The Ultimate Phylum Porifera Trivia Quiz

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The Ultimate Phylum Porifera Trivia Quiz - Quiz


Can you spare some time and play this amazing 'Phylum Porifera Trivia Quiz?' We've designed this quiz to test your knowledge about the Phylum Porifera animals. Do you know that Phylum Poroferia is the lowest multicellular animal belonging to the kingdom Animalia? What else do you know about them? Take this quiz and you may find out some more interesting facts about this animal species. Wishing you good luck on this test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A Phylum of porous, ________, _________ feeding animals. 

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "sessile, filter". This means that the animals belonging to this phylum are immobile or fixed in one place (sessile) and they obtain their food by filtering particles from the water (filter feeding).

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  • 2. 

    Those in phylum Porifera are:

    • A.

      Radially symmetrical

    • B.

      Asymmetrical

    • C.

      Bisymmetrical

    • D.

      Inversely symmetrical

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Radially symmetrical
    B. Asymmetrical
    Explanation
    The correct answer is radially symmetrical and asymmetrical. Porifera, also known as sponges, exhibit a wide range of body forms. Some sponges have radial symmetry, meaning they can be divided into similar halves along any plane passing through the central axis. On the other hand, many sponges are asymmetrical, lacking any definite symmetry. Therefore, both radially symmetrical and asymmetrical organisms can be found within the phylum Porifera.

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  • 3. 

    They have skeletons of ________ or ________ carbonate forming ________ or _______.

    Correct Answer(s)
    silicate, calcium, spicules, spongin
    Explanation
    The given answer states that the skeletons are made up of silicate or calcium carbonate, and they form spicules or spongin. This implies that the organisms being referred to have the ability to create their skeletons using either silicate or calcium carbonate, and these skeletons can take the form of spicules or spongin.

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  • 4. 

    Porifera contain no tissue or organs. State true or false. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Porifera, also known as sponges, are the simplest multicellular organisms. They lack true tissues or organs and instead have specialized cells that perform different functions. This makes the statement "Porifera contain no tissue or organs" true. Sponges are filter feeders that rely on the flow of water through their bodies to obtain food and oxygen. They have a porous body structure with various types of cells, but they do not possess the level of organization seen in higher animals with distinct tissues or organs.

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  • 5. 

    They possess three basic cell types: ____________, ____________, and _____________.

    Correct Answer
    pinacocytes, archaeocytes, choanocytes
    archaeocytes, pinacocytes, choanocytes
    Explanation
    The correct answer is pinacocytes, archaeocytes, choanocytes. These three cell types are commonly found in sponges. Pinacocytes are flattened cells that make up the outer layer of the sponge. Archaeocytes are amoeba-like cells that can differentiate into other cell types and perform various functions such as digestion, reproduction, and secretion. Choanocytes are specialized cells that have a collar-like structure and function in generating water flow and capturing food particles.

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  • 6. 

    What is the first taxon that exhibits specialization of cell types? 

    • A.

      Cnidaria

    • B.

      Porifera

    • C.

      Platyhelminthes

    • D.

      None of them 

    Correct Answer
    B. Porifera
    Explanation
    Porifera is the correct answer because it is the first taxon that exhibits specialization of cell types. Porifera, also known as sponges, have different types of cells that perform specific functions such as feeding, reproduction, and structural support. This specialization of cells is an important characteristic of Porifera and distinguishes them from other taxonomic groups like Cnidaria and Platyhelminthes. Cnidaria, which includes jellyfish and corals, also have specialized cells, but they evolved later than Porifera. Platyhelminthes, or flatworms, also have some level of cell specialization, but it is not as pronounced as in Porifera. Therefore, Porifera is the first taxon to exhibit specialization of cell types.

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  • 7. 

    What are flattened cells that cover the outer surface of the sponge? 

    • A.

      Archaeocytes

    • B.

      Choanocytes

    • C.

      Pinacocytes

    • D.

      None of the above 

    Correct Answer
    C. Pinacocytes
    Explanation
    Pinacocytes are flattened cells that cover the outer surface of a sponge. They form a protective layer and help maintain the shape and structure of the sponge. These cells are responsible for gas exchange, waste removal, and the absorption of nutrients from the surrounding water. Additionally, pinacocytes play a role in defense against predators and in the regeneration of damaged tissues in sponges.

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  • 8. 

    Pinacocytes may be contractile and specialized into _________ which are tube-like cells that _______ water flow through the sponge. 

    Correct Answer
    porocytes, regulate
    Explanation
    Pinacocytes may be contractile and specialized into porocytes, which are tube-like cells that regulate water flow through the sponge.

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  • 9. 

    Archaeocytes are specialized for: _______, _________ ________ ________, _________ _______, ________

    Correct Answer
    reproduction, secreting skeletal elements, transporting food, storage.
    Explanation
    Archaeocytes are specialized cells that perform multiple functions in various organisms. They are responsible for reproduction, as they can differentiate into gametes or participate in the formation of reproductive structures. Additionally, archaeocytes are involved in secreting skeletal elements, such as spicules or shells, which provide support and protection for the organism. They also play a role in transporting food throughout the body, ensuring that nutrients are distributed to all cells. Lastly, archaeocytes function in storage, storing excess nutrients or other essential molecules for future use.

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  • 10. 

    Where are archaeocytes found? 

    • A.

      Inner chambers or wall of the sponge

    • B.

      Jelly like layer just below the pinacocytes

    • C.

      The outer surface of the sponge

    • D.

      All of the above 

    Correct Answer
    B. Jelly like layer just below the pinacocytes
    Explanation
    Archaeocytes are found in the jelly-like layer just below the pinacocytes. Archaeocytes are specialized cells found in sponges that have the ability to differentiate into various cell types and perform multiple functions. They play a crucial role in digestion, nutrient transport, and the production of skeletal elements in sponges. Being located in the jelly-like layer below the pinacocytes allows archaeocytes to efficiently carry out these functions and contribute to the overall physiology of the sponge.

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  • 11. 

    Where are choanocytes found?

    • A.

      Inner chambers or wall of the sponge

    • B.

      Jelly like layer just below the pinacocytes

    • C.

      The outer surface of the sponge

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Inner chambers or wall of the sponge
    Explanation
    Choanocytes are specialized cells found in sponges. They are responsible for generating water currents and filtering food particles. These cells are located in the inner chambers or walls of the sponge. This positioning allows the choanocytes to efficiently capture and ingest food particles from the water passing through the sponge. Therefore, the correct answer is "Inner chambers or wall of the sponge."

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  • 12. 

    Choanocytes are ________ cells with collar like ring of ________ connected by microfiliaments forming a net like mesh. 

    Correct Answer
    flagellated, microvilli
    Explanation
    Choanocytes are specialized cells found in sponges. They have flagella, which are whip-like structures that help in creating water currents. These flagella aid in the movement of water and capture food particles. The collar-like ring of microvilli surrounding the flagella helps in capturing and filtering food particles from the water. The microvilli increase the surface area of the cell, allowing for more efficient nutrient absorption. Overall, the flagellated choanocytes with their collar-like ring of microvilli form a net-like mesh that helps in capturing and feeding on food particles in the water.

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  • 13. 

    ______ ________ are created by the flagella on the __________that draw microscopic food particles across their net.  

    Correct Answer
    Water currents, choanocytes
    Explanation
    Water currents are created by the flagella on the choanocytes. These flagella propel the water, creating a current that helps to draw microscopic food particles across the choanocytes' net. The choanocytes then capture and consume these food particles.

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  • Current Version
  • Apr 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 29, 2010
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    Colleennicole
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