A Review Quiz On Anatomy And Physiology!

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A Review Quiz On Anatomy And Physiology! - Quiz

Anatomy is the studying and investigating of the structure and connection between body parts whereas Physiology is analysing the whole body function. This Review quiz is designed for students to assess their prior knowledge of human anatomy and physiology. Please answer the following questions to the best of your ability. So, let's try out the quiz. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is abduction?

    • A.

      Movement of a limb towards the midline or median plane of the body

    • B.

      Movement of a limb away from the midline or median plane of the body

    • C.

      Circular rotation of a limb

    • D.

      Bending a limb at joint

    Correct Answer
    B. Movement of a limb away from the midline or median plane of the body
    Explanation
    Abduction refers to the movement of a limb away from the midline or median plane of the body. This means that the limb is being moved in a direction that takes it further away from the center of the body. This movement is commonly observed in actions such as lifting the arm or spreading the legs apart. It is the opposite of adduction, which involves bringing a limb closer to the midline or median plane of the body.

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  • 2. 

    Anatomy is a term, which means the study of _____

    • A.

      Physiology

    • B.

      Morphology

    • C.

      Cell functions

    • D.

      Human functions

    Correct Answer
    B. Morphology
    Explanation
    Anatomy is the study of the structure and form of organisms. It focuses on the physical characteristics and arrangement of body parts. Morphology refers to the study of the form and structure of organisms, including their internal and external features. Therefore, morphology is the correct answer as it aligns with the definition of anatomy. Physiology, cell functions, and human functions are not accurate explanations for the term anatomy.

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  • 3. 

    The study dealing with the explanations of how an organ works would be an example of _____.

    • A.

      Anatomy

    • B.

      Cytology

    • C.

      Teleology

    • D.

      Physiology

    Correct Answer
    D. Physiology
    Explanation
    Physiology is the study of how the organs and systems of the body function and work together. It focuses on understanding the mechanisms and processes that occur within the body to maintain homeostasis and carry out various functions. Therefore, studying the explanations of how an organ works aligns with the field of physiology. Anatomy, on the other hand, is the study of the structure and organization of the body, while cytology focuses on the study of cells. Teleology is the study of purpose or goal-directedness in nature, which is not directly related to understanding how an organ works.

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  • 4. 

    The process of turning molecules that are ingested into forms that are compatible with the organism is _____.

    • A.

      Digestion

    • B.

      Absorption

    • C.

      Assimilation

    • D.

      Circulation

    Correct Answer
    C. Assimilation
    Explanation
    Assimilation refers to the process of converting ingested molecules into forms that can be used by the organism. It involves the absorption of nutrients into the bloodstream and their subsequent utilization by cells for energy, growth, and repair. This process occurs after digestion, where food is broken down into smaller molecules, and before circulation, which involves the transportation of nutrients and other substances throughout the body. Therefore, assimilation is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 5. 

    The exchanging of gases for the purpose of producing energy is called _____.

    • A.

      Breathing

    • B.

      Respiration

    • C.

      Circulation

    • D.

      Responsiveness

    Correct Answer
    B. Respiration
    Explanation
    Respiration refers to the process of exchanging gases, particularly oxygen and carbon dioxide, in order to produce energy. This process occurs in living organisms, including humans, as they inhale oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide. It involves the inhalation of oxygen into the lungs, where it is transported to the cells by the circulatory system. The oxygen is then used in cellular respiration to generate energy, and the waste product, carbon dioxide, is expelled from the body through exhalation. Therefore, respiration is the correct term for the exchanging of gases for energy production.

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  • 6. 

    The removal of a compound that the body no longer requires is called _____.

    • A.

      Secretion

    • B.

      Excretion

    • C.

      Movement

    • D.

      Digestion

    Correct Answer
    B. Excretion
    Explanation
    Excretion refers to the process of removing waste products or compounds from the body that are no longer needed. This can include the elimination of metabolic waste, such as carbon dioxide and urea, through processes like urination, defecation, and sweating. Excretion is an essential function of the body to maintain homeostasis and prevent the buildup of harmful substances.

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  • 7. 

    The process in which cells and organisms are able to maintain a stable balance of internal and external substances and forces is called _____.

    • A.

      Equilibrium

    • B.

      Adaptation

    • C.

      Adjustment

    • D.

      Homeostasis

    Correct Answer
    D. Homeostasis
    Explanation
    Homeostasis is the correct answer because it refers to the process by which cells and organisms maintain a stable balance of internal and external substances and forces. It involves various physiological mechanisms that work together to regulate body temperature, pH levels, blood sugar levels, and other factors necessary for the proper functioning of the body. This process ensures that the internal environment remains stable despite changes in the external environment, allowing cells and organisms to survive and function optimally.

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  • 8. 

    The following are examples of homeostatic parameters or body values except which one?

    • A.

      Heart rate

    • B.

      Blood pressure

    • C.

      Blood glucose levels

    • D.

      Insulin production

    Correct Answer
    A. Heart rate
    Explanation
    Heart rate is not an example of a homeostatic parameter or body value because it is not regulated by the body's homeostatic mechanisms. Homeostasis refers to the body's ability to maintain a stable internal environment, and parameters such as blood pressure, blood glucose levels, and insulin production are all regulated to achieve this stability. However, heart rate is primarily regulated by the autonomic nervous system and can fluctuate in response to various factors such as exercise, stress, and emotions.

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  • 9. 

    Integration and coordination are properties of the _____ system of organs.

    • A.

      Nervous

    • B.

      Circulatory

    • C.

      Excretory

    • D.

      Muscular

    Correct Answer
    A. Nervous
    Explanation
    Integration and coordination are properties of the nervous system of organs. The nervous system is responsible for receiving, processing, and responding to information from both internal and external stimuli. It coordinates the actions of different organs and systems in the body, allowing them to work together harmoniously. Through the transmission of electrical signals, the nervous system integrates information from various sensory receptors and initiates appropriate responses, ensuring the proper functioning and coordination of the body's activities.

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  • 10. 

    Parts of the pharynx belong to the _____ and digestive systems.

    • A.

      Respiratory

    • B.

      Circulatory

    • C.

      Nervous

    • D.

      Skeletal

    Correct Answer
    A. Respiratory
    Explanation
    The pharynx is a part of both the respiratory and digestive systems. It serves as a common pathway for both air and food. When we breathe, the pharynx allows air to pass through to the lungs. When we swallow, the pharynx helps in the movement of food from the mouth to the esophagus. Therefore, the correct answer is respiratory.

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