Could You Pass This National Certified Phlebotomy Test? Trivia Quiz

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Could You Pass This National Certified Phlebotomy Test? Trivia Quiz - Quiz

Could You Pass This National Certified Phlebotomy Test? Drawing blood isn’t as simple as just poking a needle into someone. There are special procedures that one should follow to perform your duties correctly. If you can get the best score in this quiz, you should consider yourself a step closer to passing the NCCT finals. All the best in your revision!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The single, most important way to prevent the spread of infection while performing phlebotomy is by __________.

    • A.

      Wearing a mask

    • B.

      Cleaning spills

    • C.

      Washing hands

    • D.

      Burning waste

    Correct Answer
    C. Washing hands
    Explanation
    The single, most important way to prevent the spread of infection while performing phlebotomy is by washing hands. This is because hands can come into contact with various surfaces and objects that may be contaminated with infectious agents. By washing hands thoroughly and regularly with soap and water, the risk of transferring these pathogens to oneself or others is significantly reduced. Wearing a mask, cleaning spills, and burning waste are also important infection control measures, but they are not as crucial as proper hand hygiene in preventing the spread of infection during phlebotomy.

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  • 2. 

    After drawing blood from a patient, the phlebotomist should dispose of the needle by __________.

    • A.

      Breaking it so it cannot be reused by anyone

    • B.

      Depositing it in an approved "sharps container"

    • C.

      Todding it into waste cans in the laboratory

    • D.

      Recaqpping it carefully and bringing it back to the lab

    Correct Answer
    B. Depositing it in an approved "sharps container"
    Explanation
    After drawing blood from a patient, the phlebotomist should dispose of the needle by depositing it in an approved "sharps container". This is the correct answer because sharps containers are specifically designed to safely collect and store used needles and other sharp medical instruments. By disposing of the needle in a sharps container, the phlebotomist ensures that it is properly contained and reduces the risk of accidental needlestick injuries to healthcare workers and others. Additionally, sharps containers are typically puncture-resistant and leak-proof, further preventing any potential contamination or harm.

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  • 3. 

    Negligence by a professional person is called __________.

    • A.

      Invasion of privacy

    • B.

      Slander

    • C.

      Malpractice

    • D.

      Tort

    Correct Answer
    C. Malpractice
    Explanation
    Malpractice refers to the negligence or misconduct by a professional person, such as a doctor or lawyer, in the course of their work. It typically involves a breach of duty or standard of care that results in harm or injury to a client or patient. This term is commonly used in the context of medical malpractice, where a healthcare professional fails to provide proper treatment or care, leading to adverse consequences for the patient.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is the single most common source of HIV and HBV in the workplace?

    • A.

      Semen

    • B.

      Saliva

    • C.

      Pleural fluid

    • D.

      Blood

    Correct Answer
    D. Blood
    Explanation
    Blood is the single most common source of HIV and HBV in the workplace because these viruses are primarily transmitted through contact with infected blood. While HIV can also be found in other body fluids like semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk, the concentration of the virus in blood is higher, making it a more significant source of transmission. Saliva and pleural fluid do not typically contain high enough levels of the viruses to pose a significant risk of transmission, unlike blood.

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  • 5. 

    The heart, lymphatic organs, and blood vessels are in the __________.

    • A.

      Respiratory system

    • B.

      Cardiovascular system

    • C.

      Digestive system

    • D.

      Urinary system

    Correct Answer
    B. Cardiovascular system
    Explanation
    The heart, lymphatic organs, and blood vessels are all part of the cardiovascular system. The cardiovascular system is responsible for circulating blood throughout the body, delivering oxygen and nutrients to cells, and removing waste products. This system includes the heart, which pumps blood, the blood vessels, which transport blood throughout the body, and the lymphatic organs, such as the spleen and lymph nodes, which help to filter and produce immune cells. The respiratory system is responsible for breathing and the exchange of gases, the digestive system is responsible for processing and absorbing nutrients from food, and the urinary system is responsible for filtering and excreting waste products from the body.

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  • 6. 

    The venipuncture site should be cleansed in a circular motion from the center to the __________.

    • A.

      Periphery

    • B.

      Injection point

    • C.

      Opposite side you started from

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Periphery
    Explanation
    The venipuncture site should be cleansed in a circular motion from the center to the periphery to ensure proper cleaning and disinfection. This technique helps to remove any dirt or bacteria from the site, reducing the risk of infection. Cleaning in a circular motion also helps to spread the cleansing solution evenly across the site, ensuring thorough cleansing.

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  • 7. 

    Within the capillaries, blood cells __________.

    • A.

      Give away oxygen

    • B.

      Pick up carbon dioxide

    • C.

      Pick up waste products

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Give away oxygen
    Explanation
    Within the capillaries, blood cells give away oxygen. This is because capillaries are the smallest blood vessels where the exchange of gases, nutrients, and waste products occurs between the bloodstream and the surrounding tissues. Oxygen-rich blood enters the capillaries, and as the blood cells pass through, they release oxygen to the surrounding tissues. This oxygen is essential for cellular respiration and energy production.

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  • 8. 

    Which is not an infection control method?

    • A.

      Protective clothing

    • B.

      Biohazard containers

    • C.

      Sphygmomanometers

    • D.

      Hand washing

    Correct Answer
    C. Sphygmomanometers
    Explanation
    Sphygmomanometers are not an infection control method. They are medical devices used to measure blood pressure and do not directly contribute to preventing the spread of infections. In contrast, protective clothing, biohazard containers, and hand washing are all infection control methods commonly used in healthcare settings.

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  • 9. 

    Safe working conditions for employees are regulated by __________.

    • A.

      FDA

    • B.

      OSHA

    • C.

      CDC

    • D.

      CLSI

    Correct Answer
    B. OSHA
    Explanation
    Safe working conditions for employees are regulated by OSHA, which stands for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. OSHA is a federal agency that sets and enforces standards to ensure safe and healthy working conditions for employees in the United States. They provide guidelines and regulations that employers must follow to prevent workplace hazards, such as unsafe machinery, hazardous chemicals, and inadequate safety measures. OSHA also conducts inspections and investigations to ensure compliance with these standards and takes enforcement actions when violations are found.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following are types of tourniquets used in specimen collection?

    • A.

      Velcro

    • B.

      Blood pressure cuff

    • C.

      Pliable strap

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Pliable strap
    Explanation
    A pliable strap is a type of tourniquet used in specimen collection. It is used to restrict blood flow in order to make veins more visible and easier to access for blood collection. Velcro and blood pressure cuff are not types of tourniquets used in specimen collection.

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  • 11. 

    The color of normal serum is usually __________.

    • A.

      Straw to yellow

    • B.

      Milky white

    • C.

      Clear red

    • D.

      Hazy brown

    Correct Answer
    A. Straw to yellow
    Explanation
    Normal serum typically has a color that ranges from straw to yellow. This color is due to the presence of various substances, such as proteins and lipids, in the serum. The specific shade of yellow can vary depending on the individual's hydration status and diet. A milky white color is not characteristic of normal serum and may indicate the presence of lipids or other abnormal substances. Clear red and hazy brown colors are also not typical for normal serum and may suggest the presence of blood or other pathological conditions.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following conditions would stop a phlebotomist from drawing blood from a patient's vein?

    • A.

      Same side mastectomy

    • B.

      Recent heart attack

    • C.

      IV in the opposite arm

    • D.

      Active tuberculosis

    Correct Answer
    B. Recent heart attack
    Explanation
    Drawing blood from a patient's vein may be contraindicated after a recent heart attack due to potential risks associated with the procedure, such as increased stress on the cardiovascular system or interference with ongoing medical treatments and assessments. It is important to prioritize the patient's safety and well-being in such cases.

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  • 13. 

    Chemicals that prevent blood from clotting are called __________.

    • A.

      Preservatives

    • B.

      Activators

    • C.

      Anticoagulants

    • D.

      Adhesives

    Correct Answer
    C. Anticoagulants
    Explanation
    Anticoagulants are chemicals that prevent blood from clotting. They work by inhibiting the formation of blood clots, which can be potentially dangerous and lead to various health issues. Unlike preservatives, which are substances used to prevent decay or spoilage, or activators, which initiate or enhance a chemical reaction, anticoagulants specifically target the clotting process in the blood. Adhesives, on the other hand, are substances used to stick things together and are not related to blood clotting. Therefore, the correct answer is anticoagulants.

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  • 14. 

    Red and white blood cell counts are examples of __________ tests.

    • A.

      Chemistry

    • B.

      Blood banking

    • C.

      Hematology

    • D.

      Microbiology

    Correct Answer
    C. Hematology
    Explanation
    Red and white blood cell counts are examples of hematology tests because hematology is the branch of medicine that deals with the study of blood and blood disorders. It involves the analysis of blood samples to determine the number and types of blood cells present. This information is crucial in diagnosing and monitoring various conditions such as anemia, infections, and blood cancers. Chemistry, blood banking, and microbiology are not specifically focused on the study of blood cells, making them incorrect choices.

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  • 15. 

    Treating all specimens as if they are hazardous and infectionsis the basis for __________.

    • A.

      Isolation

    • B.

      Quality control

    • C.

      Universal precautions

    • D.

      Hazardous waste control

    Correct Answer
    C. Universal precautions
    Explanation
    Treating all specimens as if they are hazardous and infections is the basis for universal precautions. Universal precautions refer to the practice of assuming that all patients and specimens may potentially be infectious, regardless of their known infection status. This approach ensures that healthcare workers take appropriate precautions to prevent the transmission of infections, such as wearing personal protective equipment and following proper hygiene practices, regardless of the perceived risk level. By implementing universal precautions, healthcare facilities can minimize the risk of spreading infections and maintain a safe environment for both patients and healthcare workers.

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  • 16. 

    Drugs used to destroy or kill bacteria that cause disease, are called __________.

    • A.

      Disinfectants

    • B.

      Germicides

    • C.

      Sterilizers

    • D.

      Anitbiotics

    Correct Answer
    D. Anitbiotics
    Explanation
    Antibiotics are drugs used to destroy or kill bacteria that cause disease. They are specifically designed to target and inhibit the growth of bacteria, helping to treat bacterial infections. Disinfectants are used to kill or inactivate microorganisms on surfaces, while germicides are substances that destroy germs. Sterilizers, on the other hand, are used to completely eliminate all forms of life, including bacteria, viruses, and spores. Therefore, antibiotics are the correct answer in this case.

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  • 17. 

    When the heart is contracting, the pressure is highest. This pressure is called the __________. 

    • A.

      Systolic pressure

    • B.

      Diastollic pressure

    • C.

      Heart pressure

    • D.

      Arterial pressure

    Correct Answer
    A. Systolic pressure
    Explanation
    During the contraction phase of the heart, known as systole, the pressure exerted on the walls of the arteries is at its highest. This pressure is referred to as systolic pressure. Therefore, systolic pressure is the correct term to describe the highest pressure when the heart is contracting.

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  • 18. 

    The process by which an object or area becomes unclean is known as __________.

    • A.

      Contamination

    • B.

      Infection

    • C.

      Sterilization

    • D.

      Colonization

    Correct Answer
    A. Contamination
    Explanation
    Contamination refers to the process of making an object or area unclean. It involves the introduction of harmful substances, such as dirt, germs, or pollutants, into a previously clean or sterile environment. This can occur through direct contact, airborne particles, or contaminated surfaces. Contamination can pose health risks and may require cleaning or disinfection to remove or reduce the presence of harmful agents. In contrast, infection refers specifically to the invasion and multiplication of harmful microorganisms in a host organism, sterilization refers to the process of eliminating all microorganisms, and colonization refers to the establishment and growth of microorganisms in a particular environment.

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  • 19. 

    The health care worker is protected by law if it can be determined that he or she acted as expected when compared with fellow workers. This is called __________.

    • A.

      Respondent superior

    • B.

      Reasonable care

    • C.

      Duty of care

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Reasonable care
    Explanation
    The concept of "reasonable care" refers to the legal standard that determines whether a person has acted responsibly and prudently in a given situation. In the context of the question, it means that a health care worker is protected by law if it can be proven that they acted in a manner that is considered reasonable when compared to their colleagues. This standard helps to ensure that health care workers are not held liable for actions that are considered acceptable within their profession.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following is not known to transmit HIV?

    • A.

      Vaginal secretions

    • B.

      Breast milk

    • C.

      Semen

    • D.

      Sweat

    Correct Answer
    D. Sweat
    Explanation
    Sweat is not known to transmit HIV because the virus cannot survive outside the human body for long. HIV is primarily transmitted through specific bodily fluids such as blood, semen, vaginal secretions, and breast milk, which contain a high concentration of the virus. However, sweat does not typically contain enough HIV to transmit the infection, making it an unlikely mode of transmission.

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  • 21. 

    Consent to treament based upon full understanging of all possible risks of unpreventable results of treatment is called __________.

    • A.

      Contributory negligence

    • B.

      Fraud

    • C.

      Assumption of risk

    • D.

      Proximate cause

    Correct Answer
    C. Assumption of risk
    Explanation
    Assumption of risk refers to the consent given by a patient for a medical treatment, fully understanding and accepting all the potential risks and unpreventable outcomes that may arise from the treatment. It implies that the patient acknowledges and takes responsibility for the risks involved and agrees to proceed with the treatment despite them. This concept is important in medical ethics and legal matters, as it ensures that patients are fully informed and have the autonomy to make decisions about their own healthcare.

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  • 22. 

    Infections that can be spread from person to person are called __________.

    • A.

      Environmental

    • B.

      Communicable

    • C.

      Indirect

    • D.

      Vector-borne

    Correct Answer
    B. Communicable
    Explanation
    Infections that can be spread from person to person are called communicable. This term refers to diseases or illnesses that can be transmitted through direct contact, such as respiratory droplets, bodily fluids, or skin-to-skin contact. Communicable diseases can also be spread indirectly through contaminated objects or surfaces. This term is commonly used in the field of public health to describe the transmission of infectious diseases within a community or population.

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  • 23. 

    A tube adapter that has been visibly contaminated with blood should be disposed of in __________.

    • A.

      A sealed double bag

    • B.

      The regular trash

    • C.

      A biohazardous waste container

    • D.

      A needle cutter

    Correct Answer
    C. A biohazardous waste container
    Explanation
    A tube adapter that has been visibly contaminated with blood should be disposed of in a biohazardous waste container because blood is considered a biohazardous material. Biohazardous waste containers are specifically designed to safely contain and dispose of materials that may pose a risk to human health or the environment. By disposing of the contaminated tube adapter in a biohazardous waste container, it ensures proper handling and prevents the potential spread of infectious diseases.

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  • 24. 

    A violation of a person's right to have his or her name, photograph, or private affairs made public without giving consent is called __________.

    • A.

      Assault

    • B.

      Malpractice

    • C.

      Invasion of privacy

    • D.

      Battery

    Correct Answer
    C. Invasion of privacy
    Explanation
    Invasion of privacy refers to the act of violating someone's right to keep their personal information, such as their name, photograph, or private affairs, private without their consent. This can include unauthorized publication or dissemination of personal information, intrusion into someone's private space, or public disclosure of private facts without permission. It is a breach of an individual's right to privacy and can lead to legal consequences.

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  • 25. 

    OSHA requires training and educational information on bloodborne pathogens to be given to employees __________.

    • A.

      At a reasonable cost

    • B.

      At no cost

    • C.

      For a pre-agreed fee

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. At no cost
    Explanation
    OSHA requires training and educational information on bloodborne pathogens to be given to employees at no cost. This means that employers are obligated to provide this training and information without charging any fees to their employees. This requirement ensures that employees have access to the necessary knowledge and resources to protect themselves from bloodborne pathogens without any financial burden.

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  • 26. 

    Characteristics of capillaries include __________.

    • A.

      Being thin-walled in structure

    • B.

      Forming microscopic pathways

    • C.

      Connecting arterioles with venules

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Capillaries are small blood vessels that have thin walls, allowing for the exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and waste products between the blood and surrounding tissues. They form microscopic pathways, connecting arterioles (small arteries) with venules (small veins). Therefore, all of the given characteristics - being thin-walled in structure, forming microscopic pathways, and connecting arterioles with venules - are true for capillaries.

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  • 27. 

    Arterioles, the smallest arteries, subdivide into __________.

    • A.

      Capillaries

    • B.

      Bronchioles

    • C.

      Venules

    • D.

      Veins

    Correct Answer
    C. Venules
    Explanation
    Arterioles, the smallest arteries, subdivide into venules. Venules are small blood vessels that collect deoxygenated blood from the capillaries and carry it back towards the heart. This allows for the exchange of gases, nutrients, and waste products between the blood and surrounding tissues. Venules then merge to form larger veins, which eventually return the blood to the heart.

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  • 28. 

    The branch of study of moral issues, questions and problems arising in the practice of medicine and biomedical research is called __________.

    • A.

      Philosophy

    • B.

      Litigation

    • C.

      Bioethics

    • D.

      Morals

    Correct Answer
    C. Bioethics
    Explanation
    Bioethics is the correct answer because it refers to the branch of study that deals with moral issues, questions, and problems that arise in the practice of medicine and biomedical research. It involves the ethical considerations and principles that guide medical decision-making, research ethics, and the overall ethical implications of advancements in biotechnology and healthcare.

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  • 29. 

    If tests require serim rather than a plasma, a tube with what color top should be drawn?

    • A.

      Red

    • B.

      Blue

    • C.

      Green

    • D.

      Purple

    Correct Answer
    A. Red
    Explanation
    When tests require serum instead of plasma, a tube with a red top should be drawn. This is because the red top tube contains a clot activator that promotes blood clotting, allowing the separation of serum from the clotted blood. The serum is then used for various diagnostic tests, while the clot is discarded.

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  • 30. 

    When using evacuated tubes for blood collection, it is crucial to remember to __________.

    • A.

      Never to under fill tubes that contain anticoagulant

    • B.

      Never to use tubes past their stated expiration date

    • C.

      Immediately invert any tubes that contain additives

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    When using evacuated tubes for blood collection, it is important to remember to never under fill tubes that contain anticoagulant, as this can affect the accuracy of the test results. It is also important to never use tubes past their stated expiration date, as expired tubes may not provide accurate results. Additionally, it is crucial to immediately invert any tubes that contain additives, as this ensures proper mixing of the blood with the additives and prevents clotting. Therefore, all of the given options are correct and should be remembered when using evacuated tubes for blood collection.

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  • 31. 

    The rubber sleve (at the end opposite the needle tip) on an evacuated tube needle makes it possible for use with __________.

    • A.

      Mulitple tubes

    • B.

      Sterile technique

    • C.

      Intravenous drips

    • D.

      Blood cultures

    Correct Answer
    B. Sterile technique
    Explanation
    The rubber sleeve on an evacuated tube needle allows for a sterile technique to be used. This is because the rubber sleeve acts as a barrier between the needle and the surrounding environment, preventing any contamination from entering the tube during the blood collection process. This is especially important when collecting blood samples for laboratory testing, as any contamination could affect the accuracy of the results. Therefore, the rubber sleeve enables the needle to be used safely and effectively in maintaining a sterile technique during blood collection.

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  • 32. 

    Because bacteria and other microorganisms can be found anywhere, all health care personnel should maintain sterility when handling __________.

    • A.

      IV supplies

    • B.

      Catheters

    • C.

      Instruments

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Bacteria and other microorganisms can be present in various healthcare settings, including on IV supplies, catheters, and instruments. Therefore, it is important for all healthcare personnel to maintain sterility when handling these items to prevent the spread of infections.

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  • 33. 

    When entering a room marked with isolation signs, __________.

    • A.

      Ask a nurse if gown, mask or gloves are needed

    • B.

      Ask the patient what the nurses wear

    • C.

      Go on it, as short visits in isolation do not matter

    • D.

      Read isolation signs to deternine what PPE is appropriate

    Correct Answer
    D. Read isolation signs to deternine what PPE is appropriate
    Explanation
    When entering a room marked with isolation signs, it is important to read the signs to determine what personal protective equipment (PPE) is appropriate. This is because different types of isolation require different levels of protection, such as gowns, masks, or gloves. Asking a nurse or the patient may not provide accurate information, as they may not be aware of the specific requirements for that particular isolation situation. Going in without proper PPE or assuming that short visits do not matter can put oneself and others at risk of infection.

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  • 34. 

    What information must be included if the phlebotomist must manually label a blood collection tube from an outpatient?

    • A.

      Patients full name and phlebotomist initials

    • B.

      Date of patients birth and/or social security number

    • C.

      Date and time of draw

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The phlebotomist must manually label a blood collection tube from an outpatient with the patient's full name and phlebotomist initials, the date of the patient's birth and/or social security number, and the date and time of the draw.

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  • 35. 

    The study of blood is called __________.

    • A.

      Hematology

    • B.

      Hematoxins

    • C.

      Hemoglobin

    • D.

      Hemolysis

    Correct Answer
    A. Hematology
    Explanation
    Hematology is the study of blood, including its composition, functions, and diseases. It involves examining blood cells, their formation, and their interaction with other components of the blood. Hematology is a branch of medicine that helps in diagnosing and managing various blood disorders such as anemia, leukemia, and clotting disorders. It also plays a crucial role in blood transfusions and understanding the immune system. Hematoxins, hemoglobin, and hemolysis are related terms but do not encompass the comprehensive study of blood like hematology does.

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  • 36. 

    The term asepsis literally means __________.

    • A.

      Full of germs

    • B.

      Infected

    • C.

      Contaminated

    • D.

      Without bacteria

    Correct Answer
    D. Without bacteria
    Explanation
    The term "asepsis" literally means without bacteria. Asepsis refers to the absence or prevention of contamination by harmful microorganisms, particularly bacteria. It is a state of being free from any pathogenic or disease-causing bacteria, ensuring a sterile or germ-free environment.

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  • 37. 

    The use if a chemical procedure to destory all microbial life including highly resistant bacterial endospores is called __________.

    • A.

      Disinfection

    • B.

      Detoxification

    • C.

      Sterilization

    • D.

      Acid washing

    Correct Answer
    C. Sterilization
    Explanation
    Sterilization is the correct answer because it refers to the process of completely eliminating all forms of microbial life, including highly resistant bacterial endospores. This process is achieved through the use of chemical procedures or physical methods such as heat or radiation. Disinfection is the process of reducing the number of microorganisms but does not necessarily eliminate all of them. Detoxification refers to the removal of toxins from a substance. Acid washing is a specific cleaning method using acidic solutions and is not directly related to the elimination of microbial life.

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  • 38. 

    Capillary blood sampling may be used if the laboratory tests require __________.

    • A.

      A large volume of blood

    • B.

      Very little blood

    • C.

      Type O blood

    • D.

      An arterial stick

    Correct Answer
    B. Very little blood
    Explanation
    Capillary blood sampling may be used if the laboratory tests require very little blood. This method involves pricking the skin with a lancet to obtain a small amount of blood from the capillaries near the surface. It is commonly used for tests that only require a small sample size, such as glucose monitoring or certain point-of-care tests. Capillary blood sampling is less invasive and more convenient than venous blood sampling, making it suitable for situations where only a small quantity of blood is needed.

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  • 39. 

    The tube to collect whole blood with an EDTA additive in it has a __________ stopper.

    • A.

      Red

    • B.

      Lavender

    • C.

      Green

    • D.

      Yellow

    Correct Answer
    B. Lavender
    Explanation
    The tube used to collect whole blood with an EDTA additive typically has a lavender-colored stopper. This lavender-colored stopper indicates that the tube contains EDTA (Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid), which acts as an anticoagulant to prevent blood clotting and is commonly used for hematological tests such as complete blood counts (CBCs).

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  • 40. 

    Diastolic pressure is __________.

    • A.

      The bottom number of blood pressure readings

    • B.

      The intermediate number of blood pressure readings

    • C.

      The top number of blood pressure readings

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. The bottom number of blood pressure readings
    Explanation
    Diastolic pressure refers to the bottom number of blood pressure readings. Blood pressure is measured using two numbers, systolic and diastolic. The diastolic pressure represents the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest between beats. This number indicates the resistance to blood flow in the arteries and is an important measure of cardiovascular health.

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  • 41. 

    Do not draw blood __________ an intravenous infusion.

    • A.

      Before

    • B.

      During

    • C.

      Above

    • D.

      After

    Correct Answer
    B. During
    Explanation
    During an intravenous infusion, it is important not to draw blood as it can interrupt the flow of the infusion and potentially cause complications. Drawing blood during the infusion can lead to a decrease in the amount of medication or fluid being delivered to the patient, which may affect the effectiveness of the treatment. Therefore, it is best to avoid drawing blood during an intravenous infusion to ensure the proper administration of medication or fluids.

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  • 42. 

    Which of the following legally enforces the Bloodborne Pathogen Standard?

    • A.

      FDA

    • B.

      OSHA

    • C.

      CDC

    • D.

      The Joint Commission

    Correct Answer
    B. OSHA
    Explanation
    OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) legally enforces the Bloodborne Pathogen Standard. OSHA is responsible for ensuring safe and healthy working conditions for employees in the United States. The Bloodborne Pathogen Standard, established by OSHA, is a regulation that aims to protect workers from exposure to bloodborne pathogens such as HIV and hepatitis. OSHA sets guidelines and requirements for employers to prevent and control the transmission of these pathogens in the workplace, including proper training, use of personal protective equipment, and implementation of safety protocols.

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  • 43. 

    Common syptoms of shock include all of the following except __________.

    • A.

      Pale skin

    • B.

      Increased shallow breathing rate

    • C.

      Temperature

    • D.

      Weak pulse

    Correct Answer
    C. Temperature
    Explanation
    Temperature is not considered a common symptom of shock. Shock is a condition characterized by a lack of adequate blood flow to the body's organs and tissues, which can lead to various symptoms. Pale skin, increased shallow breathing rate, and weak pulse are all commonly observed symptoms of shock. However, temperature changes are not typically associated with shock.

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  • 44. 

    Which of the following causes AIDS?

    • A.

      HBV

    • B.

      HIV

    • C.

      CMV

    • D.

      RSV

    Correct Answer
    B. HIV
    Explanation
    HIV is the correct answer because it is the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). HIV attacks the immune system, specifically targeting CD4 cells, which are crucial in fighting off infections and diseases. Over time, as the virus replicates and destroys more CD4 cells, the immune system becomes severely weakened, leading to the development of AIDS. HBV (Hepatitis B virus), CMV (Cytomegalovirus), and RSV (Respiratory Syncytial Virus) are all different viruses that can cause various diseases, but they do not cause AIDS.

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  • 45. 

    Eating and drinking are permissible in a laboratory setting __________.

    • A.

      At all times

    • B.

      Only in designated clean areas

    • C.

      After hours of operation

    • D.

      As long as care is used

    Correct Answer
    B. Only in designated clean areas
    Explanation
    In a laboratory setting, eating and drinking can introduce contaminants and pose safety risks. Therefore, it is only permissible to eat and drink in designated clean areas to minimize the chances of cross-contamination and maintain a safe working environment.

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  • 46. 

    In health care, when all evaluated services and results compate within acceptable standards, principles of __________ are being used.

    • A.

      Quality assurance

    • B.

      Regulatory bodies

    • C.

      Networking

    • D.

      Risk management

    Correct Answer
    A. Quality assurance
    Explanation
    Quality assurance in health care refers to the systematic process of monitoring and evaluating the services and results provided to ensure they meet acceptable standards. It involves implementing protocols, guidelines, and best practices to maintain and improve the quality of care delivered to patients. By using quality assurance principles, healthcare organizations can ensure that all evaluated services and results are in line with the expected standards, leading to improved patient outcomes and overall healthcare quality.

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  • 47. 

    The tissue that covers and protects the body is __________.

    • A.

      Epithelial

    • B.

      Connective

    • C.

      Muscle

    • D.

      Nerve

    Correct Answer
    A. Epithelial
    Explanation
    Epithelial tissue is the correct answer because it is the type of tissue that covers and protects the body. Epithelial tissue forms the outer layer of the skin, as well as lining the internal organs and cavities. It acts as a barrier against pathogens, chemicals, and physical damage, providing protection to the underlying structures. Epithelial tissue also plays a role in absorption, secretion, and sensation.

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  • 48. 

    A possible cause of tube breakage during centrifugation might be __________.

    • A.

      Too much blood in the tube

    • B.

      Unbalanced centrifuge

    • C.

      Not enough blood in the tube

    • D.

      Centrifuging too long

    Correct Answer
    B. Unbalanced centrifuge
    Explanation
    An unbalanced centrifuge can cause the tubes to break during centrifugation. When the centrifuge is unbalanced, it can cause uneven distribution of weight, leading to excessive vibration and stress on the tubes. This can result in the tubes breaking and potentially causing damage to the centrifuge or other equipment.

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  • 49. 

    A tube containing sodium citrate as an additive is the __________. 

    • A.

      Green tube top

    • B.

      Black tube top

    • C.

      Blue tube top

    • D.

      Yellow tube top

    Correct Answer
    C. Blue tube top
    Explanation
    The blue tube top is used when sodium citrate is added as an additive. The color of the tube top indicates the type of additive or anticoagulant present in the tube. Sodium citrate is commonly used as an anticoagulant in blood collection tubes, especially for coagulation testing. Therefore, the blue tube top is the correct choice for a tube containing sodium citrate as an additive.

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  • 50. 

    Lack of physical or mental fitness is __________.

    • A.

      Malpractice

    • B.

      Obesity

    • C.

      Negligence

    • D.

      Incompetence

    Correct Answer
    D. Incompetence
    Explanation
    Incompetence refers to the lack of ability or skill to perform a task or job effectively. In the context of the question, lack of physical or mental fitness can lead to incompetence as it hinders a person's ability to perform tasks efficiently. Therefore, incompetence is the most suitable term to complete the given sentence.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Feb 25, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 15, 2019
    Quiz Created by
    Ibrahim
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