American Government 310l Test 1

75 Questions | Total Attempts: 105

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American Government 310l Test 1

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    1. According to Thomas Hobbes, life without government: 
    • A. 

      Would be nasty, brutish, and short.

    • B. 

      Would be free of unnecessary intrusion.

    • C. 

      Is unnecessary, given man’s inherent qualities.

    • D. 

      Is a utopian ideal.

  • 2. 
    1. The preamble of the U.S. Constitution: 
    • A. 

      Protects basic rights of Americans.

    • B. 

      Defines the two central duties of national government.

    • C. 

      Establishes the limits of government power.

    • D. 

      Acknowledges life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness as fundamental human rights.

  • 3. 
    1. Checks and balances limits government power by ________________; separation of powers limits government power by _____________. 
    • A. 

      Dividing power across state and national government; giving distinct duties to each branch of government

    • B. 

      dividing power between state and national government; giving each branch some power over the others

    • C. 

      Dividing the government into three branches; giving each branch some power over the others

    • D. 

      Giving each branch some power over the others; dividing the government into three branches

  • 4. 
    The president’s power to veto congressional legislation is an example of: 
    • A. 

      Separation of powers.

    • B. 

      Checks and balances.

    • C. 

      Federalism.

    • D. 

      Factionalism

  • 5. 
    According to Madison, factions arise out of 
    • A. 

      People’s self-interest.

    • B. 

      People’s opposition to powerful government.

    • C. 

      A desire to improve the public good.

    • D. 

      People’s altruistic tendencies.

  • 6. 
    The Founders incorporated separation of powers, checks and balances, and federalism into the structure of American government in order to: 
    • A. 

      Mimic the structure of English government.

    • B. 

      Promote altruism.

    • C. 

      Counter the effects of powerful factions.

    • D. 

      Prevent class-based politics.

  • 7. 
    1. Tyranny within American government is most effectively prevented by: 
    • A. 

      Competing political ideologies.

    • B. 

      Citizens’ strong commitment to the free market and economic individualism.

    • C. 

      A system of checks and balances.

    • D. 

      The collective action problem.

  • 8. 
    1. It is often necessary for government to provide public goods because: 
    • A. 

      Citizens are incapable of organizing efficient methods of distribution.

    • B. 

      Public goods are often underproduced in a free market.

    • C. 

      Only the government has the power to limit negative externalities.

    • D. 

      According to several states’ laws, public goods must be funded by tax dollars.

  • 9. 
    1. Collective action problems arise because each individual is ____________ off when _________ to cooperate and benefit from those who do work. 
    • A. 

      Better; refusing

    • B. 

      Worse; refusing

    • C. 

      Better; agreeing

    • D. 

      Worse; agreeing

  • 10. 
    1. The size of the federal government is evidence that: 
    • A. 

      Politics is everywhere.

    • B. 

      Politics is conflictual.

    • C. 

      The political process matters.

    • D. 

      The government is corrupt

  • 11. 
    Which of the following substantiates the fact that political process matters? 
    • A. 

      Government influences most aspects of daily life.

    • B. 

      The political party in power has extensive control over the policies enacted.

    • C. 

      People generally dislike political conflict.

    • D. 

      Over 11 million people receive a paycheck from the federal government.

  • 12. 
    Which of the following best characterizes the relationship between conflict and politics? 
    • A. 

      Conflict could be avoided without political parties.

    • B. 

      Government would be better off without conflict.

    • C. 

      Conflict in politics is a good thing.

    • D. 

      Conflict in politics is inevitable.

  • 13. 
    Americans have _________ interest in politics, most of us _____________ it every day. 
    • A. 

      Little; encounter

    • B. 

      Significant; avoid

    • C. 

      Little; avoid

    • D. 

      Significant; encounter

  • 14. 
    1. The reason conflict is nearly always a part of politics is because 
    • A. 

      The media tries to create an artificially conflictual environment.

    • B. 

      The easy issues get resolved and go away, the hard ones stay.

    • C. 

      Members of Congress genuinely dislike each other.

    • D. 

      The political parties disagree on everything.

  • 15. 
    1. An important implication of conflicts in politics is  that
    • A. 

      Compromise means abandoning principles.

    • B. 

      Agreements never exist in the midst of controversies.

    • C. 

      Congress never gets anything done.

    • D. 

      Compromise and bargaining are essential to getting things done.

  • 16. 
    1. Despite the importance of economic equality in defining our nation’s early history, socioeconomic classes have formed as a result of: 
    • A. 

      Americans’ rejection of government intervention in the economy.

    • B. 

      The Founders’ inability to predict how the American economy would develop.

    • C. 

      Slavery and its aftermath.

    • D. 

      The difficulty in revising laws established by the Constitution.

  • 17. 
    1. American economic interests tend to center on _________ and __________________. 
    • A. 

      Government regulation; economic individualism

    • B. 

      The free market; economic individualism

    • C. 

      The free market; economic mutualism

    • D. 

      Government regulation; economic mutualism

  • 18. 
    1. In the context of American politics, the term culture wars refers to: 
    • A. 

      Any conflict that occurs on the basis of race, ethnicity, gender, or political ideology.

    • B. 

      The conflicts that exist as a result of the inherent differences among people living in the North and the South.

    • C. 

      The conflict among factions that form during each presidential election.

    • D. 

      The conflict between religious and secular Americans.

  • 19. 
    1. Democrats tend to favor _______________ tax policies and __________ restrictions on individual behavior. 
    • A. 

      Redistributive; few

    • B. 

      Redistributive; more

    • C. 

      Regressive; few

    • D. 

      Regressive; more

  • 20. 
    Which of the following policies would a Democrat most likely support? 
    • A. 

      An increase in benefits for welfare recipients

    • B. 

      Making abortion illegal

    • C. 

      Reducing business regulation

    • D. 

      Cutting the marginal tax rate

  • 21. 
    Americans tend to have ________ views on most issues. 
    • A. 

      Conservative

    • B. 

      Moderate

    • C. 

      Liberal

    • D. 

      Apathetic

  • 22. 
    1. Which of the following was a provision of the Articles of Confederation? 
    • A. 

      It established a national supreme court.

    • B. 

      Each a state had a single vote in Congress.

    • C. 

      All thirteen states had to agree to pass legislation.

    • D. 

      States shared authority to coin money with Congress.

  • 23. 
    1. How did the Articles of Confederation specify that the executive be selected? 
    • A. 

      National popular election

    • B. 

      Appointment by the Congress

    • C. 

      Appointment by the judiciary

    • D. 

      No executive leader was specified in the Articles of Confederation.

  • 24. 
    1. Which of the following is one of the reasons that American political leaders rejected the Articles of Confederation? 
    • A. 

      The states were unable to raise taxes.

    • B. 

      New York state troops threatened to occupy Massachusetts territory.

    • C. 

      Trade between the states was inefficient.

    • D. 

      South Carolina threatened to form an alliance with Spain.

  • 25. 
    Which of the following did Thomas Paine’s Common Sense advocate? 
    • A. 

      Republicanism

    • B. 

      Democracy

    • C. 

      State confederation

    • D. 

      Oligarchy