To make laws
To enforce laws
To define laws
To interpret laws
State laws allow their actions.
Executive orders protect their actions.
Constitutional rights protect their actions.
Municipal ordinances permit their actions.
Many Americans did not know their political rights.
Many college students volunteered in their communities.
Many young people neglected their civic responsibilities.
Many American citizens actively participated in civic life.
Post his opinions on a website
Talk with his best friend about his idea
Write a letter to the editor of the local paper
Contact his representative in Congress about his idea
Involvement in the United Nations
Creation of the Social Security Administration
Deployment of military troops to Iraq
Implementation of the Voting Rights Act
It is easier to obtain a majority of votes.
There is less confusion in the primaries.
There are fewer legal challenges to elections.
It increases voter turnout.
Rejection of weaknesses in the Bill of Rights
First attempt at self-government in the United States
Acceptance of British rule in the colonies
Early effort to improve United States ties to other nations
Speaker of the House
Secretary of education
Ambassador to the United Nations
Absence of a king or emperor
Rule by elected representatives
Right to speak in civic gatherings
Equality for all adult male citizens
Due process of law
Each state has two representatives in the Senate.
The Senate ratifi es all treaties with foreign nations.
All bills for spending money must originate in the House of Representatives.
A state’s population determines how many members it has in the House of Representatives.
The Critical Need for Federal Speed Limit Reform
The Growing Problem of Drunk Driving in the United States
Why Alcohol Advertising Needs to Be Banned
How an Individual Citizen Helped Improve Community Safety
They nominate candidates to run for elected office.
They attempt to override presidential actions by protesting.
They advocate for citizens who have similar ideas about issues.
They organize public education forums to raise money for a cause.
Rejected governmental policies that allowed the expansion of property rights
Adhered to traditional social customs in the creation of governmental offices
Emphasized governmental structures based on reason and social progress
Pursued strict obedience to religious scripture in governmental affairs
A law is ruled unconstitutional by a judge.
A law is used to oppress a group of people.
A petition is signed by many people.
A prisoner is wrongly let out of prison.
Right to legal counsel
Right against false testimony
Right to legal privacy
Right against self-incrimination
Accumulate great sums of campaign contributions
Can ignore the outcome of confi rmation hearings
Issue decisions in cases brought to them
Serve until they die or choose to retire
“President to Seek Second Term”
“House Passes Tax Legislation”
“Senate Confi rms New Chief Justice”
“Supreme Court Rejects Case”
He believed all men are created equal.
He intended to be reelected.
He supported a republic.
He was against slavery.
Nominate candidates to local offices and Congress
Vote for the president and vice president
Settle national elections in case of a tie
Educate voters prior to an election
Due process of law
Checks and balances
Providing legal advice for members who feel their rights have been violated
Ensuring that continuing education is provided for experienced educators
Providing instructors with lesson plans that align with curriculum
Lobbying elected officials to enact new education laws
Rights to bear arms
Rights of the accused
Rights of former slaves
Rights of the convicted
The president signs it.
The Supreme Court reviews it.
The president vetoes it.
The Supreme Court interprets it.
Separation of powers
The federal government can penalize the state.
The federal government must change its law.
The state government can enforce its own law.
The state must yield to the federal government.
Becoming involved in society will make businesses prosper.
Taking an active role in society will help promote contributions to a nation.
Encouraging people to become involved in communities will improve schools.
Participating in the creation of legislation is particularly important for young citizens.
The Senate rejects a Supreme Court nominee.
The Supreme Court overturns a presidential pardon.
The president vetoes a bill passed by Congress.
The Speaker of the House consults with the vice president.
Reducing duties of the executive branch
Reducing duties of the legislative branch
Expanding political power of state governments
Expanding political power of the national government
Elected independently from the legislative branch and serves a fixed term
Selected from the legislative branch and serves an indefi nite term
Elected to become the ruling member of the legislature and serves a fixed term
Selected by the legislature to rule independently and serves an indefi nite term
Melissa loudly argues with the grocery store manager about high food prices.
Lindsay falsely accuses Jim of reckless driving in the local newspaper.
Billy celebrates homecoming by honking his car horn in a residential neighborhood at midnight.
Miko and some friends picket the local shoe factory because of recent layoffs.
National Rifl e Association (NRA)
American Federation of Labor (AFL)
Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD)
American Association of Retired Persons (AARP)
Federal courts overrule laws passed by Congress.
Some states decided to prohibit slavery by a vote of residents.
Political parties choose presidential candidates at national conventions.
Former colonial governments declared independence from British control.
The office of the president had too much power in the nineteenth century.
Original checks and balances in the Constitution sufficiently limit the president’s power.
Congress should have more power to check the president’s power.
Term limits are needed to keep any one president from growing too powerful.