GCSE Geography Quiz On Population!

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GCSE Geography Quiz On Population! - Quiz



Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is population density?

    • A.

      A measure of how clever the population is.

    • B.

      A measure of how crowded an area is.

    • C.

      A measure of how heavy the population is

    Correct Answer
    B. A measure of how crowded an area is.
    Explanation
    Population density is a measure of how crowded an area is. It is calculated by dividing the total population of an area by the total land area. This measurement helps to understand the concentration of individuals in a specific geographic location. A higher population density indicates that there are more people living in a given area, which can have implications for resource allocation, infrastructure planning, and social dynamics.

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  • 2. 

    A place with few people is said to be:

    • A.

      Densely populated

    • B.

      Sparsely populated

    • C.

      A human factor

    Correct Answer
    B. Sparsely populated
    Explanation
    The term "sparsely populated" refers to a place that has a low population density, meaning there are few people living in that area. It indicates that the area is not densely populated and there is a significant amount of space between individuals or households. This term is often used to describe rural or remote areas where population density is low due to factors such as limited resources, geographical barriers, or less economic activity.

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  • 3. 

    Relief, climate, vegetation, are said to be:

    • A.

      Physical factors

    • B.

      Human factors

    • C.

      Densely populated

    Correct Answer
    A. Physical factors
    Explanation
    The given answer, "physical factors," is the correct choice because relief, climate, and vegetation are all aspects of the physical environment. These factors are not influenced by human activities but rather are natural elements that shape the characteristics of a specific location. Relief refers to the physical features of the land, such as mountains or valleys. Climate refers to the long-term weather patterns of an area. Vegetation refers to the plant life present in a particular region. Together, these physical factors play a significant role in determining the overall characteristics and suitability of an environment for various purposes.

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  • 4. 

    When the birth rate is higher than the death rate the population will:

    Correct Answer
    increase
    decrease
    stay the same
    Explanation
    The birth rate refers to the number of births in a population, while the death rate refers to the number of deaths. When the birth rate is higher than the death rate, it means that more individuals are being born than are dying. This leads to an increase in the population because there are more individuals being added to the population than are being removed. Conversely, when the death rate is higher than the birth rate, it means that more individuals are dying than being born, resulting in a decrease in the population. If the birth rate is equal to the death rate, the population will stay the same as the number of individuals being born is equal to the number of individuals dying.

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  • 5. 

    This means the average number of years a person can expect to live:

    • A.

      Life expectancy

    • B.

      Infant mortality

    • C.

      Dependant population

    • D.

      Death rate

    Correct Answer
    A. Life expectancy
    Explanation
    Life expectancy refers to the average number of years a person can expect to live. It is a statistical measure that takes into account various factors such as healthcare, lifestyle, and socioeconomic conditions. It provides an estimate of the overall health and longevity of a population. By considering the life expectancy, policymakers and healthcare professionals can assess the quality of life and make informed decisions regarding healthcare planning, social security, and public health interventions.

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  • 6. 

    _________ are people who rely on others of working age.

    • A.

      Life expectancy

    • B.

      Infant mortality

    • C.

      Dependants

    • D.

      Economically active

    Correct Answer
    C. Dependants
    Explanation
    Dependants are individuals who depend on others of working age for support. These individuals are typically unable to provide for themselves financially and rely on someone else's income or resources. This term is commonly used to refer to children, elderly individuals, or individuals with disabilities who require assistance from others to meet their basic needs.

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  • 7. 

    Which is the most populated country in South Asia as of 2023?

    • A.

      India

    • B.

      Bhutan

    • C.

      Pakistan

    • D.

      Sri Lanka

    Correct Answer
    A. India
    Explanation
    As of 2023, India is the most populated country in the world, not just South Asia. India is one of the most prominent countries in South Asia. India plays a pivotal role in the region's economic, cultural, and geopolitical landscape, further solidifying its global significance.

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  • 8. 

    What are the problems associated with circular migration?

    • A.

      Money can be sent back home

    • B.

      Reduced demand on limited food supplies

    • C.

      Spread of AIDS and disease

    Correct Answer
    C. Spread of AIDS and disease
    Explanation
    Circular migration refers to the movement of individuals between their home country and a foreign country for temporary work. While circular migration has some benefits such as remittances sent back home and reduced demand on limited food supplies, it also poses several problems. One major issue is the spread of AIDS and other diseases. When individuals migrate, they may engage in high-risk behaviors and have limited access to healthcare, increasing the likelihood of transmitting diseases. This can have detrimental effects on both the migrant population and the communities they interact with, making the spread of AIDS and disease a significant problem associated with circular migration.

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  • 9. 

    What is the movement from rural to urban areas called?

    • A.

      Urbanisation

    • B.

      Counter-urbanisation

    • C.

      Migration

    Correct Answer
    A. Urbanisation
    Explanation
    Urbanisation refers to the process of population movement from rural areas to urban areas. This involves the growth and expansion of cities and towns, as well as the increase in the proportion of a country's population living in urban areas. Urbanisation is often driven by factors such as industrialization, economic opportunities, and better access to services and amenities in urban areas. It leads to various social, economic, and environmental changes in both rural and urban areas.

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  • 10. 

    Movement from urban to rural areas is called:

    • A.

      Urbanisation

    • B.

      Counter-urbanisation

    • C.

      Migration

    Correct Answer
    B. Counter-urbanisation
    Explanation
    Counter-urbanisation refers to the movement of people from urban areas to rural areas. This can occur due to various reasons such as the desire for a quieter and less crowded lifestyle, lower cost of living, or better access to nature. Counter-urbanisation is often driven by individuals or families seeking a change in their living environment and can result in the growth and development of rural areas as well as the decline of urban areas.

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  • 11. 

    What are the main population issues in South Asia?

    • A.

      High death rate

    • B.

      High birth rate

    • C.

      Infant mortality

    Correct Answer
    B. High birth rate
    Explanation
    The main population issue in South Asia is the high birth rate. This means that there is a significant increase in the number of births compared to the death rate, leading to a rapid population growth. This can put a strain on resources, such as healthcare, education, and employment opportunities. It can also lead to overcrowding and increased competition for limited resources. Additionally, a high birth rate can impact the overall development and socio-economic conditions of the region.

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  • 12. 

    How can the population issue in South Asia be solved? (select all that apply)

    • A.

      Education

    • B.

      Empowerment of women

    • C.

      Improved health care

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Education
    B. Empowerment of women
    C. Improved health care
    Explanation
    The population issue in South Asia can be solved through education, empowerment of women, and improved healthcare. Education plays a crucial role in raising awareness about family planning and reproductive health, which can help control population growth. Empowering women by providing them with education and opportunities can also lead to a decrease in fertility rates. Additionally, improved healthcare facilities, including access to contraception and reproductive health services, can contribute to population control. Therefore, all of the mentioned options - education, empowerment of women, and improved healthcare - are necessary to address the population issue in South Asia.

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  • 13. 

    What are the main issues in Sub Saharan Africa?

    • A.

      Malaria

    • B.

      High birth rate

    • C.

      High death rate

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The main issues in Sub-Saharan Africa include:
    Malaria: Malaria is a significant health issue in many Sub-Saharan African countries. It is a mosquito-borne disease that affects millions of people in the region, leading to illness and death.
    High birth rate: Sub-Saharan Africa has one of the highest birth rates in the world. Rapid population growth can put pressure on resources, healthcare systems, and economies.
    High death rate: Some parts of Sub-Saharan Africa also experience high death rates due to factors such as infectious diseases, limited access to healthcare, and other health-related challenges.
    So, the correct answer is:
    All of the above

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  • 14. 

    Which groups are most at risk from malaria?

    • A.

      Men who work on the land

    • B.

      Pregnant women and children

    • C.

      Teenagers

    • D.

      Eldery people

    Correct Answer
    B. Pregnant women and children
    Explanation
    Pregnant women and children are most at risk from malaria because they have weaker immune systems compared to other groups. Malaria can have severe consequences for pregnant women, such as anemia, low birth weight, and even death. Children, especially those under the age of five, are also vulnerable to malaria as their immune systems are still developing. Additionally, pregnant women and children are more likely to be exposed to mosquitoes, the carriers of malaria, due to their living conditions and behaviors. Therefore, they require special attention and targeted interventions to prevent and treat malaria.

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  • 15. 

    What is the most effective way to prevent malaria?

    • A.

      Nets on beds

    • B.

      Nuclear bomb

    • C.

      Insecticides

    • D.

      Drugs

    Correct Answer
    A. Nets on beds
    Explanation
    The most effective way to prevent malaria is by using nets on beds. Mosquitoes, which are carriers of the malaria parasite, are most active during the night when people are sleeping. By sleeping under a bed net, individuals can create a physical barrier that prevents mosquitoes from biting them and transmitting the disease. Bed nets are a cost-effective and widely used intervention in malaria-endemic areas, significantly reducing the risk of infection and saving lives.

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  • 16. 

    Where do most people live in Malawi?

    • A.

      Urban areas

    • B.

      Rural areas

    Correct Answer
    B. Rural areas
    Explanation
    Most people live in rural areas in Malawi. This can be attributed to several factors such as limited economic opportunities in urban areas, lack of infrastructure and basic amenities, and traditional agricultural practices that are prevalent in rural communities. Additionally, the majority of the population in Malawi relies on subsistence farming as their primary source of livelihood, which is more feasible in rural areas.

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