American Government Final Exam

80 Questions | Total Attempts: 52

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American Government Final Exam

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Bureaucracy is the name given to
    • A. 

      A large organization, structured hierarchically, that carries out specific functions.

    • B. 

      Any organization that has major problems when attempting to accomplish its goals.

    • C. 

      A group of people who work to enforce policies in a way that prevents quick results.

    • D. 

      Any large branch of a government that has power to interpret laws.

    • E. 

      Government organizations, but not corporate or university ones.

  • 2. 
    One of the important differences between public bureaucracies and private corporations is that government bureaucracies
    • A. 

      Are not organized to make a profit, while private corporations are.

    • B. 

      Have a single set of leaders, while private corporations do not.

    • C. 

      Are much larger than private corporations.

    • D. 

      Are not intended to serve the citizenry, as private corporations are.

    • E. 

      Present an opportunity for career advancement, while private corporations do not.

  • 3. 
    The number of federal government employees has
    • A. 

      Increased significantly in the last several decades.

    • B. 

      Remained relatively stable for the last several decades.

    • C. 

      Decreased substantially in the last ten years.

    • D. 

      Grown to exceed the number of local government employees.

    • E. 

      Grown to exceed the number of state government employees.

  • 4. 
    Today, government spending accounts for about _____ of the U.S. gross domestic product.
    • A. 

      10%

    • B. 

      20%

    • C. 

      30%

    • D. 

      40%

    • E. 

      50%

  • 5. 
    The cabinet departments are
    • A. 

      Less significant than independent agencies.

    • B. 

      Privatized bureaucracies.

    • C. 

      Government corporations.

    • D. 

      The fifteen major departments of the executive branch.

    • E. 

      Independent agencies.

  • 6. 
    The cabinet departments, in terms of organization, are
    • A. 

      Directly accountable to the president.

    • B. 

      Independent of direct control by the president.

    • C. 

      Responsible for the actions of independent agencies.

    • D. 

      Part of the legislative branch.

    • E. 

      Responsible for monitoring the president.

  • 7. 
    Independent executive agencies are
    • A. 

      The most recent cabinet departments.

    • B. 

      Responsible for regulating major aspects of the economy.

    • C. 

      Not part of cabinet departments but report directly to the president.

    • D. 

      Responsible directly to Congress.

    • E. 

      Staffed entirely by political appointees.

  • 8. 
    _____ were set up because Congress felt it was unable to handle the complexities and technicalities required to carry out specific laws in the public interest.
    • A. 

      Cabinet departments

    • B. 

      Independent executive agencies

    • C. 

      Independent regulatory agencies

    • D. 

      Government corporations

    • E. 

      Courts of limited jurisdiction

  • 9. 
    _____ is when an industry that is being regulated gains control over the agency that is supposed to regulate it.
    • A. 

      Cooption

    • B. 

      Capture

    • C. 

      Complacency

    • D. 

      Collusion

    • E. 

      Pork

  • 10. 
    Government corporations and private corporations are different in all of the following ways except 
    • A. 

      Government corporations do not have to make a profit.

    • B. 

      Private corporations must pay taxes.

    • C. 

      Private corporations have stockholders.

    • D. 

      You cannot invest in a government corporation.

    • E. 

      Government corporations do not perform a particular economic function.

  • 11. 
    Some people argued that the government should _____ banks, or take them over completely, in order to prevent them from becoming so-called "zombie banks."
    • A. 

      Shrink

    • B. 

      Insure

    • C. 

      Capitalize

    • D. 

      Aggrandize

    • E. 

      Nationalize

  • 12. 
     The spoils system is
    • A. 

      The major problem of the federal bureaucracy today.

    • B. 

      The most efficient way of structuring large organizations.

    • C. 

      A new theory for employee selection and retention.

    • D. 

      The awarding of government jobs to political supporters and friends.

    • E. 

      A means of ensuring the best and the brightest will hold positions in government.

  • 13. 
    The selection and promotion of government employees on the basis of examinations is a result of the 
    • A. 

      Administrative agency.

    • B. 

      Independent regulatory agency.

    • C. 

      Merit system.

    • D. 

      Patronage system.

    • E. 

      Spoils system.

  • 14. 
    The Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 
    • A. 

      Created the Office of Personnel Management and the Merit Systems Protection Board.

    • B. 

      Created the Department of Health and Human Services and Department of Labor.

    • C. 

      Created the Civil Service Commission.

    • D. 

      Created the Office of Management and Budget(OMB).

    • E. 

      Abolished the Labor Department and the Civil Service Commission.

  • 15. 
    The "Government in the Sunshine Act" required that 
    • A. 

      All federal agencies that are run by committees conduct their business regularly in public session.

    • B. 

      All federal agencies will terminate after five years unless Congress grants the agency an extension.

    • C. 

      All federal agencies hold at least half of their public meetings outside of Washington, D.C.

    • D. 

      At least 40 percent of upper level positions within an agency be filled by females or ethnic minorities.

    • E. 

      All federal agency meetings on personnel problems or court proceedings be held in public session.

  • 16. 
     The concept of privatization refers to
    • A. 

      Federal loan guarantees for small businesses.

    • B. 

      The replacement of government services with services provided by private firms.

    • C. 

      The hiring practices of the Civil Service.

    • D. 

      The replacement of federal government services with state or local government services.

    • E. 

      Reducing the number of levels in the federal hierarchy.

  • 17. 
    A whistleblower is a person who 
    • A. 

      Does not accomplish his or her tasks by the end of a day.

    • B. 

      Brings to public attention gross governmental inefficiency or illegal action.

    • C. 

      Is hired in excess of the true labor requirements of an agency.

    • D. 

      Is a person who serves in the position of an ombudsman.

    • E. 

      Leaks the contents of a presidential speech to the press before it is given.

  • 18. 
     A statute enacted by Congress that authorizes the creation of an administrative agency is
    • A. 

      An appropriations authorization.

    • B. 

      Enabling legislation.

    • C. 

      An executive order.

    • D. 

      Statutory authorization.

    • E. 

      The Civil Service Act of 1978.

  • 19. 
    A major power that Congress has over the federal bureaucaracy is the 
    • A. 

      Authority to select high-level bureaucrats.

    • B. 

      Authority to authorize or appropriate funds for particular agencies.

    • C. 

      Authority to fire bureaucrats for not executing policy passed by Congress.

    • D. 

      Power to find agency actions unconstitutional.

    • E. 

      Power to appoint agency heads.

  • 20. 
     All of the following ar among the ten categories the government is exempted from having to rulease under the Freedom of Information Act, except
    • A. 

      Classified material.

    • B. 

      Confidential material on trade secrets.

    • C. 

      Internal personnel rules.

    • D. 

      Personal medical files.

    • E. 

      Marriage records.

  • 21. 
    Alexis de Tocqueville, an observer of nineteenth-century American society, indicated that Americans rely on courts
    • A. 

      To resolve political questions.

    • B. 

      Very rarely when compared to Europe.

    • C. 

      Only if there is no other alternative.

    • D. 

      To resolve economic questions, but not political ones.

    • E. 

      To provide a form of entertainment.

  • 22. 
    A court rule bearing on subsequent legal decisions in similar cases is
    • A. 

      A precedent.

    • B. 

      Criminal law.

    • C. 

      A judicial maxim.

    • D. 

      Common law.

    • E. 

      Statutory law.

  • 23. 
    Sources of American law include all of the following except
    • A. 

      The U.S. Constitution.

    • B. 

      State constitutions.

    • C. 

      Statutes.

    • D. 

      Administrative regulations.

    • E. 

      The Charter of the United Nations.

  • 24. 
    The federal court derives its power from
    • A. 

      Article III of the Constitution.

    • B. 

      Congressional legislation.

    • C. 

      Article IV of the Constitution.

    • D. 

      The 5th Amendment.

    • E. 

      Executive order.

  • 25. 
    A question that has to do with the U.S. Constitution, acts of Congress, or treaties is known as a _____ question.
    • A. 

      Justiciable

    • B. 

      Political

    • C. 

      Federal

    • D. 

      National

    • E. 

      Legal

  • 26. 
    A justiciable controversy
    • A. 

      Forms the basis of concurring opinions.

    • B. 

      Is a controversy that is real and substantial as opposed to hypothetical or academic.

    • C. 

      Arises when the opinions on the Supreme Court are tied.

    • D. 

      Can be found in a case's dissenting opinion.

    • E. 

      Is a hypothetical question.

  • 27. 
    Interest groups play an important role in our judicial system because
    • A. 

      They have the opportunity to veto judicial nominations.

    • B. 

      They help to fund the judicial review board.

    • C. 

      Madison stipulated their role in Federalist #10.

    • D. 

      They bring to trial cases of discrimination, civil liberties cases, and more than a third of cases involving business matters.

    • E. 

      They frequently are defendants in class-action suits.

  • 28. 
    A class-action suit is a
    • A. 

      Lawsuit filed by a third party who is not directly involved in the litigation.

    • B. 

      Case sent back to the court that originally heard the case.

    • C. 

      Lawsuit seeking damages for "all persons similarly situated."

    • D. 

      Case in which the Supreme Court exercises original jurisdiction.

    • E. 

      Lawsuit in which the parties are from different jurisdictions.

  • 29. 
    Tax courts and bankruptcy courts are examples of
    • A. 

      Appellate courts.

    • B. 

      General jurisdiction courts.

    • C. 

      Courts of limited jurisdiction.

    • D. 

      Territorial courts.

    • E. 

      International courts.

  • 30. 
    According to the Constitution, the Supreme Court can exercise original jurisdiction
    • A. 

      In matters where the United States is a party.

    • B. 

      In cases where jurisdiction has been granted by statute.

    • C. 

      To intervene in a federal case.

    • D. 

      Over cases appealed from state supreme courts.

    • E. 

      In cases affecting foreign diplomats and in cases in which a state is a party.

  • 31. 
    Of the total number of cases that are decided each year, those reviewed by the Supreme Court represent
    • A. 

      Less than one case in forty thousand.

    • B. 

      Less than one case in four thousand.

    • C. 

      Roughly 4 percent.

    • D. 

      Over half of all cases.

    • E. 

      A majority of cases filed in federal court, but significantly less than a majority of all other cases.

  • 32. 
    A procedure use by the Supreme Court to determine which cases it will hear is called
    • A. 

      The rule of four.

    • B. 

      The gang of four.

    • C. 

      The Sign of the Four.

    • D. 

      The rule of six.

    • E. 

      The sign of five.

  • 33. 
    The reasoning upon which a court ruling was based is
    • A. 

      An amicus brief.

    • B. 

      The judicial implementation.

    • C. 

      The opinion.

    • D. 

      Rule Four.

    • E. 

      A writ of certiorari.

  • 34. 
    A justice who agrees with the result reached by the majority of the Court but wants to voice disapproval of the grounds on which the decision was made would write
    • A. 

      A majority opinion.

    • B. 

      A dissenting opinion.

    • C. 

      A consenting opinion.

    • D. 

      An amicus curiae brief.

    • E. 

      A concurring opinion.

  • 35. 
    When all Supreme Court justices agree to an opinion, it is known as a _____ opinion.
    • A. 

      Majority

    • B. 

      Minority

    • C. 

      Concurring

    • D. 

      Unanimous

    • E. 

      Dissenting

  • 36. 
    In the twenty-first century, Senate Republicans implemented a policy that
    • A. 

      Required Democrats to be consulted on judicial nominations.

    • B. 

      Gave the President of the United States authority to appoint federal judges without the approval of the Senate.

    • C. 

      Prevented Democratic Senators from being able to speak on the floor of the Senate about the qualifications of judges.

    • D. 

      Required a judicial nominee to receive unanimous approval from the Senate Judiciary Committee prior to a vote by the entire Senate.

    • E. 

      Members of the opposition party, the Democrats, would not be allowed to invoke senatorial courtesy.

  • 37. 
    Almost _____ percent of presidential nominations to the Supreme Court have been either rejected or not acted on by the Senate.
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      20

    • D. 

      50

    • E. 

      75

  • 38. 
    The judicial philosophy that looks to the context and purpose of a law when making an interpretation is _____ construction.
    • A. 

      Judicial

    • B. 

      Conservative

    • C. 

      Broad

    • D. 

      Strict

    • E. 

      Contextual

  • 39. 
    The Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act is an example of
    • A. 

      An Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

    • B. 

      A conservative ruling by the Supreme Court.

    • C. 

      A liberal ruling by the Supreme Court.

    • D. 

      A law deemed unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.

    • E. 

      An action by Congress to overturn a Supreme Court ruling.

  • 40. 
    An issue that the court believes should be decided by the executive or legislative branch is a 
    • A. 

      Judiciable controversy.

    • B. 

      Jurisdictional issue.

    • C. 

      Political question.

    • D. 

      Precedent-setting issue.

    • E. 

      Hypothetical question.

  • 41. 
    Domestic policy
    • A. 

      Is limited to policies that affect major economic variables.

    • B. 

      Can be defined as all policies that affect housing.

    • C. 

      Can be defined as all the laws, government planning, and government actions that concern internal issues of national importance.

    • D. 

      Is limiting to matters relating to law enforcement.

    • E. 

      Relates to the activities of the government in its relations with foreign countries.

  • 42. 
    Agenda building is
    • A. 

      The process of making Congress aware that an issue requires congressional action.

    • B. 

      The discussion of the proposal by governmental officials and the public.

    • C. 

      The process of deciding on a specific proposal.

    • D. 

      Concerned with the implementation of policy by bureaucrats, the courts, police and individual citizens.

    • E. 

      The actions taken by members of the president's staff in response to congressional initiatives.

  • 43. 
    In 2002, during the boom in the housing market, mortgage originators increasingly approved loan applications from individuals who had unstable incomes, low incomes, or no incomes at all because
    • A. 

      Privacy protections enacted by Congress had made it nearly impossible to determine an individual's actual income.

    • B. 

      Their conviction that every American should own a home blinded them to the risks of lending to unqualified individuals.

    • C. 

      They knew they could sell the risky mortgages to someone else.

    • D. 

      Internet application forms made it possible for individuals to falsely inflate their incomes.

    • E. 

      Mortgage originators were forced by banks to meet impossibly high sales quotas.

  • 44. 
    The part of the policy making process that involves choosing a specific policy from among the proposals that have been discussed is policy
    • A. 

      Formulation

    • B. 

      Implementation

    • C. 

      Adoption

    • D. 

      Choices

    • E. 

      Determination

  • 45. 
    The Financial Stability Oversight Board is an example of an agency created to provide _____, in this case for the TARP program.
    • A. 

      Agenda building

    • B. 

      Policy adoption

    • C. 

      Policy formulation

    • D. 

      Policy implementation

    • E. 

      Policy evaluation

  • 46. 
    _____ is a joint federal-state program designed to subsidize health care costs for the poor.
    • A. 

      Medicare

    • B. 

      Medicaid

    • C. 

      Social Security

    • D. 

      Medivac

    • E. 

      Blue Cross

  • 47. 
    About _____ of Americans do not have health insurance.
    • A. 

      6 percent

    • B. 

      16 percent

    • C. 

      24 percent

    • D. 

      32 percent

    • E. 

      38 percent

  • 48. 
    In 2009, under President Obama's leadership, Democrats adopted _____ in all of their proposals for health-care legislation.
    • A. 

      Caps on out-of-pocket expenses

    • B. 

      Free preventive care

    • C. 

      A single-payer system

    • D. 

      Optional coverage

    • E. 

      Mandated coverage

  • 49. 
    In 2009, President Obama and Democrats proposed all of the following means of containing health care costs, except
    • A. 

      Creating a government-run insurance plan.

    • B. 

      Requiring electronic medical records.

    • C. 

      Studying which treatments work best.

    • D. 

      Taxing risky, experimental, or elective medical procedures.

    • E. 

      Reducing the number of unnecessary procedures.

  • 50. 
    People who were born on foreign soil now constitute about _____ of the U.S. population.
    • A. 

      1 percent

    • B. 

      6 percent

    • C. 

      10 percent

    • D. 

      13 percent

    • E. 

      18 percent

  • 51. 
    When Congress addressed the issue of immigration with the Border Protection, Anti-Terrorism, and Illegal Immigration Control Act of 2005, 
    • A. 

      The Senate was much tougher on the issue than the House of Representatives, calling for every illegal immigrant to be considered a felon.

    • B. 

      Most of the legislation allowed illegal immigrants to ultimately become citizens.

    • C. 

      President Bush did not think the Act was comprehensive enough and vetoed it.

    • D. 

      A compromise between the House and the Senate was reached at the last minute and the act was passed just before recess.

    • E. 

      It sparked a series of immigrants' rights protests and did not pass the Senate.

  • 52. 
    In 2009, in order to help reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil, President Obama 
    • A. 

      Encouraged oil drilling in Alaska and the Gulf of Mexico.

    • B. 

      Raised fuel-efficiency standards for vehicles.

    • C. 

      Created tax incentives for public transportation users in major cities.

    • D. 

      Proposed the building of new nuclear power facilities.

    • E. 

      Proposed annexing two Canadian oil-producing provinces into the United States.

  • 53. 
    Which of the following is true?  
    • A. 

      The Kyoto protocol called for a reduction in the emission of greenhouse gases to 5.2 percent below 1990 levels by 2012.

    • B. 

      President Bush submitted the Kyoto protocol to the Senate in 2001, but the Senate would not ratify it.

    • C. 

      By 2004, fewer than twenty nations had ratified the Kyoto protocol.

    • D. 

      Thirteen of the fifteen original European Union signatories met their 2010 emission targets.

    • E. 

      President Bush criticized Canada for its "lack of global conscience" and its rising emission rates.

  • 54. 
    Recessions
    • A. 

      Have political advantages for a sitting president.

    • B. 

      Take place when the economy grows more than usual.

    • C. 

      Take place when the economy suffers a severe slowdown.

    • D. 

      Are no longer a problem in our modern economy.

    • E. 

      Are associated with periods of inflation.

  • 55. 
    Today's dollar is worth about how much relative to a dollar of a century ago?  
    • A. 

      A penny

    • B. 

      A nickel

    • C. 

      About the same value

    • D. 

      Twice as much

    • E. 

      Five times as much

  • 56. 
    Fiscal policy is
    • A. 

      Using changes in the amount of money in circulation to affect overall business activity.

    • B. 

      Using changes in the amount of taxes and government expenditures to affect business activity.

    • C. 

      Using changes in interest rates to affect business activity.

    • D. 

      Under the control of the Federal Reserve System.

    • E. 

      An area that is controlled exclusively by the President of the United States, according to Article II of the Constitution.

  • 57. 
    The national debt is defined as
    • A. 

      The total amount owed by all individuals, corporations, and governments in the United States.

    • B. 

      The total amount owed by the federal government to individuals, businesses and foreigners.

    • C. 

      A percentage of the gross national product not to exceed ten percent of all gross sales.

    • D. 

      Money not available for use.

    • E. 

      The total amount owed by the federal government to individuals, businesses, and foreigners, as well as interagency borrowings withing the government.

  • 58. 
    Monetary policy includes
    • A. 

      Using changes in the rate at which new money is put in circulation to alter national economic variables.

    • B. 

      Using changes in the size of the federal budget deficit to alter national economic variables.

    • C. 

      Regulating tax rates to ensure controlled growth and low inflation.

    • D. 

      The economic policies of the president and Congress.

    • E. 

      Linkage of the consumer price index and the gross national product.

  • 59. 
    Tax loopholes allow individuals and corporations to
    • A. 

      Reduce their taxable income legally.

    • B. 

      Choose the state to which they will pay taxes.

    • C. 

      Register formal complaints to the Internal Revenue Service

    • D. 

      Pay taxes only on investment income.

    • E. 

      Commit crimes without fear of incarceration.

  • 60. 
    A tax that falls in percentage terms as incomes rise is known as a(n) _____ tax.
    • A. 

      Income

    • B. 

      Progressive

    • C. 

      Retrograde

    • D. 

      Regressive

    • E. 

      Flat

  • 61. 
    Foreign policy is
    • A. 

      A nation's external goals and the techniques and strategies used to achieve them.

    • B. 

      The formal agreements that are approved by the World Court.

    • C. 

      Interactions with other countries that are not related to economics.

    • D. 

      The treaties that are ratified by the Senate.

    • E. 

      The manner in which the armed forces are deployed.

  • 62. 
    The sending of experts with technical skills to aid other nations is called
    • A. 

      An in-kind subsidy.

    • B. 

      A tariff.

    • C. 

      Technical assistance.

    • D. 

      Exports.

    • E. 

      Military aid.

  • 63. 
    National security policy is
    • A. 

      A subset of policies having to do with the U.S. armed forces.

    • B. 

      Foreign and domestic policy designed to protect the nation's independence and political and economic integrity.

    • C. 

      A policy pursued by nations acting principally in their own interest.

    • D. 

      A policy intended to perpetuate cooperation and agreement on moral standards for conduct.

    • E. 

      A policy of sending experts in such areas as agriculture, engineering, or business to aid other nations.

  • 64. 
    The National Security Council (NSC) is 
    • A. 

      An advisory body to the president on foreign policy matters.

    • B. 

      Under the functional control of the State Department.

    • C. 

      A standing committee of the House and the Senate.

    • D. 

      An advisory body to the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

    • E. 

      A private research council that provides analysis of world events.

  • 65. 
    Political realism is a philosophy that
    • A. 

      Sees nations as normally willing to cooperate and agree on moral standards for conduct.

    • B. 

      Mandates noninterference with the internal policies of sovereign nations.

    • C. 

      Supports steps to establish a single world government.

    • D. 

      Sees each nation as acting principally in its own interest.

    • E. 

      Contends that spreading Christianity ought to be a major goal of U.S. foreign policy.

  • 66. 
    In 2002, President George W. Bush enunciated a new foreign policy doctrine that held, in part, that
    • A. 

      The United States would go to war with any country that attacks it.

    • B. 

      Islamists would not be allowed to take power in any additional nations.

    • C. 

      America would leave the United Nations if that body did not support its military initiatives.

    • D. 

      The United States would no longer participate in the World Trade Organization or in the World Bank.

    • E. 

      The United States was prepared to wage preemptive war against perceived threats with or without allies.

  • 67. 
    George W. Bush was unable to convince _____ that military action was necessary, so the U.S. took the initiative on its own to begin the second Gulf War, or Iraq War, in 2003.
    • A. 

      NATO

    • B. 

      The United Nations

    • C. 

      The European Union

    • D. 

      France

    • E. 

      The "axis of evil"

  • 68. 
    A majority of the population of Iraq is
    • A. 

      Sunni Arab.

    • B. 

      Kurdish.

    • C. 

      Shiite Arab.

    • D. 

      Turkoman.

    • E. 

      Baathist.

  • 69. 
    The Awakening refers to _____ that began in 2007 in Iraq's Anbar Province.
    • A. 

      A rise in violence between rival Islamic groups

    • B. 

      A U.S. troop surge to neutralize Shiite militants

    • C. 

      An uprising of tribal leaders, who called on the U.S. to help them against Al Qaeda.

    • D. 

      A coordinated effort of Al Qaeda to terrorize the population through suicide bombings

    • E. 

      A political movement led by Shiite cleric Muqtada al Sadr

  • 70. 
    Afghanistan's _____ crop has served as a major source of Taliban revenue.
    • A. 

      Corn

    • B. 

      Coca

    • C. 

      Cotton

    • D. 

      Poppy

    • E. 

      Marijuana

  • 71. 
    The Bush administration conducted multilateral negotiations with _____ concerning its nuclear capabilities, but refused to engage in negotiations with _____.
    • A. 

      Pakistan; North Korea

    • B. 

      China; North Korea

    • C. 

      North Korea; Iran

    • D. 

      Iran; China

    • E. 

      China; Pakistan

  • 72. 
    By _____, if not before, the economy of China is expected to be larger than that of the United States.
    • A. 

      2010

    • B. 

      2020

    • C. 

      2030

    • D. 

      2040

    • E. 

      2050

  • 73. 
    In the summer of 2006, Israel went to war with _____ in Lebanon.
    • A. 

      The militant group Hamas

    • B. 

      The Kurdish People's Liberation Front

    • C. 

      The militant group Hezbollah

    • D. 

      The Palestine Liberation Organization

    • E. 

      The extremist group Free Jerusalem Now

  • 74. 
    Somali piracy exploded as a result of
    • A. 

      The U.S. backing out of trade agreements with Somalia.

    • B. 

      More expensive goods being shipped in trade routes off of the Somali coast.

    • C. 

      The global economic crisis that began in late 2008.

    • D. 

      The collapse of Somali governmental authority in 1999.

    • E. 

      The relocation of an influential warlord to Somalia in 2000.

  • 75. 
    The State Department is
    • A. 

      Directly responsible to Congress.

    • B. 

      Not involved in short-term foreign policy.

    • C. 

      The executive agency that has primary authority over foreign affairs.

    • D. 

      Responsible for making foreign policy, not the president.

    • E. 

      One of the largest cabinet departments.

  • 76. 
    Which of the following is NOT a member of the National Security Council?
    • A. 

      The President of the United States

    • B. 

      The Vice President of the United States

    • C. 

      The secretary of State

    • D. 

      The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation

    • E. 

      The Secretary of Defense

  • 77. 
    The Department of Defense
    • A. 

      Is larger than any other federal department.

    • B. 

      Was created during the administration of George Washington.

    • C. 

      Was formed in 1978 through an executive order.

    • D. 

      Is run by the secretary of defense who is always an admiral or general.

    • E. 

      Has primary authority over foreign affairs.

  • 78. 
    A major determinant of U.S. foreign policy in the formative years was
    • A. 

      That this country was destined to become a very powerful nation.

    • B. 

      That the U.S. was unable to raise an army and had no international power.

    • C. 

      The influence of religion.

    • D. 

      The strength of the new Navy.

    • E. 

      Our interests in the Pacific.

  • 79. 
    America obtained which of the following possessions as a result of the Spanish-American War?
    • A. 

      Texas and Cuba

    • B. 

      Alaska and Guam

    • C. 

      Hawaii and the Philippines

    • D. 

      Puerto Rico and Jamaica

    • E. 

      The Philippines and Puerto Rico

  • 80. 
    American isolationism
    • A. 

      Ended with the onset of the Great Depression.

    • B. 

      Came to a permanent end with the bombings of the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor.

    • C. 

      Ended when the U.S. entered the United Nations.

    • D. 

      Ended when France and the United States signed a mutual alliance pact.

    • E. 

      Ended with the Korean War.