Physical Science Ch 9 Motion

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This is a quiz on Chapter Nine Motion with an emphasis on Describing and Measuring Motion, Speed and Velocity and Acceleration.

• 1.

When an object's distance from another object is changing.

• A.

It is in motion

• B.

It is speeding

• C.

It has a high velocity

• D.

It is acceleration

A. It is in motion
Explanation
When an object's distance from another object is changing, it indicates that the object is in motion. Motion refers to the change in position of an object with respect to its surroundings over time. Therefore, the correct answer is "it is in motion."

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• 2.

Speed equals distance divided by

• A.

Time

• B.

Velocity

• C.

Size

• D.

Motion

A. Time
Explanation
Speed is defined as the distance traveled per unit of time. Therefore, in order to calculate speed, one needs to divide the distance traveled by the time it took to cover that distance. This is why the correct answer is "time". Velocity, size, and motion are not directly related to the calculation of speed.

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• 3.

When you know both the speed and direction of an object's motion, you know the

• A.

Average speed of the object

• B.

Acceleration of the object

• C.

Distance the object has traveled

• D.

Velocity of the object

D. Velocity of the object
Explanation
When you know both the speed and direction of an object's motion, you know the velocity of the object. Velocity is a vector quantity that includes both the magnitude (speed) and direction of an object's motion. So, knowing the speed and direction allows us to determine the velocity of the object.

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• 4.

The rate at which velocity changes is called

• A.

Instantaneous speed

• B.

Direction

• C.

Acceleration

• D.

Motion

C. Acceleration
Explanation
Acceleration is the correct answer because it refers to the rate at which velocity changes. Velocity is a vector quantity that includes both speed and direction, so when the velocity of an object changes, it means either the speed or the direction or both are changing. Acceleration specifically measures the change in velocity, whether it is an increase or decrease in speed, a change in direction, or a combination of both. Therefore, acceleration is the appropriate term to describe the rate at which velocity changes.

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• 5.

Which of these is an example of deceleration?

• A.

A bird taking off for flight

• B.

A roller coaster moving down a steep hill

• C.

A car approaching a red light

• D.

An airplane following a straight path

C. A car approaching a red light
Explanation
Deceleration refers to the decrease in speed or velocity of an object. In this case, a car approaching a red light is an example of deceleration because as the car gets closer to the red light, it slows down and eventually comes to a stop. The other options do not involve a decrease in speed. A bird taking off for flight involves an increase in speed, a roller coaster moving down a steep hill involves a constant or increasing speed, and an airplane following a straight path implies a constant speed as well.

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• 6.

To determine the acceleration rate of an object, you must calculate the change in speed during each unit of

• A.

Velocity

• B.

Time

• C.

Motion

• D.

Deceleration

B. Time
Explanation
To determine the acceleration rate of an object, you must calculate the change in speed during each unit of time. Acceleration is defined as the rate of change of velocity per unit of time.

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• 7.

Average speed is

• A.

Equivalent to velocity

• B.

The rate at which an object is moving at a given instant

• C.

The rate at which a slope changes

• D.

The total distance traveled divided by the total time

D. The total distance traveled divided by the total time
Explanation
The correct answer is "the total distance traveled divided by the total time." Average speed is calculated by dividing the total distance traveled by an object by the total time it takes to cover that distance. It gives an overall measure of how fast an object is moving on average, regardless of the direction it is moving in. This differs from velocity, which is a vector quantity that includes both speed and direction. The other options provided in the question are not accurate definitions of average speed.

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• 8.

A place or oject used for comparison to determine if something is in motion is called

• A.

A position

• B.

A reference point

• C.

A constant

• D.

Velocity

B. A reference point
Explanation
A reference point is used as a standard for comparison to determine if something is in motion. It provides a fixed location or object that remains stationary while other objects or locations are observed for motion. By comparing the position or movement of other objects to the reference point, it can be determined if they are in motion or not.

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• 9.

What does a horizontal line on a distance versus time graph indicate about an object's motion?

• A.

The object is moving at a constant speed

• B.

The object is accelerating

• C.

The object is decelerating

• D.

The object is stationary

D. The object is stationary
Explanation
A horizontal line on a distance versus time graph signifies that the distance remains unchanged as time progresses. This indicates the object is stationary, meaning it is not moving at all. The other options suggest movement, but a horizontal line specifically shows no change in position.

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• 10.

Changing direction is an example of a kind of

• A.

Acceleration

• B.

Speed

• C.

Velocity

• D.

Constant rate

A. Acceleration
Explanation
Acceleration is the rate at which an object changes its velocity. When an object changes its direction, it is also changing its velocity, as velocity includes both speed and direction. Therefore, changing direction is an example of acceleration.

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• 11.

A bicyclist travels 30 kilometers in two hours, her average speed is

• A.

30 km/h

• B.

60 km/h

• C.

15 km/h

• D.

2 km/h

C. 15 km/h
Explanation
The average speed of the bicyclist can be calculated by dividing the total distance traveled (30 kilometers) by the total time taken (2 hours). Therefore, 30 km / 2 hours = 15 km/h.

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• 12.

In an acceleration graph showing speed versus time, a straight line shows the acceleration is

• A.

Decreasing

• B.

Increasing

• C.

Changing

• D.

Constant

D. Constant
Explanation
In an acceleration graph showing speed versus time, a straight line indicates a constant acceleration. A straight line means that the speed is changing at a constant rate over time. If the line was increasing or decreasing, it would indicate that the acceleration is changing. Therefore, the correct answer is constant.

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• Aug 19, 2024
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• Feb 06, 2013
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