Separation Of Powers: US Constitution Trivia Quiz

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Constitution Quizzes & Trivia

Separation of powers is a political dogma in which a constitutional government is divided into three different branches namely a legislative, an executive, and a judiciary, where powers and responsibilities are assigned according to abilities. Just to prevent misuse and conflict, powers are distributed according to branches. Take this quiz to test your knowledge about the separation of powers in the United States. So, let's try out the quiz. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The primary role of the Judicial Branch is...

    • A.

      To enforce the laws.

    • B.

      To make the laws.

    • C.

      To sign or veto laws, and make sure that they are carried out.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    A. To enforce the laws.
    Explanation
    The primary role of the Judicial Branch is to enforce the laws. This branch of government is responsible for interpreting and applying the law to resolve disputes and administer justice. They ensure that laws are upheld and that individuals and organizations are held accountable for their actions. The Judicial Branch includes courts at various levels, from local to federal, and judges who have the authority to make legal decisions based on the Constitution and existing laws. Their main function is to provide a fair and impartial system of justice and ensure the rule of law is upheld in society.

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  • 2. 

    "Checks and Balances"...

    • A.

      Keeps all three branches equal.

    • B.

      Keeps the U.S.A. equal with other nations.

    • C.

      Makes the Executive branch the most powerful branch.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    A. Keeps all three branches equal.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Keeps all three branches equal." The concept of checks and balances refers to the system in which each branch of government has the ability to limit the powers of the other branches, preventing any one branch from becoming too powerful. This system ensures that there is a balance of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, preventing any one branch from dominating the others.

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  • 3. 

    The official advisors to the President are the...

    • A.

      Posse.

    • B.

      Supreme Court.

    • C.

      Legislative Branch.

    • D.

      Cabinet.

    Correct Answer
    D. Cabinet.
    Explanation
    The official advisors to the President are the Cabinet. The Cabinet is a group of high-ranking officials appointed by the President to advise and assist in decision-making. They are responsible for overseeing specific areas of government policy and administration, such as defense, finance, and foreign affairs. The Cabinet members are typically heads of executive departments, such as the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense. They play a crucial role in shaping and implementing the President's agenda and policies.

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  • 4. 

    The primary role of the Legislative Branch is...

    • A.

      To enforce the laws.

    • B.

      To make the laws.

    • C.

      To sign or veto laws, and make sure that they are carried out.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    B. To make the laws.
  • 5. 

    The primary role of the Executive Branch is...

    • A.

      To enforce the laws.

    • B.

      To make the laws.

    • C.

      To sign or veto laws, and make sure that they are carried out.

    • D.

      Choices A & B

    Correct Answer
    C. To sign or veto laws, and make sure that they are carried out.
  • 6. 

    The Federal Government…

    • A.

      Divides power three ways.

    • B.

      Has approximately the same power as the states.

    • C.

      Is the model that most states imitate.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
  • 7. 

    Which of the following is not true:

    • A.

      The President can veto laws.

    • B.

      The Supreme Court can veto amendments.

    • C.

      Congress can impeach judges.

    • D.

      Congress can impeach the President.

    Correct Answer
    B. The Supreme Court can veto amendments.
  • 8. 

    Which of the following is not true:

    • A.

      All three branches are equal in power.

    • B.

      A system of “Checks and Balances” keeps the branches equal.

    • C.

      Each branch can check another branch.

    • D.

      The President has final say in all matters.

    Correct Answer
    D. The President has final say in all matters.
  • 9. 

    Which of the following is NOT true:

    • A.

      Congress can reject a President’s cabinet appointment.

    • B.

      Congress can override a Presidential veto.

    • C.

      The Supreme Court can appoint it’s own judges.

    • D.

      The President picks Supreme Court Judges.

    Correct Answer
    C. The Supreme Court can appoint it’s own judges.
  • 10. 

    Before it is a “law”, it is a...

    • A.

      Bill.

    • B.

      Amendment.

    • C.

      Filibuster.

    • D.

      Judicial.

    Correct Answer
    A. Bill.
  • 11. 

    A Presidential election is not official until...

    • A.

      Everyone gets to vote.

    • B.

      The President declares it fair.

    • C.

      Congress votes for final approval.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. Congress votes for final approval.
  • 12. 

    In class, Mr. P. compared "power" in a Federal system to...

    • A.

      Pizza.

    • B.

      House of Burgers (Mmmmmm!)

    • C.

      A package of Skittles.

    • D.

      A bowl of M&M's to be shared.

    Correct Answer
    D. A bowl of M&M's to be shared.
    Explanation
    In a Federal system, power is compared to a bowl of M&M's to be shared. This analogy suggests that power is distributed among multiple levels of government, just like the M&M's are shared among multiple people. Each level of government has its own authority and responsibilities, similar to how each person gets a fair share of M&M's from the bowl. This comparison highlights the idea of decentralization and cooperation in a Federal system.

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  • 13. 

    In class, Mr. P. compared "Checks and Balances" to...

    • A.

      A Bowl of M&M's.

    • B.

      Rock-Paper-Scissors.

    • C.

      Pizza.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    B. Rock-Paper-Scissors.
    Explanation
    Mr. P. compared "Checks and Balances" to Rock-Paper-Scissors. This comparison suggests that the system of checks and balances in a government is similar to the game of Rock-Paper-Scissors, where each branch of government can counterbalance and limit the powers of the other branches, just like how each element in the game can defeat one but be defeated by another. This analogy highlights the idea of a balanced system of power and the need for each branch to have checks on the others to prevent any one branch from becoming too powerful.

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