All hospitalized patients need IV therapy for quick venous access.
IV access provides the quickest route for medication administration.
IV access is necessary for vital signs to be taken.
IV access is necessary for transfusion of blood or blood components
IV access is used to transfuse IV fluids.
IV access may be used for nutritional support (TPN).
IV access may be used for assessment of blood gases.
Median antecubital vein.
Internal jugular vein.
Previously used or sclerotic veins.
Veins of the hand.
Sites with infection, infiltration, thrombosis.
Veins at the antecubital fossa.
Veins in the arm of an arteriovenous fistula.
Veins in the arm of an axillary dissection (commonly seen with a mastectomy).
Tortuous, full, and ropy.
Hard, full, and bumpy.
Flexible, full, and bouncy.
Rigid, flat, and stringy.
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