Lecture 1 - The Vertebral Column

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 53

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Vertebral Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The intervertebral discs makes up ¼ of the total length of the vertebral column
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    What is true about the blood supply to the intervertebral discs? 
    1. The discs are avascular
    2. The discs only have a limited blood supply in their superficial layer
    3. The discs are innervated by the circumflex artery
    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

  • 3. 
    At what level are the intervertebral discs RELATIVELY thinnest?1. Cervical2. Thoracic3. Lumbar
    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

  • 4. 
    The anterior longitudinal ligament does not attach to the discs
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    The ligamentum flavum is an example of a “short ligament”
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Which of these following ligaments is a “long ligament”?1. Supraspinal ligament2. Interspinal ligament3. Intertranscerse ligament
    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

  • 7. 
    The thoracic spine has relatively poor mobility due to: 
    1. One thin disc
    2. Two facet joints between the vertebrae
    3. The four connections between the thoracic cage (ribs) and thoracic vertebrae
    4. The two joints between sternum and ribs
    5. All above answers are correct
    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

    • E. 

      Option 5

  • 8. 
    The costovertebral joint is the articulation between the rib and the vertebra at the same level AND the vertebra above
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    The facet joints in the …………………. area is oriented 60 degrees forward in relation to the transverse plane1. Cervical 2. Thoracic3. Lumbar
    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

  • 10. 
    Most of the rotation in the vertebral column happen in the lumbar area
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Statement: The ribs moves parallel with the articulation to their transverse processesInformation: In the superior part of the thoracic spine the transverse processes are more lateral oriented and allow for a more posterior movement of the ribs
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    The discs and ligaments provide extrinsic stability to the spine
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Statement: The function unit of the spine, the motion segment, consists of two vertebrae and their intervening soft tissuesInformation: The anterior portion of the motion segment consists of two adjacent vertebral bodies, the intervertebral discs, and the longitudinal ligaments
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    The nucleus pulposus lies directly in the center of all discs except in one segment where it has a slightly posterior position1. Cervical 2. Thoracic 3. Lumbar
    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

  • 15. 
    The annulus fibrosus is mostly composed of hyaline cartilage
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    The crisscross arrangement of the coarse collagen fibre bundles within the fibrocartilage allows the annulus fibrosus to withstand high bending and torsional loads
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    The loads on the facet joints are greatest (approximately 30% of the total load) when the spine is...1. Hyperflexed2. Rotated3. Hyperextended
    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

  • 18. 
    The facet joints are synovial joints
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    In the functional unit of the spine, the axis of movement is in the middle of the disc between the vertebrae
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    The superior and inferior fat pads in the facet joints are absent in the thoracic region of the spine
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    What is true about the blood supply to the vertebrae?1. The vertebrae are supplied from the internal and external iliac arteries2. The vertebrae are only vascularized in their most superficial layers and receive nutrients through diffusion3. The vertebrae are supplied by branches from Aorta
    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

  • 22. 
    The SI-joint functions mainly to absorb and transmit forces around the pelvic ring
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    The caudal ligaments of the sacrum will prevent the forward rotation of sacrum
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    In an adult, the spinal cord ends at the level of L1-2
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    The AC-joint is mostly innervated by the C4 dermatome
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False