Unit 1 Forms & Foundations Of American Government

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 307

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Unit 1 Forms & Foundations Of American Government

50 multiple choice and true/false questions (1 point each)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A system for maintaining order and security in a society is known as a _____________
    • A. 

      Monarchy

    • B. 

      Government

    • C. 

      Culture

  • 2. 
    When the control in a government is in a hereditary position, such as a king or queen, this is known as a _______________
    • A. 

      Democracy

    • B. 

      Monarchy

    • C. 

      Oligarchy

  • 3. 
    When a government has total control over every aspect its citizens lives, it is known as a_____________ government.
    • A. 

      Totalitarian

    • B. 

      Dictatorship

    • C. 

      Anarchy

  • 4. 
    When no formal government system exists, the country is considered to be an _________________.
    • A. 

      Oligarchy

    • B. 

      Anarchy

    • C. 

      Dictatorship

  • 5. 
    When the control of government is achieved and maintained through force, this is known as a ______________________
    • A. 

      Oligarchy

    • B. 

      Monarchy

    • C. 

      Dictatorship

  • 6. 
    A ___________________ exists when people are the source of authority in a government.
    • A. 

      Democracy

    • B. 

      Oligarchy

    • C. 

      Dictatorship

  • 7. 
    When the people directly vote on issues confronting their society, their form of government is a ________________________________
    • A. 

      Representative Democracy

    • B. 

      Direct Democracy

    • C. 

      Indirect Monarchy

  • 8. 
    When the people elect representatives to vote on the issues confronting their society, their form of government is a _________________________
    • A. 

      Direct Democracy

    • B. 

      Direct Monarchy

    • C. 

      Representative Democracy

  • 9. 
    When a government is controlled by a few select individuals or a small group of people, this is known as an _________________________
    • A. 

      Anarchy

    • B. 

      Monarchy

    • C. 

      Oligarchy

  • 10. 
    When there is a division of powers between national and state governments, this is a _________________________ form of government.
    • A. 

      Federal

    • B. 

      Unitary

    • C. 

      Confederate

  • 11. 
    When all key powers are concentrated with the national or central government, this is a  ___________________________ form of government.
    • A. 

      Democratic

    • B. 

      Unitary

    • C. 

      Confederate

  • 12. 
    When all key powers lie with each individual state governments, this is a ______________ form of government.
    • A. 

      Federal

    • B. 

      Democratic

    • C. 

      Confederate

  • 13. 
    Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States could best be described as a Confederate form of government.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Under the Constitution, the United States could best be described as a ______________ form of government.
    • A. 

      Totalitarian

    • B. 

      Federal

    • C. 

      Confederate

  • 15. 
    The Ancient Greeks contributed the idea of a ___________________ to the world.
    • A. 

      Direct Democracy

    • B. 

      Social Contract

    • C. 

      Representative Democracy

  • 16. 
    The Ancient Romans contributed the idea of a __________________ to the world.
    • A. 

      Direct Democracy

    • B. 

      Social Contract

    • C. 

      Representative Democracy

  • 17. 
    The Magna Carta was the first document to set limits on a monarch’s power. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    The Magna Carta established the “rule of law,” but these laws did not apply to the monarchy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    The English “Right of Petition” was the first document to prohibit “arbitrary arrests,” but it did allow the king to “quarter” his army in private homes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    The English Bill of Rights gave British subjects the right to petition the king, to bear arms, and freedom from cruel and unusual punishment.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Thomas Hobbes was the political theorist who first introduced the idea that government was the result of a social contract between people and their rulers.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Thomas Hobbes believed that people living under a social contract did not need an absolute ruler to enforce the laws of their social contract.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    John Locke also believed in a social contract theory, which he based on the theory of natural rights that included the right to life, liberty, and the ownership of property. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    John Locke believed that people needed an absolute monarch to ensure their natural rights.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Montesquieu was the first to introduce the concept of “separation of powers.”
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 26. 
    Montesquieu was also the first to introduce the idea of a three-branch form of government.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    Jean-Jacque Rousseau was a political theorist from France, who introduced the idea that in order to have a legitimate government, it had to be based on “popular sovereignty.”  
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    Jean-Jacque Rousseau believed that if a government based on “popular sovereignty” broke the social contract, the people had every right to overthrow the government and create a new one in its place.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    The beginning of the Constitution introduces the document and briefly describes the purpose of the American Government.  This part of the Constitution is known as the ________
    • A. 

      Introduction

    • B. 

      Articles

    • C. 

      Preamble

  • 30. 
    The Mayflower Compact was one of the first documents that governed American colonists.  It was written by members of the British Parliament, under the order of King George.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 31. 
    Article I of the Constitution deals primarily with the _____________________ branch.
    • A. 

      Legislative

    • B. 

      Executive

    • C. 

      Judicial

  • 32. 
    Article II of the Constitution deals primarily with the  __________________ branch.
    • A. 

      Legislative

    • B. 

      Executive

    • C. 

      Judicial

  • 33. 
    Article III of the Constitution deals primarily with the _____________________branch.
    • A. 

      Legislative

    • B. 

      Executive

    • C. 

      Judicial

  • 34. 
    House of Representatives members serve a ________ year term.
    • A. 

      Two

    • B. 

      Four

    • C. 

      Six

  • 35. 
    Members of the US Senate serve a ____ year term
    • A. 

      Lifelong

    • B. 

      Four

    • C. 

      Six

  • 36. 
    The President of the United States serves a ____ year term.
    • A. 

      Two

    • B. 

      Four

    • C. 

      Six

  • 37. 
    Justices of the Supreme Court serve a ____ term.
    • A. 

      Lifelong

    • B. 

      Four-year

    • C. 

      Six-year

  • 38. 
    The __________________ has the sole power to propose tax laws.
    • A. 

      Senate

    • B. 

      House of Representatives

    • C. 

      President

  • 39. 
    The ___________________ has the sole power to impeach the President.
    • A. 

      Supreme Court

    • B. 

      House of Representatives

    • C. 

      Senate

  • 40. 
    The __________________ has the sole power to nominate Supreme Court Justices.
    • A. 

      President

    • B. 

      Senate

    • C. 

      House of Representatives

  • 41. 
    The __________________ has the sole power to confirm Supreme Court Justices.
    • A. 

      President

    • B. 

      Senate

    • C. 

      House of Representatives

  • 42. 
    The ___________________has the sole power to be the Commander-in-Chief of US military forces.
    • A. 

      President

    • B. 

      Senate

    • C. 

      House of Representatives

  • 43. 
    The _______________________has the sole power to declare laws unconstitutional.
    • A. 

      President

    • B. 

      Senate

    • C. 

      Supreme Court

  • 44. 
    The ______________________  has the sole power to ratify treaties with foreign governments.
    • A. 

      Supreme Court

    • B. 

      President

    • C. 

      Senate

  • 45. 
    The _____________________ has the sole power to approve or veto laws.
    • A. 

      President

    • B. 

      Supreme Court

    • C. 

      House of Representatives

  • 46. 
    The _____________________ has the sole power to settle disputes between two or more states.
    • A. 

      Senate

    • B. 

      Supreme Court

    • C. 

      House of Representatives

  • 47. 
    Delegate who introduced the idea of three branches of government; also known as the "Father of the Constitution" was ________________________
    • A. 

      Thomas Jefferson

    • B. 

      Ben Franklin

    • C. 

      James Madison

  • 48. 
    The ___________________ gives Congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers expressed in clauses of the Constitution
    • A. 

      Supremacy Clause

    • B. 

      Elastic Clause

    • C. 

      Checks and Balances

  • 49. 
    Each branch of the central government has the power to restrain the powers of the other two branches, which is a system of _______________________
    • A. 

      Supremacy Clause

    • B. 

      Elastic Clause

    • C. 

      Checks and Balances

  • 50. 
    Today the American system of government is a democracy, and its form is congressional.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False