Quiz On Ottoman Empire! Trivia Facts

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Quiz On Ottoman Empire! Trivia Facts - Quiz

The Ottoman Empire was a state that dominated very much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia, and Northern Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries at its power. At the opening of the 17th century, the empire encompassed 32 provinces and numerous vassal states. If you would like to understand more about the Ottoman Empire, try this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

                                            Which Sultan conquered Constantinople in 1453 ?

    • A.

      Osman I

    • B.

      Mehmed II

    • C.

      Suleiman I the Magnificent

    • D.

      Abdül Aziz

    Correct Answer
    B. Mehmed II
    Explanation
    Mehmed II is the correct answer because he was the Sultan who successfully conquered Constantinople in 1453. He is also known as Mehmed the Conqueror and this victory marked the end of the Byzantine Empire and the beginning of the Ottoman Empire.

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  • 2. 

                                                                Who was the famous architect who built the The Suleymaniye and over 300 other buildings and bridges during the reign of Suleiman I the Magnificent

    • A.

      Mimar Sinan

    • B.

      Envar Pasha

    • C.

      Kara Mustafa

    • D.

      Nasreddin Hoja

    Correct Answer
    A. Mimar Sinan
    Explanation
    Mimar Sinan is the correct answer because he was a famous architect who built many buildings and bridges during the reign of Suleiman I the Magnificent. He is known for his architectural masterpieces, including the Suleymaniye Mosque. His contributions to Ottoman architecture are highly regarded, making him one of the most influential architects in history.

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  • 3. 

    What did the Janissaries symbolically do to show they were in revolt ?

    • A.

      Burn their turbans.

    • B.

      Break their lances.

    • C.

      Sing a certain song.

    • D.

      Overturn their large communal cooking pots.

    Correct Answer
    D. Overturn their large communal cooking pots.
    Explanation
    The Janissaries symbolically showed their revolt by overturning their large communal cooking pots. This act demonstrated their refusal to cook for the Sultan and their rebellion against his authority. By overturning the pots, they were making a powerful statement of defiance and solidarity. This action was significant because the Janissaries were an elite military group in the Ottoman Empire, and their rebellion had far-reaching consequences for the empire's stability and governance.

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  • 4. 

    What was the name of the autonomous self-governing religious community, each organized under its own laws and headed by a religious leader, who was responsible to the government?

    • A.

      Millet

    • B.

      Sanjak

    • C.

      Sipahis

    • D.

      Tekke

    Correct Answer
    A. Millet
    Explanation
    Millet refers to the autonomous self-governing religious communities that were organized under their own laws and headed by a religious leader. These leaders were responsible to the government.

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  • 5. 

                                              Which Sultan defeated the Persians at the battle  Chaldiran in 1514 and the Mamluk Dynasty in Egypt and claimed the Caliphate?

    • A.

      Bajazet

    • B.

      Selim I

    • C.

      Osman I

    • D.

      Abdul Hamid II

    Correct Answer
    B. Selim I
    Explanation
    Selim I is the correct answer because he defeated the Persians at the Battle of Chaldiran in 1514 and the Mamluk Dynasty in Egypt. He also claimed the Caliphate, which gave him religious authority over the Muslim world. Bajazet, Osman I, and Abdul Hamid II are not the correct answers because they did not achieve these victories or claim the Caliphate.

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  • 6. 

                                  What was the highly stylized calligrahic symbol of the Sultan use for official documents ?

    • A.

      Yataghan

    • B.

      Mihrab

    • C.

      Kazan

    • D.

      Tughra

    Correct Answer
    D. Tughra
    Explanation
    The highly stylized calligraphic symbol used by the Sultan for official documents is called a tughra.

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  • 7. 

    What was the name of the room of apartments ' the Cage ' in the Tokapi palace where possible successors to the throne were kept in isolation until they would become sultan, making many mentally unstable ?

    • A.

      Cubuk

    • B.

      Fatwa

    • C.

      Lonja

    • D.

      Kafes

    Correct Answer
    D. Kafes
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "kafes". In the Tokapi palace, the room of apartments known as "the Cage" was where potential successors to the throne were kept in isolation until they would become sultan. This isolation often led to mental instability among the individuals kept in the "kafes".

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  • 8. 

                                                                 What was the name of the Ukrainian concubine Suleiman the Magnificent married, whose son who became Sultan and marks the beginning of the decline of the Ottoman Empire?

    • A.

      Mihr-i shah

    • B.

      Roxelana

    • C.

      Pukasha

    • D.

      Ayse Seniyeperver

    Correct Answer
    B. Roxelana
    Explanation
    Roxelana was the name of the Ukrainian concubine that Suleiman the Magnificent married. Their son, who became Sultan, marked the beginning of the decline of the Ottoman Empire.

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  • 9. 

    The battle of Vienna which took place in ________ marks the high watermark of Ottoman expansion into Europe.

    • A.

      1453

    • B.

      1683

    • C.

      1721

    • D.

      1501

    Correct Answer
    B. 1683
    Explanation
    The battle of Vienna in 1683 marks the high watermark of Ottoman expansion into Europe. This battle was a significant turning point as it resulted in the defeat of the Ottoman Empire and halted their advance into Europe. The victory of the Holy League, led by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Holy Roman Empire, successfully defended Vienna and pushed back the Ottoman forces. This battle marked the decline of Ottoman power and the beginning of their retreat from Europe.

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  • 10. 

                                                                The ________ Dervish order perform  whirling as a form of dhikr (remembrance of God)  

    • A.

      Mevlevi

    • B.

      Kadiri

    • C.

      Rifai

    • D.

      Kalenderi

    Correct Answer
    A. Mevlevi
    Explanation
    The Mevlevi Dervish order performs whirling as a form of dhikr (remembrance of God).

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 28, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Zlurp3
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