Phylum Bryozoa

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Jmagnuso
J
Jmagnuso
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 177
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 177

SettingsSettingsSettings
Phylum Quizzes & Trivia

The majority of this quiz is of multiple-choice format with some true-false at the end. The answers to these questions are found throughout the reading of the Bryozoa website. Please answer the best choice possible for each question.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A zooid is known as:

    • A.

      A complete individual

    • B.

      A group of asexually produced and physically unified components

    • C.

      A reproductive structure

    • D.

      A feeding structure

    Correct Answer
    A. A complete individual
    Explanation
    A zooid is known as a complete individual because it is a fully functional and independent organism. It has all the necessary structures and functions to survive and reproduce on its own. Unlike other options, which describe specific roles or functions within a larger organism or group, a zooid exists as a separate and self-sufficient entity.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    In most of the species the muscular __________ can be found just below the orifice

    • A.

      Cystid

    • B.

      Diaphragm

    • C.

      Zooecium

    • D.

      Polypide

    Correct Answer
    B. Diaphragm
    Explanation
    In most species, the muscular diaphragm can be found just below the orifice. The diaphragm is a structure that helps regulate the flow of substances in and out of the organism's body. It acts as a barrier, controlling the movement of water, food, and waste. This muscular structure plays a crucial role in the functioning and survival of the organism.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Colonies are found to be either _______ and _______ or _______and _______.

    • A.

      Big and wide or small and narrow

    • B.

      Sharp and pointy or round and smooth

    • C.

      Brown and white or dark red and white

    • D.

      Branched and rigid or flat and encrusted

    Correct Answer
    D. Branched and rigid or flat and encrusted
    Explanation
    Colonies can be either branched and rigid or flat and encrusted. This means that colonies can have a branching structure that is sturdy and inflexible, or they can have a flat surface that is covered in a hardened crust. These different forms of colonies may be observed in various organisms, such as corals or certain types of bacteria.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Funicular cords are:

    • A.

      Strands used for locomotion

    • B.

      Thick mesenchymal cables that create tissue connections among the individual colonies

    • C.

      Structures for disposing of waste and can also be used for catching prey and nutrients

    • D.

      Reproductive structures

    Correct Answer
    B. Thick mesenchymal cables that create tissue connections among the individual colonies
    Explanation
    Funicular cords are thick mesenchymal cables that create tissue connections among the individual colonies. This means that they serve as structures that connect different colonies together, allowing for communication and sharing of resources between them. These cords are important for the functioning and survival of the colonies, as they facilitate the exchange of nutrients and waste disposal.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The nervous system of bryozoans is

    • A.

      Ring shaped

    • B.

      Adjacent to the pharynx

    • C.

      Either specifically ganglionated or not

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The nervous system of bryozoans is ring-shaped, meaning it forms a ring around the pharynx. It is also adjacent to the pharynx, meaning it is located close to it. Additionally, the nervous system of bryozoans can be either specifically ganglionated or not, meaning it may or may not have ganglia, which are clusters of nerve cells. Therefore, all of the given options are correct.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Monomorphic colonies of phylactolaemates means that

    • A.

      The zooids are all morphologically identical

    • B.

      The zooids are all attached to each other in some way

    • C.

      The colonies are all morphologically identical

    • D.

      The colonies are all attached to each other in some way

    Correct Answer
    A. The zooids are all morphologically identical
    Explanation
    Monomorphic colonies of phylactolaemates refers to colonies where all the individual zooids within the colony are morphologically identical. This means that each zooid in the colony has the same physical characteristics and structures as the others. There may be variations in size or function, but the overall morphology remains the same. This is in contrast to polymorphic colonies, where the individual zooids can have different morphologies and specialized functions.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    The epistome of phylactolaemates is refer to as

    • A.

      The tongue like structure within the mouth

    • B.

      A flap of tissue hanging down over the mouth

    • C.

      A hollow funiculus

    • D.

      A muscle within the stomach used for digestion

    Correct Answer
    B. A flap of tissue hanging down over the mouth
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a flap of tissue hanging down over the mouth." The epistome of phylactolaemates is a structure that resembles a flap of tissue and is located over the mouth. It hangs down and helps to direct food particles into the mouth for ingestion. This flap of tissue plays a crucial role in the feeding process of phylactolaemates.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Floatoblasts of the phlyactolaemata species are

    • A.

      Are buoyant due to gas-filled calls

    • B.

      Glued to a solid surface or structure

    • C.

      Can actually be spread relatively large distances by wind, water, or animals

    • D.

      A & c

    • E.

      B & c

    Correct Answer
    D. A & c
    Explanation
    Floatoblasts of the phlyactolaemata species are buoyant due to gas-filled cells and can actually be spread relatively large distances by wind, water, or animals.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Orders Ctenostomata and Cheilostomata belong to the

    • A.

      Class Stenolaemata

    • B.

      Class Phylactolaemata

    • C.

      Class Gymnolaemata

    • D.

      Class Echiura

    Correct Answer
    C. Class Gymnolaemata
    Explanation
    Orders Ctenostomata and Cheilostomata belong to the Class Gymnolaemata. The other options, Class Stenolaemata, Class Phylactolaemata, and Class Echiura, do not include these orders.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Heterozooids are known as

    • A.

      The oldest colony members

    • B.

      The most current colony members

    • C.

      The non-feeding colony members

    • D.

      The feeding colony members

    Correct Answer
    C. The non-feeding colony members
    Explanation
    Heterozooids are known as the non-feeding colony members because they do not participate in the feeding process of the colony. They perform other specialized functions such as reproduction, defense, or structural support. These members rely on the feeding efforts of other colony members to obtain nutrients and sustain themselves.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Species within the Class Stenolaemata are

    • A.

      Entirely freshwater

    • B.

      Mostly freshwater

    • C.

      Entirely marine

    • D.

      Mostly marine

    Correct Answer
    C. Entirely marine
    Explanation
    Stenolaemata is a class of bryozoans, which are aquatic invertebrates. Bryozoans are predominantly marine organisms, meaning they are mostly found in saltwater environments. Therefore, it can be inferred that species within the Class Stenolaemata are mostly marine.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    True or False - The ability to generate and regenerate is an essential and fundamental quality of the bryozoan life cycle.          

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The ability to generate and regenerate is an essential and fundamental quality of the bryozoan life cycle. This means that bryozoans have the capability to reproduce and regrow parts of their body when damaged or lost. This ability is important for their survival and allows them to adapt to changing environments.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    True or false - In all Phylactolaemate species the lophophore is O-shaped

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    In all Phylactolaemate species, the lophophore is not O-shaped. The lophophore is a feeding structure found in certain aquatic invertebrates, including Phylactolaemate species. While the lophophore shape can vary among different species, it is typically U-shaped or horseshoe-shaped, rather than O-shaped. Therefore, the statement that the lophophore is O-shaped in all Phylactolaemate species is false.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    True or False - The majority of gymnolaemata bryozoans' zooecia calcify to varying extents.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Gymnolaemata bryozoans are a group of colonial invertebrates that have calcified structures called zooecia. These zooecia are responsible for housing individual organisms within the colony. The given statement suggests that the majority of gymnolaemata bryozoans' zooecia calcify to varying extents. This means that these structures undergo a process of calcification, where they accumulate calcium carbonate, resulting in a hardened and mineralized structure. Therefore, the statement is true as it accurately describes the calcification of zooecia in gymnolaemata bryozoans.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    True of False - Cyclostome zooids are known to always be flat, in addition to the zooecia remaining entirely uncalcified.  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Cyclostome zooids are not always flat, as they can have various shapes and forms. Additionally, while the zooecia of cyclostome zooids are typically uncalcified, there are some instances where they can become partially or fully calcified. Therefore, the statement that cyclostome zooids are always flat and the zooecia are entirely uncalcified is false.

    Rate this question:

Related Topics

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.