Political Science - American Federal Gov't Quiz 1

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Political Science Quizzes & Trivia

Basic Political Science, Quiz 1. Covers chapters 1 & 3.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the state of nature?

    Explanation
    Anarchy (Absence of Government)

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  • 2. 

    Characterized by a state that regulates nearly every aspect of public and private life is what kind of government?

    • A.

      Authoritarian

    • B.

      Oligarchy

    • C.

      Dictatorship

    • D.

      Democracy

    Correct Answer
    A. Authoritarian
    Explanation
    Aka Tolitarian

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  • 3. 

    Individual has full power over entire country.

    • A.

      Authoritarian

    • B.

      Oligarchy

    • C.

      Monarchy

    • D.

      Autocracy

    Correct Answer
    D. Autocracy
    Explanation
    Autocracy - "Self ruler" or "Rule by one's self"

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  • 4. 

    Rule by a small group of people who share similar interests or relations.

    • A.

      Authoritarian

    • B.

      Oligarchy

    • C.

      Democracy

    • D.

      Theocracy

    Correct Answer
    B. Oligarchy
    Explanation
    Oligarchy - "rule by the few"

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  • 5. 

    Rule by a government where all citizens are represented, but power is held by the majority.

    • A.

      Authoritarian

    • B.

      Autocracy

    • C.

      Monarch

    • D.

      Democracy

    • E.

      Oligarchy

    Correct Answer
    D. Democracy
    Explanation
    Democracy- "rule by the governed"

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  • 6. 

    What year was Leviathan published?

    Correct Answer
    1651
    Explanation
    Leviathan was published in 1651.

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  • 7. 

    What year was the Two Treatises of Government first published?

    Correct Answer
    1689
    Explanation
    The Two Treatises of Government was first published in 1689.

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  • 8. 

    Who said the right to:1. Life2. Liberty3. Property

    Correct Answer
    John Locke
    Explanation
    John Locke is the correct answer because he is a famous philosopher who proposed the concept of natural rights, including the rights to life, liberty, and property. Locke believed that these rights are inherent to all individuals and should be protected by governments. His ideas had a significant influence on the development of modern democratic societies and the concept of individual rights.

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  • 9. 

    Who created the Two Treatises of Government?

    Correct Answer
    John Locke
    Explanation
    John Locke is the creator of the Two Treatises of Government. This influential work was published in 1690 and is considered a cornerstone of modern political philosophy. In it, Locke argues for the concept of natural rights, including life, liberty, and property, and emphasizes the importance of consent and limited government. The Two Treatises of Government had a significant impact on the development of democratic ideals and the formation of constitutional governments around the world.

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  • 10. 

    Who is the author of Leviathan?

    • A.

      John Locke

    • B.

      Plato

    • C.

      Thomas Hobbes

    • D.

      Aristotle

    Correct Answer
    C. Thomas Hobbes
    Explanation
    Thomas Hobbes is the correct answer because he is widely recognized as the author of the book "Leviathan." Published in 1651, "Leviathan" is a seminal work in political philosophy where Hobbes discusses the social contract and the nature of government. Hobbes argues for the necessity of a strong central authority to prevent a state of nature, which he describes as a war of all against all. His ideas in "Leviathan" have had a significant influence on political thought and continue to be studied and debated to this day.

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  • 11. 

    Rule by an individual who has inherited the role and expects to bequeath it to their heir.

    • A.

      Authoritarian

    • B.

      Autocracy

    • C.

      Monarchy

    • D.

      Oligarchy

    Correct Answer
    C. Monarchy
    Explanation
    A monarchy is a form of government where power is held by a single individual who has inherited the role and expects to pass it on to their heir. This individual, known as the monarch, usually holds the position for life and has absolute authority over the government and the people. In a monarchy, the monarch's power is not limited by a constitution or other governing body, making it an authoritarian form of government.

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  • 12. 

    Rule by a religious elite.

    • A.

      Democracy

    • B.

      Theocracy

    • C.

      Authoritarian

    • D.

      Autocracy

    Correct Answer
    B. Theocracy
    Explanation
    Theocracy is the correct answer because it refers to a form of government where religious leaders hold the ultimate authority and power. In a theocratic system, religious laws and principles guide the governance and decision-making processes. This type of rule is characterized by a close intertwining of religion and politics, with religious leaders often holding top positions of power. Unlike democracy, where power is held by the people, or authoritarian and autocratic systems where power is concentrated in the hands of a single leader or a small group, theocracy is unique in its emphasis on religious authority as the basis for governance.

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  • 13. 

    If a monarchy is constitutional then the monarch has absolute political power.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    An absolute monarchy is when the monarch has sole power, a constitutional monarchy is where the monarch has limits.

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  • 14. 

    What kind of government does the United States have?

    • A.

      Democracy

    • B.

      Oligarchy

    • C.

      Republic

    • D.

      Autocracy

    • E.

      Democratic Republic

    Correct Answer
    E. Democratic Republic
    Explanation
    The United States has a democratic republic government because it is a system where the power is vested in the people, who elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf. In a democratic republic, the citizens have the right to vote and participate in the political process, and the elected representatives are responsible for making laws and governing the country. This system combines elements of both democracy and a republic, ensuring that the government is accountable to the people while also protecting individual rights and liberties.

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  • 15. 

    What year was The Mayflower Compact designed?

    • A.

      1782

    • B.

      1680

    • C.

      1620

    • D.

      1721

    Correct Answer
    C. 1620
    Explanation
    The Mayflower Compact was designed in the year 1620. This document was created by the Pilgrims who were aboard the Mayflower ship when they arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts. The compact was an agreement that established a democratic form of government and outlined the rules and laws that the settlers would abide by. It was an important step towards self-governance and played a significant role in the development of American democracy.

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  • 16. 

    Why did the settlers create The Mayflower Compact?

  • 17. 

    What was the first British tax imposed on the new Colonies?

    • A.

      Tea Act

    • B.

      Sugar Act

    • C.

      Stamp Act

    • D.

      Townshend Act

    Correct Answer
    C. Stamp Act
    Explanation
    The Stamp Act was the first British tax imposed on the new Colonies. It was passed in 1765 and required all legal documents, newspapers, and other printed materials in the colonies to carry a stamp. This act was met with widespread opposition and protests from the colonists, who saw it as a violation of their rights and an unfair burden. The Stamp Act ultimately played a significant role in fueling the tensions that led to the American Revolution.

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  • 18. 

    In what year was the Sugar Act imposed?

    • A.

      1620

    • B.

      1765

    • C.

      1787

    • D.

      1776

    Correct Answer
    B. 1765
    Explanation
    The Sugar Act was imposed in 1765. This act was passed by the British Parliament and it aimed to reduce smuggling and increase revenue from the American colonies. The act imposed taxes on imported goods, including sugar, molasses, and other products. It was one of the measures that eventually led to the American Revolution, as it was seen as a violation of the colonists' rights and sparked protests and boycotts.

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  • 19. 

    What year was the Townshend Act created?

    • A.

      1767

    • B.

      1765

    • C.

      1620

    • D.

      1786

    Correct Answer
    A. 1767
    Explanation
    The Townshend Act imposed a tax on lead, paper, paint, glass & tea.

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  • 20. 

    What year did the Boston Tea Party occur?

    • A.

      1620

    • B.

      1765

    • C.

      1787

    • D.

      1773

    Correct Answer
    D. 1773
    Explanation
    The people's quote - "No Taxation without Representation."

    This is around the time British imposed the Tea Act, favoring British East India Tea Company.

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  • 21. 

    What year did the First Continental Congress meet to discuss to boycott all British goods?

    • A.

      1620

    • B.

      1765

    • C.

      1774

    • D.

      1767

    Correct Answer
    C. 1774
    Explanation
    This occurred one year after the Boston Tea Party.

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  • 22. 

    Second Continental Congress discussed to declare independence during what time?

    • A.

      1620-1624

    • B.

      1786-1787

    • C.

      1775-1781

    Correct Answer
    C. 1775-1781
    Explanation
    This lasted six years.

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  • 23. 

    When was the Declaration of Independence?

    • A.

      July 4, 1776

    • B.

      November 4, 1876

    • C.

      May 4, 1672

    • D.

      January 7, 1775

    Correct Answer
    A. July 4, 1776
    Explanation
    The correct answer is July 4, 1776. This date is widely recognized as the day the Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Continental Congress. It marked the formal separation of the American colonies from Great Britain and the beginning of the American Revolution. The Declaration of Independence is a significant document in American history, as it outlined the principles of liberty and equality that the new nation would be built upon.

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  • 24. 

    When was the Articles of Confederation Adopted?

    • A.

      December 12, 1842

    • B.

      January 14, 1773

    • C.

      November 15, 1777

    • D.

      July 16, 1779

    Correct Answer
    C. November 15, 1777
    Explanation
    The correct answer is November 15, 1777. The Articles of Confederation were adopted on this date. The Articles of Confederation was the first constitution of the United States, serving as the governing document from 1781 until the ratification of the current Constitution in 1788. It established a weak central government with limited powers and gave most of the authority to the individual states. The Articles of Confederation were eventually replaced due to their ineffectiveness in governing the young nation.

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  • 25. 

    What occurred Aug. 1786 - Feb. 1787?

    • A.

      The Articles of Confederation was adopted.

    • B.

      British imposes Stamp Act.

    • C.

      First Continental Congress meets to boycott British goods.

    • D.

      The Shays Rebellion.

    Correct Answer
    D. The Shays Rebellion.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Shays Rebellion. The Shays Rebellion occurred between August 1786 and February 1787. It was an armed uprising in Massachusetts led by farmers who were protesting against high taxes and economic policies that were causing them financial distress. The rebellion highlighted the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, which lacked a strong central government to address such issues. This event played a significant role in shaping the push for a stronger federal government and ultimately led to the drafting of the United States Constitution.

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  • 26. 

    Which plan created a congress based on state size (pop.) and was pushed by Madison?

    • A.

      The Virginia Plan

    • B.

      The New Jersey Plan

    • C.

      The Great Compromise

    • D.

      The Mayflower Compact

    Correct Answer
    A. The Virginia Plan
    Explanation
    The Virginia Plan was a proposal put forward by James Madison during the Constitutional Convention. It called for a bicameral legislature, with representation in both houses based on state population. This plan favored larger states, as they would have more representatives and therefore more influence in the government. The Virginia Plan was eventually modified and combined with the New Jersey Plan to create the Great Compromise, which established a bicameral legislature with one house based on population and the other based on equal representation for each state. The Mayflower Compact, on the other hand, was an agreement among the Pilgrims on how to govern themselves and is unrelated to the creation of a congress based on state size.

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  • 27. 

    What plan was proposed, because the people didn't believe the first plan was fair to the smaller states?

    • A.

      The New Jersey Plan

    • B.

      The Great Compromise

    • C.

      The Virginia Plan

    • D.

      The Mayflower Compact

    Correct Answer
    A. The New Jersey Plan
    Explanation
    The New Jersey Plan was proposed as an alternative because the people believed that the first plan was not fair to the smaller states. This plan called for equal representation for all states, regardless of their size or population. It aimed to protect the interests and rights of smaller states by giving them an equal voice in the legislative branch of government. This plan was in contrast to the Virginia Plan, which proposed a bicameral legislature with representation based on population size. The New Jersey Plan was eventually incorporated into the Great Compromise, which established a compromise between the Virginia and New Jersey Plans.

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  • 28. 

    What proposed a bicameral legislature where they had a house by population and a senate by equal representation?

    • A.

      The New Jersey Plan

    • B.

      The Great Compromise

    • C.

      The Mayflower Compact

    • D.

      The Virginia Plan

    Correct Answer
    B. The Great Compromise
    Explanation
    The Great Compromise proposed a bicameral legislature where they had a house by population and a senate by equal representation. This compromise was reached during the Constitutional Convention of 1787 in the United States. It aimed to address the issue of representation in the legislative branch, with the larger states favoring representation based on population and the smaller states advocating for equal representation. The compromise resulted in the creation of the House of Representatives, where representation is based on population, and the Senate, where each state is represented equally with two senators.

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  • 29. 

    For the purposes of the apportionment of congress seats, every slave was partially counted... what compromise was this called?

    • A.

      3/5ths Compromise

    • B.

      5/8ths Compromise

    • C.

      2/14ths Compromise

    • D.

      3/4ths Compromise

    Correct Answer
    A. 3/5ths Compromise
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3/5ths Compromise. This compromise was reached during the Constitutional Convention in 1787 and it determined that each slave would be counted as three-fifths of a person for the purpose of apportioning seats in the House of Representatives. This compromise was a result of the disagreement between the Northern and Southern states regarding the representation of slaves in Congress. The Southern states wanted slaves to be fully counted to increase their political power, while the Northern states argued that slaves should not be counted at all. The 3/5ths Compromise was a compromise solution that satisfied both sides to some extent.

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  • 30. 

    What were the Framers of the United States interest? (Select all that apply.)

    • A.

      Commerce

    • B.

      Religious Values

    • C.

      Property

    • D.

      Preventing Excessive Democracy

    • E.

      Snubbing Britian

    • F.

      Limiting National Power

    • G.

      Limiting the People's Power

    • H.

      Preventing Excessive Laws

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Commerce
    C. Property
    D. Preventing Excessive Democracy
    F. Limiting National Power
    Explanation
    The Framers of the United States were interested in commerce because they wanted to establish a strong economy and promote trade among the states. They were also interested in protecting property rights, as they believed in the importance of individual ownership and the accumulation of wealth. Additionally, they sought to prevent excessive democracy by creating a system of checks and balances to ensure that no single branch of government or group of people could have too much power. Finally, they aimed to limit national power and prevent the government from becoming too centralized, in order to protect the rights and autonomy of the states.

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  • 31. 

    In the Constitution, Articles 1-7 creates a system founded upon __________?

    • A.

      Freedom

    • B.

      The Constitution

    • C.

      Separation of Powers

    • D.

      The Mayflower Compact

    Correct Answer
    C. Separation of Powers
    Explanation
    Founded upon separation of powers(checks and balances) and federalism.

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  • 32. 

    What is Article I about?

    • A.

      Judicial Power

    • B.

      Executive Power

    • C.

      State Power/Limits

    • D.

      Legislative Power

    Correct Answer
    D. Legislative Power
    Explanation
    Article I of the United States Constitution is about the Legislative Power. This article establishes the structure, powers, and limitations of the legislative branch of the federal government, which consists of the Congress. It outlines the composition and election process of the House of Representatives and the Senate, as well as the powers granted to Congress, such as the ability to make laws, levy taxes, and regulate commerce. Article I also sets forth the limitations on the powers of Congress, including the prohibition of certain actions, such as passing ex post facto laws or granting titles of nobility.

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  • 33. 

    Article II is about?

    • A.

      Judicial Power

    • B.

      Executive Power

    • C.

      Legislative Power

    • D.

      Federal Power

    Correct Answer
    B. Executive Power
    Explanation
    Article II of the United States Constitution establishes the executive branch of the government. It outlines the powers and responsibilities of the President of the United States, including their role as the commander-in-chief of the military, their ability to make treaties and appointments, and their duty to faithfully execute the laws of the land. Therefore, the correct answer is Executive Power.

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  • 34. 

    Article III covers?

    • A.

      Judicial Power

    • B.

      Legislative Power

    • C.

      Executive Power

    • D.

      Federal Power

    Correct Answer
    A. Judicial Power
    Explanation
    Article III of the Constitution covers the Judicial Power. This article establishes the Supreme Court as the highest court in the United States and gives Congress the power to create lower federal courts. It outlines the jurisdiction of the federal courts and defines the types of cases that they can hear. It also guarantees certain rights to individuals, such as the right to a trial by jury and protection against double jeopardy. Overall, Article III establishes the structure and authority of the judicial branch of the federal government.

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  • 35. 

    Article IV in the Constitution is about?

    • A.

      Legislative Power

    • B.

      Federal Power

    • C.

      State Power/Limits

    • D.

      Amendment Process

    Correct Answer
    C. State Power/Limits
    Explanation
    Article IV of the Constitution is about State Power/Limits. This article outlines the relationship between the states and the federal government. It establishes that each state must give full faith and credit to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state. It also guarantees that citizens of one state are entitled to the privileges and immunities of citizens in other states. Additionally, Article IV provides a process for admitting new states into the Union and allows Congress to regulate the territories and property of the United States.

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  • 36. 

    Article V in the Constitution is about?

    • A.

      Legislative Power

    • B.

      Federal Power

    • C.

      States/Limits

    • D.

      Amendment Process

    Correct Answer
    D. Amendment Process
    Explanation
    Article V of the Constitution outlines the process for amending the Constitution. It provides two methods by which amendments can be proposed: either by a two-thirds majority vote in both houses of Congress or by a constitutional convention called for by two-thirds of the state legislatures. Once an amendment is proposed, it must be ratified by three-fourths of the states in order to become part of the Constitution. This article demonstrates the Founding Fathers' foresight in allowing for changes to be made to the Constitution as societal needs and values evolve over time.

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  • 37. 

    Article VI in the Constitution covers...

    • A.

      Judicial Power

    • B.

      Federal Power

    • C.

      Amendment Process

    • D.

      Ratification

    Correct Answer
    B. Federal Power
    Explanation
    Article VI in the Constitution covers Federal Power. This article establishes the supremacy of the federal government over state governments and outlines the powers and responsibilities of the federal government. It also includes provisions such as the supremacy clause, which states that federal law takes precedence over state law, and the requirement that all state and federal officials take an oath to support the Constitution. Overall, Article VI ensures that the federal government has the authority to exercise its powers and fulfill its duties as outlined in the Constitution.

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  • 38. 

    Article VII in the Constitution is about the ....

    • A.

      Legislative Power

    • B.

      Amendment Process

    • C.

      Federal Power

    • D.

      Ratification

    Correct Answer
    D. Ratification
    Explanation
    Article VII in the Constitution is about the ratification of the Constitution itself. It outlines the process by which the Constitution would become effective and legally binding. This article specifies that the Constitution would only become valid after it is ratified by conventions in at least nine of the thirteen states. The inclusion of this article was crucial in ensuring that the Constitution would have the necessary support and legitimacy from the states before it could take effect.

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  • 39. 

    Which article in the Constitution covered Bicameralism: Section 1-7 House and SenateEnumerated Powers: Section 8 - Power to collect taxes, borrow money, regulate commerce, declare war, and maintain an army & navy.And covered the elections and qualifications.

    • A.

      Article I

    • B.

      Article II

    • C.

      Article IV

    • D.

      Article V

    Correct Answer
    A. Article I
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Article I. Article I of the Constitution covers the bicameralism, which refers to the division of the legislative branch into two separate chambers, namely the House of Representatives and the Senate. This article also addresses the elections and qualifications of members of Congress.

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  • 40. 

    Which Article went over the multiple roles and duties of the president and vice president as well as the election and qualifications?

    • A.

      Article II

    • B.

      Article VII

    • C.

      Article III

    • D.

      Article IV

    Correct Answer
    A. Article II
    Explanation
    Article II of the United States Constitution outlines the powers and responsibilities of the President of the United States. It covers various aspects such as the qualifications for the presidency, the process of election, and the duties and powers of the president. This article also discusses the role of the vice president and their responsibilities. Therefore, Article II is the correct answer as it specifically addresses the roles and duties of the president and vice president, as well as the election and qualifications.

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  • 41. 

    Which article included the "Necessary and Proper" clause?

    • A.

      Article I

    • B.

      Article V

    • C.

      Article III

    • D.

      Article II

    Correct Answer
    A. Article I
    Explanation
    The "Necessary and Proper" clause is included in Article I of the Constitution. This clause, also known as the Elastic Clause, grants Congress the power to make laws that are necessary and proper for carrying out its enumerated powers. It gives Congress flexibility in interpreting and implementing its powers, allowing it to adapt to changing circumstances and address unforeseen issues.

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  • 42. 

    Which article included the "Full faith and Credit" clause?

    • A.

      Article I

    • B.

      Article II

    • C.

      Article VII

    • D.

      Article IV

    Correct Answer
    D. Article IV
    Explanation
    Article IV of the United States Constitution includes the "Full faith and Credit" clause. This clause requires each state to recognize and respect the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state. It ensures that legal decisions made in one state are honored and enforced in all other states, promoting unity and cooperation among the states. This clause has significant implications for matters such as marriage, adoption, and contracts, as it ensures that individuals' rights and obligations are recognized across state lines.

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  • 43. 

    Which article created the supreme court?

    • A.

      Article I

    • B.

      Article II

    • C.

      Article III

    • D.

      Article IV

    Correct Answer
    C. Article III
    Explanation
    Article III of the United States Constitution created the Supreme Court. This article establishes the judicial branch of the government and outlines the powers and jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. It grants the Court the authority to interpret laws, resolve disputes, and ensure the constitutionality of legislation. The creation of the Supreme Court under Article III was a crucial step in establishing the system of checks and balances in the United States government.

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  • 44. 

    What are the two ways that the U.S. can change it's constitution?

    • A.

      By President

    • B.

      By Senate

    • C.

      By Congress

    • D.

      By Convention

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. By Congress
    D. By Convention
    Explanation
    The U.S. can change its constitution through two ways: by Congress and by Convention. By Congress refers to the process of proposing amendments to the constitution, which requires a two-thirds majority vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate. By Convention refers to the alternative method of amending the constitution, where a national convention is called by Congress upon the request of two-thirds of the state legislatures. In this convention, proposed amendments are discussed and ratified by three-fourths of the state legislatures or by conventions in three-fourths of the states.

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  • 45. 

    Which article mentioned supreme law and "No Religious Test" ?

    • A.

      Article I

    • B.

      Article II

    • C.

      Article IV

    • D.

      Article VI

    Correct Answer
    D. Article VI
    Explanation
    Article VI of the United States Constitution is the correct answer. This article is often referred to as the Supremacy Clause and it states that the Constitution, along with federal laws and treaties, is the supreme law of the land. It also prohibits any religious test as a qualification for holding public office. This means that no one can be denied a government position based on their religious beliefs or lack thereof.

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  • 46. 

    The Constitution needed to be adopted by ________ of the 13 states.

    • A.

      10

    • B.

      6

    • C.

      8

    • D.

      9

    Correct Answer
    D. 9
    Explanation
    The Constitution needed to be adopted by 9 out of the 13 states because the framers of the Constitution wanted to ensure that it had the support of a majority of states before it could be ratified and put into effect. This requirement was included to ensure that the Constitution would have widespread acceptance and legitimacy among the states.

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  • 47. 

    Why is the government necessary?

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 17, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 08, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Caellic
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