Legal Aspects Of Nursing

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Legal Aspects Of Nursing - Quiz

Nursing, just like any other profession, has some laws that govern how a registered nurse should act and how to solve some issues that may arise between a nurse and patient. How much do you know about the rules and regulations from your classwork? Take this 3rd nursing exam at LHUP on legal aspects of nursing and get to find out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are the 3 sources of law?

    • A.

      Statutory law

    • B.

      Regulatory law

    • C.

      Common law

    • D.

      Civil law

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Statutory law
    B. Regulatory law
    C. Common law
    Explanation
    The three sources of law are statutory law, regulatory law, and common law. Statutory law refers to laws that are created and enacted by a legislative body, such as a government or parliament. Regulatory law is made up of rules and regulations created by administrative agencies to enforce and interpret statutory law. Common law refers to laws that are derived from judicial decisions and precedents set by courts. Together, these three sources form the basis of legal systems in many countries.

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  • 2. 

    Laws developed by elected legislative bodies

    • A.

      Statutory law

    • B.

      Regulatory law

    • C.

      Common law

    Correct Answer
    A. Statutory law
    Explanation
    Statutory law refers to laws that are created and enacted by elected legislative bodies, such as Congress or Parliament. These laws are written down and codified, making them official and enforceable. They are usually created to address specific issues or regulate certain activities within a society. Unlike common law, which is developed through court decisions, statutory law is passed through a formal legislative process. Regulatory law, on the other hand, refers to rules and regulations set by administrative agencies to implement statutory law. Therefore, the correct answer is statutory law.

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  • 3. 

    The Nurse Practice act and American disablity act is what kind of law?

    • A.

      Common law

    • B.

      Statutory law

    • C.

      Common law

    Correct Answer
    B. Statutory law
    Explanation
    The Nurse Practice Act and the American Disability Act are both examples of statutory laws. Statutory laws are laws that are enacted by a legislative body, such as a state or federal government, and are written down in a formal document. These laws are created to regulate specific areas of society, such as healthcare or civil rights, and are enforceable by the legal system. The Nurse Practice Act governs the practice of nursing, while the American Disability Act protects the rights of individuals with disabilities.

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  • 4. 

    A law made by the exective officers such as presidents and mayors.

    • A.

      Common law

    • B.

      Regulatory law

    • C.

      Statutory law

    Correct Answer
    B. Regulatory law
    Explanation
    Regulatory law refers to a set of rules and regulations created by executive officers, such as presidents and mayors, to govern specific industries or sectors. These laws are designed to ensure compliance with standards, protect public safety, and promote fair practices. Unlike common law, which is based on court decisions and legal precedents, regulatory law is created through the authority granted to executive officers by legislation. Statutory law, on the other hand, is created by legislative bodies. Therefore, regulatory law is the correct answer as it aligns with the given explanation.

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  • 5. 

    The PA state board of nursing is what type of law?

    • A.

      Common law

    • B.

      Regulatory law

    • C.

      Statutory law

    Correct Answer
    B. Regulatory law
    Explanation
    Regulatory law refers to the body of laws and regulations that govern the activities and practices of specific industries or professions. In this case, the PA state board of nursing is responsible for regulating and overseeing the practice of nursing in the state of Pennsylvania. Therefore, it falls under the category of regulatory law.

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  • 6. 

    This type of law results from judicial decisions, is heard in court, and is the most common type of case a nurse is involved in.

    • A.

      Common law

    • B.

      Statuatory law

    • C.

      Regulatory law

    Correct Answer
    A. Common law
    Explanation
    Common law is the correct answer because it refers to a type of law that is developed through judicial decisions and is based on precedents set by previous court cases. Nurses often encounter common law cases as they involve legal disputes and issues that arise in healthcare settings. This type of law is different from statutory law, which is created by legislative bodies, and regulatory law, which is established by administrative agencies.

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  • 7. 

    What are the 2 types of statutory law?

    • A.

      Criminal law

    • B.

      Civil law

    • C.

      Statuatory law

    • D.

      Common law

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Criminal law
    B. Civil law
    Explanation
    Statutory law refers to laws that are enacted by a legislative body. Criminal law and civil law are two types of statutory law. Criminal law deals with offenses against the state and society, such as murder or theft, and the punishment of offenders. Civil law, on the other hand, focuses on disputes between individuals or organizations, such as contract disputes or personal injury claims. Both criminal law and civil law are important branches of statutory law that serve different purposes in the legal system.

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  • 8. 

    This type of law protects the rights of an indivdual and encourages a fair trial and equal treatment for all and involves cases where harm was done to an individual or property and involves the payment of moeny.

    • A.

      Criminal law

    • B.

      Civil law

    • C.

      Statuatory law

    • D.

      Common law

    Correct Answer
    B. Civil law
    Explanation
    Civil law protects the rights of individuals and ensures a fair trial and equal treatment for all. It deals with cases where harm has been done to an individual or their property and involves the payment of money as compensation. Unlike criminal law, which focuses on punishing crimes against society, civil law focuses on resolving disputes between individuals or entities. This includes matters such as contracts, torts, property disputes, and family law.

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  • 9. 

    This type of law prevents harm to society and provides punishment for those the commit criminal acts the government or "the people" prosecute the offender.

    • A.

      Criminal law

    • B.

      Civil law

    • C.

      Common law

    • D.

      Regulatory law

    Correct Answer
    A. Criminal law
    Explanation
    Criminal law is a type of law that aims to prevent harm to society and seeks to punish individuals who commit criminal acts. It is enforced by the government or "the people" who act as prosecutors in order to bring offenders to justice. This type of law focuses on crimes and offenses that are considered harmful to society as a whole, and it provides a framework for punishment and rehabilitation for those who break the law.

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  • 10. 

    A wrongful act against a person or their property and is against the public which usually results in a prision term, fine or short jail sentance.

    • A.

      Crime

    • B.

      Criminal law

    • C.

      Civil law

    • D.

      Common law

    Correct Answer
    A. Crime
    Explanation
    A crime refers to a wrongful act committed against a person or their property that is considered a violation of public law. It typically results in legal consequences such as imprisonment, fines, or a short jail sentence. Criminal law specifically deals with offenses that are considered crimes, distinguishing them from civil law which focuses on disputes between individuals. Common law refers to legal principles and precedents developed through court decisions.

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  • 11. 

    What ar ethe 2 classifications of crimes?

    • A.

      Summary

    • B.

      Felony

    • C.

      Misdeamenor

    • D.

      Civil

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Felony
    C. Misdeamenor
    Explanation
    The two classifications of crimes are felony and misdemeanor. Felony refers to serious crimes that are punishable by imprisonment for more than one year, such as murder or robbery. Misdemeanor, on the other hand, refers to less serious crimes that are punishable by imprisonment for up to one year, such as petty theft or disorderly conduct. These classifications help differentiate the severity of crimes and determine the appropriate penalties for each.

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  • 12. 

    This is a serious crime that has a penalty of imprisonment or more than 1 year or even death

    • A.

      Felony

    • B.

      Civil

    • C.

      Ciminal

    • D.

      Misdemeanor

    Correct Answer
    A. Felony
    Explanation
    A felony is the correct answer because it refers to a serious crime that carries a penalty of imprisonment for more than 1 year or even death. It is a category of crime that is more severe than a misdemeanor and is often associated with offenses such as murder, rape, or robbery. Unlike civil or criminal offenses, a felony is a specific type of criminal offense that carries severe consequences.

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  • 13. 

    This crime has fines or imprisonment of less than 1 years

    • A.

      Criminal

    • B.

      Civil

    • C.

      Misdemeanor

    • D.

      Felony

    Correct Answer
    C. Misdemeanor
    Explanation
    A misdemeanor is a type of crime that typically carries less severe penalties compared to felonies. It is characterized by fines or imprisonment of less than one year. This means that the given crime falls under the category of a misdemeanor, which is a less serious offense than a felony. It is important to note that misdemeanors are generally considered less severe crimes and are punishable by fines, probation, community service, or short-term incarceration.

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  • 14. 

    This is the process of bringing and trying a lawsuit againt someone.

    • A.

      Criminal charges

    • B.

      Summary

    • C.

      Litigation

    • D.

      Felony

    Correct Answer
    C. Litigation
    Explanation
    Litigation refers to the process of bringing and trying a lawsuit against someone. It involves the legal action taken in a court of law to resolve a dispute between two parties. This can include civil cases, such as personal injury or contract disputes, as well as criminal cases. Therefore, litigation is the appropriate term to describe the process mentioned in the question.

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  • 15. 

    The person or government bringing a lawsuit against another party.

    • A.

      Criminal

    • B.

      Jury

    • C.

      Plaintiff

    • D.

      Defendant

    Correct Answer
    C. Plaintiff
    Explanation
    A plaintiff is the person or government entity that initiates a lawsuit against another party. They are the ones who bring the case to court and seek a legal remedy or compensation for a perceived wrongdoing or harm caused by the defendant. The plaintiff is responsible for presenting evidence and arguments to support their claim and convince the court to rule in their favor.

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  • 16. 

    This is the person being accused of the crime

    • A.

      Jury

    • B.

      Criminal

    • C.

      Defendant

    • D.

      Plaintiff

    Correct Answer
    C. Defendant
    Explanation
    The correct answer is defendant. In a legal case, the defendant is the person who is being accused of the crime. They are the individual that the prosecution is trying to prove guilty. The jury is a group of individuals who listen to the evidence presented in court and determine the defendant's guilt or innocence. The criminal refers to the nature of the case, as it involves a crime. The plaintiff, on the other hand, is the person or party who brings a lawsuit against another in civil cases, not criminal cases.

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  • 17. 

    What are the 2 levels of courts in the US?

    • A.

      Common court

    • B.

      Judicial court

    • C.

      Trial court

    • D.

      Appellate court

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Trial court
    D. Appellate court
    Explanation
    The two levels of courts in the US are trial court and appellate court. Trial courts are the first level where cases are initially heard and decided. They are responsible for determining the facts of the case and applying the law. Appellate courts, on the other hand, review decisions made by the trial courts to ensure that the law was correctly applied. They do not reexamine the facts of the case but focus on legal errors or procedural issues. Appellate courts have the power to affirm, reverse, or modify the decisions made by the trial courts.

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  • 18. 

    The court hears all the facts and evidence brought against a party and usually has a jury

    • A.

      Common court

    • B.

      Judicial court

    • C.

      Appellate court

    • D.

      Trial court

    Correct Answer
    D. Trial court
    Explanation
    A trial court is the correct answer because it is the court where all the facts and evidence are presented and heard. It is the initial court where legal disputes are resolved through a trial process. In a trial court, both parties present their arguments and evidence, and a judge or jury makes a decision based on the presented information. This distinguishes it from other types of courts, such as appellate courts that review decisions made by lower courts, or common courts that handle general legal matters.

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  • 19. 

    This court hears only cases that have been questioned and no witnesses testifiy and there is no jury.

    • A.

      Common court

    • B.

      Judicial court

    • C.

      Appellate court

    • D.

      Trial court

    Correct Answer
    C. Appellate court
    Explanation
    An appellate court is the correct answer because it is a court that hears cases that have been questioned or appealed from a lower court. In this type of court, no witnesses testify and there is no jury present. The main function of an appellate court is to review the decisions made by lower courts and determine if any errors were made in the application of the law. Therefore, it fits the description given in the question.

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  • 20. 

    Where are the nursing standards of care outlined as well as the scope of practice by the nurse that will be used in a malpractice lawsuit

    • A.

      Nurse practice act

    • B.

      Nurses code of ethics

    • C.

      Nursing standards act

    • D.

      State board of nusing

    Correct Answer
    A. Nurse practice act
    Explanation
    The nursing practice act outlines the standards of care and scope of practice for nurses in a specific state. It provides legal guidelines and regulations that nurses must follow in their practice. In a malpractice lawsuit, the nurse practice act is used to determine if the nurse acted within the standards of care and if their actions were within their scope of practice. It is a crucial document in ensuring patient safety and holding nurses accountable for their actions.

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  • 21. 

    What are some other guidelines for nursing practice?

    • A.

      Institutional polices and procedures

    • B.

      Nurses code of ethics

    • C.

      Credentialing

    • D.

      Nurses practice act

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Institutional polices and procedures
    B. Nurses code of ethics
    C. Credentialing
    Explanation
    These are all guidelines that nurses should follow in their practice. Institutional policies and procedures provide specific instructions on how to carry out tasks and ensure patient safety. The Nurses code of ethics outlines the ethical principles and standards that nurses should adhere to in their practice. Credentialing ensures that nurses have the necessary qualifications and skills to provide safe and competent care. The nurses practice act defines the scope of practice and legal responsibilities for nurses in a specific jurisdiction. Following these guidelines promotes quality care and professionalism in nursing practice.

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  • 22. 

    What are the 3 processes used for credentialing in nursing?

    • A.

      Ethics

    • B.

      Accrediation

    • C.

      Licensure

    • D.

      Certification

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Accrediation
    C. Licensure
    D. Certification
    Explanation
    The three processes used for credentialing in nursing are accreditation, licensure, and certification. Accreditation is the process of evaluating and ensuring that a nursing program meets certain standards of quality and education. Licensure is the process by which a nurse is granted permission to practice nursing in a specific state or jurisdiction. Certification is a voluntary process in which a nurse demonstrates specialized knowledge and skills in a particular area of nursing practice. These processes help to ensure that nurses are qualified and competent to provide safe and effective care to patients.

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  • 23. 

    A wrong commitied by an individual against a person or their property that is heared by a civil court and is punishable by the state, must pay for damages, and rarely includes imprisonment.

    • A.

      Tort

    • B.

      Misdemeanor

    • C.

      Crime

    • D.

      Felony

    Correct Answer
    A. Tort
    Explanation
    A tort is a wrong committed by an individual against a person or their property. It is heard by a civil court and is punishable by the state. The person responsible for the tort must pay for damages caused, but it rarely includes imprisonment.

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  • 24. 

    This type of tort is due to negligence and malpractice such as not implementing certain interventions or safety measures.

    • A.

      Intentional tort

    • B.

      Unintentional tort

    Correct Answer
    B. Unintentional tort
    Explanation
    An unintentional tort refers to a legal wrongdoing that occurs due to negligence or carelessness rather than intentional harm. In this context, the correct answer is unintentional tort because it mentions that the tort is caused by negligence and malpractice, indicating that it was not done intentionally. The tortfeasor may have failed to implement certain interventions or safety measures, leading to harm or injury to another person.

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  • 25. 

    This type of tort includes assult and battary, deframamtion of character, fraud, invasion of privacy, and false imprisonment-any willing act against a person that nterferes with their rights.

    • A.

      Intentional tort

    • B.

      Unintentional tort

    Correct Answer
    A. Intentional tort
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is intentional tort. Intentional tort refers to a type of tort where a person intentionally commits an act that interferes with the rights of another individual. This can include actions such as assault and battery, defamation of character, fraud, invasion of privacy, and false imprisonment. Unlike unintentional torts, which are accidents or negligence, intentional torts involve deliberate wrongdoing or harmful actions.

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  • 26. 

    A standard or rule of conduct that is established and enforced by the government as a means of protecting the public.

    • A.

      Law

    • B.

      Rule

    • C.

      Crime

    • D.

      Safety

    Correct Answer
    A. Law
    Explanation
    A law is a standard or rule of conduct that is established and enforced by the government to protect the public. It serves as a framework for maintaining order, resolving disputes, and promoting justice in society. Laws provide guidelines for acceptable behavior and help ensure the safety and well-being of individuals and communities. They are essential for maintaining a functioning and orderly society.

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  • Current Version
  • Nov 03, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 28, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Lhuprnstudent
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