Parts Of Speech And Sentence Structure Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 673
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Sentence Structure Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Engineers dug a tunnel under the river.

    • A.

      Verb

    • B.

      Conjunction

    • C.

      Interjection

    • D.

      Adverb

    Correct Answer
    A. Verb
    Explanation
    The given sentence "Engineers dug a tunnel under the river" describes an action taken by the engineers, which is the verb in this case. The verb "dug" shows that the engineers performed the action of excavating or creating a tunnel under the river.

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  • 2. 

    She wrote a story about a panda.

    • A.

      Noun

    • B.

      Verb

    • C.

      Pronoun

    • D.

      Adjective

    Correct Answer
    C. Pronoun
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pronoun" because a pronoun is a word that can be used in place of a noun. In this sentence, "she" is used as a pronoun to refer to the person who wrote the story about a panda.

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  • 3. 

    We walked in and out of the store.

    • A.

      Noun

    • B.

      Pronoun

    • C.

      Adjective

    • D.

      Conjunction

    Correct Answer
    D. Conjunction
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "conjunction" because it is used to connect two clauses or sentences. In this sentence, "and" is used to join the two actions of walking in and walking out of the store.

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  • 4. 

    Sometimes we go to the mountains.

    • A.

      Verb

    • B.

      Preposition

    • C.

      Pronoun

    • D.

      Adjective

    Correct Answer
    B. Preposition
    Explanation
    The given sentence "Sometimes we go to the mountains" indicates a movement or direction towards the mountains. In this context, the word "to" functions as a preposition, indicating the destination or goal of the action. Prepositions are used to show relationships between words and indicate location, direction, or time. In this case, "to" shows the direction of going towards the mountains.

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  • 5. 

    The rug that you selected was admired by others.

    • A.

      Noun

    • B.

      Verb

    • C.

      Article

    • D.

      Adverb

    • E.

      Conjunction

    Correct Answer
    C. Article
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "article" because an article is a type of word that is used to specify a noun. In this sentence, "the" is used before the noun "rug" to indicate a specific rug that was selected.

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  • 6. 

    We canned several quarts of peaches.

    • A.

      Noun

    • B.

      Verb

    • C.

      Pronoun

    • D.

      Adjective

    Correct Answer
    B. Verb
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "verb" because "canned" is the past tense of the verb "can" which means to preserve food in a can or jar. In the given sentence, "canned" is used to show that the action of preserving several quarts of peaches in cans has already been completed.

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  • 7. 

    The life guards saved the swimmers.

    • A.

      Verb

    • B.

      Adverb

    • C.

      Adjective

    • D.

      Preposition

    Correct Answer
    A. Verb
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "verb" because "saved" is a verb in this sentence. It is the action that the life guards performed, showing that they took action to rescue or protect the swimmers.

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  • 8. 

    She asked me to show them to you.

    • A.

      Noun

    • B.

      Verb

    • C.

      Pronoun

    • D.

      Adverb

    Correct Answer
    C. Pronoun
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pronoun" because "them" is a pronoun that is used to refer to a group of people or things that have already been mentioned or are known to both the speaker and the listener. In this sentence, "them" is referring to something that the speaker has been asked to show to the listener.

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  • 9. 

    Loose boards caused the creaking sound.

    • A.

      Noun

    • B.

      Verb

    • C.

      Adverb

    • D.

      Adjective

    Correct Answer
    A. Noun
    Explanation
    The creaking sound was caused by loose boards. In this sentence, "loose boards" is the subject of the sentence and is being described as the cause of the creaking sound. Therefore, "loose boards" is being used as a noun in this context.

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  • 10. 

    The man was injured, but he later recovered.

    • A.

      Noun

    • B.

      Verb

    • C.

      Conjunction

    • D.

      Adverb

    Correct Answer
    C. Conjunction
    Explanation
    The word "but" in the sentence indicates a contrast between two ideas. It connects the idea that the man was injured with the idea that he later recovered. Therefore, "but" is functioning as a conjunction in this sentence.

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  • 11. 

    The crowd waited in line patiently.

    • A.

      Noun

    • B.

      Verb

    • C.

      Adjective

    • D.

      Adverb

    Correct Answer
    D. Adverb
    Explanation
    The word "patiently" modifies the verb "waited" and describes how the crowd waited in line. It indicates that the crowd waited in a calm and composed manner, suggesting that they were willing to wait for a certain period of time without becoming frustrated or agitated.

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  • 12. 

    A group of famous singers presented the program.

    • A.

      Verb

    • B.

      Adverb

    • C.

      Adjective

    • D.

      Noun

    Correct Answer
    D. Noun
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "noun" because "singers" is a noun that refers to a group of people who sing. In this sentence, "singers" is the subject of the sentence and is performing the action of presenting the program.

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  • 13. 

    Darn!  I dropped the spaghetti on the floor!

    • A.

      Noun

    • B.

      Verb

    • C.

      Conjunction

    • D.

      Interjection

    Correct Answer
    D. Interjection
    Explanation
    The given statement "Darn! I dropped the spaghetti on the floor!" expresses frustration or disappointment, indicating that "Darn!" is an interjection. Interjections are words or phrases used to convey strong emotions or reactions and are often standalone expressions. In this case, "Darn!" is used to express frustration or annoyance at dropping the spaghetti on the floor.

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  • 14. 

    When the bell rings, the class runs out the door.

    • A.

      Verb

    • B.

      Adverb

    • C.

      Adjective

    • D.

      Noun

    Correct Answer
    A. Verb
    Explanation
    The given sentence "When the bell rings, the class runs out the door" describes an action, specifically the action of the class running out the door. Therefore, the correct answer is "Verb" as it represents an action or a state of being.

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  • 15. 

    My dad is the worst golfer I've ever seen!

    • A.

      Verb

    • B.

      Adjective

    • C.

      Preposition

    • D.

      Noun

    Correct Answer
    B. Adjective
    Explanation
    The given sentence describes the quality or characteristic of the subject "dad" by stating that he is the "worst" golfer. This indicates that the word "worst" is functioning as an adjective, modifying the noun "golfer."

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  • 16. 

    Oh dear! I forgot my homework again.

    • A.

      Conjunction

    • B.

      Noun

    • C.

      Interjection

    • D.

      Adverb

    Correct Answer
    C. Interjection
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Interjection" because "Oh dear!" is an exclamation that expresses surprise or dismay. It is not a conjunction, noun, or adverb.

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  • 17. 

    We hid Grandma's present inside the cabinet.

    • A.

      Interjection

    • B.

      Preposition

    • C.

      Adverb

    • D.

      Conjunction

    Correct Answer
    B. Preposition
    Explanation
    The word "inside" in the sentence is functioning as a preposition. It indicates the location of where Grandma's present was hidden, showing that it was placed within the cabinet. Prepositions typically show relationships between nouns or pronouns and other words in a sentence, often indicating location, direction, time, or manner. In this case, "inside" is indicating the location of the hiding place.

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  • 18. 

    Jackie carefully walked across the icy parking lot.

    • A.

      Adverb

    • B.

      Verb

    • C.

      Noun

    • D.

      Adjective

    Correct Answer
    A. Adverb
    Explanation
    The word "carefully" describes how Jackie walked across the icy parking lot, indicating the manner or way in which the action was performed. Therefore, "carefully" is functioning as an adverb in this sentence.

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  • 19. 

    Chocolate is my favorite ice cream flavor.

    • A.

      Adverb

    • B.

      Verb

    • C.

      Noun

    • D.

      Adjective

    Correct Answer
    B. Verb
    Explanation
    The given sentence "Chocolate is my favorite ice cream flavor" contains a subject "Chocolate" and a verb "is." The verb "is" functions as a linking verb in this sentence, connecting the subject "Chocolate" to the predicate "my favorite ice cream flavor." Therefore, the correct answer is "Verb."

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  • 20. 

    She absolutely loves anything pink!

    • A.

      Pronoun

    • B.

      Noun

    • C.

      Verb

    • D.

      Adverb

    Correct Answer
    D. Adverb
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Adverb" because "absolutely" modifies the verb "loves" by intensifying the degree of her love for anything pink. It describes the intensity or extent of her love, indicating that she loves anything pink to a great extent.

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  • 21. 

    They put up a tent in a dark corner.

    • A.

      Adverb

    • B.

      Adjective

    • C.

      Preposition

    • D.

      Conjunction

    Correct Answer
    B. Adjective
    Explanation
    The phrase "in a dark corner" is describing the noun "tent" by providing additional information about its location. This description qualifies the tent as being located in a dark corner, indicating that "dark" is an adjective.

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  • 22. 

    A train whistle sounded in the distance.

    • A.

      Noun

    • B.

      Adjective

    • C.

      Adverb

    • D.

      Verb

    Correct Answer
    B. Adjective
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "adjective" because "sounded" is a past participle verb form used as an adjective to describe the train whistle. In this sentence, "sounded" is modifying the noun "whistle" and indicating the state or condition of the whistle.

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  • 23. 

    Turn right at the next corner.

    • A.

      Adverb

    • B.

      Preposition

    • C.

      Noun

    • D.

      Verb

    Correct Answer
    A. Adverb
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "adverb" because "right" is modifying the verb "turn" by indicating the direction in which to turn. In this sentence, "right" is functioning as an adverb of place.

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  • 24. 

    Whew, I'm glad that test is over.

    • A.

      Adverb

    • B.

      Verb

    • C.

      Conjunction

    • D.

      Interjection

    Correct Answer
    D. Interjection
    Explanation
    The given statement "Whew, I'm glad that test is over" expresses a sudden and strong feeling of relief or satisfaction. This indicates that the word "Whew" is used to convey an interjection. Interjections are words or phrases that express strong emotions or reactions and are often used independently. In this case, "Whew" is used as an interjection to convey the speaker's relief after completing a test.

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  • 25. 

    We went to the store; consequently, we didn't have to eat breakfast at the diner.

    • A.

      Preposition

    • B.

      Conjunction

    • C.

      Adjective

    • D.

      Adverb

    Correct Answer
    D. Adverb
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Adverb" because the word "consequently" is used to show cause and effect, indicating that going to the store resulted in not having to eat breakfast at the diner. Adverbs often modify verbs and indicate how, when, where, or why something happened. In this case, "consequently" modifies the entire sentence and shows the relationship between the two events.

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  • 26. 

    Label the underlined part of the sentence as the independent or dependent clause.When I went to the store, I could not find the missing ingredient for the cake. 

    • A.

      Independent Clause

    • B.

      Dependent Clause

    Correct Answer
    B. Dependent Clause
    Explanation
    The underlined part of the sentence "When I went to the store" is a dependent clause. It starts with the subordinating conjunction "When" and cannot stand alone as a complete sentence. It relies on the independent clause "I could not find the missing ingredient for the cake" to make sense and convey a complete thought.

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  • 27. 

    Label the underlined part of the sentence as the independent or dependent clause.Tommy and Gina went to the dance, and they had a wonderful time. 

    • A.

      Independent Clause

    • B.

      Dependent Clause

    Correct Answer
    A. Independent Clause
    Explanation
    The underlined part of the sentence "Tommy and Gina went to the dance" is an independent clause. It can stand alone as a complete sentence because it has a subject (Tommy and Gina) and a verb (went). The independent clause expresses a complete thought and does not rely on any other part of the sentence to make sense.

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  • 28. 

    Label the underlined part of the sentence as the independent or dependent clause.Since the teacher stopped going over the material, the students' grades have dropped. 

    • A.

      Independent Clause

    • B.

      Dependent Clause

    Correct Answer
    B. Dependent Clause
    Explanation
    The underlined part of the sentence, "the students' grades have dropped," is a dependent clause. It cannot stand alone as a complete sentence because it relies on the information provided in the independent clause, "Since the teacher stopped going over the material." The dependent clause provides additional information about the effect of the teacher's actions on the students' grades.

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  • 29. 

    Label the underlined part of the sentence as the independent or dependent clause.While my brothers and I went fishing, my mom cleaned our rooms. 

    • A.

      Independent Clause

    • B.

      Dependent Clause

    Correct Answer
    A. Independent Clause
    Explanation
    The underlined part of the sentence "While my brothers and I went fishing" is the independent clause. This is because it can stand alone as a complete sentence and expresses a complete thought. It describes an action that is happening at the same time as another action described in the dependent clause "my mom cleaned our rooms."

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  • 30. 

    Label the underlined part of the sentence as the independent or dependent clause.It was a beautiful day outside, so the students were able to have recess on the playground. 

    • A.

      Independent Clause

    • B.

      Dependent Clause

    Correct Answer
    B. Dependent Clause
    Explanation
    The underlined part of the sentence "so the students were able to have recess on the playground" is a dependent clause. It starts with the subordinating conjunction "so" and relies on the independent clause "It was a beautiful day outside" to form a complete thought. The dependent clause cannot stand alone as a sentence because it does not express a complete idea.

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  • 31. 

    Label the underlined part of the sentence as the independent or dependent clause.Dancing on Broadway is my ultimate goal, but I am very uncoordinated. 

    • A.

      Independent Clause

    • B.

      Dependent Clause

    Correct Answer
    A. Independent Clause
    Explanation
    The underlined part of the sentence, "Dancing on Broadway is my ultimate goal," is an independent clause. It can stand alone as a complete sentence because it has a subject ("Dancing on Broadway") and a predicate ("is my ultimate goal").

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  • 32. 

    Label the underlined part of the sentence as the independent or dependent clause.While Jeremy was talking to his sister, the dinner he was cooking burned. 

    • A.

      Independent Clause

    • B.

      Dependent Clause

    Correct Answer
    B. Dependent Clause
    Explanation
    The underlined part of the sentence "the dinner he was cooking burned" is a dependent clause. It starts with the subordinating conjunction "while" and cannot stand alone as a complete sentence. It depends on the independent clause "Jeremy was talking to his sister" to make sense.

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  • 33. 

    Label the underlined part of the sentence as the independent or dependent clause.I was enjoying my walk in the park, but it started raining. 

    • A.

      Independent Clause

    • B.

      Dependent Clause

    Correct Answer
    B. Dependent Clause
    Explanation
    The underlined part of the sentence, "but it started raining," is a dependent clause. It cannot stand alone as a complete sentence because it relies on the independent clause, "I was enjoying my walk in the park," to make sense. The dependent clause provides additional information about what happened during the walk in the park.

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  • 34. 

    Label the underlined part of the sentence as the independent or dependent clause. We had to go to work; our boss knew we were not sick.

    • A.

      Independent Clause

    • B.

      Dependent Clause

    Correct Answer
    B. Dependent Clause
    Explanation
    An independent clause is a group of words that forms a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence. It expresses a complete idea with a subject and a predicate.

    A dependent clause, on the other hand, cannot stand alone as a complete sentence. It relies on an independent clause to make sense. It often starts with a subordinating conjunction (like "because," "although," "while," etc.) or a relative pronoun (like "who," "which," "that," etc.).

    In the given sentence:
    - "We had to go to work" is an independent clause. It expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence.
    - "Our boss knew we were not sick" is a dependent clause. While it has a subject ("our boss") and a verb ("knew"), it doesn't form a complete thought by itself. It relies on the independent clause to provide context.

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  • 35. 

    Dependent clauses almost always begin with a conjunction

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Dependent clauses are subordinate clauses that cannot stand alone as complete sentences. They rely on an independent clause to form a complete thought. One common way to introduce a dependent clause is by using a conjunction such as "because," "although," or "while." Therefore, it is correct to say that dependent clauses almost always begin with a conjunction.

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  • 36. 

    Independent clauses can stand by themselves

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Independent clauses can stand by themselves because they express a complete thought and can function as a complete sentence. They have a subject and a predicate and do not require any additional information to make sense. They can be simple sentences or they can be combined with other independent clauses to form compound or complex sentences.

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  • 37. 

    Words like however, consequently, and therefore are called transitional verbs

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Transitional verbs are not words like "however," "consequently," or "therefore." Transitional verbs are actually action words that show a change or transition in a sentence. Examples of transitional verbs include "become," "turn," and "grow." Therefore, the given answer is false.

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  • 38. 

    Which of the following is an independent clause?

    • A.

      But I needed to get to practice

    • B.

      Although it was raining outside

    • C.

      Baking is my favorite hobby

    • D.

      While we went to the store

    Correct Answer
    C. Baking is my favorite hobby
    Explanation
    An independent clause is a complete sentence that can stand alone and express a complete thought. In this case, "Baking is my favorite hobby" is an independent clause because it contains a subject (Baking) and a predicate (is my favorite hobby) and expresses a complete thought. The other options are not independent clauses because they either lack a subject or a predicate, or they do not express a complete thought.

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  • 39. 

    Which of the following is a dependent clause?

    • A.

      Katie wanted to win first place

    • B.

      Painting portraits has always been a talent of mine

    • C.

      When John asked Tina for a pencil

    • D.

      It was finally raining outside

    Correct Answer
    C. When John asked Tina for a pencil
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "When John asked Tina for a pencil." This is a dependent clause because it starts with the subordinating conjunction "When" and cannot stand alone as a complete sentence. It relies on the rest of the sentence for its meaning and is dependent on the main clause.

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  • 40. 

    Which of the following is an independent clause?

    • A.

      Making a mess

    • B.

      Losing the race was devastating for Naomi

    • C.

      Judging by the crime scene

    • D.

      Partying for my birthday

    Correct Answer
    B. Losing the race was devastating for Naomi
    Explanation
    An independent clause is a group of words that can stand alone as a complete sentence. "Losing the race was devastating for Naomi" is an independent clause because it contains a subject ("Losing the race") and a predicate ("was devastating for Naomi") and can function as a complete sentence on its own. The other options do not have a complete subject and predicate and therefore cannot function as independent clauses.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 22, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 07, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Delong21
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