Plant Structure And Growth

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1100

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Plant Structure Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz assesses your knowledge of our plant structure and growth lesson.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     Which of the following is the correct name for a system of roots that grows as one large vertical root with smaller later offshoots?
    • A. 

      Fibrous root

    • B. 

      Taproot

    • C. 

      Secondary root

    • D. 

      Prop root

    • E. 

      Mycorrhizae

  • 2. 
    The three types of plant tissue, in order from the outside of a root to the inside, are
    • A. 

      Vascular, ground dermal.

    • B. 

      Vascular, dermal, ground.

    • C. 

      Ground, vascular, dermal.

    • D. 

      Ground, dermal, vascular.

    • E. 

      Dermal, ground, vascular.

  • 3. 
    A plant whose life span occurs over the course of two years is known as a(n)
    • A. 

      Annual.

    • B. 

      Triannual.

    • C. 

      Biennial.

    • D. 

      Perennial.

    • E. 

      Seasonal.

  • 4. 
    The region of the plant in which the parenchyma cells are located that are involved in photosynthesis is called
    • A. 

      Vascular cylinder.

    • B. 

      Mesophyll.

    • C. 

      Epidermis.

    • D. 

      Xylem.

    • E. 

      Phloem.

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is dead at functional maturity?
    • A. 

      Companion cell

    • B. 

      Guard cell

    • C. 

      Palisade mesophyll

    • D. 

      Sieve-tube member

    • E. 

      Vessel element

  • 6. 
    Most lengthwise growth takes place in terminal shoots and roots in
    • A. 

      The zone of cell division.

    • B. 

      The zone of elongation.

    • C. 

      The zone of maturation.

    • D. 

      Meristematic cells.

    • E. 

      Vascular cambium.

  • 7. 
    A plant with a fibrous root system, leaves with parallel veins, and seeds with a single cotyledon is probably a
    • A. 

      Corn plant.

    • B. 

      Fern.

    • C. 

      Fir tree.

    • D. 

      Pine tree.

    • E. 

      Pea plant.

  • 8. 
    All of the following are true about the vascular cambium except:
    • A. 

      It increases the width/girth of plants.

    • B. 

      It produces secondary phloem.

    • C. 

      It produces secondary xylem.

    • D. 

      It produces bark in woody plants.

    • E. 

      It occurs in the stem and in the root.

  • 9. 
    These cells are live cells that function as structural support for a plant:
    • A. 

      Sieve-tube elements

    • B. 

      Vessel elements

    • C. 

      Tracheids

    • D. 

      Guard cells

    • E. 

      Collenchyma cells

  • 10. 
    How do cells in a meristem differ from other cells in a plant?
    • A. 

      They continue to divide.

    • B. 

      They photosynthesize at a faster rate.

    • C. 

      They are growing.

    • D. 

      They are differentiating.

    • E. 

      They store food.