Patient care- Quiz 1

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| By Mnathan21
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Mnathan21
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Quizzes Created: 32 | Total Attempts: 19,958
Questions: 29 | Attempts: 408

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Patient care- Quiz 1 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The purpose of HIPAA is to protect a patient's...

    Explanation
    HIPAA, which stands for Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, is a legislation enacted in the United States to safeguard the privacy and confidentiality of patients' medical information. It aims to ensure that healthcare organizations and providers handle patients' personal health information securely and only disclose it when necessary. By protecting patient privacy, HIPAA helps to maintain trust between patients and healthcare providers, encourages individuals to seek necessary medical care without fear of their information being misused, and promotes the overall integrity of the healthcare system.

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  • 2. 

    The threat of bodily harm to another is called...

    Explanation
    Assault refers to the threat or act of causing bodily harm to another person. It involves the intention to cause fear or apprehension of immediate harm, even if physical contact does not occur. This can include actions such as verbal threats, menacing gestures, or attempted physical attacks. Assault is a criminal offense and can result in legal consequences for the perpetrator.

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  • 3. 

    Actual bodily harm done to another person without permission is called...

    Explanation
    Battery is the correct answer because it refers to the intentional act of causing physical harm or injury to another person without their consent. It involves the actual application of force or contact, resulting in bodily harm. Battery is a criminal offense and can lead to legal consequences for the perpetrator.

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  • 4. 

    ___________ law was made to protect the public as a whole from the harmful acts of others. The purpose is to define socially intolerable conduct that is punishable by law.

    Explanation
    Criminal law was made to protect the public as a whole from the harmful acts of others. It serves the purpose of defining socially intolerable conduct that is punishable by law. This branch of law focuses on offenses committed against society, such as murder, theft, and fraud. Its aim is to maintain order, deter criminal behavior, and provide justice for victims.

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  • 5. 

    ________ law handles relationships either between individuals or between individuals and the government

    Explanation
    Civil law is the correct answer because it deals with the legal relationships between individuals or between individuals and the government. It encompasses a wide range of legal issues such as contracts, property, torts, family law, and administrative law. Civil law focuses on resolving disputes and providing remedies for individuals who have been wronged, rather than punishing individuals for criminal offenses. This branch of law is concerned with protecting the rights and interests of individuals and promoting social order and justice in society.

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  • 6. 

    This law covers wrongful acts that result in harm to another person. A civil injury, or wrongful act, that is committed against another person or property, resulting in harm and is compensated by money damages.

    Explanation
    A tort is a legal term that refers to a wrongful act or civil injury committed against another person or their property, resulting in harm. This harm can be physical, emotional, or financial. In order to compensate for the harm caused, the person who committed the tort may be required to pay money damages to the victim.

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  • 7. 

    This occurs when a person has been intentionally or deliberately injured by another, ie: assault, battery, false imprisonment

    Explanation
    The given answer, "intentional torts" or "intentional tort," refers to a situation where a person intentionally causes harm or injury to another individual. This can include acts such as assault, battery, or false imprisonment, where the harm is inflicted deliberately and not by accident. In intentional tort cases, the injured party may seek legal remedies and compensation for the harm caused to them.

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  • 8. 

    This type of tort occurs when the patient is injured as a result of the healthcare professionals not exercising the ordinary standard of care, such as negligence

    Explanation
    An unintentional tort refers to a situation where harm or injury is caused to someone without any intent to cause harm. In the context of healthcare, if a patient is injured due to the healthcare professionals' failure to meet the ordinary standard of care, such as negligence, it falls under unintentional tort. This means that the injury or harm caused to the patient was not intentional, but rather a result of the healthcare professionals' negligence or lack of proper care.

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  • 9. 

    Physiological, security, social, esteem, and self-actualizing needs are part of __________ ___________ ___ _________.

    Explanation
    The physiological, security, social, esteem, and self-actualizing needs mentioned in the question are all components of Maslow's hierarchy of needs. This theory suggests that individuals have a hierarchy of needs that must be met in order to achieve self-actualization, with physiological needs (such as food and shelter) being the most basic and self-actualization needs (such as personal growth and fulfillment) being the highest. Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a well-known psychological theory that explains human motivation and the progression of needs.

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  • 10. 

    Using your body as a machine is the definition of _________ ____________

    Explanation
    Body mechanics refers to the efficient and coordinated use of the body to perform tasks and movements in order to prevent injury and maximize physical performance. By using the body as a machine, individuals can optimize their posture, balance, and alignment to generate the most power and efficiency while minimizing strain and stress on the muscles and joints. This concept is especially important in activities that involve repetitive or heavy lifting, as proper body mechanics can help prevent musculoskeletal injuries.

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  • 11. 

    This involves good posture, balance, and using your strongest and longest muscles to do work.

    Explanation
    Body mechanics refers to the efficient use of one's body to perform tasks, such as lifting, carrying, or moving objects. It involves maintaining good posture to prevent strain or injury on the muscles, joints, and spine. By utilizing proper body mechanics, individuals can distribute the workload evenly across their strongest and longest muscles, minimizing the risk of fatigue or injury. This ensures that the body functions optimally and efficiently while performing physical activities.

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  • 12. 

    When transferring from stretcher to stretcher, a transfer _________ is needed

    Explanation
    When transferring a patient from one stretcher to another, a transfer sheet is needed. A transfer sheet is a special type of sheet that is designed to facilitate the safe and smooth transfer of patients. It is placed underneath the patient and used to slide them from one surface to another, minimizing friction and reducing the risk of injury. The transfer sheet is typically made of a durable and smooth material that allows for easy movement while ensuring the patient's comfort and safety during the transfer process.

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  • 13. 

    A transfer sheet should be placed from _________ to ___________

    Explanation
    The transfer sheet should be placed from the shoulder to the thighs and then from the thighs back to the shoulder. This sequence ensures a smooth and controlled transfer of the individual, allowing for proper support and minimizing the risk of injury. Starting from the shoulder provides stability and control, while ending at the thighs allows for a safe and comfortable landing position. Reversing the sequence from thighs to shoulder would disrupt the flow of the transfer and potentially put the individual at risk.

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  • 14. 

    True or false, a Dr.'s order is not needed for restraints, either chemical or physical

    Explanation
    A doctor's order is needed for restraints, whether they are chemical or physical. Restraints are used to restrict a patient's movement for their own safety or the safety of others. However, the use of restraints can have serious physical and psychological consequences, so it is important for a doctor to evaluate the patient's condition and determine if restraints are necessary. Without a doctor's order, the use of restraints would be considered inappropriate and potentially illegal. Therefore, the statement that a doctor's order is not needed for restraints is false.

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  • 15. 

    Restraining someone without a Dr's order can lead to charges of _________ ______________

    Explanation
    Restraining someone without a doctor's order can lead to charges of false imprisonment. False imprisonment refers to the illegal confinement or restraint of an individual against their will, without lawful justification. It involves depriving someone of their freedom of movement without legal authority or consent. In this scenario, restraining someone without a doctor's order would be considered an unlawful act, as it violates the individual's right to personal liberty. Therefore, false imprisonment is the appropriate charge that can be brought against the person responsible for the unauthorized restraint.

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  • 16. 

    A ___________ infection is an infection received at the hospital

    Explanation
    A nosocomial infection is an infection that is acquired in a hospital or other healthcare facility. This type of infection is often caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi that spread within the healthcare setting. Nosocomial infections can occur due to various factors such as poor hand hygiene, contaminated medical equipment, or close contact with infected individuals. These infections are a significant concern in healthcare settings as they can lead to increased morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. Implementing proper infection control measures is crucial in preventing and controlling nosocomial infections.

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  • 17. 

    The dropping of blood pressure due to a change in position of the body is called ____________ _______________

    Explanation
    Orthostatic hypotension refers to the drop in blood pressure that occurs when there is a change in body position, such as standing up from a sitting or lying position. This condition is characterized by symptoms like dizziness, lightheadedness, and fainting, which are caused by inadequate blood flow to the brain. It can be caused by various factors, including dehydration, medication side effects, and certain medical conditions. Managing orthostatic hypotension often involves lifestyle changes, such as staying hydrated, avoiding sudden movements, and wearing compression stockings to improve blood flow.

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  • 18. 

    If there is an emergency, or a situation you don't think you can handle on your own, always get ________

    Explanation
    In case of an emergency or a situation that seems overwhelming, it is always advisable to seek help. This could be from a trusted individual, a professional, or an authority figure who can provide assistance and support. Seeking help ensures that the situation is addressed effectively and reduces the risk of further harm or complications. It is important to recognize when one's own abilities may not be sufficient and to reach out for help when needed.

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  • 19. 

    This is the study of what's right and what's wrong when related to human conduct

    Explanation
    Ethics is the study of moral principles and values that determine what is considered right and wrong in human conduct. It involves examining and evaluating the moral choices individuals and societies make, as well as the consequences of those choices. Ethics provides a framework for understanding and analyzing ethical dilemmas and guiding individuals towards making morally responsible decisions.

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  • 20. 

    Clinical issues regarding ethics are called...

    Explanation
    Clinical issues regarding ethics are called clinical ethics because clinical ethics refers to the study and application of ethical principles and values in healthcare settings. It involves addressing moral dilemmas, making ethical decisions, and ensuring the well-being and rights of patients are respected. Clinical ethics encompasses various areas such as informed consent, end-of-life care, confidentiality, and conflicts of interest. By using the term "clinical ethics," it clearly highlights the specific focus on ethical concerns within the clinical context.

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  • 21. 

    The right to be informed of a procedure, policies, etc, the right to read their chart, and the patient being at the center of patient care is all a part of what?

    Explanation
    The patient's bill of rights encompasses the rights of patients to be informed about procedures, policies, and their own medical charts. It also emphasizes the importance of placing the patient at the center of their own care. This bill ensures that patients have access to information and are empowered to make informed decisions about their healthcare.

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  • 22. 

    Negligence by a person is called...

    Explanation
    Negligence by a person is commonly referred to as malpractice. Malpractice typically refers to the failure of a professional or an individual to exercise the level of care and skill that is expected in a particular profession or situation. It often involves a breach of duty or responsibility that results in harm or injury to another person. This term is commonly used in the context of medical or legal professions, where professionals are expected to adhere to certain standards of care. However, malpractice can also apply to other fields where negligence or misconduct occurs.

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  • 23. 

    It is important to always check the __________ _____ __________ before beginning any exam or procedure to ensure it is the proper patient.

    Explanation
    Before beginning any exam or procedure, it is crucial to check the patient's ID bracelet to ensure that it is the proper patient. This is important for patient safety and to prevent any mix-ups or errors. The ID bracelet typically contains important information such as the patient's name, date of birth, and medical record number, which helps in accurately identifying the patient and matching them with the correct medical records and treatment plan. By verifying the patient's ID bracelet, healthcare professionals can ensure that they are providing the appropriate care to the right individual.

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  • 24. 

    Being fully aware of procedures, tests, side effects, and any alternatives to treatment is called....

    Explanation
    Informed consent refers to the process of ensuring that individuals have a clear understanding of the procedures, tests, potential side effects, and any alternative treatments available before making a decision about their healthcare. It is crucial for patients to be fully aware and have the necessary information to make informed decisions about their treatment options. This helps to protect their autonomy and ensures that they have the ability to actively participate in their healthcare decisions.

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  • 25. 

    __________ consent is necessary as proof

    Explanation
    Written consent is necessary as proof because it provides a tangible record of an individual's agreement or permission. Unlike verbal consent, which can be easily disputed or forgotten, written consent serves as a documented evidence that can be referred to and verified. It ensures clarity and avoids misunderstandings, making it a reliable form of consent in various legal, business, and personal situations.

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  • 26. 

    Performing patient assessments, acquiring and analyzing data obtained using ultrasound, providing a summary of findings to the physician to aid in patient diagnosis and management and using independent judgment and systematic problem- solving methods to produce high-quality diagnostic information and optimizing patient care are all part of the sonographer's ___________ of __________

    Explanation
    The given correct answer for this question is "scope, practice". This means that all the tasks mentioned in the question, such as performing patient assessments, analyzing data obtained using ultrasound, providing summaries to physicians, and using independent judgment, are all part of the range or extent of the sonographer's professional activities and the actual application of their knowledge and skills in their field of work.

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  • 27. 

    The wrongful intrusion into a person's private life, including publication of private facts is called...

    Explanation
    Invasion of privacy refers to the unauthorized intrusion into someone's personal life, which may involve the disclosure or publication of private information or facts without their consent. It is a violation of an individual's right to privacy and can occur through various means such as surveillance, hacking, or dissemination of private photographs or documents. Invasion of privacy is considered a breach of trust and can have severe consequences for the individuals involved, leading to emotional distress, reputational damage, or legal actions.

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  • 28. 

    A malicious, false, and defamatory statement or report is also known as....

    Explanation
    Slander refers to a malicious, false, and defamatory statement or report. It involves spreading false information about someone with the intention of harming their reputation. Unlike written defamation (libel), slander is spoken defamation. It is important to note that for a statement to be considered slander, it must be false and damaging to the person's reputation.

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  • 29. 

    ___________ means to be sterile, and free of microorganisms

    Explanation
    Asepsis refers to the state of being sterile and free of microorganisms. It involves the prevention of infection by maintaining a clean and germ-free environment, as well as using proper sterilization techniques. This term is commonly used in medical settings, where it is crucial to prevent the spread of harmful bacteria and viruses. Asepsis is achieved through practices such as handwashing, disinfection, and sterilization of medical equipment.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 07, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Mnathan21
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