End Of The Course Practice Test On American Government!

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End Of The Course Practice Test On American Government! - Quiz

In this End of Course test, we’ll be seeing if you’ve been paying close attention in class when it comes to American Government. Do you know all about how the USA is being run? Let’s find out as you get ready for your American Government EoC Practice.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of these is the main function of the legislative branch?

    • A.

      To make laws

    • B.

      To enforce laws

    • C.

      To define laws

    • D.

      To interpret laws

    Correct Answer
    A. To make laws
    Explanation
    The main function of the legislative branch is to make laws. This branch of government is responsible for proposing, debating, and passing legislation that becomes the law of the land. They have the power to create new laws, amend existing laws, and repeal outdated laws. The legislative branch ensures that the laws are representative of the needs and values of the people they serve, ultimately shaping the legal framework of the country.

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  • 2. 

    State Populations Texas: 23,507,783 Florida: 18,089,880 Michigan: 10,095,643 Missouri: 5,842,713 According to the chart, which state has the largest delegation in the United States House of Representatives?

    • A.

      Missouri

    • B.

      Florida

    • C.

      Michigan

    • D.

      Texas

    Correct Answer
    D. Texas
    Explanation
    The state with the largest population, Texas, would likely have the largest delegation in the United States House of Representatives. This is because the number of representatives a state has is determined by its population, with each state being allocated a certain number of seats in the House based on its population size. Therefore, Texas, with a population of 23,507,783, would have a larger delegation compared to the other states listed.

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  • 3. 

    Which best explains why groups may hold meetings to discuss unpopular ideas in the United States?

    • A.

      State laws allow their actions.

    • B.

      Executive orders protect their actions.

    • C.

      Constitutional rights protect their actions.

    • D.

      Municipal ordinances permit their actions.

    Correct Answer
    C. Constitutional rights protect their actions.
    Explanation
    Groups may hold meetings to discuss unpopular ideas in the United States because constitutional rights protect their actions. The First Amendment of the United States Constitution guarantees the freedom of speech, assembly, and association. This means that individuals and groups have the right to express their opinions, even if they are unpopular or controversial. Holding meetings allows these groups to gather and discuss their ideas without fear of government censorship or punishment. Constitutional rights provide a legal framework that supports the open exchange of ideas and fosters a democratic society.

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  • 4. 

    2000 Presidential Election Percentage of Eligible Voters Who Cast a Ballot 18–24 Years Old 29% All Voters 55% Which of these can best be concluded from the information in the chart?

    • A.

      Many Americans did not know their political rights.

    • B.

      Many college students volunteered in their communities.

    • C.

      Many young people neglected their civic responsibilities.

    • D.

      Many American citizens actively participated in civic life.

    Correct Answer
    C. Many young people neglected their civic responsibilities.
    Explanation
    Many young people neglected their civic responsibilities. This can be concluded from the fact that only 29% of eligible voters aged 18-24 years old cast a ballot in the 2000 Presidential Election. The low percentage suggests that a significant portion of young people did not fulfill their duty to participate in the democratic process by voting.

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  • 5. 

    Mason thinks he has a great idea for a law. What is the best action for Mason to take to get the law passed?

    • A.

      Post his opinions on a website

    • B.

      Talk with his best friend about his idea

    • C.

      Write a letter to the editor of the local paper

    • D.

      Contact his representative in Congress about his idea

    Correct Answer
    D. Contact his representative in Congress about his idea
    Explanation
    Mason should contact his representative in Congress about his idea because representatives are responsible for creating and passing laws. By directly communicating with his representative, Mason can present his idea and potentially gain support for it to be considered and passed as a law. Posting his opinions on a website or talking with his best friend may not have the same impact or reach as directly contacting a representative. Writing a letter to the editor of the local paper could raise awareness about the idea, but may not directly lead to the law being passed.

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  • 6. 

    Which example best demonstrates a change in government involvement in the economy?

    • A.

      Involvement in the United Nations

    • B.

      Creation of the Social Security Administration

    • C.

      Deployment of military troops to Iraq

    • D.

      Implementation of the Voting Rights Act

    Correct Answer
    B. Creation of the Social Security Administration
    Explanation
    The creation of the Social Security Administration best demonstrates a change in government involvement in the economy. This is because the establishment of the Social Security Administration represents a significant government intervention in the economy by providing a social welfare program that guarantees income for retired and disabled individuals. This demonstrates a shift towards increased government responsibility for the economic well-being of its citizens.

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  • 7. 

    Which is a result of having a political system dominated by two political parties?

    • A.

      It is easier to obtain a majority of votes.

    • B.

      There is less confusion in the primaries.

    • C.

      There are fewer legal challenges to elections.

    • D.

      It increases voter turnout.

    Correct Answer
    A. It is easier to obtain a majority of votes.
    Explanation
    In a political system dominated by two political parties, it is easier to obtain a majority of votes because the majority of voters tend to align themselves with one of the two major parties. This is because the two-party system simplifies the choices for voters and creates a clear distinction between the two major ideologies. As a result, candidates from these parties have a higher chance of securing a majority of votes compared to candidates from smaller parties, leading to a more straightforward path to obtaining a majority.

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  • 8. 

    The Articles of Confederation represented the

    • A.

      Rejection of weaknesses in the Bill of Rights

    • B.

      First attempt at self-government in the United States

    • C.

      Acceptance of British rule in the colonies

    • D.

      Early effort to improve United States ties to other nations

    Correct Answer
    B. First attempt at self-government in the United States
    Explanation
    The Articles of Confederation were the first attempt at self-government in the United States. They were created as a response to the weaknesses identified in the Bill of Rights, which was a separate document that outlined the individual rights and freedoms of citizens. The Articles of Confederation aimed to establish a system of governance that would allow for cooperation and unity among the states, while still preserving their individual sovereignty. However, the Articles ultimately proved to be ineffective in addressing the needs of the nation, leading to the eventual creation of the Constitution.

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  • 9. 

    Which issue is exclusively the responsibility of federal law?

    • A.

      Driver’s licenses

    • B.

      Gun control

    • C.

      Teaching certifications

    • D.

      Counterfeit money

    Correct Answer
    D. Counterfeit money
    Explanation
    Counterfeit money is exclusively the responsibility of federal law because it involves the creation and circulation of fake currency, which is a federal offense. The federal government has the authority to regulate and enforce laws related to currency and financial crimes, including counterfeiting. This issue is not within the jurisdiction of state or local governments, making it the sole responsibility of the federal government.

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  • 10. 

    Congress is prohibited from establishing an official religion by the

    • A.

      First Amendment

    • B.

      Second Amendment

    • C.

      Fourth Amendment

    • D.

      Fifth Amendment

    Correct Answer
    A. First Amendment
    Explanation
    The First Amendment of the United States Constitution prohibits Congress from establishing an official religion. This amendment, along with the other amendments in the Bill of Rights, was added to protect individual freedoms and limit the power of the government. It guarantees the freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and the right to petition the government. By prohibiting the establishment of an official religion, the First Amendment ensures that the government remains neutral and respects the religious freedom of its citizens.

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  • 11. 

    Which person is a member of the legislative branch?

    • A.

      President

    • B.

      Speaker of the House

    • C.

      Secretary of education

    • D.

      Ambassador to the United Nations

    Correct Answer
    B. Speaker of the House
    Explanation
    The Speaker of the House is a member of the legislative branch because they hold a position within the United States House of Representatives. The legislative branch is responsible for making laws, and the Speaker of the House plays a crucial role in this process by presiding over the House, leading debates, and influencing the legislative agenda. The president, secretary of education, and ambassador to the United Nations are not members of the legislative branch, as they hold positions in the executive branch and are involved in different aspects of government.

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  • 12. 

    Which feature of ancient Rome made it a republic?

    • A.

      Absence of a king or emperor

    • B.

      Rule by elected representatives

    • C.

      Right to speak in civic gatherings

    • D.

      Equality for all adult male citizens

    Correct Answer
    B. Rule by elected representatives
    Explanation
    The feature of ancient Rome that made it a republic was the rule by elected representatives. In a republic, power is held by the people and their elected representatives, rather than by a king or emperor. This system allowed for a more democratic form of government, where citizens had a say in decision-making through their elected officials. This feature distinguished ancient Rome from other forms of government at the time and allowed for a more inclusive and participatory political system.

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  • 13. 

    The expansion of suffrage in the United States best illustrates society’s changing views of

    • A.

      Civil rights

    • B.

      Limited government

    • C.

      Popular sovereignty

    • D.

      Due process of law

    Correct Answer
    A. Civil rights
    Explanation
    The expansion of suffrage in the United States, which refers to the extension of voting rights to various groups of people, exemplifies society's evolving perspectives on civil rights. This expansion demonstrates a shift towards recognizing and granting equal rights and opportunities to individuals, regardless of their race, gender, or other characteristics. It signifies a growing understanding and acceptance of the importance of protecting and promoting the rights of all citizens, thus reflecting society's changing views on civil rights.

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  • 14. 

    Which part of the Connecticut (or Great) Compromise benefi ts states with smaller populations?

    • A.

      Each state has two representatives in the Senate.

    • B.

      The Senate ratifi es all treaties with foreign nations.

    • C.

      All bills for spending money must originate in the House of Representatives.

    • D.

      A state’s population determines how many members it has in the House of Representatives.

    Correct Answer
    A. Each state has two representatives in the Senate.
    Explanation
    The part of the Connecticut (or Great) Compromise that benefits states with smaller populations is that each state has two representatives in the Senate. This means that regardless of the state's population, it will have equal representation in the Senate. This ensures that smaller states have a voice and influence in the legislative process, balancing the power between larger and smaller states.

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  • 15. 

    Mexico has a governmental system in which the power is divided between the national government and each state. Based on the information above, what type of government system does Mexico have?

    • A.

      Capitalism

    • B.

      Communism

    • C.

      Federalism

    • D.

      Totalitarianism

    Correct Answer
    C. Federalism
    Explanation
    Mexico has a federalism government system because power is divided between the national government and each state. In a federalism system, there is a central government that holds certain powers, while individual states or regions also have their own governing authority. This allows for a sharing of power and responsibilities between the national and state governments, ensuring a balance of power and allowing for local autonomy.

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  • 16. 

    • 1980: Candy Lightner establishes Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) to advocate for strong drunk driving laws • 1988: Minimum drinking age set at twenty-one in all fi fty states • 1992: Alcohol-related driving deaths drop 26 percent since 1984 The best title for the chart is

    • A.

      The Critical Need for Federal Speed Limit Reform

    • B.

      The Growing Problem of Drunk Driving in the United States

    • C.

      Why Alcohol Advertising Needs to Be Banned

    • D.

      How an Individual Citizen Helped Improve Community Safety

    Correct Answer
    D. How an Individual Citizen Helped Improve Community Safety
    Explanation
    The given answer, "How an Individual Citizen Helped Improve Community Safety," is the best title for the chart because it accurately reflects the content of the information provided. The establishment of Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) by Candy Lightner in 1980 and the subsequent decrease in alcohol-related driving deaths by 26 percent since 1984 demonstrate the impact of an individual citizen's efforts in improving community safety.

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  • 17. 

    Which statement best describes a function of interest groups?

    • A.

      They nominate candidates to run for elected office.

    • B.

      They attempt to override presidential actions by protesting.

    • C.

      They advocate for citizens who have similar ideas about issues.

    • D.

      They organize public education forums to raise money for a cause.

    Correct Answer
    C. They advocate for citizens who have similar ideas about issues.
    Explanation
    Interest groups are organizations that work to influence public policy and promote the interests of their members. They do this by advocating for citizens who have similar ideas about issues. Interest groups seek to shape public opinion, lobby policymakers, and mobilize their members to support their cause. They aim to bring attention to their concerns and influence decision-making processes at various levels of government. By advocating for citizens who share their views, interest groups attempt to have their voices heard and their policy preferences implemented.

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  • 18. 

    Enlightenment-era political philosophers such as Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu

    • A.

      Rejected governmental policies that allowed the expansion of property rights

    • B.

      Adhered to traditional social customs in the creation of governmental offices

    • C.

      Emphasized governmental structures based on reason and social progress

    • D.

      Pursued strict obedience to religious scripture in governmental affairs

    Correct Answer
    C. Emphasized governmental structures based on reason and social progress
    Explanation
    During the Enlightenment era, political philosophers like Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu advocated for governmental structures that were grounded in reason and social progress. They believed that governments should be based on rationality and the pursuit of societal improvement. This meant rejecting policies that promoted the expansion of property rights and adhering to traditional social customs in the creation of governmental offices. Instead, they emphasized the importance of reason and progress in shaping the structure and functioning of governments.

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  • 19. 

    Which of these circumstances illustrates a danger of majority rule?

    • A.

      A law is ruled unconstitutional by a judge.

    • B.

      A law is used to oppress a group of people.

    • C.

      A petition is signed by many people.

    • D.

      A prisoner is wrongly let out of prison.

    Correct Answer
    B. A law is used to oppress a group of people.
    Explanation
    This circumstance illustrates a danger of majority rule because it shows how the majority can use their power to pass or enforce laws that discriminate against or oppress a minority group. This can lead to the violation of basic human rights and the denial of equal treatment and opportunities for certain individuals or communities. It highlights the potential for injustice and the need for safeguards to protect the rights and interests of all individuals, regardless of their minority status.

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  • 20. 

    Mr. Leonard was not required to testify at his own trial for armed robbery. This is known as

    • A.

      Right to legal counsel

    • B.

      Right against false testimony

    • C.

      Right to legal privacy

    • D.

      Right against self-incrimination

    Correct Answer
    D. Right against self-incrimination
    Explanation
    Mr. Leonard was not required to testify at his own trial for armed robbery because he has the right against self-incrimination. This means that he cannot be forced to testify or provide evidence against himself, as it may potentially incriminate him and violate his constitutional rights. This right is protected by the Fifth Amendment of the United States Constitution.

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  • 21. 

    Which of these received increased authority under the reserved powers clause of the Constitution?

    • A.

      States

    • B.

      Congress

    • C.

      Businesses

    • D.

      Supreme Court

    Correct Answer
    A. States
    Explanation
    The reserved powers clause of the Constitution grants increased authority to the states. This means that the powers not delegated to the federal government are reserved for the states. Therefore, the states have the ability to exercise authority in areas that are not specifically granted to the federal government.

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  • 22. 

    Some people believe that the Supreme Court has too much power because justices

    • A.

      Accumulate great sums of campaign contributions

    • B.

      Can ignore the outcome of confi rmation hearings

    • C.

      Issue decisions in cases brought to them

    • D.

      Serve until they die or choose to retire

    Correct Answer
    D. Serve until they die or choose to retire
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that serving on the Supreme Court until they die or choose to retire gives justices a significant amount of power. This is because they have the ability to shape and influence the law for an extended period of time, potentially for decades. This can lead to concerns about the concentration of power in the hands of a few individuals, as they are not subject to regular elections or term limits.

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  • 23. 

    Which headline best illustrates an example of checks and balances?

    • A.

      “President to Seek Second Term”

    • B.

      “House Passes Tax Legislation”

    • C.

      “Senate Confi rms New Chief Justice”

    • D.

      “Supreme Court Rejects Case”

    Correct Answer
    C. “Senate Confi rms New Chief Justice”
    Explanation
    The headline "Senate Confirms New Chief Justice" best illustrates an example of checks and balances because it shows the Senate exercising its power to confirm a nominee for the judiciary branch. This demonstrates the system of checks and balances in action, as the Senate plays a crucial role in the appointment of judges, ensuring that the executive branch's nominee is qualified and suitable for the position.

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  • 24. 

    “Government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.” —President Abraham Lincoln, 1863Which is the best conclusion about President Lincoln’s quotation?

    • A.

      He believed all men are created equal.

    • B.

      He intended to be reelected.

    • C.

      He supported a republic.

    • D.

      He was against slavery.

    Correct Answer
    C. He supported a republic.
    Explanation
    President Lincoln's quotation emphasizes the concept of a government that is of the people, by the people, and for the people. This phrase reflects his belief in a republic, where the power lies with the citizens who elect representatives to govern on their behalf. It suggests that Lincoln supported a political system in which the people have a voice and influence in decision-making, rather than a monarchy or dictatorship. The quotation does not explicitly mention his stance on slavery or his intention to be reelected, making the conclusion that he supported a republic the most accurate.

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  • 25. 

    The most important role of the Electoral College is to

    • A.

      Nominate candidates to local offices and Congress

    • B.

      Vote for the president and vice president

    • C.

      Settle national elections in case of a tie

    • D.

      Educate voters prior to an election

    Correct Answer
    B. Vote for the president and vice president
    Explanation
    The Electoral College's primary function is to vote for the president and vice president. This system was established by the Founding Fathers to ensure a balance of power between the popular vote and the interests of smaller states. Each state is allocated a number of electors based on its representation in Congress, and these electors cast their votes for the presidential candidate who wins the popular vote in their respective states. The candidate who receives the majority of electoral votes becomes the president. This process allows for a more indirect and representative method of electing the president and vice president.

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  • 26. 

    Chris challenged the law in his home state that allowed the chief of police to identify him as “a dangerous driver” based on observation. This classifi cation denied him the right to renew his driver’s license. Chris successfully argued that he was entitled to a hearing before the state could post his name on the dangerous driver list. Which constitutional principle does the scenario represent?

    • A.

      Judicial review

    • B.

      Due process of law

    • C.

      Popular sovereignty

    • D.

      Checks and balances

    Correct Answer
    B. Due process of law
    Explanation
    The scenario represents the constitutional principle of due process of law. This principle guarantees that individuals are entitled to fair treatment and procedural protections before any deprivation of life, liberty, or property. In this case, Chris argued that he should have the right to a hearing before being classified as a dangerous driver, which aligns with the due process principle.

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  • 27. 

    Which activity of an interest group for teachers would have the most signifi cant political impact?

    • A.

      Providing legal advice for members who feel their rights have been violated

    • B.

      Ensuring that continuing education is provided for experienced educators

    • C.

      Providing instructors with lesson plans that align with curriculum

    • D.

      Lobbying elected officials to enact new education laws

    Correct Answer
    D. Lobbying elected officials to enact new education laws
    Explanation
    Lobbying elected officials to enact new education laws would have the most significant political impact for an interest group for teachers. By actively advocating and influencing lawmakers, the group can shape education policies and regulations, ultimately impacting the entire education system. This activity allows the interest group to directly participate in the political process and have a say in the creation of laws that affect teachers and students. It can bring about substantial changes and advancements in the education sector, making it the most impactful activity.

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  • 28. 

    “No freeman shall be taken, or imprisoned, . . . or in any way harmed . . . save by the lawful judgment of his peers, or by the law of the land. . . . To none will we sell, to none deny or delay, right or justice.” —Magna Carta, 1215 According to the statement in the chart, which constitutional guarantee is most related to the Magna Carta?

    • A.

      Rights to bear arms

    • B.

      Rights of the accused

    • C.

      Rights of former slaves

    • D.

      Rights of the convicted

    Correct Answer
    B. Rights of the accused
    Explanation
    The statement from the Magna Carta emphasizes the protection of individual rights and the requirement for a fair trial. It specifically mentions that no freeman shall be taken, imprisoned, or harmed without the lawful judgment of his peers or the law of the land. This aligns closely with the constitutional guarantee of the rights of the accused, which ensures that individuals accused of a crime have the right to a fair trial, legal representation, and protection against unjust treatment.

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  • 29. 

    In order for a bill to become law, what happens after both houses of Congress pass it?

    • A.

      The president signs it.

    • B.

      The Supreme Court reviews it.

    • C.

      The president vetoes it.

    • D.

      The Supreme Court interprets it.

    Correct Answer
    A. The president signs it.
    Explanation
    After both houses of Congress pass a bill, it is sent to the president for approval. The president has the power to either sign the bill into law or veto it. In this case, the correct answer is that the president signs it, indicating that the bill has successfully become law. The Supreme Court does not have a role in the process of a bill becoming law.

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  • 30. 

    “It is equally evident, that the members of each department should be as little dependent as possible on those of the others . . . . Were the executive magistrate, or the judges, not independent of the legislature in this particular, their independence in every other would be merely nominal.” —Federalist No. 51 Which constitutional principle is described in the quotation?

    • A.

      Federalism

    • B.

      Due process

    • C.

      Judicial review

    • D.

      Separation of powers

    Correct Answer
    D. Separation of powers
    Explanation
    The quotation from Federalist No. 51 describes the principle of separation of powers. It emphasizes the importance of each branch of government being independent and not reliant on the others. The executive magistrate and judges must be independent of the legislature to ensure true independence in all aspects of their work. This principle is a fundamental aspect of the U.S. Constitution, ensuring a system of checks and balances and preventing any one branch from becoming too powerful.

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  • 31. 

    What happens when a state law confl icts with a federal law?

    • A.

      The federal government can penalize the state.

    • B.

      The federal government must change its law.

    • C.

      The state government can enforce its own law.

    • D.

      The state must yield to the federal government.

    Correct Answer
    D. The state must yield to the federal government.
    Explanation
    When a state law conflicts with a federal law, the state must yield to the federal government. This means that the federal law takes precedence over the state law, and the state is required to comply with the federal law. The Supremacy Clause of the U.S. Constitution establishes that federal laws are the supreme law of the land, and state laws cannot contradict or override them. Therefore, the state government cannot enforce its own law if it conflicts with a federal law.

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  • 32. 

    “The most powerful, and perhaps the only, means of interesting men in the welfare of their country which we still possess is to make them partakers in the government.” —Alexis de Tocqueville Which statement best refl ects Tocqueville’s point of view?

    • A.

      Becoming involved in society will make businesses prosper.

    • B.

      Taking an active role in society will help promote contributions to a nation.

    • C.

      Encouraging people to become involved in communities will improve schools.

    • D.

      Participating in the creation of legislation is particularly important for young citizens.

    Correct Answer
    B. Taking an active role in society will help promote contributions to a nation.
    Explanation
    Tocqueville's point of view is that the most effective way to engage people in the well-being of their country is by involving them in the government. By taking an active role in society, individuals can contribute to the nation's progress and development. This implies that being involved in the government is not only beneficial for the individual but also for the overall welfare of the country.

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  • 33. 

    Which executive action best demonstrates a check on legislative branch power?

    • A.

      The Senate rejects a Supreme Court nominee.

    • B.

      The Supreme Court overturns a presidential pardon.

    • C.

      The president vetoes a bill passed by Congress.

    • D.

      The Speaker of the House consults with the vice president.

    Correct Answer
    C. The president vetoes a bill passed by Congress.
    Explanation
    The president vetoing a bill passed by Congress is the best example of a check on legislative branch power. The president has the power to reject or veto a bill passed by Congress, preventing it from becoming a law. This action allows the president to limit the power of the legislative branch by preventing them from enacting legislation that they believe is not in the best interest of the country. It is a direct exercise of the executive branch's power to check and balance the legislative branch's authority.

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  • 34. 

    • Under the Articles of Confederation, taxes were applied by Congress and collected by the states. • Under the Constitution, taxes are both applied and collected by Congress. Which of these best describes the change in government refl ected in the chart?

    • A.

      Reducing duties of the executive branch

    • B.

      Reducing duties of the legislative branch

    • C.

      Expanding political power of state governments

    • D.

      Expanding political power of the national government

    Correct Answer
    D. Expanding political power of the national government
    Explanation
    The change in government reflected in the chart is the expanding political power of the national government. Under the Articles of Confederation, taxes were applied by Congress but collected by the states, which suggests a more decentralized power structure. However, under the Constitution, taxes are both applied and collected by Congress, indicating a shift towards a stronger central government with increased authority and control over taxation. This change signifies an expansion of political power at the national level.

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  • 35. 

    In a presidential form of government, the head of the executive branch is

    • A.

      Elected independently from the legislative branch and serves a fixed term

    • B.

      Selected from the legislative branch and serves an indefi nite term

    • C.

      Elected to become the ruling member of the legislature and serves a fixed term

    • D.

      Selected by the legislature to rule independently and serves an indefi nite term

    Correct Answer
    A. Elected independently from the legislative branch and serves a fixed term
    Explanation
    In a presidential form of government, the head of the executive branch is elected independently from the legislative branch and serves a fixed term. This means that the president is chosen directly by the people through an election process and is not selected or appointed by the legislature. The president serves a specific duration in office, usually a predetermined number of years, after which they may be re-elected or replaced through another election. This system ensures a separation of powers between the executive and legislative branches, with the president having their own mandate and authority separate from the legislature.

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  • 36. 

    Which of these situations illustrates citizens responsibly practicing the freedoms of a democratic society?

    • A.

      Melissa loudly argues with the grocery store manager about high food prices.

    • B.

      Lindsay falsely accuses Jim of reckless driving in the local newspaper.

    • C.

      Billy celebrates homecoming by honking his car horn in a residential neighborhood at midnight.

    • D.

      Miko and some friends picket the local shoe factory because of recent layoffs.

    Correct Answer
    D. Miko and some friends picket the local shoe factory because of recent layoffs.
    Explanation
    Miko and some friends picketing the local shoe factory because of recent layoffs illustrates citizens responsibly practicing the freedoms of a democratic society. This action demonstrates their freedom of speech and assembly, as they are peacefully expressing their concerns and advocating for their rights. They are engaging in a constructive and lawful manner to bring attention to an issue and potentially bring about positive change.

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  • 37. 

    Which interest group would most likely oppose eliminating the social security system?

    • A.

      National Rifl e Association (NRA)

    • B.

      American Federation of Labor (AFL)

    • C.

      Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD)

    • D.

      American Association of Retired Persons (AARP)

    Correct Answer
    D. American Association of Retired Persons (AARP)
    Explanation
    The American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) would most likely oppose eliminating the social security system because it is an interest group that represents the interests of retired individuals. The social security system provides financial support and benefits to retired individuals, and eliminating it would directly impact the members of AARP. Therefore, it is reasonable to assume that AARP would oppose any efforts to eliminate the social security system.

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  • 38. 

    Which of these is an example of popular sovereignty?

    • A.

      Federal courts overrule laws passed by Congress.

    • B.

      Some states decided to prohibit slavery by a vote of residents.

    • C.

      Political parties choose presidential candidates at national conventions.

    • D.

      Former colonial governments declared independence from British control.

    Correct Answer
    B. Some states decided to prohibit slavery by a vote of residents.
    Explanation
    Some states deciding to prohibit slavery by a vote of residents is an example of popular sovereignty. Popular sovereignty is the principle that the authority of the government is derived from the consent of the people. In this scenario, the residents of the states exercised their right to vote and made a decision regarding the issue of slavery, demonstrating the power and authority of the people in making important decisions that affect their society.

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  • 39. 

    Since the 1960s, which political party in the United States most closely represents the views of conservative voters?

    • A.

      Democratic Party

    • B.

      Republican Party

    • C.

      Socialist Party

    • D.

      Green Party

    Correct Answer
    B. Republican Party
    Explanation
    The Republican Party is considered to be the political party in the United States that most closely represents the views of conservative voters. This party has traditionally advocated for limited government intervention, free-market capitalism, and traditional social values. They tend to prioritize individual rights, lower taxes, and a strong national defense. Over the years, the Republican Party has attracted a significant base of conservative voters who align with these principles, making it the preferred choice for conservatives in the country.

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  • 40. 

    Which view of presidential power led to the Twenty-Second Amendment?

    • A.

      The office of the president had too much power in the nineteenth century.

    • B.

      Original checks and balances in the Constitution sufficiently limit the president’s power.

    • C.

      Congress should have more power to check the president’s power.

    • D.

      Term limits are needed to keep any one president from growing too powerful.

    Correct Answer
    D. Term limits are needed to keep any one president from growing too powerful.
    Explanation
    Term limits are needed to keep any one president from growing too powerful. This is the correct answer because the Twenty-Second Amendment, which was ratified in 1951, established a limit of two terms for a president. This amendment was a response to Franklin D. Roosevelt being elected for four terms, which raised concerns about the concentration of power in the executive branch. By implementing term limits, it ensures that no president can hold office for an extended period and potentially become too powerful.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 19, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Clancyh
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