The unequal distribution of resources creates surplus population

    • C.

      Overpopulation is a direct result of not having enough subsistence farmers in an economy

    • D.

      Surplus population is impossible

    • E.

      Death rates must exceed birth rates

    Correct Answer
    B. The unequal distribution of resources creates surplus population
    Explanation
    Karl Marx believed that the unequal distribution of resources in society creates a surplus population. According to Marx, capitalism inherently leads to the concentration of wealth in the hands of a few, while the majority of the population struggles to access basic resources. This unequal distribution of resources creates a surplus population that is not needed for labor and is left unemployed or underemployed. Marx argued that this surplus population serves as a reserve army of labor, which can be exploited by the capitalist class to drive down wages and maintain control over the working class.

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  • 3. 

    Margaret embarked on her move to California. En route to San diego from her home of Houston Texas, she stopped in Santa Fe, New Mexico. While in Santa Fe, she fell in love with the city and decided to stay there. In Maragret's migration, Santa Fe represents a(n)

    • A.

      Intervening opportunity

    • B.

      Intervening obstacle

    • C.

      Remittance

    • D.

      Push factor

    • E.

      The Middle East

    Correct Answer
    A. Intervening opportunity
    Explanation
    In Margaret's migration, Santa Fe represents an intervening opportunity. This is because while she was en route to San Diego, she stopped in Santa Fe and fell in love with the city, deciding to stay there instead. Santa Fe presented an unexpected opportunity for Margaret to change her original plan and settle in a new location.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following regions currently has the largest percentages of immigrants?

    • A.

      North America

    • B.

      Latin America

    • C.

      Australia and New Zealand

    • D.

      East Asia

    • E.

      The Middle East

    Correct Answer
    E. The Middle East
    Explanation
    The Middle East currently has the largest percentages of immigrants. This region has been a popular destination for immigrants due to various factors such as economic opportunities, political stability, and the presence of large expatriate communities. Additionally, the Middle East has experienced significant population growth in recent years, which has also contributed to an increase in the number of immigrants.

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  • 5. 

    Suppose that a country's crude birth rate is higher than the crude death rate, but the country's out-migration is greater than the difference between the birth rate and the death rate. How would the country's natural increase be affected?

    • A.

      The country would not have any natural increase

    • B.

      The country would have a natural increase, but only if its immigration policies changed

    • C.

      The country would have a natural increase

    • D.

      The country would have a natural increase only if the out-migration was composed of older people.

    • E.

      The country's natural increase would depend on whether most out-migration were men or women

    Correct Answer
    D. The country would have a natural increase only if the out-migration was composed of older people.
    Explanation
    If the country's crude birth rate is higher than the crude death rate, it means that more people are being born than dying. However, if the country's out-migration is greater than the difference between the birth rate and the death rate, it means that more people are leaving the country than the number of births minus deaths. This would result in a decrease in the population. However, if the out-migration is composed of older people, who are more likely to die, then the country would still have a natural increase in population. This is because even though there is a net loss of people due to migration, the death rate among those leaving is higher, resulting in a natural increase in population.

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  • 6. 

    Approximately 81% of the earth's population lives in poorer, less-developed countries in which three regions?

    • A.

      Africa, Australia, and Asia

    • B.

      Latin America, Africa, and Asia

    • C.

      North America, Asia, South America

    • D.

      Europe, Africa, Pacific Rim

    • E.

      North America, Europe, Africa

    Correct Answer
    B. Latin America, Africa, and Asia
    Explanation
    Approximately 81% of the earth's population lives in poorer, less-developed countries in Latin America, Africa, and Asia. These regions are home to a large majority of the world's population that faces economic challenges and struggles with development. This answer accurately identifies the three regions where the majority of the world's population resides in less-developed countries.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following regions produced the largest migration stream into germany in the period 1999-2005?

    • A.

      Latin America

    • B.

      China

    • C.

      North Africa

    • D.

      United States

    • E.

      Australia

    Correct Answer
    C. North Africa
    Explanation
    During the period 1999-2005, North Africa produced the largest migration stream into Germany. This could be due to various reasons such as political instability, economic hardships, or social unrest in the North African region, which might have compelled individuals to seek better opportunities and living conditions in Germany. Additionally, factors like cultural connections, historical ties, or existing migration networks between North Africa and Germany could have also contributed to this significant migration flow.

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  • 8. 

    During which of the following periods in world history has population doubling time been the shortest?

    • A.

      The 16th century

    • B.

      The 17th century

    • C.

      The 18th century

    • D.

      The 19th century

    • E.

      The 20th century

    Correct Answer
    E. The 20th century
    Explanation
    In the 20th century, population doubling time has been the shortest compared to the other given periods in world history. This is because of various factors such as advancements in medical technology, improved living conditions, and increased access to education. These factors have led to a decrease in mortality rates and an increase in life expectancy, resulting in a rapid population growth. Additionally, the 20th century witnessed significant advancements in agriculture and industrialization, which further contributed to population growth.

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  • 9. 

    According to Ravenstein, which of the following is LEAST likely to migrate?

    • A.

      A 50-year old married waoma

    • B.

      An 18-year old single man

    • C.

      A 30-year old married man

    • D.

      A young child

    • E.

      A 25-year old single woman

    Correct Answer
    A. A 50-year old married waoma
    Explanation
    According to Ravenstein's laws of migration, individuals who are older are less likely to migrate compared to younger individuals. Additionally, individuals who are married are also less likely to migrate compared to single individuals. Therefore, a 50-year old married woman is the least likely to migrate among the given options.

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  • 10. 

    Why does the rate of natural increase (RNI) not accurately demonstrate population change for subglobal regions?

    • A.

      RNI data do not include immigration and emigration

    • B.

      RNI data are not specific enough to focus on fecund women

    • C.

      The RNI does not change in a region without a cultural decision to change the birth rate

    • D.

      HIV/AIDS has dramatically altered RNI data

    • E.

      Mortality is increasing because of decreased fertility rates in more-developed regions

    Correct Answer
    A. RNI data do not include immigration and emigration
    Explanation
    The rate of natural increase (RNI) refers to the difference between the birth rate and the death rate in a population. It is a measure of population change without considering the impact of migration. Immigration and emigration can significantly affect population change in subglobal regions, as they involve the movement of individuals into and out of the region. Therefore, RNI data, which do not include immigration and emigration, cannot accurately demonstrate population change for these regions.

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  • 11. 

    The wave of immigrants to the United States between 1900 and 1914 is different from previous immigration waves because more immigrants came from

    • A.

      Germany and northern Europe

    • B.

      Ireland and Scotland

    • C.

      East Asia

    • D.

      Southern and Eastern Europe

    • E.

      Latin America

    Correct Answer
    D. Southern and Eastern Europe
    Explanation
    The wave of immigrants to the United States between 1900 and 1914 is different from previous immigration waves because during this time period, there was a significant increase in the number of immigrants coming from Southern and Eastern Europe. Unlike previous waves which saw a larger proportion of immigrants from Germany and northern Europe, this wave saw a shift towards countries such as Italy, Russia, and Greece. This influx of immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe had a profound impact on the demographics and cultural diversity of the United States during this time period.

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  • 12. 

    The number of people a region can reasonably support, given its landscape, resources, and trading ability, is known as

    • A.

      Infrastructure

    • B.

      Overpopulation

    • C.

      Physiological density

    • D.

      Carrying capacity

    • E.

      Age-sex pyramid

    Correct Answer
    D. Carrying capacity
    Explanation
    The carrying capacity refers to the maximum number of individuals that a region can sustainably support, taking into account factors such as its landscape, available resources, and trading ability. It is a measure of the region's ability to provide food, water, shelter, and other necessities for its population without depleting its resources or causing environmental degradation. This concept is important in understanding the balance between population growth and resource availability in a given area.

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  • 13. 

    Suppose that a geographer divides the total population of a country by the country's total amount of land space. The resulting figure is the country's

    • A.

      Population concentration

    • B.

      Physiological population density

    • C.

      Natural increase

    • D.

      Arithmetic growth

    • E.

      Arithmetic population density

    Correct Answer
    E. Arithmetic population density
    Explanation
    Arithmetic population density is the correct answer because it is the measure of population density obtained by dividing the total population of a country by its total land area. This calculation gives an average number of people per unit of land, providing a general idea of how densely populated an area is. It does not take into account variations in terrain or the distribution of population within the country.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following trends matches the urban migration pattern of the 1880s noted by Ernst Ravenstein?

    • A.

      The majority of migrants move long distances

    • B.

      Most migrants are young children following their young parents

    • C.

      Countercurrents of migration tend to be larger than their original streams

    • D.

      Migrants who move long distances tend to move to large cities

    • E.

      Rural dwellers tend to be less migratory than urban dwellers

    Correct Answer
    D. Migrants who move long distances tend to move to large cities
    Explanation
    During the 1880s, Ernst Ravenstein observed that migrants who moved long distances tended to move to large cities. This means that individuals who migrated from rural areas to urban areas were more likely to travel longer distances in order to settle in larger cities. This trend suggests that the pull factors of urban areas, such as job opportunities and better living conditions, attracted migrants from rural areas, prompting them to travel long distances to reach these large cities.

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  • 15. 

    Overpopulation in a country occurs when

    • A.

      Total population reaches 10 billion

    • B.

      There is more of one sex than the other

    • C.

      The country's population out grows its carrying capacity

    • D.

      The country imports food

    • E.

      Large parts of a country are desert

    Correct Answer
    C. The country's population out grows its carrying capacity
    Explanation
    Overpopulation in a country occurs when the country's population outgrows its carrying capacity. Carrying capacity refers to the maximum number of individuals that an environment can sustainably support. When the population exceeds this capacity, it leads to various problems such as strain on resources, environmental degradation, and a decline in the quality of life for the inhabitants. Therefore, when a country's population surpasses its carrying capacity, it is considered to be overpopulated.

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  • 16. 

    In what ways does a famine limit population growth?

    • A.

      Famine is caused by changes in climate that make it difficult for crops plants to adjust

    • B.

      Less food available for families, so fertility rates decline

    • C.

      Non-democratic governments often use famine as an excuse to implement eugenic population policies

    • D.

      Famines are caused by overpopulation, so there is a natural self-regulating mechanism that leads to slower population growth

    • E.

      Decreased food consumption leads to weakening of immune systems making people more susceptible to disease

    Correct Answer
    E. Decreased food consumption leads to weakening of immune systems making people more susceptible to disease
    Explanation
    When a famine occurs, there is a scarcity of food, leading to decreased food consumption for individuals and families. This lack of proper nutrition weakens their immune systems, making them more vulnerable to diseases. As a result, the mortality rate increases, which limits population growth.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following best describes a "push factor" that would cause rural people in the Third World (developing countries) to leave their farms and migrate away from their home community?

    • A.

      Guest worker policies in First World (more developed) countries.

    • B.

      Civil War or armed conflict in the rural countryside

    • C.

      Job opportunities in manufacturing

    • D.

      Access to services and education opportunities in cities

    • E.

      Decreasing land costs for farmers

    Correct Answer
    B. Civil War or armed conflict in the rural countryside
    Explanation
    Civil war or armed conflict in the rural countryside can be described as a "push factor" because it creates a dangerous and unstable environment for rural people. The violence and instability caused by civil war or armed conflict can force people to leave their farms and migrate away from their home community in search of safety and security. This push factor disrupts their livelihoods and makes it necessary for them to seek refuge in other areas where they can rebuild their lives.

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  • 18. 

    All of the following are Laws of Migration, according to Ernst Ravenstein, EXCEPT

    • A.

      The majority of immigrants move only a short distance away

    • B.

      Long-distance migration is usually characterized by step migration

    • C.

      Migrants who move longer distances tend to choose cities as their destinations

    • D.

      Net migrations to popular destination neighborhoods usually result in dramatic population increases

    • E.

      Most international migrants are young males

    Correct Answer
    D. Net migrations to popular destination neighborhoods usually result in dramatic population increases
    Explanation
    According to Ernst Ravenstein's Laws of Migration, the majority of immigrants move only a short distance away, long-distance migration is usually characterized by step migration, migrants who move longer distances tend to choose cities as their destinations, and most international migrants are young males. However, Ravenstein's laws do not include the statement that net migrations to popular destination neighborhoods usually result in dramatic population increases.

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  • 19. 

    All of the following are correct statements about the demographic transition model EXCEPT

    • A.

      Stage 1 is characterized by high birth rates and high death rates

    • B.

      High growth rates occur in Stage 2 largely because of a drop in the death rate

    • C.

      Children become economic liabilities in Stage 2

    • D.

      Moderate growth rates occur in Stage 3 as birth rates fall

    • E.

      Like Stage 1, Stage 4 is characterized by low population growth

    Correct Answer
    C. Children become economic liabilities in Stage 2
    Explanation
    The demographic transition model is a theory that explains the population change over time in different stages. In Stage 2 of the model, there is typically a drop in the death rate due to advancements in healthcare and sanitation, which leads to high population growth. However, the statement "Children become economic liabilities in Stage 2" is not a correct statement about the demographic transition model. In Stage 2, children are often seen as economic assets as they can contribute to the family's labor force and provide support in agricultural activities.

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  • 20. 

    Dot maps usually are designed to show

    • A.

      Population migrations

    • B.

      Population growths

    • C.

      Birth rates and death rates

    • D.

      Distance decay

    • E.

      Population density

    Correct Answer
    E. Population density
    Explanation
    Dot maps are a type of thematic map that use dots to represent the quantity or density of a particular phenomenon, such as population. In this case, the correct answer is "population density" because dot maps are primarily designed to visually represent the distribution and concentration of population across a geographic area. Each dot on the map represents a certain number of people, allowing viewers to quickly understand where population is more or less concentrated.

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  • 21. 

    One reason that China has been more successful so far in controlling population growth than India has is that 

    • A.

      Chinese values traditionally have been more supportive of small families

    • B.

      Indian values prevent widespread female infanticide

    • C.

      The Indian economy is based more completely on agriculture, and large families provide the necessary labor

    • D.

      China requires sterilization of anyone with three children or more, India does not

    • E.

      India has more trouble coordinating a centralized population policy because it is a federation

    Correct Answer
    E. India has more trouble coordinating a centralized population policy because it is a federation
    Explanation
    India has more trouble coordinating a centralized population policy because it is a federation. This means that India's government is divided into different levels, with power shared between the central government and the states. This decentralization of power makes it more difficult to implement and enforce a unified population policy across the entire country. In contrast, China has a more centralized government system, allowing for greater coordination and implementation of population control measures.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following is an example of chain migration?

    • A.

      Drought leads to famine in the Punjab, which leads to desperation, which leads to emigration

    • B.

      The Dutch first brought people from Indonesia to the Caribbean, and then from other Dutch colonies around the world

    • C.

      One village after another comes under attack by rebels, forcing the people of those villages to migrate to safer areas

    • D.

      In a rural town in Jalisco, Mexico, one person manages to migrate legally to the United States and settles in Elgin Illinois. He finds a job, prospers, and writes home of his success. Ten years later there is a community of 350 people from Jalisco living in Elgin

    • E.

      Refers specifically to migrations from Central America, starting in Mexico, then moving through the Central America states of Guatemala, Belize, Hoduras, Nicaragua, El Salavador, Costa Rica, and finally Panama

    Correct Answer
    D. In a rural town in Jalisco, Mexico, one person manages to migrate legally to the United States and settles in Elgin Illinois. He finds a job, prospers, and writes home of his success. Ten years later there is a community of 350 people from Jalisco living in Elgin
    Explanation
    This scenario exemplifies chain migration because it starts with one person migrating to a new country and then leads to a larger community of people from the same origin settling in the same destination. The initial individual's success and communication with their home community encourages others to follow the same path, resulting in the growth of a community in the new location.

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  • 23. 

    According to Thomas Malthus, famine is inescapable as a population check because

    • A.

      People in most parts of the world do not have the skills to make agriculture more productive

    • B.

      Population increases at a geometric rate whereas food supplies grow at an arithmetic rate

    • C.

      Population increases at an arithmetic rate whereas food supplies grow at a geometric rate

    • D.

      Cultural values in many countries do not support the use of birth control

    • E.

      Zero population growth cannot be achieved in time to prevent famine since the population base is already so large.

    Correct Answer
    B. Population increases at a geometric rate whereas food supplies grow at an arithmetic rate
    Explanation
    According to Thomas Malthus, famine is inescapable as a population check because population increases at a geometric rate whereas food supplies grow at an arithmetic rate. This means that the population grows exponentially, while the production of food grows linearly. As a result, the demand for food will eventually surpass the available supply, leading to famine. This concept is known as the Malthusian theory and suggests that population growth will inevitably lead to resource scarcity and ultimately, famine.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following is most clearly a pronatalist policy?

    • A.

      Awarding tax breaks to families with three or more children

    • B.

      Giving families cash rewards for not having more than three children

    • C.

      Forced sterilization programs

    • D.

      A law similar to China's one-child policy

    • E.

      Hospitals offering parental classes to new parents

    Correct Answer
    A. Awarding tax breaks to families with three or more children
    Explanation
    Awarding tax breaks to families with three or more children is most clearly a pronatalist policy because it incentivizes and encourages couples to have more children by providing them with financial benefits. This policy aims to increase the birth rate and population growth by rewarding larger families, thereby promoting the idea of having more children.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following is most likely to have the largest activity space?

    • A.

      A middle-age suburban male

    • B.

      A suburban teenager

    • C.

      A farmer

    • D.

      A school-age child

    • E.

      A retired person living in a city

    Correct Answer
    A. A middle-age suburban male
    Explanation
    A middle-age suburban male is most likely to have the largest activity space because they are likely to have a wider range of responsibilities and interests compared to the other options. They may have a job that requires them to travel or interact with a larger network of people, they may have children involved in various activities, and they may have more freedom and resources to engage in recreational activities outside of their immediate neighborhood.

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  • 26. 

    What is the world's population based on events that took place during the first week of November, 2011?

    • A.

      5.4 billion

    • B.

      5.4 million

    • C.

      7 billion

    • D.

      7 million

    • E.

      6.4 billion

    Correct Answer
    C. 7 billion
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 7 billion. This is based on the fact that the question asks for the world's population based on events that took place during the first week of November 2011. At that time, the estimated world population was around 7 billion according to various sources such as the United Nations and the World Bank.

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  • 27. 

    When countries where cultural traditions restrict educational and professional opportunities for women, and men dominate as a matter of custom, what is the usual impact on population?

    • A.

      Rates of natural increase tend to be high

    • B.

      Rates of natural increase tend to be low

    • C.

      Total fertility rates tend to be low

    • D.

      Infant mortality tends to be high

    • E.

      Tere is no discernible correlation

    Correct Answer
    A. Rates of natural increase tend to be high
    Explanation
    In countries where cultural traditions restrict educational and professional opportunities for women and men dominate as a matter of custom, the usual impact on the population is that rates of natural increase tend to be high. This is because when women have limited access to education and career opportunities, they tend to have higher fertility rates and earlier marriages, leading to larger families and a higher population growth rate. Additionally, limited access to healthcare and family planning services may contribute to higher birth rates and lower death rates, further increasing the natural increase in the population.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following measurements would give a demographer the closest prediction of reproductive behavior in a fecund woman in a country?

    • A.

      Crude birth rate

    • B.

      Rate of natural increase

    • C.

      Infant mortality rate

    • D.

      Total fertility rate

    • E.

      Life expectancy

    Correct Answer
    D. Total fertility rate
    Explanation
    The total fertility rate would give a demographer the closest prediction of reproductive behavior in a fecund woman in a country. This measurement represents the average number of children that a woman is expected to have in her lifetime, taking into account current fertility patterns. It provides a comprehensive understanding of the reproductive behavior of women in a population and is widely used by demographers to analyze and compare fertility rates across different countries or regions.

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  • 29. 

    Which of the following most closely describes immigration pattern in the United States between 1840 and the present? 1840s and 1850                             Late 1800s                     Early 1900s                                    Immigration since 1945

    • A.

      Largest #s Irish German increasing numbers increase from Asia increase from S. Europe

    • B.

      Decreasing numbers increase for S. Europe increase from Asia largest #s Irish/German

    • C.

      Largest #s Irish/German increasing numbers increase from S. Europe increase from Asia

    • D.

      Largest #s from Asia decreasing numbers increases from S. Europe decrease from Asia

    • E.

      Largest #s from S. Europe largest # Irish/German decrease from Asia decreasing numbers

    Correct Answer
    C. Largest #s Irish/German increasing numbers increase from S. Europe increase from Asia
    Explanation
    During the 1840s and 1850s, the largest numbers of immigrants to the United States were Irish and German. In the late 1800s, there was an increasing number of immigrants overall, with an increase from Southern Europe and Asia. In the early 1900s, there was a continued increase in immigration from Southern Europe and Asia, along with an increase in numbers from Irish and German immigrants. Since 1945, the largest numbers of immigrants have been from Asia, with decreasing numbers overall and a decrease specifically from Asia.

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  • 30. 

    By 2050, which country is projected to have the highest population in the world?

    • A.

      China

    • B.

      Japan

    • C.

      Russia

    • D.

      India

    • E.

      United States

    Correct Answer
    D. India
    Explanation
    India is projected to have the highest population in the world by 2050. This projection is based on various factors such as current population growth rate, fertility rate, and demographic trends. India's population has been steadily increasing over the years, and it is expected to continue growing at a rapid pace. Additionally, India has a large young population, which further contributes to its potential for population growth in the future. Therefore, based on these projections and trends, India is expected to surpass other countries and have the highest population by 2050.

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  • 31. 

    Population pyramids are used to show 

    • A.

      The age of a country's population

    • B.

      The sex ratio of a country's population

    • C.

      The average income of a country's population

    • D.

      Dissease rates

    • E.

      Age and sex ratio of a country's population

    Correct Answer
    E. Age and sex ratio of a country's population
    Explanation
    Population pyramids are graphical representations that display the age and sex distribution of a country's population. They typically have two bar graphs, one representing the male population and the other representing the female population, with age groups displayed on the horizontal axis. The width of each bar represents the proportion of the population in that age group, allowing for a visual comparison of age and sex ratios within a population. Therefore, the correct answer is "age and sex ratio of a country's population."

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  • 32. 

    Which of the following characteristics is currently shared by Sierra Leone, Afghanistan, and Niger?

    • A.

      Low death rates

    • B.

      High infant mortality rates

    • C.

      High levels of industrialization

    • D.

      Large percentages of population over 65

    • E.

      More than 50% of population involved in dairy farming

    Correct Answer
    B. High infant mortality rates
    Explanation
    Sierra Leone, Afghanistan, and Niger currently share the characteristic of having high infant mortality rates. This means that a significant number of infants in these countries die before reaching the age of one. This could be due to various factors such as limited access to healthcare, inadequate nutrition, poor sanitation, and lack of education on infant care. The high infant mortality rates in these countries highlight the need for improved healthcare systems and initiatives to address the underlying causes of infant deaths.

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  • 33. 

    Selected pull factors for Immigration: JOB OPPORTUNITIES; POLITICAL FREEDOM; ACCESS TO EDUCATION In the twentieth century these factors encouraged migration primarily

    • A.

      By people with significant economic resources

    • B.

      From one developed country to another

    • C.

      From developing to developed countries

    • D.

      Among people with similar religious beliefs

    • E.

      From developed to developing countries

    Correct Answer
    C. From developing to developed countries
    Explanation
    The selected pull factors for immigration, such as job opportunities, political freedom, and access to education, primarily encouraged migration from developing to developed countries in the twentieth century. This means that individuals from less economically developed nations were motivated to move to more economically developed nations in search of better job prospects, political rights, and educational opportunities.

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  • 34. 

    "Doubling time" or the number of years required for a population to double is size can estimated by

    • A.

      Dividing the total population by the Total Fertility Rate

    • B.

      Counnting back the number of years to when the population was half the current size

    • C.

      Multiplying the Total Fertility Rate by the Rate of Natural Increase

    • D.

      Dividing 70 by the Rate of Natural Increase

    • E.

      Multiplying the Rate of Natural Increase by the Total Life Expectancy

    Correct Answer
    D. Dividing 70 by the Rate of Natural Increase
    Explanation
    The correct answer is dividing 70 by the Rate of Natural Increase. This is because the concept of "doubling time" is commonly calculated using the rule of 70, which states that the time it takes for a variable to double can be approximated by dividing 70 by the growth rate. In this case, the growth rate is represented by the Rate of Natural Increase, which is the difference between the birth rate and the death rate. By dividing 70 by the Rate of Natural Increase, we can estimate the number of years it would take for a population to double in size.

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  • 35. 

    Which factor was identified as the 2004 United Nations population conference as key to controlling population growth?

    • A.

      Health care

    • B.

      Political ideology

    • C.

      Farming methods

    • D.

      HIV/AIDS

    • E.

      The status of women

    Correct Answer
    E. The status of women
    Explanation
    The 2004 United Nations population conference identified the status of women as a key factor in controlling population growth. This is because when women have access to education, resources, and reproductive healthcare, they are more likely to make informed decisions about family planning and have fewer children. Empowering women and improving their social and economic status can help address issues related to population growth.

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  • 36. 

    Which of the following is the most accurate about population distribution in China

    • A.

      Population is distributed fairly evenly throughout the country

    • B.

      Most of the population is concentrated in the eastern part of the country

    • C.

      Most of the population is concentrated along the southern border of the country

    • D.

      Most of the population is concentrated in the west, although a significant number live close to the Pacific Coast

    • E.

      Most people live in rural areas, and the country has only a few cities with populations over one million

    Correct Answer
    B. Most of the population is concentrated in the eastern part of the country
    Explanation
    Most of the population is concentrated in the eastern part of the country. This is the most accurate statement about population distribution in China. The eastern part of China, particularly the coastal areas, is more densely populated compared to other regions. This is due to factors such as economic development, availability of job opportunities, and better infrastructure. The eastern region includes major cities like Shanghai, Beijing, and Guangzhou, which attract a large population.

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  • 37. 

    In which stage of the demographic transition model does the medical revolution take place?

    • A.

      Stage 1

    • B.

      Stage 2

    • C.

      Stage 3

    • D.

      Stage 4

    • E.

      Stage 5

    Correct Answer
    B. Stage 2
    Explanation
    The medical revolution takes place in Stage 2 of the demographic transition model. During this stage, there is a decrease in death rates due to advancements in medical technology, improved sanitation, and access to healthcare. This leads to a significant increase in population growth as more individuals survive infancy and live longer.

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  • 38. 

    The most significant effect of the epidemiological transition in Europe during the mid-19th century is that

    • A.

      Many people died of communicable diseases

    • B.

      The natural increase exploded

    • C.

      The birth rate increased significantly

    • D.

      The fertility rate decreased significantly

    • E.

      Death rates decreased significantly

    Correct Answer
    B. The natural increase exploded
    Explanation
    The most significant effect of the epidemiological transition in Europe during the mid-19th century is that the natural increase exploded. This means that there was a significant increase in the population growth rate, primarily due to a decrease in death rates. The epidemiological transition refers to the shift from high mortality and fertility rates to low mortality and fertility rates, which occurred during this time period in Europe. As a result of improved sanitation, healthcare, and living conditions, more people were able to survive and reproduce, leading to a rapid increase in population.

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  • 39. 

    The long-term demographic effect of the One-Child Policy in China has been

    • A.

      Large-scale out migration of Chinese to foreign countries

    • B.

      Reduction of the total fertility rate below the replacement level

    • C.

      Mass rural to urban migration

    • D.

      Smaller total population of China

    • E.

      In-migration of foreign guest workers to fill low-paying jobs

    Correct Answer
    B. Reduction of the total fertility rate below the replacement level
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "reduction of the total fertility rate below the replacement level." The One-Child Policy in China, which was implemented in 1979, aimed to control population growth by limiting most families to only one child. This policy led to a significant decrease in the average number of children born to each woman, resulting in a reduction of the total fertility rate. As a consequence, the population growth rate in China slowed down, and the country's population is expected to decline in the future.

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  • 40. 

    Which of the following population statistics would be most commonly found in newly industrialized countries (NICs)?

    • A.

      Slow population growth and rapid urban to rural migration

    • B.

      Zero population growth and rapid rural to urban migration

    • C.

      High population growth and rapid rural to urban migration

    • D.

      High population growth and rapid urban to rural migration

    • E.

      Slow migration growth and rapid rural to urbanmigration

    Correct Answer
    C. High population growth and rapid rural to urban migration
    Explanation
    Newly industrialized countries (NICs) typically experience high population growth due to factors such as improved healthcare and reduced mortality rates. Additionally, rapid rural to urban migration is commonly observed in NICs as people move from rural areas to cities in search of better job opportunities and higher living standards. This combination of high population growth and rapid rural to urban migration is a characteristic feature of NICs.

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  • 41. 

    Which country is in the region with the highest concentration of people?

    • A.

      Brazil

    • B.

      Nigeria

    • C.

      United States

    • D.

      Czech Republic

    • E.

      South Korea

    Correct Answer
    E. South Korea
    Explanation
    South Korea is the correct answer because it is located in East Asia, which has the highest concentration of people in the world. This region is densely populated due to its large population and relatively small land area. Additionally, South Korea itself is highly populated, with a population of over 50 million people.

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  • 42. 

    A general rule about population distributions around the globe is that most people live

    • A.

      Close to sea level

    • B.

      Long distances from sea nd ocean coasts

    • C.

      In the southern himisphere

    • D.

      In the western hemisphere

    • E.

      Close to large mountain ranges

    Correct Answer
    A. Close to sea level
    Explanation
    Most people live close to sea level because the majority of the world's population resides in coastal areas. Coastal regions provide access to resources such as food, water, and transportation, making them attractive for settlement. Additionally, sea level areas tend to have more favorable climates and fertile land for agriculture. This concentration of population near sea level is also influenced by factors such as trade routes, economic opportunities, and historical patterns of colonization and development.

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  • 43. 

    A population with a relatively young age structure is most likely to be found in

    • A.

      North America

    • B.

      Western Europe

    • C.

      Japam

    • D.

      Sub-Saharan Africa

    • E.

      Australia

    Correct Answer
    D. Sub-Saharan Africa
    Explanation
    A population with a relatively young age structure is most likely to be found in Sub-Saharan Africa. This is because Sub-Saharan Africa has a high birth rate and a lower life expectancy compared to other regions. These factors contribute to a larger proportion of the population being in younger age groups. Additionally, Sub-Saharan Africa has a higher fertility rate and a lower median age compared to other regions, indicating a younger population overall.

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  • 44. 

    Suppose that a country has a falling fertility rate, but its population continues to increase. This demographic pattern is most likely caused by the country's

    • A.

      Lack of government-sponsored population control programs

    • B.

      High death rate

    • C.

      Large percentage of young people in the population

    • D.

      Lower crude birth rate

    • E.

      Lack of economic development

    Correct Answer
    C. Large percentage of young people in the population
    Explanation
    A falling fertility rate typically means that fewer babies are being born, which would suggest a decrease in population. However, if the population is still increasing despite the falling fertility rate, it is likely because there is a large percentage of young people in the population. This means that even though the birth rate is declining, there is still a significant number of people reaching reproductive age and having children, which contributes to the population growth.

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  • 45. 

    The carrying capacity of an area is based most closely on its

    • A.

      Arithmetic population density

    • B.

      Doubling rate

    • C.

      Net-migration rate

    • D.

      Physiological population dinsity

    • E.

      Total fertility rate

    Correct Answer
    D. Physiological population dinsity
    Explanation
    The carrying capacity of an area refers to the maximum number of individuals that can be supported sustainably by the available resources in that area. Physiological population density, which is the number of individuals per unit of arable land, is the closest measure to determine the carrying capacity. It takes into account the capacity of the land to provide food, water, and other resources necessary for the population to survive and reproduce. Therefore, physiological population density is the most closely related factor to determine the carrying capacity of an area.

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  • 46. 

    Which of the following is NOT a variable in the subglobal population accounting equation?

    • A.

      Number of births during the interval of measurement

    • B.

      Number of deaths during the interval of measurement

    • C.

      Number of people moving into the region during the interval of measurement

    • D.

      Number of people moving out of the region during the interval of measurement

    • E.

      Number of children predicted to be born to a woman

    Correct Answer
    E. Number of children predicted to be born to a woman
    Explanation
    The subglobal population accounting equation is used to calculate the change in population size within a specific region. It includes variables such as the number of births, deaths, and people moving into or out of the region during a given time interval. However, the number of children predicted to be born to a woman is not a variable in this equation. It is a prediction or estimation rather than an actual measurement of population change.

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  • 47. 

    In which of the countries is life expectancy projected to drop the most by the year 2015?

    • A.

      Luxembourg

    • B.

      Namibia

    • C.

      Russia

    • D.

      Japan

    • E.

      Mongolia

    Correct Answer
    B. Namibia
    Explanation
    Namibia is projected to have the largest drop in life expectancy by the year 2015. This means that the average number of years a person is expected to live in Namibia is expected to decrease significantly compared to other countries. The exact reasons for this projected drop in life expectancy in Namibia are not provided, but it could be due to various factors such as healthcare issues, diseases, or socio-economic challenges that may impact the overall well-being and longevity of the population.

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  • 48. 

    Country X's demographic transition is depicted in the following table: YEAR            CBR            CDR 1975                 45                12 1980                 46                13 1985                 40                12 1990                 35                11 Based on this information, which stage of the demographic transition model best fits Country X in 1990?

    • A.

      Stage 1

    • B.

      Stage 2

    • C.

      Stage 3

    • D.

      Stage 4

    • E.

      Stage 5

    Correct Answer
    C. Stage 3
    Explanation
    The demographic transition model describes the stages of population growth and decline in a country. In Stage 1, both the crude birth rate (CBR) and crude death rate (CDR) are high, resulting in slow population growth. In Stage 2, the CBR remains high while the CDR decreases, leading to rapid population growth. In Stage 3, the CBR starts to decline, but still remains higher than the CDR, resulting in a slower population growth rate. Based on the table, Country X's CBR in 1990 is 35, which is lower than the previous years, indicating a declining birth rate. Therefore, Country X best fits Stage 3 of the demographic transition model in 1990.

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  • 49. 

    Which of the following is most likely to result in an increase in the number of refugees leaving a region?

    • A.

      Decreasing economic opportunities

    • B.

      Attractive job opportunities in other regions

    • C.

      Negative environmental changes

    • D.

      Ethnic conflicts

    • E.

      Political and legal changes

    Correct Answer
    D. Ethnic conflicts
    Explanation
    Ethnic conflicts are most likely to result in an increase in the number of refugees leaving a region. When there are tensions and violence between different ethnic groups, it creates an unsafe and unstable environment for people living in that region. As a result, individuals and families may be forced to flee their homes and seek refuge in other areas or countries where they feel safer. Ethnic conflicts can lead to displacement and a significant increase in the number of refugees as people try to escape the violence and persecution.

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  • 50. 

    Which of the following countries most likely has the highest argricultural density?

    • A.

      Germany

    • B.

      United States

    • C.

      Brazil

    • D.

      England

    • E.

      Egypt

    Correct Answer
    E. Egypt
    Explanation
    Egypt most likely has the highest agricultural density because it is known for its extensive farming practices and reliance on agriculture as a major economic sector. The country has a long history of cultivating crops along the fertile Nile River, which provides a consistent water source for irrigation. Additionally, Egypt has a large population and limited arable land, leading to a high concentration of agricultural activity in a relatively small area.

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