Diabetes Symptoms And Causes! Trivia Questions Quiz

23 Questions | Total Attempts: 58

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Physiology Quizzes & Trivia

Diabetes in the old days was a disease that people thought was for people of older ages, but it is a fact that even children can get diabetes. This disease is as a result of the blood sugar levels being too high. Do you know about the symptoms and causes of diabetes are? Take up the quiz and test yourself!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Choose the statement that applies to Type I diabetes mellitus.
    • A. 

      A. Onset often occurs during childhood.

    • B. 

      B. Relative insufficiency of insulin or insulin resistance develops.

    • C. 

      C. It can be treated by diet, weight control and exercise, or oral hypoglycemics.

    • D. 

      D. Complications rarely occur.

  • 2. 
    What is the cause of diabetic ketoacidosis?
    • A. 

      A. excess insulin in the body

    • B. 

      B. loss of glucose in the urine

    • C. 

      C. failure of the kidney to excrete sufficient acids

    • D. 

      D. increased catabolism of fats and proteins

  • 3. 
    What is a precipitating factor for diabetic ketoacidosis?
    • A. 

      A. skipping a meal

    • B. 

      B. strenuous exercise

    • C. 

      C. serious infection

    • D. 

      D. insulin overdose

  • 4. 
    Which of the following may cause insulin shock to develop?
    • A. 

      A. recurrent vomiting

    • B. 

      B. missing an insulin dose

    • C. 

      C. eating excessively large meals

    • D. 

      D. sedentary lifestyle

  • 5. 
    Which of the following indicates hypoglycemia in a diabetic?
    • A. 

      A. deep, rapid respirations

    • B. 

      B. flushed dry skin and mucosa

    • C. 

      C. thirst and oliguria

    • D. 

      D. staggering gait, disorientation, and confusion

  • 6. 
    Which of the following are signs of diabetic ketoacidosis in an unconscious person?
    • A. 

      A. pale moist skin

    • B. 

      B. thirst and poor skin turgor

    • C. 

      C. deep rapid respirations and fruity breath odor

    • D. 

      D. tremors and strong rapid pulse

  • 7. 
    What causes loss of consciousness in a person with diabetic ketoacidosis?
    • A. 

      A. toxic effects of excessive insulin

    • B. 

      B. excessive glucose in the blood

    • C. 

      C. acidosis and hypovolemia

    • D. 

      D. lack of glucose in brain cells

  • 8. 
    Visual impairment may develop in diabetics, primarily because of:
    • A. 

      A. abnormal metabolism in the lens

    • B. 

      B. macroangiopathy

    • C. 

      C. neuropathy affecting cranial nerves

    • D. 

      D. development of exophthalmos

  • 9. 
    Which of the following applies to diabetic macro-angiography? 1. It affects the small arteries and arterioles. 2. It is related to elevated serum lipids. 3. It leads to increased risk of myocardial infarction and peripheral vascular disease. 4. It frequently causes damage to the kidneys.
    • A. 

      A. 1, 3

    • B. 

      B. 1, 4

    • C. 

      C. 2, 3

    • D. 

      D. 2, 4

  • 10. 
    Which of the following hormonal imbalances causes Addison’s disease?
    • A. 

      A. increased glucocorticoids

    • B. 

      B. decreased glucocorticoids

    • C. 

      C. deficit of ADH

    • D. 

      D. deficit of T3 and T4

  • 11. 
    Which of the following hormonal imbalances causes myxedema?
    • A. 

      A. increased glucocorticoids

    • B. 

      B. decreased glucocorticoids

    • C. 

      C. deficit of ADH

    • D. 

      D. deficit of T3 and T4

  • 12. 
    Which of the following hormonal imbalances causes diabetes insipidus?
    • A. 

      A. increased insulin

    • B. 

      B. decreased glucocorticoids

    • C. 

      C. deficit of ADH

    • D. 

      D. deficit of T3 and T4

  • 13. 
    What is caused by hyperparathyroidism?
    • A. 

      A. hypocalcemia

    • B. 

      B. tetany

    • C. 

      C. bone demineralization

    • D. 

      D. deficit of vitamin D

  • 14. 
    What is caused by hypocalcemia due to hypoparathyroidism? 1. skeletal muscle twitching or spasm 2. weak cardiac contraction 3. increased secretion of PTH 4. decreased serum phosphate level
    • A. 

      A. 1, 2

    • B. 

      B. 1, 3

    • C. 

      C. 2, 3

    • D. 

      D. 3, 4

  • 15. 
    Which of the following may cause goiter? 1. hyperthyroidism 2. hypothyroidism 3. lack of iodine in the diet 4. pheochromocytoma
    • A. 

      A. 1, 4

    • B. 

      B. 2, 3

    • C. 

      C. 1, 2, 3

    • D. 

      D. 1, 2, 3, 4

  • 16. 
    Which signs are typical of Graves’ disease?
    • A. 

      A. facial puffiness, bradycardia, and lethargy

    • B. 

      B. exophthalmos, heat intolerance, and restlessness

    • C. 

      C. delayed physical and intellectual development

  • 17. 
    Characteristics of Cushing’s syndrome include all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      A. heavy body and round face

    • B. 

      B. atrophied skeletal muscle in the limbs

    • C. 

      C. staring eyes with infrequent blinking

    • D. 

      D. atrophy of the lymph nodes

  • 18. 
    Why does diabetes insipidus cause polyuria?
    • A. 

      A. There is increased osmotic pressure of the filtrate.

    • B. 

      B. Damaged tubules cannot reabsorb sufficient fluid.

    • C. 

      C. Excessive ADH secretion is present.

    • D. 

      D. There is a deficit of ADH.

    • E. 

      E. Excessive aldosterone is secreted.

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is an effect of long-term glucocorticoid therapy?
    • A. 

      A. decreased secretion from the adrenal cortex gland

    • B. 

      B. an increased inflammatory response to irritants

    • C. 

      C. hypotension and poor circulation

    • D. 

      D. increased number of hypersensitivity reactions

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is an effect of Addison’s disease?
    • A. 

      A. elevated blood glucose levels

    • B. 

      B. high blood pressure

    • C. 

      C. low serum potassium levels

    • D. 

      D. poor stress response

  • 21. 
    Why does glucosuria occur in diabetics?
    • A. 

      A. Excess ketoacids displace glucose into the filtrate.

    • B. 

      B. Excess water in the filtrate draws more glucose into the urine.

    • C. 

      C. The amount of glucose in the filtrate exceeds the renal tubule transport limit.

    • D. 

      D. Sufficient insulin is not available for glucose reabsorption.

  • 22. 
    Which of the following are common early signs of a pituitary adenoma? 1. persistent headaches 2. hemianopia 3. hypertension 4. papilledema
    • A. 

      A. 1, 4

    • B. 

      B. 2, 3

    • C. 

      C. 1, 2

    • D. 

      D. 1, 3, 4

  • 23. 
    Which of the following does NOT apply to inappropriate ADH syndrome?
    • A. 

      A. The cause is excess ADH secretion.

    • B. 

      B. Severe hyponatremia results.

    • C. 

      C. Excessive sodium is retained.

    • D. 

      D. Fluid retention increases.

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