Planning 02

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Planning 02 - Quiz

Prepared by:

 Arch. /EnP. RSGabitan


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    It is a merging of two or more metropolises with a population of 10 million or more

    • A.

      Megalopolises

    • B.

      Metropolitan

    • C.

      Conurbation

    • D.

      Threshold population

    Correct Answer
    C. Conurbation
    Explanation
    A conurbation refers to the merging of two or more metropolises with a population of 10 million or more. It is a term used to describe the phenomenon of urban expansion and the interconnectedness of multiple cities in close proximity. This term is often used to describe large urban areas that have grown together to form a continuous urban landscape.

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  • 2. 

    Each successive district admits the uses of all the more restricted districts

    • A.

      Spot zoning

    • B.

      Bonus zoning

    • C.

      Non-cumulative zoning

    • D.

      Inclusionary zoning

    Correct Answer
    C. Non-cumulative zoning
    Explanation
    Non-cumulative zoning is the correct answer because it allows each district to have its own specific set of regulations and restrictions. This means that as you move from one district to another, the regulations become more restrictive. This is different from cumulative zoning where each district would have the same regulations, resulting in a cumulative effect. Spot zoning refers to the practice of zoning a small area differently from the surrounding area. Bonus zoning refers to granting additional development rights in exchange for certain public benefits. Inclusionary zoning refers to requiring a certain percentage of affordable housing in new developments.

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  • 3. 

    Exponents of the systems view of planning: i. Brian McLoughlin ii. George Chadwick iii. John Glasson iv. Alan Wilson

    • A.

      I, ii, iii

    • B.

      Ii, iii, iv

    • C.

      I, iii, iv

    • D.

      i, ii, iv

    Correct Answer
    D. i, ii, iv
    Explanation
    The correct answer is i, ii, iv. This means that Brian McLoughlin, George Chadwick, and Alan Wilson are the exponents of the systems view of planning.

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  • 4. 

    A special type of bar chart that shows the distribution of a population by age and sex

    • A.

      Population Pyramid

    • B.

      Population Projection

    • C.

      Population Density

    • D.

      Population Implosion

    Correct Answer
    A. Population Pyramid
    Explanation
    A population pyramid is a special type of bar chart that displays the distribution of a population by age and sex. It consists of two back-to-back bar graphs, one representing the male population and the other representing the female population. The horizontal axis represents the age groups, typically divided into five-year intervals, while the vertical axis represents the population size. The shape of the pyramid provides insights into the population's age structure, with wider bases indicating higher birth rates and narrower tops indicating lower life expectancies. This tool is commonly used by demographers and policymakers to analyze population trends and plan for future social and economic needs.

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  • 5. 

    The ability of an area’s resource system to support the activities of a given population.

    • A.

      Threshold Population

    • B.

      Resource Use

    • C.

      Carrying Capacity

    • D.

      Demography

    Correct Answer
    C. Carrying Capacity
    Explanation
    Carrying capacity refers to the maximum number of individuals that an area's resource system can sustainably support. It is a measure of the ability of the environment to provide the necessary resources and services for a given population without depleting or degrading the resources. This concept is important in understanding the relationship between human populations and their environment, as it helps determine the sustainable use of resources and the potential impacts on the ecosystem.

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  • 6. 

    The elements of the human settlements:- i. Nature ii. Man iii. Society iv. Shells v. Network vi. Hamlet vii. Community

    • A.

      I, ii, iii, v, vi

    • B.

      Ii, iii, iv, v, vi

    • C.

      i, ii, iii, iv, v

    • D.

      I, iii, iv, v, vi

    Correct Answer
    C. i, ii, iii, iv, v
    Explanation
    The correct answer is i, ii, iii, iv, v. This answer includes all the elements mentioned in the question - nature, man, society, shells, and network. The elements of human settlements encompass the natural environment, the presence of human beings, the social interactions and structures, the physical structures such as buildings or houses (represented by shells), and the interconnectedness of the settlement (represented by network).

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  • 7. 

    Leonardo da Vinci described in this book a new concept of urban planning that was suited for Milan, a city straddling a river where upstream, the river was directed into 6 or 7 branches, all parallel to the main stream and rejoining it below the city.

    • A.

      Milan Plan

    • B.

      De Arkitektura

    • C.

      Linear City

    • D.

      Codex Atlanticus

    Correct Answer
    A. Milan Plan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Milan Plan. In the given passage, it is mentioned that Leonardo da Vinci described a new concept of urban planning suited for Milan. This concept involved directing the river into multiple parallel branches upstream and rejoining it below the city. Therefore, the Milan Plan refers to this specific concept of urban planning described by da Vinci for the city of Milan.

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  • 8. 

    He wrote the Chicago Plan which was heavily criticized and referred to as centro-centrist

    • A.

      Pierre Charles L’Enfant

    • B.

      Daniel Burnham

    • C.

      Frederick Law Olmstead

    • D.

      Clarence Stein

    Correct Answer
    B. Daniel Burnham
    Explanation
    Daniel Burnham is the correct answer because he wrote the Chicago Plan, which was heavily criticized and referred to as centro-centrist. This suggests that Burnham faced criticism for his plan and it was not well-received by others. The other options, Pierre Charles L’Enfant, Frederick Law Olmstead, and Clarence Stein, are not mentioned in relation to the Chicago Plan or being criticized as centro-centrist.

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  • 9. 

    The golden era of urban design in the US

    • A.

      Garden City Era

    • B.

      The Park Movement Era

    • C.

      City Beautiful Era

    • D.

      The Conservationists Era

    Correct Answer
    A. Garden City Era
    Explanation
    The Garden City Era refers to a period in the US when urban design focused on creating planned communities that were self-contained and surrounded by green spaces. This approach aimed to improve the quality of life for residents by providing access to nature and promoting a sense of community. The other options mentioned, such as the Park Movement Era, City Beautiful Era, and Conservationists Era, were important movements in urban design but did not specifically focus on the concept of creating self-contained planned communities.

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  • 10. 

    It is the division of a community into districts or zones according to present and potential uses of land to maximize, regulate and direct their use and development.

    • A.

      Comprehensive Development Planning

    • B.

      Zoning

    • C.

      Land Use Planning

    • D.

      Police Power

    Correct Answer
    B. Zoning
    Explanation
    Zoning is the correct answer because it refers to the division of a community into districts or zones based on the present and potential uses of land. This process aims to maximize, regulate, and direct the use and development of land within each zone. Zoning allows for the efficient allocation of resources and ensures that land is used in a way that is beneficial for the community as a whole. It is an essential tool in land use planning and helps to maintain order and coherence in urban development.

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  • 11. 

    He advocated the concept of the “Social City”, a polycentric settlement, where growth is without limit, surrounded by a greenbelt.

    • A.

      Ebenezer Howard

    • B.

      Daniel Burnham

    • C.

      Frederick Law Olmstead

    • D.

      Arturo Soria Y Mata

    Correct Answer
    A. Ebenezer Howard
    Explanation
    Ebenezer Howard is the correct answer because he is known for advocating the concept of the "Social City", which is described as a polycentric settlement with unlimited growth surrounded by a greenbelt. This concept is outlined in his book "Garden Cities of To-morrow" published in 1898. The other options, Daniel Burnham, Frederick Law Olmstead, and Arturo Soria Y Mata, are not associated with this specific concept of the "Social City".

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  • 12. 

    Which one is bigger in the hierarchy of settlements

    • A.

      City

    • B.

      Metropolis

    • C.

      Conurbation

    • D.

      Megalopolis

    Correct Answer
    D. Megalopolis
    Explanation
    Megalopolis is the correct answer because it is the highest in the hierarchy of settlements. A megalopolis refers to a large and heavily populated urban area that consists of multiple cities and metropolitan areas that have grown together and merged. It is larger in size and population compared to a conurbation, metropolis, and city.

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  • 13. 

    He believed in the use of open space as element of urban system.

    • A.

      Pierre Charles L’Enfant

    • B.

      Daniel Burnham

    • C.

      Frederick Law Olmstead

    • D.

      Clarence Stein

    Correct Answer
    C. Frederick Law Olmstead
    Explanation
    Frederick Law Olmstead believed in the use of open space as an element of the urban system. Olmstead was a landscape architect who is best known for designing Central Park in New York City. He believed that open spaces, such as parks and greenways, were essential for the well-being of city residents and for creating a sense of community. Olmstead's designs often incorporated natural elements and emphasized the importance of preserving and enhancing the natural landscape in urban areas.

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  • 14. 

    The links within the settlement and with other settlements.

    • A.

      Shells

    • B.

      Networks

    • C.

      Norms

    • D.

      Hamlet

    Correct Answer
    B. Networks
    Explanation
    The term "networks" refers to the connections and relationships between different settlements. In this context, it implies that the links within the settlement and with other settlements are crucial for understanding and analyzing the settlement's dynamics and interactions. These networks can include physical infrastructure like roads, bridges, and communication lines, as well as social networks and economic connections. By studying these networks, researchers can gain insights into how settlements function and how they are connected to each other, which is why "networks" is the most appropriate answer in this case.

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  • 15. 

    A central business district usually has: - -- a. i. High daytime population ii. Large concentration of office and retail activities iii. Large daily inflow and outflow of commuter

    • A.

      I only

    • B.

      Iii only

    • C.

      I, ii

    • D.

      I, ii, iii

    Correct Answer
    D. I, ii, iii
    Explanation
    A central business district usually has a high daytime population, meaning that there are many people present during the day for work or other activities. It also has a large concentration of office and retail activities, indicating that there are many businesses and shops located in the area. Additionally, there is a large daily inflow and outflow of commuters, suggesting that many people travel to and from the central business district for work or other purposes. Therefore, all three options (i, ii, and iii) are correct.

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  • 16. 

    Urban development tends to occur along major transportation routes because.

    • A.

      Population tends to concentrate where transportation is available

    • B.

      Transportation facilities tend to service areas where there is population concentration

    • C.

      Both a and b

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Both a and b
    Explanation
    Urban development tends to occur along major transportation routes because population tends to concentrate where transportation is available, and transportation facilities tend to service areas where there is population concentration. This means that people are more likely to settle and businesses are more likely to establish themselves in areas that are easily accessible and connected to transportation networks. As a result, major transportation routes become attractive locations for urban development, leading to the concentration of population and the provision of transportation services in these areas.

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  • 17. 

    An area with a minimum income of P20M, at least 10,000 has. in land area or minimum population of 150,000.

    • A.

      Component city

    • B.

      Highly urbanized city

    • C.

      Independent component city

    • D.

      City

    Correct Answer
    D. City
    Explanation
    The given criteria state that the area must have a minimum income of P20M and at least 10,000 has. in land area or a minimum population of 150,000. A city is a higher level of administrative division compared to a component city, highly urbanized city, or independent component city. Therefore, a city is the most appropriate answer as it encompasses all the requirements mentioned in the criteria.

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  • 18. 

    A single detached dwelling unit is defined as a house

    • A.

      Good for one household

    • B.

      Intended for ownership

    • C.

      Completely surrounded by yards

    • D.

      With one or more of its sides abutting the property line

    Correct Answer
    C. Completely surrounded by yards
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Completely surrounded by yards." This means that a single detached dwelling unit, which is a house, is surrounded by yards on all sides. This implies that the house is not connected to any other structures and stands alone on its own plot of land, separated from neighboring properties by yards.

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  • 19. 

    Growth in the proportion of a population living in urban areas

    • A.

      Urbanization

    • B.

      Demography

    • C.

      Megalopolis

    • D.

      Component

    Correct Answer
    A. Urbanization
    Explanation
    Urbanization refers to the process of an increasing proportion of a population living in urban areas. It involves the migration of people from rural to urban areas in search of better job opportunities, education, healthcare, and other amenities. This phenomenon is often accompanied by the growth of cities, expansion of infrastructure, and changes in social and economic structures. Therefore, urbanization is the correct answer as it directly relates to the given statement about the growth in the proportion of a population living in urban areas.

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  • 20. 

    An urban planning approach that puts priority on people and environment wherein the model is the traditional city neighborhood that existed before where workplaces, shops and houses where within walking distance of each other

    • A.

      Garden City

    • B.

      New Urbanism

    • C.

      Letchworth

    • D.

      Welwyn

    Correct Answer
    A. Garden City
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Garden City. This urban planning approach prioritizes the well-being of people and the environment. It is based on the traditional city neighborhood concept where workplaces, shops, and houses are located within walking distance of each other. Garden City aims to create self-contained communities that offer a high quality of life by providing easy access to amenities and promoting sustainable living.

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  • 21. 

    He postulated that land use diminish intensively in reverse relationship to increased distance

    • A.

      Von Thunen

    • B.

      William Alonso

    • C.

      Lowdon Wingo Jr.

    • D.

      Robert Malthus

    Correct Answer
    A. Von Thunen
    Explanation
    Von Thunen is the correct answer because he postulated the theory of agricultural land use in his book "The Isolated State". According to his theory, land use diminishes as the distance from the market increases. He argued that farmers would prioritize the cultivation of perishable and high-value crops closer to the market, while less valuable and bulkier crops would be grown further away. This theory became the foundation for understanding spatial patterns of agricultural production and land use.

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