Business Operations Management Quiz

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Business Operations Management Quiz - Quiz

In the business setting, the operations part of business forms the largest portion of all the work around management. Business Operations Management Quiz below will help you understand the fundamentals of operations well.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The mrp input listing the assemblies, sub assemblies, parts, and raw materials needed to produce one unit of finished product is the:

    • A.

      Master production schedule

    • B.

      Bill of materials

    • C.

      Inventory methods

    • D.

      Assembly time chart

    • E.

      Net requirements chart

    Correct Answer
    B. Bill of materials
    Explanation
    The bill of materials is a comprehensive list that outlines all the assemblies, sub-assemblies, parts, and raw materials required to produce one unit of a finished product. It serves as a crucial document in production planning and control, providing essential information for procurement, inventory management, and production scheduling. By detailing the components needed, the bill of materials ensures that all necessary resources are available and helps in accurately estimating costs and lead times.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is not an input to the aggregate planning process?

    • A.

      Resources

    • B.

      Demand forecast

    • C.

      Policies on work force changes

    • D.

      Master production schedules

    • E.

      Cost information

    Correct Answer
    D. Master production schedules
    Explanation
    Master production schedules are not an input to the aggregate planning process. Aggregate planning involves determining the overall production levels, resource allocation, and workforce requirements to meet the demand forecast. It considers factors such as resources, demand forecast, policies on workforce changes, and cost information. Master production schedules, on the other hand, are detailed plans that specify the quantity and timing of individual products to be produced. They are derived from the aggregate plan and are used for detailed scheduling and execution.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is not a step in the forecasting process?

    • A.

      Determine the purpose and level of detail required

    • B.

      Eliminate all assumptions

    • C.

      Establish a time horizon

    • D.

      Select a forecasting model

    • E.

      Monitor the forecast

    Correct Answer
    B. Eliminate all assumptions
    Explanation
    The step "eliminate all assumptions" is not a part of the forecasting process. In forecasting, assumptions are necessary as they form the basis for making predictions. It is important to identify and evaluate assumptions to ensure the accuracy and reliability of the forecast. Eliminating all assumptions would make the forecasting process unrealistic and impractical. Therefore, this step is not included in the forecasting process.

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  • 4. 

    Aggregate planning requires which of the following information?

    • A.

      Forecast of expected demand

    • B.

      Current levels of inventory

    • C.

      Policies regarding employment levels

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Aggregate planning requires all of the above information because it involves developing a plan for meeting future demand while considering current inventory levels and employment policies. A forecast of expected demand is necessary to determine the production and staffing levels required. Current levels of inventory are important to assess the availability of products and materials. Employment policies, such as hiring and layoff decisions, impact the workforce capacity and need to be considered in the planning process. Therefore, all of these pieces of information are essential for effective aggregate planning.

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  • 5. 

    The main input for master scheduling (i.e. mps) is:

    • A.

      Long term forecasting

    • B.

      Aggregate production (capacity) plan (i.e. aggregate planning)

    • C.

      Material requirements planning (mrp)

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Aggregate production (capacity) plan (i.e. aggregate planning)
    Explanation
    The main input for master scheduling is the aggregate production plan, also known as aggregate planning. This plan outlines the overall production capacity and resources needed to meet the demand forecasted in the long term. It takes into consideration factors such as labor, materials, and equipment availability to determine the optimal production levels for a given period. By using the aggregate production plan as input, master scheduling can effectively allocate resources and create a detailed schedule for production activities.

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  • 6. 

    Which term is most likely associated with the term disaggregation

    • A.

      Subcontracting

    • B.

      Master schedule or master production schedule (mps)

    • C.

      Varying inventory levels

    • D.

      Firing and laying off

    Correct Answer
    B. Master schedule or master production schedule (mps)
    Explanation
    Disaggregation refers to the process of breaking down a larger entity into smaller components or details. In the context of the given options, the term most likely associated with disaggregation is the master schedule or master production schedule (MPS). This is because the MPS involves breaking down the overall production plan into specific details such as individual products, quantities, and timelines. Disaggregation is necessary to create a detailed plan that can be executed effectively. The other options, subcontracting, varying inventory levels, and firing and laying off, do not directly relate to the concept of disaggregation.

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  • 7. 

    The basic goal of aggregate planners is to balance:

    • A.

      Demand and inventories

    • B.

      Capacity and inventories

    • C.

      Capacity and backlogs

    • D.

      Capacity and demand during the planning period

    Correct Answer
    D. Capacity and demand during the planning period
    Explanation
    Aggregate planners aim to balance capacity and demand during the planning period. This means they need to ensure that the available capacity of resources, such as labor, equipment, and facilities, aligns with the demand for products or services. By effectively managing capacity and demand, aggregate planners can optimize resource utilization, minimize costs, and meet customer requirements without excessive backlogs or inventory buildup.

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  • 8. 

    One option for altering the pattern of demand is:

    • A.

      Backorders

    • B.

      Overtime

    • C.

      Part time workers

    • D.

      Subcontracting

    Correct Answer
    A. Backorders
    Explanation
    Backorders can be used as a strategy to alter the pattern of demand. When there is high demand for a product or service and the company cannot meet it immediately, they can accept orders and fulfill them at a later date. This helps in managing the demand by spreading it over a longer period of time. By allowing backorders, the company can ensure that customers are willing to wait for the product, reducing the pressure on the company to produce and deliver immediately. This strategy can also help in maintaining customer loyalty and satisfaction.

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  • 9. 

    How does the size of the smoothing factor (a) in exponential smoothing affect the forecast? what are advantages and disadvantages of choosing small or large (a) values? Explain:

  • 10. 

    Briefly discuss the requirements and benefits of MRP:

  • 11. 

    What's aggregate planning? What is its purpose?

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 21, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Kilikika
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