American Government Final Exam

80 Questions | Total Attempts: 66

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American Government Final Exam

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Bureaucracy is the name given to
    • A. 

      A large organization, structured hierarchically, that carries out specific functions.

    • B. 

      Any organization that has major problems when attempting to accomplish its goals.

    • C. 

      A group of people who work to enforce policies in a way that prevents quick results.

    • D. 

      Any large branch of a government that has power to interpret laws.

    • E. 

      Government organizations, but not corporate or university ones.

  • 2. 
    One of the important differences between public bureaucracies and private corporations is that government bureaucracies
    • A. 

      Are not organized to make a profit, while private corporations are.

    • B. 

      Have a single set of leaders, while private corporations do not.

    • C. 

      Are much larger than private corporations.

    • D. 

      Are not intended to serve the citizenry, as private corporations are.

    • E. 

      Present an opportunity for career advancement, while private corporations do not.

  • 3. 
    The number of federal government employees has
    • A. 

      Increased significantly in the last several decades.

    • B. 

      Remained relatively stable for the last several decades.

    • C. 

      Decreased substantially in the last ten years.

    • D. 

      Grown to exceed the number of local government employees.

    • E. 

      Grown to exceed the number of state government employees.

  • 4. 
    Today, government spending accounts for about _____ of the U.S. gross domestic product.
    • A. 

      10%

    • B. 

      20%

    • C. 

      30%

    • D. 

      40%

    • E. 

      50%

  • 5. 
    The cabinet departments are
    • A. 

      Less significant than independent agencies.

    • B. 

      Privatized bureaucracies.

    • C. 

      Government corporations.

    • D. 

      The fifteen major departments of the executive branch.

    • E. 

      Independent agencies.

  • 6. 
    The cabinet departments, in terms of organization, are
    • A. 

      Directly accountable to the president.

    • B. 

      Independent of direct control by the president.

    • C. 

      Responsible for the actions of independent agencies.

    • D. 

      Part of the legislative branch.

    • E. 

      Responsible for monitoring the president.

  • 7. 
    Independent executive agencies are
    • A. 

      The most recent cabinet departments.

    • B. 

      Responsible for regulating major aspects of the economy.

    • C. 

      Not part of cabinet departments but report directly to the president.

    • D. 

      Responsible directly to Congress.

    • E. 

      Staffed entirely by political appointees.

  • 8. 
    _____ were set up because Congress felt it was unable to handle the complexities and technicalities required to carry out specific laws in the public interest.
    • A. 

      Cabinet departments

    • B. 

      Independent executive agencies

    • C. 

      Independent regulatory agencies

    • D. 

      Government corporations

    • E. 

      Courts of limited jurisdiction

  • 9. 
    _____ is when an industry that is being regulated gains control over the agency that is supposed to regulate it.
    • A. 

      Cooption

    • B. 

      Capture

    • C. 

      Complacency

    • D. 

      Collusion

    • E. 

      Pork

  • 10. 
    Government corporations and private corporations are different in all of the following ways except 
    • A. 

      Government corporations do not have to make a profit.

    • B. 

      Private corporations must pay taxes.

    • C. 

      Private corporations have stockholders.

    • D. 

      You cannot invest in a government corporation.

    • E. 

      Government corporations do not perform a particular economic function.

  • 11. 
    Some people argued that the government should _____ banks, or take them over completely, in order to prevent them from becoming so-called "zombie banks."
    • A. 

      Shrink

    • B. 

      Insure

    • C. 

      Capitalize

    • D. 

      Aggrandize

    • E. 

      Nationalize

  • 12. 
     The spoils system is
    • A. 

      The major problem of the federal bureaucracy today.

    • B. 

      The most efficient way of structuring large organizations.

    • C. 

      A new theory for employee selection and retention.

    • D. 

      The awarding of government jobs to political supporters and friends.

    • E. 

      A means of ensuring the best and the brightest will hold positions in government.

  • 13. 
    The selection and promotion of government employees on the basis of examinations is a result of the 
    • A. 

      Administrative agency.

    • B. 

      Independent regulatory agency.

    • C. 

      Merit system.

    • D. 

      Patronage system.

    • E. 

      Spoils system.

  • 14. 
    The Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 
    • A. 

      Created the Office of Personnel Management and the Merit Systems Protection Board.

    • B. 

      Created the Department of Health and Human Services and Department of Labor.

    • C. 

      Created the Civil Service Commission.

    • D. 

      Created the Office of Management and Budget(OMB).

    • E. 

      Abolished the Labor Department and the Civil Service Commission.

  • 15. 
    The "Government in the Sunshine Act" required that 
    • A. 

      All federal agencies that are run by committees conduct their business regularly in public session.

    • B. 

      All federal agencies will terminate after five years unless Congress grants the agency an extension.

    • C. 

      All federal agencies hold at least half of their public meetings outside of Washington, D.C.

    • D. 

      At least 40 percent of upper level positions within an agency be filled by females or ethnic minorities.

    • E. 

      All federal agency meetings on personnel problems or court proceedings be held in public session.

  • 16. 
     The concept of privatization refers to
    • A. 

      Federal loan guarantees for small businesses.

    • B. 

      The replacement of government services with services provided by private firms.

    • C. 

      The hiring practices of the Civil Service.

    • D. 

      The replacement of federal government services with state or local government services.

    • E. 

      Reducing the number of levels in the federal hierarchy.

  • 17. 
    A whistleblower is a person who 
    • A. 

      Does not accomplish his or her tasks by the end of a day.

    • B. 

      Brings to public attention gross governmental inefficiency or illegal action.

    • C. 

      Is hired in excess of the true labor requirements of an agency.

    • D. 

      Is a person who serves in the position of an ombudsman.

    • E. 

      Leaks the contents of a presidential speech to the press before it is given.

  • 18. 
     A statute enacted by Congress that authorizes the creation of an administrative agency is
    • A. 

      An appropriations authorization.

    • B. 

      Enabling legislation.

    • C. 

      An executive order.

    • D. 

      Statutory authorization.

    • E. 

      The Civil Service Act of 1978.

  • 19. 
    A major power that Congress has over the federal bureaucaracy is the 
    • A. 

      Authority to select high-level bureaucrats.

    • B. 

      Authority to authorize or appropriate funds for particular agencies.

    • C. 

      Authority to fire bureaucrats for not executing policy passed by Congress.

    • D. 

      Power to find agency actions unconstitutional.

    • E. 

      Power to appoint agency heads.

  • 20. 
     All of the following ar among the ten categories the government is exempted from having to rulease under the Freedom of Information Act, except
    • A. 

      Classified material.

    • B. 

      Confidential material on trade secrets.

    • C. 

      Internal personnel rules.

    • D. 

      Personal medical files.

    • E. 

      Marriage records.

  • 21. 
    Alexis de Tocqueville, an observer of nineteenth-century American society, indicated that Americans rely on courts
    • A. 

      To resolve political questions.

    • B. 

      Very rarely when compared to Europe.

    • C. 

      Only if there is no other alternative.

    • D. 

      To resolve economic questions, but not political ones.

    • E. 

      To provide a form of entertainment.

  • 22. 
    A court rule bearing on subsequent legal decisions in similar cases is
    • A. 

      A precedent.

    • B. 

      Criminal law.

    • C. 

      A judicial maxim.

    • D. 

      Common law.

    • E. 

      Statutory law.

  • 23. 
    Sources of American law include all of the following except
    • A. 

      The U.S. Constitution.

    • B. 

      State constitutions.

    • C. 

      Statutes.

    • D. 

      Administrative regulations.

    • E. 

      The Charter of the United Nations.

  • 24. 
    The federal court derives its power from
    • A. 

      Article III of the Constitution.

    • B. 

      Congressional legislation.

    • C. 

      Article IV of the Constitution.

    • D. 

      The 5th Amendment.

    • E. 

      Executive order.

  • 25. 
    A question that has to do with the U.S. Constitution, acts of Congress, or treaties is known as a _____ question.
    • A. 

      Justiciable

    • B. 

      Political

    • C. 

      Federal

    • D. 

      National

    • E. 

      Legal